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The present, which we have called a "septennial number," closes the thirty-ninth volume of the REGISTER, which contains, in all, 480 pages—or as muclr matter as is usually compressed into three volumes of

common octavo.

will arrest the progress of discussions. We do not mean to offer any comments on the correspondence,-but it looks highly probable that a certain distinguished gentleman has "committed himself. Such appears to be the only opinion entertained in this city, by the general There is reason to believe that the next volume will political friends of the parties. We are told, that there be uncommonly interesting. We have on hand for jis much feeling at Washington, because of this painmany valuable congressional speeches, reports, &c. and phlet. The "Globe" calls it a "FIREBRAND wantonly a large quantity of statistical matter. The papers be- thrown into Tux republican party"-and says, "If this Jonging to the affairs at issue, between Messrs. Calhoun, be not an arraignment of the president, at the bar of Crawford, and others-are highly important for pre-public opinion, it has no motive or meaning." The servation; and, in the ensuing summer, because of the Globe" is right. It was not in the power of Mr. Calmeeting of a new congress in December, it may be "calhoun, in vindicating himself, to avoid such "arraign culated" that ardent discussions of the internal im- ment," much as he seems to have wished it. Mr. Calprovement and tariff questions will ensue; and proceed-houn has, certainly, made out his case ably. Mr. Crawings of great importance, in respect to them, must be ford cannot stand justified in exposing the confidential expected. Political movements, of extraordinary char-proceedings of the cabinet;-the ex-ministers of France acter, must also be looked for--many changes being anticipated, from the present high effervescence of parties. And withal, we regard, with considerable interest, the result of our challenge to Mr. Ritchie, to meet us, broadly, on the constitutionality, operation and effect of the protecting tariff: so that there cannot be a want of matter, in the ensuing six months! And, we shall use the utmost exertion that our means will admit of, to keep pace with events, and present a faithful chronicle of these interesting times-pursuing our old and established course; avoiding personal assaults, unless in extreme cases, or self-defence, and always giving "both sides" of a question, if reasonably, and rightfully, presented for insertion.

The times are pregnant with important results, at home and abroad. The moral, social and political world, is agitated. "It is pleasant, through the loop-holes of retreat" to look at the doings of busy men-to watch the rise and fall of persons and the changed condition of things. But in all such up-liftings and down-goingsmutations and transformations, we desire to remain the same-the humble but zealous and faithful advocate of the free laboring people, and of the substantial independence of our country-about which we have no ju-di-cious notions. We go for the absolute prosperity, and unquestionable independence, of the UNITED STATES without the hope of reward or fear of punishment, other than as we shall honestly apply the "talent" given, that it may profit the American republic-the asylum and last hope of all who love liberty.

The editor is much flattered because of the increased kindness and support of the people. They will not suffer a "nullification" of the REGISTER, So long as it remains faithful to its old principles, and pursues an unbroken and consistent course.

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refused such exposures, though several might have exeused themselves by making them; and many will believe that this whirlwind of party has been unnecessarily called up. Mr. Calhoun's opinions as secretary of war, and years ago-had no relation to the present president of the United States.

We shall do all that we can, and as soon as we can, to present and preserve a history of things, "at this mo mentous crisis."

Since the preceding was written, we have, from the "Telegraph," a letter from Mr. Forsyth to the edi tor, enclosing his letter to Mr. Hamilton; and one from Mr. Crawford to Mr. Calhoun. The substance of neither can be intelligibly given to our readers, as we have not yet inserted Mr. Calhoun's pamphlet. They make five heavy columns of small type. Mr. Crawford's letter is long, and very severe. He excuses himself from the charge of having disclosed the secrets of the cabinet, and gives instances in which such things had happened before; and because that the "cabinet no longer exists," &c. The correspondence, so far as it goes, between Messrs. Crawford and Calhoun, is exceedingly bitter.

