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June 24. to August 3

Session of 1918

The nineteenth annual summer session of the University of California at Berkeley will begin Monday, June 24, 1919, and will continue until Saturday, August 3, the session covering six weeks. During the same period the University will conduct for the first time a Southern Division of the Summer Session at Los Angeles. A special bulletin describes the courses offered in the Southern Division.

Earlier Sessions

The University of California held its first regular Summer Session in 1900, though summer courses in several departments had been given during the years 1891–99. The total enrollment in 1917, not including the Summer School of Surveying, was 3979. Of this number 917 were men and 3062 women.

Purpose of the Session

The courses in the Summer Session are designed to meet the needs of the following persons:

1. Teachers who wish to increase their professional skill, to revise and extend their knowledge of a chosen field, or to qualify in new subjects, preparing to meet the immediate and pressing demand for instruction in biology, physics, chemistry, mathematics, general science, and physical education.

2. School superintendents, supervisors, and other officers. Supervisors of agricultural education, drawing and art, and home economies will find work especially suited to their needs.

3. Graduate students, to whom the advantages of smaller classes and the more direct and intimate personal contact with the professors in charge are peculiarly possible during the summer session.

4. Undergraduate students, and especially those registered in the fall or spring sessions of the University, may use a portion of the vacation to take up studies for which they are unable to find room in their regular programmes, or to make up deficiencies, or to shorten their courses, carrying as far as possible their educations before entering the service of the nation.

5. Properly recommended high-school graduates who are about to enter upon regular university courses in the ensuing fall session and who desire to complete matriculation requirements or to broaden their preparation for university work. To meet their needs courses are offered in chemistry, home economics, physics, French, and Spanish.

6. Housewives, graduate nurses, social workers, students of public health, and all adults who are qualified to pursue with profit any course given, whether or not they are engaged in teaching or study.


The faculty of the Summer Session will include not only members of the regular faculties of the University but also a number of men of letters and science from Eastern universities.

Applications for Admission

All persons who desire to attend any of the courses are urgently requested to notify the Recorder of the Faculties on or before Wexlnesday, June 5, using the blank form of application at the end of this bulletin. Compliance with this request will facilitate the making of a lequate arrangements by the University, and will make possible prompt communi cation with prospective students in case of change in the programme.

Admission Requirements

Attendants upon the exercises of the summer session are divided into two broad classes:

A. Auditors.--Any adult of good moral character is permitted to attend all the regular exercises of the session, as an auditor, upon the filing of an application and the payment of the regular tuition fee of fifteen dollars. This may be done by mail. An auditor does not participate in recitations, does not take examinations, and does not receive formal credit on the books of the University either for attendance or for any study or investigation which he may undertake.

B. Students.-While there are no formal admission requirements and no entrance examinations, the officers in charge of admissions will keep in mind the fact that the instruction offered is such as is suitable for students of university gradle, and these officers will exercise their discretion in admitting to student privileges only those applicants who appear to possess the requisite maturity, training, and intelligence. Furthermore, the instructor in charge of a given course may himself require of those who present themselves as students in this course apy preliminary test, formal or informal, which he may deem essential to the work proposed.

The University will not, as a rule, admit to the summer session pupils from the high schools who have not yet completed the four-year high school course. Where an exception is made to this general rule, the pupil will be required to devote himself to courses given primarily or exclusively for matriculation credit, such as the “A” or “B”. ourses in chemistry, physies, mathematics, drawing, and the languages. And in every such exceptional case the applicant will be required to procure from the principal of his school, and to present at the University, a full statement of the applicant's high school record, and of his plans for further study, either toward university matriculation or toward some other definite end. Only by special arrangement made in advance may summer session courses other than the “lettered courses" be applied toward matriculation.

Registration Dates

The office of the Recorder of the Faculties will be open for the regis. tration of students Saturday, June 22, and Monday, June 24. For detailed directions as to entranee see later pages in this bulletin.

With the approval of the dean, teachers whose regular employment makes it impossible for them to register at the opening of the session are allowed to register as late as Monday, July 1. Such students may be permitted to enter courses and to receive credit for them only when, in the opinion of the instructor, they have satisfactorily covered the ground of the first week.


The tuition fee will be fifteen dollars ($15) regardless of the number of courses taken. Laboratory fees will be charged in courses in agriculture, botany, chemistry, civil engineering, home economies, mechanical engineering, office practice, physies, public health, and zoology. The fees in each case are stated in the description of the course.

