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accompanied activity adjusted alien analysis annual appear arrivals average beginning Bureau Business Cycles Census cent changes chapter Chart close coal compared comparison composite computed concerning conclusion construction countries crop curve Cycles cyclical fluctuations December decline decrease departing departures depression deviations differences direction economic conditions effect element emigration employed employment conditions ending June 30 estimates evidence examination extent fact factory employment fiscal Germany given imports increase indices industrial influence Italian Italy January July labor less male immigration marked ment method migration monthly months movement moving nonimmigrants noted Numerical data occupation particularly percentage period persons pig iron production pre-war preceding present prior quarter races ratio reached relation relatively reports represented respectively Scale seasonal fluctuations seasonal variation selected significant similar statistics subsequent Table Thousands tion trend United Kingdom volume workers
Stran 42 - old" sources of immigration include the countries of northern and western Europe, namely: Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. The "new" sources include the countries of eastern and southern Europe now known as Austria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Jugoslavia, Bulgaria, Finland, Greece, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Rumania, Russia, Spain, Turkey in Europe, and certain other small European countries designated as "other Europe,
Stran 2 - This volume gives the total and per capita income carefully adjusted for every state, with special tables showing the incomes of farmers, wage earners, persons of large means, and other matter relevant to the purchasing power and economic conditions in different regions.
Stran 235 - In brief, whatever may be the basic causes of migration, there is a close relation between the cyclical oscillations of employment and those of immigration and emigration, and a moderately close resemblance in the respective seasonal fluctuations, with considerable reason to believe that this similarity, particularly in the cyclical oscillations, is due to a sensitiveness of migration to employment conditions.
Stran 2 - Volume II. A report giving in full the methods and estimates on which the results shown in Volume I are based. 440 pages, (Second printing) $5.15.
Stran 231 - He answers two queries: (1) To what extent are fluctuations in migration attributable to fluctuations in employment? (2) To what extent, in turn, are fluctuations in migration an ameliorating influence, and to what extent an aggravating factor, in employment and unemployment fluctuations?
Stran 231 - The facts show both strong cyclical and seasonal movements in immigration and emigration and abundant evidence that when immigration is not restricted the character of the cyclical variations, at least, is closely similar to the cyclical variations in employment opportunity in the United States. A fairly close similarity is also found in the seasonal movements. The seasonal peak in immigration is in the spring, well-timed for the summer increase in those outdoor activities in which many new immigrants...
Stran 47 - In the immigration years 1908 to 1923, 26 per cent of immigrants were classified as 'laborers,' while 70 per cent of emigrants are placed in this class. On the other hand, 25 per cent of immigrants and less than 2 per cent of emigrants are listed as farm laborers; and the skilled who compose 22 per cent of the immigrants were only 12 per cent of the...
Stran 231 - With reference to the first of the above questions, the facts presented in the preceding chapters show clearly that there are both strong cyclical and seasonal movements in immigration and emigration and abundant evidence that when immigration is not restricted the character of the cyclical variations, at least, is closely similar to the cyclical variations in employment opportunity in the United States.