INTERNAL IMPROVEMENT. We give a sketch of the debate which happened in the house of representatives on the 19th inst. when the bill making appropriations for the improvement of harbors, rivers, &c. was passed-136 to 53. Mr. Carson's speeches are excellent! He went "the whole"-denouncing the policy as a scheme by which "the liberties of the people are to be bought up." A pretty cheap purchase, we should think; but Mr. C. is resolved that he will not be among those so "bribed." This is well-and the amiable temper displayed by him, will not fail of being admired. We zeommen 1 thos! speeche: to the attention of our rea¡ders The nice cut betions of M.. Barringer are sist MR. CALHOUN'S PAMPHLET is pa wenchy of high cor derogen. 1. appears to think that press with astonishing activity. Alm Fae coa fitutios of the Unigde States is bounded by the cious newspapers, that have yet hac. water mack of the rivers and harbors. He place, are filled with it. We regret the circumstances | sees no difficulty in voting money for the improvement that have compelled a brief postponement of its publi- of harbors and the mouths of rivers, though even locat cation by us, as stated in the last REGISTER. But weed on the lakes, to facilitate the "commerce" of the shall present it-with the other important papers which country-because commerce pays the revenue. But com. it must give birth to. Mr. Crawford, surely, will reply; merce pays no revenue. It is consumption that pays all; and others are, or will be, involved in the controversy.and one of the surest and best ways to increase the The Globe" has broken ground upon Mr. Calhoun, consumption is in cheapening transportations, thus lésand the "Telegraph" replies with much resolution and sening the cost of imported commodities and increas spirit. The first is supposed to be in the interest of the value of home productions. If a man should Van Buren, the last in that of Mr. Calhoun. Many re-build a mill, but refuse liberty to pass over his ports are in circulation-but this seems agreed, that ground, "to bring grist to it"-we should suppose him the breach between the president and the secretary of to be a very queer fellow! But Mr. B's argustate, on one side, and their friends, and of the vice- ment, like all others, on the subject, is not conpresident and his friends, on the other side-is irresistent with itself. The "commerce" on the lakes afparable. This result has been expected, for several fords no "revenue”-in his use of these terms. Mr. months. The president has refused further communi- Blair's views are correct on this subject. He could not cation with the vice-president, in broadest terms-and see a right to improve the mouth of a river, and not to so has Mr. Calhoun with Mr. Crawford; but neither improve the river itself. The principle involved is the VOL. XXXIX-No. 32.

same, whether a bill be reported by the committee on
commerce, or on roads and canals. But a harbor, without
means of communication with the interior, for the pur-
poses of commerce, is like "the Indian's gun," which
had "neither lock, stock, or barrel!"-unless as a sheltering the duties on tea, coffee, molasses, &c."
for vessels in seasons of storms.

more Register," and, further on, says-"Mr. Clay,
Robert Wickliffe and Hezekiah Niles, and all the pro-
minent advocates of the American System,' have con-
demned, unqualifiedly, the law of the last session, reduc-

All that "Mr. Clay or Robert Wickliffe" may have said, There is power to make roads and canals-or there cannot be known to me, but it will require more than is not power to improve the mouths of rivers and har- an assertion in the "Times"-(which has afforded so bors. The power to regulate commerce, &c. has the many "rewards" to its reputed editors), to make me same direct bearing upon the business of the Chesapeake believe the matter stated, because that, concerning myand Delaware canal, as on a coasting voyage from Bal-self, "Hezekiah Niles," is “unquaḥfiedly” false. timore to Boston. It is not within the scope of logic to make a division of the principle.

The original duties on coffee, tea and molasses were laid for revenue, only. By the first tariff of 1790, cof. As some of the items in this bill, in the estimation of fee was subjected to a duty of 4 cents per lb. increased a large part of the friends of the president, are "un to 5 cents in 1794-tea (bohea, the first named in the constitutional," we cannot see how it can be approv-list), 10 cents per lb. and molasses, at 3 cents per gal. ed, according to certain rules already established-if it lon. But after the late war, further to aid the reve shall not be "smothered" in the senate. We shall see,nue, and for that purpose only, the duty on bobea tea as Mr. Ritchie says.

