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place, under the penalty of military execution; and the centinels were ordered to shoot them if they passed in greater numbers. No lights were to be seen in their houses after nine o'clock in the evening, nor was an English person to presume to walk the streets on any account whatever after that period without a lanthorn and candle. Mr. Robert How, an English merchant, and owner of a ship then in the harbour, attempting to go on board after that time, was shot dead in the attempt, and the centinel who did the act, promoted for having, as the governor expressed it, done his duty.

The town of Roseau was set on fire by the French soldiery, which if not done by the governor's orders, was however fanctioned by him, for during the whole night on which the melancholy event took place, he was present like another Nero, diverting himself with the scene, and actually forbid his soldiers to affist in extinguishing the fames, fave only in houses belonging to the French inhabitants, but he permitted, if he did not positively encourage, his men to plunder the English inhabitants in the midst of their distress.

The accumulated distresses of the inhabitants ruined a number of the planters, who threw up their plantations, and abandoned them. In 1983 it was again restored to Great-Britain, and the inhabitants restored to the enjoyment of their former privileges.

This island is divided into ten parishes, the town of Roseau, which contains only five hundred houses, exclusive of the cottages of the negroes, is the capital; it is situated on a point of land on the southwest fide of the island, which forms Woodbridge's and Charlotte Ville bays. The island contains many high rugged mountains, several of which contain volcanoes, which frequently discharge burning fulphur, and from some of the mountains hot springs of water issue. Between the mountains are many fertile vallies, well watered, there being at least thirty fine rivers, belides rivulets in the country,

There are not, however, at this time, more than fifty sugar plantations in work, and one year with another they do not produce more than from two to three thousand hogsheads per annum. There are more than two hundred coffee plantations, which seem to answer well, as in some years they have produced twenty-fix thousand seven hundred and eighty-five hundred weight. Cacoa, indigo and ginger are also cultivated, but in a very small degree, for the chief of those in the list of exports are obtained from South-America, under the function, of the free port law.


The number of inhabitants, according to the return of 1788, is as follows: white inhabitants of all sorts, one thousand two hundred and thirty-lix; free negroes, &c. four hundred and forty-five; flaves, fourteen thousand nine hundred and fixty-seven; and about twenty or thirty families of Caribbees. We dhall close this account with the following table of exports, &c.


An ACCOUNT of the Number of Vefsels, their Tonnage and Men, (including their repeated Voyages) that cleared outwards

from the hand of DOMINICA, to all Parts of the World, between the 5th of January, 1787, and the 5th of January, 1788, with the Species, Quantities and Value of their Cargoes, according to the actual Prices in London.

Value of
Miscellaneous Total Value

Articles, as faccording to the
Indigo. Cotton. Ginger. Hides, dying Prices current

Woods, &c. in London.



Rum. Melasses



Whither bound.

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1492 9423 1126 2 2617,387 3 6 11,259 961,066

qrs. Ib.

No. Tons. Men. Cwt. qrs. Ib. Gallons Gallons Cwt. qrs.

1b. Cwt.

Ib. Ib. 56 8682 966 58,665 1 21

To Great-Britain


161 11,635 11

3 271,472 14 01

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This ifland contains about eighty-four thoufand acres, and is on

the whole well watered; it is, however, in general mountainous and rugged, but the intermediate vallies are exceeding fertile. The country held and cultivated by the British, at present, does not exceed twentythree thousand fix hundred and five acres, all the rest of the island being held by the Caribbees, or incapable of cultivation.

The Spaniards, according to Dr. Campbell, bestowed the name of St. Vincent on this island, on account of its being discovered on a day devoted to that Saint in their calendar ; but it does not appear that they ever got possession of it on account of the number of Indians who inhabited it ; but neither the natural strength of the island, nor their numbers, could ultimately exempt them from European hofti, licies.

When the Englith and French, who for some years had been ravaging the Windward Islands, began to give some consistence to their settlements, in the year 1660 they agreed that Dominica and St. Vincent lould be left to the Caribs as their property. Some of these favages, who till then had been difperfed, retired into the former, and the greater part into the latter. There these mild and moderate men, lovers of peace and filence, lived in woods, in scattered families, under the guidance of an old man, whom his age alone had advanced to the dignity of ruler. The dominion passed successively into every family, where the oldest always became king, that is to say, the guide and father of the nation. These ignorant savages were still unacquainted with the sublime art of subduing and governing men by force of arms; of murdering the inhabitants of a country to get pofleffion of their lands ; of granting to the conquerors the property, and to the conquered the labours of the conquered country; and in process of time, of depriving both of the rights and the fruit of their toil by arbitrary taxes,


The population of these children of nature was suddenly augmented by a race of Africans, whose origin was never positively ascertained. It is said that a ship carrying negroes for sale, foundered on the coast of St. Vincent, and the slaves who escaped the wreck, were received as brethren by the favages. Others pretend that these negroes were deserters, who ran away from the plantations of the neighbouring colonies. A third tradition says, that this foreign race comes from the blacks whom the Caribs took from the Spaniards in the first wars between those Europeans and the lidians. If we may credit Du Tertre, the most ancient historian who has written an account of the Antilles, these terrible favages who were so inveterate against their masters, spared the captive llaves, brought them home, and restored them to liberty that they might enjoy life, that is, the common bleffings of nature, which no man has a right to withhold from any of his fellow creatures.

Their kindness did not stop here; for by whatever chance these strangers were brought into the island, the proprietors of it gave them their daughters in marriage, and the race that sprang from this mixture were called black Caribs: they haye preserved more of the primitive colour of their fathers, than of the lighter hue of their mothers. The red Caribs are of a low stature; the black Caribs tall and stout, and this doubly-savage race speaks with a vehemence that seems to resemble anger.

In process of time, however, some differences arose between the two nations; the people of Martinico perceiving this, resolved to take advantage of their divisions, and raise themselves on the ruins of both parties. Their pretence was, that the black Caribs gave shelter to the slaves who deserted from the French islands. Imposture is always productive of injustice. Those who were falsely accused, were afterwards attacked without reason ; but the smallness of the numbers fent out against them, the jealousy of those who were appointed to command the expedition, the defection of the red Caribs, who refused to supply such dangerous allies with any of the fuccours they had promised them to act against their rivals, the difficulty of procuring subsistence, the impossibility of coming up with enemies who kept themselves concealed in woods and mountains; all these circumstances conspired to disconcert this ralh and violent enterprise. It was obliged to be given up after the loss of many valuable lives ; but the triumph the favages obtained, did not prevent them from fuing for peace as fupplicants. They even invited the French to come and live VOL. IV. Nn


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