Persons who desire to attend courses or occasional lectures without examination or formal credit may secure for this purpose an auditor's ticket upon payment of the regular fee ($15). Such tickets are obtainable by mail, upon forwarding the usual form of application. Address the Recorder of the Faculties of the University of California, Berkeley, California.

All fees must be paid in advance, at the opening of the Summer Session, at the office of the Comptroller, in California Hall. No deduction will be made from fees in cases of late registration. After the first week no rebate will be allowed for early withdrawal. No application for refund will be considered unless it is made at the time of withdrawal.

Classification and Numbering of Courses


I. Undergraduate Courses.

Lower Division Courses: (a) A prescribed course is one that is required specifically for graduation in any college. (b) A free-elective course in the lower division is any course that is not prescribed. A free-elective course may be taken as a prerequisite for a more advanced elective in the same field. Upper Division Courses: (a) A major course is an upper division course of advanced work in a department of study that has been pursued in the lower division, or of elementary work in a subject of such difficulty as to require the maturity of upper division students. All major courses are definitely announced as such, and are given the numbers 100-199, as is explained below. (b) A free-elective course in the upper division is a course for which the junior certificate or junior standing is normally prerequisite, but which does not demand necessarily any preliminary knowledge of the subject. Lower division courses may be taken as free-electives in the upper division, but upper division courses, whether free-elective or otherwise, are not open to students of the lower division without the special permission of the department concerned.

II. Graduate Courses.


Undergraduate courses are designated either by letters, without numbers, or by numbers. The “lettered courses,

e.g., Mathematies A, German A, are equivalents, or nearly so, of subjects in the l’niversity preparatory list; they represent subjects of study which may be pursued either in the high school or in the University. All other undergraduate courses, excepting only the major courses, are numbered from 1 to 99 inclusive.

All summer session courses, graduate or undergra luate, which are identical, or nearly so, with courses given during the fall or spring sessions, are distinguished by the letter “S” prefixed to the regular number of the course.

('ndergraduate major courses are numbered from 100 to 199 inclusive. Graduate courses are numbered from 200 to 299 inclusive.


Credit toward a university degree will be given only to attendants who are qualified to do systematie university work, and is in every case subject to the requirement that the student shall at some time qualify in the l'niversity as a regular matriculant, either by passing the entrance examinations or otherwise. In the absence of formal entrance requirements, the instructor in charge of a given course in the summer session is the judge of the qualifications of candidates for credit.

In general, credit will be given at the rate of one unit for fifteen exercises. A course of five recitations or lectures weekly during six weeks may receive a credit of two units. Credit may be given, in due proportion, for a smaller number of exercises, when these are of more than the usual length (which for lectures and recitations is about fifty minutes). A recitation or lecture presupposes about two hours of study outside of the classroom; laboratory or other exercises which do not require outside preparation are estimated at a lower rate than recitations or lectures.

If in a given course a final examination is required by the instructor, there can be no individual exemption from this examination. A student who fails to pass the examination does not receive credit for the course. It should furthermore be noticed that special examirrations and re-examinations in summer courses are not provided.

The amount of credit normally obtainable during the session by a student who devotes his whole time to courses strictly of university grade is from four to six units, according to the character of the work selected. A bachelor's degree represents 124 or more units of credit, distributed according to the special requirements of the college or department in which the student is enrolled. For the master's degree there are required about 18 units of properly selected work, in addition to a thesis. The work for Ph.D. and other doctor's degrees is not estimated in units of credit, and must be specially planned for every candidate. There are normally required four years of university residence for a bachelor's degree, one year for a master's degree, and at least two years for a doctor's degree; and while advanced credit is given for work done at other universities, the candidate's final year of residence for any degree must be spent in the University of California. Two summer sessions are accepted as the equivalent of one half

f-year of residence for any degree; but the amount of credit (the number of units) that may be completed during two summer sessions would for the average student not exceed three-fourths of the amount that could be completed during a single fall or spring session.

In every case students desiring credit for major or graduate courses should make definite arrangements therefor with the instructor at the beginning of the session. The specifie courses which will be recognized as major or graduate courses towarıl a higher degree are announced in later pages of this bulletin. Students electing work in the summer session as part of a programme for a higher degree should consult the Announcement of the Graduate Division for information regarding facilities and departmental requirements. Graduate students should consult, also, the

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