A GOOD RESOLUTION! The "Richmond Enquirer" of the 8th Feb. says

"We have lately published a paragraph announcing the marriage of Thomas R. Friend, of Charlotte county, with a young lady of James City.-We understand that this is an imposition upon the editors, and upon the public. If we were acquainted with the real name of our informant, we would not hesitate to publish him.-We take every precaution in our power to avoid such silly and reprehensible quizzes. We require the annunciation to be avouched for by some name, yet names are forged for the purpose of giving such paragraphs circulation.-Should we be able hereafter, to detect the author of the communication in question, we shall give his name as much circulation as the forgery he has palmed off upon us.

Does not our venerable friend know the author of the "East Room Letter," one of the most palpable impositions ever levied on the public credulity-and as base and wicked a tissue of wilful untruth, as ever was sent forth, to abuse honest men? If our venerable friend knows the name of the writer of the "East Room Letter," let him shew his sense of justice by first giving that to the people. We shall then believe him in earnest as to the paragraph quoted.

SPECIE. It is supposed that the specie lying in the vaults of the several banks of the United States exceeds thirty millions. The circulation is not less than 10 millions more, without counting the sums boarded, for special purposes, by individuals.

was raised to 12 cents, and on molasses to 5 cents. In the
tariff of 1828, the two first remained as established long
before, but the duty on molasses was now doubled, or
advanced to 10 cents. By whom?-72 of the "friends
of Mr. Adams" and 10 of those of "general Jackson,"
voted against this rise of duty, and 95 of the friends
of general Jackson and 19 of those of Mr. Adams, vot-
ed for it. The votes of the southern_states-the "free
trade" states, stood thus-for and against the increased
For it.
Against it.


North Carolina
South Carolina


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These are the planting states. North Carolina was divided, because of her valuable trade with Cuba; and Louisiana was for the increase, as a matter of course. Messrs. John Randolph, George McDuffie, and the present governors of South Carolina and Georgia, Messrs. Hamilton and Gilmer, voted for the high duty, and so did Messrs. George Kremer and C. C. Cambreleng; so did others from New York, Pennsylvania, and Kentucky-because they believed that an arrest of the distillation of New England rum, would increase that of whiskey, and make an increased demand for the surplus grain of their states-in which they were entirely disappointed. But the members from the planting states, and the representative from our "commercial emporium," had no reason of this sort. Their purpose was to overload, and so destroy, the bill; and for this they supported a proceeding which several of them had the honesty to acknowledge was wrong in itself! "Hezekiah Niles" was opposed to this enormous duty on molasses-and for many reasons: he cannot then, be otherwise than pleased, that southern "gentlemen" have beTHE HARTFORD “Trure” has a long title rbout the come as cades of themselves and retraced their steps. 1. XC. it abour is with, mimentesen atrist, c

A LOCOMOTIVE ENGINE, built at York, Pennsylvania, by Messrs. Davis and Gartner, has been tried on the Baltimore and Ohio rail read. It proceeded at the rate of from 16 to 18 miles an hour, though not yet fully fitted for operations. A higher velocity than 15 miles, does not appear to be desirable.

of these whole bog"" ses; bet et

THE DATA N lich niect sayo 16 gba i shujt tulce. speaks of the “system-maker, Hezekub, of the stalo


*I excuse myself in the use of this beastly phrase, as being one fully understood by the makers of the "Times." That it is rightly used in regard to them, I offer the following remarks from their paper, on the rejection of Mr. Mussey, (by the senate of the United States), who had been nominated, by the president, collector at New-Haven, in the place of a revolutionary soldier.


