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THE NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY

ASTOF, !ENOX ANO TILOES, FOUNDATIONS.

1903

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PAGE

Advance, the First.

PAGE

53 Eminent Educators Deceased in 1865.

31

Aerostation....

376 Elephant of India, the Sacred

119

Alphabet-How to Teach it

37 English, the Queen's

19

Apes, Anthropoid...

1 English Grammar...

305

Apparatus, Neglect of.

194 Error of the Times, an....

333

Arithmetic, Analytical. ......
136 Eta Pi Society, the-A Dialogue....

267
Barth, Prof. the African Explorer........

Examination at Mme. Savante's-A Dialogue
262

308

Blackboard, Use the

76

Experience, My!...

148

Boarding School Regimen

Ex-Sendo master in China, an.

113

419

Calculations, Curious Arithmetical..

Facial Angle, the..

5

Campaign, Educational

:fiy and Microscope, the..

89

Carbon in Vegetation.-Its Source.

Figúres, Wonderful Properties of.

58

Character

475

Frárca, Thier's History of

16

Character on Trial ..

'Fugitive, the Dialogue....

10

344

Children, Street..

4 Grógraphy, Duckwood's.

13

Citizen, Teacher as &.....

234 Geography, Hominitio.

55

(ity, a Sinking..

62

Geography, Mathematical.

60

College Education, Is it Declining ?.

425 Geography, Physical....

191

Colleges, Business

273
Geography. German Method of Teaching.

196, 239

Composition, English.

116 Geography....

424

Composition, Writing.
193 Geographical Publishing House.

79

Criticism

119 Geographical Publications of Germany

356

Croquet....

289 Girls, Education of.....

189

Defects in our American Colleges...

Glycerine and Nitro Glycerine.

227
430

Drawing, Isometric

Gold, Speculation in........ ...

255, 336, 416, 158

17

Drill, Military, for Schools of all kinds...

Gotha. Merchant's Training School

79
.92, 222

Duty, Vacation........

272 High Rock Spring, Saratoga.

278

Earth, Dimensions of the. How ascertained.... 111

Henry Hudson.....

345

Earthquakes, Steam Power in

Honesty, Journalastic..

352

39

Education, a Bureau of........

270 Imagination

56

Education, Plea for Compulsory..

216 Improbability.

Education, Perverted....

351 Inscriptions, Ancient

169

Education, Democracy in..

464 Institute of Schnepfenthal, the Celebrated. 166
Education. How its Interests are advanced..... 393 Instruction, Peculiarities of Grammatical.

189

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PAGE

PAGE
Intelligence, Educational.... 45, 83, 123, 160, 204, 246. Reply to Critique on " Kerl's Grammar". 197
282, 320, 361, 402, 442, 483
Reply to "Observer"

240

Julian Gurdon: Student and Schoolmaster.....24, 63

Reviewer reviewed

136

Robinson Crusoe.......
Journals, Honesty of Educational.............

...... 177
Roll-Calling...

151

Languages, Number of..

59

Sandwich Islanders, Education of the...... 275

Law, Pedagogical

..7, 249, 369, 449

School, an old Field...

49

(Laws, Colonial.......

139
School, Oswego Normal and Training.

1.29
Lotter, a Hummer

318
Schools, German,

314
Letter of F. S. J., on the.

479
Schools, our Normal

373

Letters from Gotha, Germany-Great Kinder

Schools, Statuary Law as to Disturbing.

8

Garten School

39
Schools in London, Middle Clagg..

153 +
Letter on Merchant's Training School- Great

Schools, Inventions for

Geographical Publishing House-Dr. Peterman 79

201, 327, 448

Scholarship, Exact..

455

Letter from Nuremberg-German Geographical

Publications......

397

Scholastic Rights and Duties of Parents...

472

Schoolmaster, M. D., the (Poetry)..

466

Letter from Santa Cruz, California..

339

Schoolmaster's House in his Castle

7

Liberally Educated....

329

Schoolmaster and the King

7

Library, Antiquarian

10

Library, Public, ('ompliment of the Public School 33

Science and the Arts...126, 166, 206, 279, 300, 441, 480

173

Light, Origin of......

39

science, Second Hand........

Scratches and Daubs......

77

Mammoth of Siberia, the Frozen..
266 Self Education........

300
Man and Nature".....
110 "Shall and Will"....

145
Manipulation, ('hemical and Physical.
341 Sick-Room, the Teacher in the....

103
laps Wanted

Sing, Teach Children to..

96
Marking and Averages..
S3 Slang-A Dialogue....

146

Memory of a Mother, the

310 Social Standing of Teachers..

312

Meerschaum
68 Sparks, Jared, LL. D.......

194

Minnesota-its Soil, Climate and•Education. . 51 Squeers, the Original.....

98

Miscellany.....

*10.98.127,167, 326 Straight Mark, the-A Dialogue

469

Mis eilany, Editorial.

