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(b) Gross Anatomy of the Nervous System. This consists of the dissection of the spinal cord and brain, with drawings, demonstrations and recitations.

(c) Dissection of the Head and Neck. Students will be furnished a guide for this important dissection and the same pedagogical scheme will be followed for this dissection as in the first-year course. The applied surgical anatomy will be incidentally discussed and emphasized during the course of dissection.

At the close of the above course examinations both oral and written will be given. The student is encouraged to do daily work of a high class quality and he is given to understand that such work is an important factor in the final record.

DEPARTMENT OF PATHOLOGY AND BACTERIOLOGY

GLANVILLE Y. RUSK, A.B., M.D., Associate Professor of Pathology.

Bacteriology occupies a most important place in dentistry on account of its relation to hygiene and preventive medicine. Many pathogenic bacteria also may be found in the mouth, and the dentist may at any time be confronted with a case in which a knowledge of bacteriology is essential for its proper treatment. The instruction in this department consists in part of lectures and quizzes, with certain assigned realing. By far the larger part of the course, however, is devoted to practical work with bacteria in the laboratory. Students prepare culture media, note the microscopic appearances and growth characteristics of bacteria which they isolate from air and water, and study the most important bacterial disease-producing organisms. Some time is devoted also to a study of the bacterial flora of the mouth by isolating some of the species and examining preparations from around the teeth by means of dark-ground illumination. The object of the course is to familiarize the student with the nature of bacteria, with general bacteriological methods and technique, and to show him how these principles may be applied to dentistry.

The course in pathology takes up only some of the general processes. Particular attention is paid to the phenomena of inflammation and repair, of tuberculosis, syphilis, and tumors. The pathologic processes which affect the oral cavity are considered in several lectures toward the end of the course. In addition to the didactic lectures, each student is loaned a collection of stained and mounted tissues for microscopic examination. The study of these specimens and the making of notes and drawings of the pathological changes present make up the bulk of the laboratory work.

Owing to the nature of the laboratory work in these subjects, better results are obtained by the concentration of the time devoted to them. Properly qualified advanced students who have time to devote to the subject are encouraged to carry on original work, for which there is ample material and equipment.

A deposit of $10 is required to cover breakage and repairs to microscopes and apparatus.

DEPARTMENT OF RADIOGRAPHY

FRANCIS W. EPLEY, B.S., D.D.S., Instructor in Radiography and Photo

graphy.

The course in radiography will consist of lectures, quiz, and practical work. A laboratory course will be given which is designed to give the student a first hand, practical knowledge of the relation of tooth and bone structure, both normal and pathological, and the various cavity and canal filling materials, to the radiograph.

It is highly desirable that students, before taking the course, have experience in taking ordinary photographs and in developing plates and films. The following subjects will be covered:

Electrical units and laws: theory of induction and the coil.
Rectifiers, interrupters, transformers.
Nature of the X-ray and method of its production.
Types of tubes, their regulation and care.
Basic principles of photography: emulsions, developing agents, accel-

erators, fixing agents.
Dark-room arrangement.
Technic of making plates and intra-oral films.
Diagnostic root canal work.
Studies in the interpretation of radiographs.
Care that should be exercised in handling the X-ray.
Office equipment, type, cost.

DEPARTMENT OF COMPARATIVE ODONTOLOGY MALCOLM GODDARD, B.S., D.D.S., Instructor in Comparative Anatomy (on

war leave).

This course comprises a study of the origin, kinds, and attachment of teeth to be found in the various mammalian and reptilian types; the theories as to the origin of the mammalian teeth, tracing the evolution from the ancestral type; comparisons of the phylogenetic and ontogenetic series as to molar evolution; and the peculiarities, with their etiology, of the common types of mammals. Close study is made of a number of specimens in the museum.

DENTAL JURISPRUDENCE A special course of lectures on Dental Jurisprudence will be given to the third-year class by Louis Bartlett, Ph.B., LL.B., at especially appointed times during the session.

COLLEGE LIBRARY

ROBERT E. KEYS, D.D.S., Librarian.

The library, situated on the third floor of the college building, contains two thousand volumes. In addition to the latest textbooks on all dental and allied subjects, there are several complete files of many of the dental journals, some of them back to 1853, thus giving a very comprehensive review and history of the progress of dentistry.