evert to the tariff of 1790, arranged by the first Inited States and approved by president ON. This assembly contained some of the įvery esa ci le revolution, as well as fathers of the constitution-some of the foremost in the field or in council, to win-and some of the ablest in the closet to secure, the rights and liberties of the people of the United States-a body of men second only to the congress of 1776. The title of the tariff law of 1790, is, for the support of government, for the discharge of the debts of the United States, AND THE ENCOURAGE MENT AND PROTECTION OF DOMESTIC MANUFAC TURES." And in the latter account, James Madison [clarum et venerabile nomen], expressly tells us, was the ORIGIN OF THE CONSTITUTION, and in VIRGINIA! "Happily for Mr. Mussey, and for all who have been-where such practice, under that constitution, was before that inquisitorial tribunal, where character is as- lately discovered to be unconstitutional by one of her sailed without remorse, a rejection of the present senate politicians, who can split a hair into its north, south, conveys no unworthy imputation, can injure no man's east and west sides, and infallibly discover all the rela character. Men, whose reputations far transcend those tions between them-and who would rejoice more in of their ignoble triers-men whose names would be sul- pointing out essential differences in these parts than in lied by even a comparison with their vindictive assail- the discovery of longitude. The duties on coffee, tea ants, have been rejected by this senate.” and molasses were laid by the first congress of the

The Hartford Times thus characterizes the senate of the United States!

questioned until the debt was paid off, that being, In the new fashion of the times, the ne plus ultra of good government; and yet, as much was paid before, as since, the new order of things, unless the treasury documents are untrue. Perhaps it may be possible, that in the "&c." the writer meant to include "salt," for that word is inserted in the essay before me. I was “unqualifiedly" oppposed to so great and rapid a reduction of that duty. Salt was at a low price all over the country-"low enough," about 45 cents a bushel, perhaps, on an average of the whole United States. Because of the want of a home-supply, I have paid six doilars for a bushel of salt-an advance in price, sufficient, consumed in my family in twenty. John Bull placed this imposition upon me; and "John Bull" may do it again, if we should happen to displease him, the domes tie manufacture being destroyed. My leading wish is to be independent of all nations-to render my country such, that, though "surrounded by a wall of brass a thousand feet high," it may have, within itself, all the necessaries and comforts of life.

United States, to support the government and pay our debts-but they levied like duties on many articles for the "encouragement and PROTECTION" of the domestic industry. Take one striking case, by way of example. The "system makers" of 1790, placed a duty of 10 cents per lb. on bohea tea, if imported direct from China-but of 15 cents, if from any other place. This proceeding, at once, stopped the British trade in that article for our supply, and transferred it to American ship owners-as it was designed that it should do. What fools, in the estimation of the writer in the "Times," and Mr. C. C. Cambreleng, were the members of the congress who commenced that "system" which "Hezekiah Niles," at an humble distance, sup-in one year, to pay all the duties required for the article ports! Well-the congress of 1816, (some of whom perhaps, were as wise men as the "five or nine" reported editors of the "Hartford Times" who have been "rewarded"), for revenue purposes, advanced the duty on bohea tea to 12 cents, and on molasses to 5 cents, because money was wanted, and believing that those articles would bear the increase. The "encouragement or protection" of domestic industry had nothing to do with these proceedings; for we did not grow one pound of coffee or tea, and the then small home supply of molasses was not thought of. These duties were not complained of-they were light, indeed, compared with the duties imposed on the same articles in other countries; and revenue must be had, in one way or another. 1 prefer direct taxation, on "houses, lands and slaves," for the chief support of government-and have preferred that system ever since I was in my "teens;" and, if the repeal of those duties shall render a direct tax necessary, I will not grumble about it. Those who recollect the wildness that once prevailed in the financial calculations for the United States, in the first period of the administration of Mr. Monroe, Mr. Crawford being secretary of the treasury, will not take this suggestion to the reduced duty on salt. 1 regarded it as a tion as an extravagant one. In a certain year, there was so much money that almost every body was distressed to know how it should be disposed of-in two years after, we had to borrow money, and yet certain parts of the public debt, due and payable, were not paid, for the want of means! "History is not philosophy" to the herd of politicians.