334, 435, 437 Substantives in English-Their Cases.,

130

Modern Scholastic Enterprises, Keys to Suceess

Tailorid, Anecdote of..

23

349

Teachine, the Right to Dictato to

Music in Public Schools....

7

: Peachers, Suggestions to Assistant..

414

Nature, Contrary to

'Teaching Forty Years Ago.....

401

Vile-its Source......

188. 'Telegraph, the Atlantic..

386

“ Not at Home"- a Dialogue.

The Dishonesty of Teachers.

81

Notes and Queries......

39, 122, 207 The Ignorance of Teachers....

35

Nott, Eliphalot, D. D., LL. D..

115 Theorists, Shallow.....

881

The Development Theory..

3

Object-Teaching-its Pros and Cons..

22

Trees, Set Out

152

Object Lessons.......

Tribunal, the School Boys'-A Dialogue.

178

“ Our Young Folks" and “ The Other Side" 38

Troubles, a Few of My..

.258, 353

Parsing, a question in...

410 Troubles, More......

439

Petroleum.....

39

University, Berlin.

117

Phenomena, Atmospheric

......409, 460

Planting Time in Gossipborough-A Dialogue... 427

Vacation.....

311

Plants......

Voyage, the School-Man's First...

109

11

Poisons, Vegetable..

296 Want, &.......

196

Potato, the.....

212 War between Theory and Practice..

14

Principles, Teach........
474 Wayland, Francis, D. D., LL. D..

69
Profession, the Teacher's..

301 Weights and Measures, Metrical System of...... 154

Pronunciation.....

138 West Virginia....

39

Public Schools, Shortcomings of.....

209 Will,

434

Publications, Current........45, 84, 120, 162, 201, 243, Winds, Ocean...

304
286, 324, 364, 404, 444, 483

Punctuation--its Importance..

Year, the.....

476

54

in........

Public....

PUBLIC LIBRARY

275729 AMERICAN

ASTOR, LENOX ANO

1903

TILDEN' FC!" DATION3

EDUCATIONAL MONTHLY.

VOL. III.

JANUARY, 1866.

No. 1.

THE ANTHROPOID APES.

THE

THE order Quadrumana has in all ages been regarded with peculiar

interest, because it resembles man in structure and appearance. The name, four-handed, originates in the belief that the monkey possesses

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four prehensile extremities, all adapted to use in walking, yet partaking more of the hand than of the foot. Some of the later naturalists prefer the term Pedimana, or foot-handed, regarding the foot element as predominating. Professor Huxley maintains that the ape is properly bimanous, possessing two hands and two feet; and bis reasoning has lately been strengthened by the investigations of Dr. Endleton, who, after careful anatomical examination of a young chimpanzee, has concluded that that ape, at least, is not quadrumanous, but properly bi-manous, although its extremities are all prehensile.

Though occurring only in or near tropical regions, the Quadrumana are of wide geographical distribution; and the characteristics of those in different continents are distinctly marked and easily classified. We have the Simiade, or Monkeys of the Old World ; the Cebidæ, or Monkeys of the New World ; and the Lemuridæ, or Monkeys of Madagascar. The Simiadæ are the most interesting family, including the largest and most manlike members of the order. This family is divided into the Tailed, and the Tailless or Anthropoid apes.

THE ANTHROPOID APES DESCRIBED. These are distinguished by teeth like those of man, by a lack of tails and cheek-pouches, and by being able to walk erect, although naturally moving on all-fours.

The OP.ANG-OUTANG, or Simia satyrus, in former times, included the chimpanzee, which, however, is now regarded as belonging to a different genus ; and the term orang refers only to an ape found in Indo-China and the East India islands, Ves: Satyrus is about five feet high when erect, is covered with reddish hair, and, as the forehead is full, and the snout not extremely prominent, resentistes man wote tirspany other ape of which we have satisfactory informatiori: Huis soditary if its habits, and builds in trees a rude shelter from storms. Sonte naturalists have placed this ape below the dog in the scale of intelligence; but this seems unjust. Buffon and others have given instances tovhiçbi very considerable intelligence was manifested. The orang is little known in the West, as few specimens have been imported, although many of other genera have been exhibited under its name.

The CHIMPANZEE, or Troglodytes niger, inhabits a narrow district of western tropical Africa, and is the Angola orang of the old naturalists. It is four to five feet high, covered with grayish hair, long and thick upon the back, but short and thin elsewhere. It is gregarious, and lives almost wholly among the trees. To protect itself against the furious storms of its country, it constructs a hut of twigs and leares like the orang, and when attacked defends itself with clubs and stones. The first individual of this species ever seen in Europe was brought to England in 1738, and exhibited as a curiosity. Of late years, many have been brought to Europe and America, where they have been exhibited as orang-outangs.

The Nsniego Mbotve, or nest-building ape, the Troglodytes calvus

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