The State in Relation to Labour
Macmillan, 1882 - 166 strani
I. Principles of industrial legislation. II. Direct interference of the state with industry. III. The factory acts and similar legislation directly affecting labourers. IV. Indirect interference with industry - trades union legislation. V. The law of industrial conspiracy. VI. Co-operation and industrial partnership. VII. Arbitration and conciliation. VIII. Concluding remarks.
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according action advantage allowed apparent apply Apprentices arbitration arise associations attempt become better bodies brought called capital carried classes clearly combination common conciliation considerable course demand difficulty direct doubt economic effect employed employers employment entirely evidence evil exceptions existence experience fact Factory give given Government ground important impossible individual industry inspectors instance institutions interests interference judges justices kind labour least legislation Legislature less limited manufacture matter means meet natural operation opinion parties passed persons possible practice present principle probably produce question reason reference regard regulations relating remarkable restriction result rule simply social societies Statute strikes success sufficient theory things tion trade societies trades unions wages whole women workmen Workshop young
Stran 78 - The institution of long apprenticeships has no tendency to form young people to industry. A journeyman who works by the piece is likely to be industrious, because he derives a benefit from every exertion of his industry. An apprentice is likely to be idle, and almost always is so, because he has no immediate interest to be otherwise. In the inferior employments, the sweets of labour consist altogether in the recompense of labour.
Stran 127 - An agreement or combination by two or more persons to do or procure to be done any act in contemplation or furtherance of a trade dispute shall not be indictable as a conspiracy if such act committed by one person would not be punishable as a crime".
Stran 5 - The first step must be to rid our minds of the idea that there are any such things in social matters as abstract rights.
Stran 107 - ... and improvident class than themselves. The time, however, is past when the friends of human improvement can look with complacency on the attempts of small sections of the community, whether belonging to the labouring or any other class, to organize a separate class interest in antagonism to the general body of labourers...
Stran 121 - That no person within the city of London, nor within seven miles of the same, take upon him to exercise and occupy as a physician or surgeon, except he be first examined, approved, and admitted by the bishop of London or by the dean of St. Paul's for the time being, calling to him or them four doctors of physic, and for surgery other expert persons in that faculty...
Stran 66 - That every Fly-wheel directly connected with the Steam Engine or Water-wheel or other mechanical Power, whether in the Engine House or not, and every Part of a Steam Engine and Water-wheel, and every Hoist or Teagle, near to which Children or young Persons are liable to pass or be employed...
Stran 8 - The public library is destined to play an important part, to exercise an incalculable influence in the solution of the social problems of today, and through this on the future of the nation and the race. The wisdom needed for this task is not to be obtained from schools or colleges, * " As, then, in philosophy the first step is to begin by doubting everything, so, in social philosophy, the first step is to throw aside all supposed absolute rights.
Stran 63 - Eight hours to work, eight hours to play, Eight hours to sleep, and eight shillings a day!
Stran 75 - ... incorporate, to serve and be bound as an apprentice after the custom and order of the city of London, for seven years at the least, so as the term and years of such apprentice do not expire or determine afore such apprentice shall be of the age of twenty-four years at the least.