I repeat it-it is unqualifiedly false, that "Hezekiah Niles" "unqualifiedly condemned" the act of the last session, reducing the duty on tea, coffee, molasses, &c. The expediency of the proceeding may have been


The duty on salt, like that on coffee and tea, was les vied for revenue-12 cents per bushel, by the act of 1790-and 20 cents, by that of 1816. The home manufacture was not regarded, in either. But the high price of the article during the war, and the increased duty of 1816, caused a large capital-several millions of dollars, to be embarked in its manufacture. It was supe posed that the national legislature, having the means in its own power, would never again suffer Great Bris tain to compel the people of the United States to pay six dollars a bushel for salt-salt being almost as ims portant to an army, and quite as much so to a navy, as gun-powder, itself, to the national defence. But I had another, and perhaps yet stronger objed

part of an iniquitous and mean "system" to break down the whole scheme of protection-for it has been pro claimed, on high authority, that the tariff is to be de stroyed, in detail-by detaching its friends! If so, let those interested look to it! The common distress of the free laboring people of the United States, will cause a rallying of power that will trample their enemies into the dust. The grain growers will not suffer the destruc tion of their market. They are the "alt" of the res public.

If the proceeds of the duties on coffee and tea were not needed, they ought to have been reduced, or aban +In early youth, I made up my mind that direct taxa- doned altogether, as we have supposed that they would tion should be chiefly relied on in a republican govern- be, at a future day; and that on molasses should not be ment-that the people, knowing and feeling what they high-rendering no essential service to the sugar plans paid, would carefully look into the expenditure of their ters. But, and if the lessened impost on the articles A certain amount of revenue must be raised-named shall reduce the revenue three millions-conand I prefer an open demand for my money, to a sneak-siderably more than two millions will remain in the ing of it from my pocket. The system of indirect taxa-pockets of the people of the tariff states! More cof tion is always partial, never just; and originated, as a fee, tea and molasses are consumed in a northern.manu French philosopher observed many years ago, in the baseness of kings-that the people might not know what they paid into the royal treasuries. It is in vain to urge this "system" on the United States. Such is the state of society, that if a person were compelled to pay an honest tax-gatherer the same amount, annually, that he stupidly pays to the store-keeper, he would believe himself among the most aggrieved persons in the world! We think nothing of paying twenty-four millions indirectly; but were six millions required directly, what a fuss would be made! WE LOVE TO BE CHEATED.

facturing village containing 100 of the people of the United States, than in a cotton-growing district cons taining 2,000 persons. "The pistol has missed fire!" If more revenue shall be required, the people of the first named states will prefer direct taxation, which bears upon the persons as well as the "people" of the United States. Taxation and representation should al ways go together. No honest man will deny this.

It was not to answer the article in the "Hartford Times" that I prepared this article. Other objects were in view. And as to that paper, until its manners are mended, no correspondence or communication will be had with it, after the present number of the "Register."

PRICE OF WOOL, AT BOSTON, Feb. 12. Prime Saxony 65 to 75; American full blood, washed, 60 to 70; three-fourth blood 52 to 58; half-blood 48 to 50; com mon 42 to 46; Smyrna and Adrianople, fine, washed,

The customs produced 36,800,000 dollars in 1816, and 26,200,000 in 1817-together 63 millions; and 15,000,000 in 1820, and 13,000,000 in 1821-together 28 millions, a difference 35 millions! These things happened before the "abominable tariff" laws were enacted. The deficiency was because the people could not purchase and pay for foreign articles. Property seemed without price, and bankruptcy and rum were spread over the face of the land. This general distress, however, at last, forced the tariff law of 1824. Were the act of 1828 repealed, I have no manner of doubt that the revenue derived from imposts would soon settle down "CONTEMPT OF COURT." The following is a copy of to a sum hardly equal to the ordinary expenses of go-the bill introduced into the house of representatives by vernment, because of the inability of the people to pur- Mr. Buchanan, from the judiciary committee, on the chase taxed commodities.

35 to 38.