Through the courtesy and generosity of the publishers, the library receives monthly copies of all the principal dental journals of this country, England, Canada, Australia, Japan, France, Germany, Spain, Mexico, and Chile.

The library is open from 9 a.m. to 12 m. on Monday and Friday and from 10:30 to 11:30 a.m. on Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday.

MUSEUM The museum contains a collection of anatomical, pathological, metallurgical and mineralogical specimens, crude drugs and chemicals, artificial dentures of all kinds, both early and modern. It also contains materials used in the manufacture of teeth as well as large casts and mammoth wooden teeth for illustrating procedures in operative dentistry, besides instruments and apparatus used in earlier periods, and specimens prepared by students, indicating the progress and methods of teaching dental technics.

There is also a fine collection of skulls of animals for the study of comparative odontology.

A valuable collection of casts of irregularities has accumulated from the college clinic and from private practice. These exemplify before and after treatment, and also the appliances by which the changes were accomplished.

All members and friends of the profession are invited to contribute books, pamphlets and journals, charts, anatomical, physiological and pathological specimens, casts of deformities and irregularities of the teeth and associated parts, or anything that will be useful and instructive. These contributions will be placed in the library and museum and marked with the names of the donors.

ALUMNI ASSOCIATION The object of the association is the promotion of the highest excellence in the science and art of dentistry and dental education, the welfare of its members and the interests of its alma mater.

The membership is composed of members of the faculty and all graduates of the College of Dentistry, University of California, who are legal and ethical practitioners.

A series of evening clinics will be held throughout the year, with a yearly day clinic, during the mid-winter season. The officers for the year 1917–18 were:

Edward J. Howard, President.
Z. Coney, Vice-President.
Stanley L. Dod, Secretary.
H. B. Kirtland, Treasurer.
Alumni Councilor, M. Thayer Rhodes.
Trustees: Guy S. Millberry, C. E. Post, J. E. Gurley, M. Goddard,

and E. H. Brassel.

THE STUDENT BODY During the year 1917–18 student activities conformed to the traditions and policies of former years, during which time student self-government has been developed to a considerable degree. Matters arising within each class are handled by that class and matters of general importance are given consideration by the student body as a whole.

The hour 11 to 12 on the last Thursday of each month is reserved for student body meetings, all other exercises being suspended, at which meeting, beside the regular business transactions, lectures of general and special interest to the students are given by speakers selected by a committee from the student body. During the past year illustrated lectures were given by Dr. Truman W. Brophy of Chicago, on his classic operation, The Surgical Treatment of the Cleft Palate; by Dr. F. Hinman of the State Board of Health, on Venereal Diseases and their Control; and by Professor E. H. Mauk on Dental Educational Conditions in the East. In addition, Dr. H. J. Phillips,'00, who practiced in Berlin for twelve years, gave an interesting talk on the life and customs of the German people; Dr. Cauch of the 12th Naval District outlined the procedure for entering the Navy Dental Corps, and Mr. Ross Wright, manager for the “Blue and Gold,” talked on the relationship that should exist betwen the students at Berkeley and the extra-mural departments. A very successful formal dance was held at the Fairmont Hotel on April 12, 1918.

For the promotion of higher ideals and standards aniong the students an honor society was formed in 1915. Election to this society is based upon scholarship, integrity of character and good fellowship.

The Students Affairs Committee, which acts as an executive committee for the student body and as an intermediary between the students and the faculty, has been responsible for a high degree of student honor. The following action in force for some years past was voted on and approved:

“That the Superintendent be requested to make an inspection of each
student's equipment in accordance with the requirements as published in
the announcement in order to determine that each student has a complete
outfit before he be allowed to take up any practical work.”
Officers of the student body:

President: Carl P. Rapp.
Vice-President: Vernon E. James.
Secretary: William H. Haskins.
Treasurer: Clarence W. Neff.

.

INSTRUMENTS Before beginning his work, each student will be required to procure the instruments necessary for his use.

The cost of the instruments for the first-year technical work amounts to about forty dollars, and when the student is ready to take up the work in the second year it is necessary for him to purchase a complete outfit, investing about a hundred and eighty dollars more.

This outfit includes a dental engine, and is of so practical a nature that the applicant upon graduating can begin practice without an additional expense for instruments.

A separate list of instruments required may be had upon application to the Dean.

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