"Be it enacted, &c. That the power of the several courts of the United States to issue attachments and inflict summary punishments for contempt of court, shall not be construed to extend to any cases, except the misbehaviour of any person or persons in the presence of the said courts, or so near thereto as to obstruct the administration of justice; the misbehaviour of any of the officers of the said courts, in their official transactions; and the disobedience or resistance by any officer of the said courts, party, juror, witness, or other person or persons, to any lawful writ, process, order, rule, decree, or command of the said courts,"

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THE CHOCTAW TREATY, which has been for some ARMED INTERFERENCE. The Antigua "Free Press" time before the senate, was yesterday ratified by that contains a correspondence, derived from Jamaica papers, body, ayes 35, nays 12. The injunction of secrecy was between the foreign merchants at Rio Hache and capt. removed from the proceedings on the treaty, and if, Clement, of the British frigate Shannon. Capt. C. follow-on examination, they shall appear to possess sufficient ed the expedition against Rio Hache, and arrived a few interest, we will lay them before our readers. hours after the vessels dropped anchor. When the attack was begun, capt. C. went on board an English | schooner, and stood close in, and on Valdez' troops getting possession, immediately landed, and demanded protection of the lives and property of the foreigners of every nation, except those of Spain, in whose behalf he declined to interfere. Gen. Valdez, who was for the moment flushed with victory, asked capt. C. "how he could protect any particular interest during a storm, by soldiers who deserved victory, and the fruits of it?" Capt. C. replied, "general, if you do not protect the rights of those | for whom I require it, I shall; and I hold you responsible to your own government, as well as to mine, for the consequences, as I shall not be trifled with." The storming general became as pacific as a lamb, and immediately placed guards for the protection of the property wherever capt. C. required it.

This proceeding was, probably, right in itself but what would general Ross have said, when engaged in the plunder and conflagration of Washington, if a French or Russian officer had so addressed him?

BRITISH WEST INDIES. The annexed statement is made to exhibit the practical operation of the colonial tariff, as proposed to be regulated by parliament; it is copied from Burritt & Clayton's New York Prices Cur


[Nat. Int. CHANNEL OF THE MISSISSIPPI. By the Brandywine, (steam-boat) arrived yesterday, we have the confirmation of a long expected cut-off in this river. At the well known curve opposite the mouth of Red River, the current burst across the neck of land by the aid of capt. Shreve, and has made a channel four hundred yards wide and about four fathoms deep already. Flat boats and rafts have descended through it with tremendous velocityand the Brandywine would have done the same but for business on the other route. The distance between this and Natchez is thus shortened about thirty miles by one small cut-off-and should the same thing occur at the Tunica bend, (which is extremely probable), the distance will be lessened one hundred miles!

We learn by the Brandy wine that the Ohio is frozen as low down as the Cumberland, from whence she came. [New Orleans Bee.

UNITED STATES BANK. The Charleston Courier states that the court of appeals of South Carolina, have decided unanimously in favor of the constitutionality of the act of the last session of the legislature, imposing a tax of one per cent on the dividends on the bank of the United States. [More "nullification."]

The following estimates will serve to show, in part, M. SERRURIER, the newly appointed French minister the practical operations of the above proposed act, viz: to the United States, says the New York American, arA vessel of 100 tons burthen proceeding from the Unit-rived here with his family in the Henry IV. We do not ed States to a British West India port, will carry hear that M. Lasteyrie, the grandson of Lafayette, who about 1,000 bbls. of flour, which pays an average duty it was said would be attached to this mission, accompaof $1,330 nies it. M. Serrurier was the French minister to this country, of the empire, and of the restoration. The feeling manifested by him in favor of Napoleon during the interlude of the 100 days, led, as was supposed, to his recall.

The same cargo from Canada, New Brunswick, or Nova Scotia, pay nothing.

A vessel of the same size will carry about 350,000 of 22 inch shingles, which pay an aggregate of The same from Canada, New Brunswick, or Nova Scotia, pay nothing.

The same vessel will carry about 60,000 staves, which pay

The same from Canada, New Brunswick, or Nova Scotia, pay nothing.

The same vessel will carry 60,000 feet of lum-
ber, and pay

The same from Canada, New Brunswick, or
Nova Scotia, pay nothing.


EMIGRANTS. A letter from London, after stating that the jails and poor houses of England were overflowing 240 with the starving poor and the profligate, says:

"Next spring will inundate the United States with emigrants. Government will find exporting half starved rioters more expensive than sending them to Canada. 420 Every convict sent to Botany Bay, costs 80 pounds. That sum would pay the passage of five persons to Canada, and support them fifteen months."

SITUATION OF ENGLAND. We gave in our last a collection of articles to shew the condition of this oppressed and distressed country. It appears, from examinations of rioters at Winchester, that some of the farmers had been pushing forward the tenantry and laboring poor, to acts of violence, and even to the murder of the clergy, who will not consent to a reduction of their ty thes! To this complexion it must come at last," unless extensive reformations are speedily made.

[This is a comfortable prospect! The honest people of Baltimore will, probably, have to maintain at least one hundred of these miserable beings-for the support of England's "state and church." Our alms-house and penitentiary are over-loaded with foreigners, cast upon our shores. England will not allow a "return of such compliments," nor should we accept the sweepings of her poor houses and jails.]

"THE GLOBE." This paper recently established at Washington, sometimes lectures congress as if it had MASSACHUSETTS. An attempt, to amend the consti- "authority." The following contains a pretty severe retution of this state has failed in the house of representa-proof of certain of the southern members. tives-for it, 273, against it 146; wanting 7 votes of twothirds of the members present.

VERMONT. A fourth trial to elect a member of congress for the 4th district has been had. The Woodstock

"Some gentlemen of the south who have been building up a pre-eminence upon their exclusive devotion to that section, and who attempt, by inflammatory harangues in congress, to excite their constituents, while at the same time they make demands so extravagant,

of a war breaking out among the neighboring powers, it has resolved to maintain the strictest neutrality.' Also a declaration as follows:

and upon principles so absurd, that they know cannot be admitted, are contributing most effectually to the purpose of Mr. Clay. Although hostile to each other, these politicians have a common design. It is self-ag- "The diet unanimously perpetuates the principle, that grandizement. An overstrained tariff is equally essen- each state of the confederation, by virtue of its sovetial to the importance of Mr. Clay and the nullifiers.-reign right, is at liberty to make any changes in its own Mr. Clay will not therefore abate an item of his Ame- constitution which may be deemed necessary or useful, rican System, nor would the southern ultras, we imagine, so long as they are not contrary to the federal convenbe satisfied with the repeal of the whole revenue system, tion. In pursuance thereof, the diet will interfere in no unless accompanied with the concession of the right of manner with the reforms already made, or those herenullification-a right which is to enable certain great after to be made, in the constitutions." men, who, like Cæsar, would rather reign in a village This country is much agitated. A Paris paper of Jan. than be second in Rome, to rule a section, if they can-12, says "The councils of Basle, finding that they were not rule the whole union. We should not be astonish-not sure of the inhabitants or of the disposition of the ed if a common interest in a tariff excitement, should troops, have sent to the peasants assembled, it is said, at bring the ultra politicians, who advocate the opposite Liestal, to the number of 8,000 or 10,000, a deputation extremes of the question, to act together, however to announce to them that the concessions required shall widely they may differ theoretically. It is an old saybe granted. A circumstance too remarkable to be ing, that extremes come together."


Several packets have arrived at New York bringing late Paris and London papers-the latter to the 13th January.


The incendiaries are as busy as ever, and other acts of violence abound. There has been a great turn-out of the colliers. The people, more and more distressed, and partly, perhaps, because of their own conduct, seem to become more and more reckless. The revenue of last year, as compared with that of 1829, shews a deficiency of 640,450 pounds. A part of this has been caused by the repeal of the duties on beer and leather.

Ireland is greatly agitated. An English paper says that the present state of affairs cannot fast. "The go. vernment must put down the agitation, or the agitation will put down the government."


It is strongly reported that the duke de Nemours, second son of the king of the French, is to marry Donna Maria, queen of Portugal.

passed over in silence is, that the peasants have at their head officers who belonged to the guard of the ex-king Charles X. The artillerymen of Basle have declared that they would not fire on their fellow citizens of the country."


We have a large mass of matter concerning the affairs of Poland. Gen. Chlopicki, who had so honorably kept his word and resigned the dictatorship, has been reinstated by the diet of Warsaw in his important functions. He has refused the pension of 200,000 florins.

Warsaw, Dec. 25.-The inhabitants of the circle of Random had a meeting on the 10th. They subscribed liberally, and have announced their intention of raising a regiment of cavalry.

Cornelius Syko, an old Polish officer, now prior of the Carmelites, is working at the fortifications of Praga, with all his mouks.

The actual abode of Vincent Krasinski is not known; but it is announced that his son Sigismond, who is now in Russia, will shortly arrive here, to raise a regiment at his own expense, and that he will enroll himself in it as a private soldier.

Count Pozzo di Borgo has received his credentials as ambassador from his majesty the emperor of all the Rus- Lieut. col. Geritz, a descendant of William Tell, sias to his majesty the king of the French; who has ap- forms a division of sharpshooters, which he calls his 'inpointed the duke de Mortemart ambassador extraordi-fernal troop.' nary to his majesty the emperor of all the Russias, and It is said that the Poles of the provinces of ancient has intrusted him with a special mission. This nomina- Poland, who are residing in Paris, are to place at the tion does not revoke that of the marshal duke de Tre-disposal of the Polish government considerable sums of viso. money, and that countess Tyscbkiewitz, sister of the We have a copy of the patriotic address of gen. La-late Poniatowski, has distinguished herself by a large fayette, when retiring from the command of the national subscription. guards.

Lord Granville has taken the place of lord Stuart, as envoy extraordinary, &c. at Paris.

The French at Algiers remain as they were. All seemed quiet.

France appears very tranquil-but is making great preparations for the worst that may happen. The military is well organized, and there is a very strict police.


London, Jan. 6.-The king of Holland is said to have at last yielded to the remonstrances of the powers, and agreed to recognise the independence of Belgium. The final settlement of all differences was anxiously looked to, and shortly expected by the Belgians.

We understand that the king of Holland has given an order for 300 pieces of cannon to the Colebrook-dale foundry. The price is said to be £60 for each cannon. His majesty has also ordered in England 400,000 yards of woollen cloth.


There has appeared under the title of 'The Great Week of the Polonnaise,' a succinct recital of the Polish revolution.

The bishops of Warsaw, Prazmouski, and Manugiewiez, have given up for the service of their country, 70,000 florins of their actual revenues, viz. two-thirds.


Extract of a private letter from Warsaw, dated Dec. 27:-"The palatinate of Lublin, Russian Poland, has just offered the government 50,000 men. Count Zamousky is equipping a regiment at his own expense.There are in the army 12,000 soldiers who served under Napoleon, and 300 officers decorated with the legion of honor. The 24th regiment of the line which acted on the first day, has set out for the frontiers.Previous to their departure, they requested their colonel to take them to the fortifications now erecting by the citizens. On their arrival there they formed a square. The soldiers then knelt down and swore that they would not fire again, but would attack the Russians with the bayonet only, and be killed sooner than surrender.The 1st regiment of Lancers, a fine troop, has marched. The enthusiasm is at the highest pitch, and exceeds all imagination."

Many negotiations are going on, as to the future condition of this country. It seems very likely that a son of the king of Bavaria will become its constitutional sovereign. It is most probable that all the differences December 30. Four officers of the Lithuanian corps between Belgium and Holland will be adjusted, without escaped and have arrived here. They state that it will much further bloodshed, through the agency of the five be impossible for the Russians to compel that corps to great powers. Some skirmishing yet existed between go against the Poles, and it is expected they will be the Belgians and the Dutch; and the latter were collect-marched into the interior of Russia. We are ready ing troops on the frontier.

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with 60,000 excellent troops, and 10,000 cavalry. We have also 10,000 irregular cavalry, and 100,000 militia, but these last require to be armed with muskets, and every day there are new volunteer corps formed. The

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