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SMASHING

MINOR BEELZ ITH PRUSSIANISM everywhere on the retreat, evidence that Germany with autocracy's defenses cracking all along the line,

port to her subordinate a with the Japanese winning victories in Siberia, “with

minor Beelzebubs," as Bulgaria begging for an armistice, with the Turkish forces in

the foundations of Germ Palestine virtually annihilated, with the Americans and French : These simultaneous Al pressing on victoriously in Champagne, with the British advanc- donia, with their prolo ing in the direction of Cambrai," as the New York Torld sizes preparation," says the . up the situation, our editors now see the turn toward victory of

wonderful feat of genera the long lane through which the free peoples of the world have

the principle of unitied co been struggling these four years. They see Germany's military delphia Press notes, has k might, tho 'still formidable, at last beginning to crumble. And Front busy, “and now on while Berlin trembles at the news from the Somme and the

several ‘side shows.' T Meuse and the Vardar and the Struma , and the Jordan, the

in quick succession at poi reverberation of Allied blows, in one editor's phrase, “thrills the action, others point out, ' enemies of Germany with joyous expectation.” Truly do the America, tho supposed French call the present season the "Autumn of Vengeance," says Bulgaria, hailed the recon à Paris correspondent of the New York Times, noting these facts:

an American victory, wh “Austria pleading for peace and confessing that only enough the Turk from the Holy I flour is left to last till January; the Bulgarian armies hopelessly

every heart.

In the word cut in two and in disorderly retreat; Turkey disastrously de

great cavalry-rides of hifeated, with the loss of two of her best armies and two of her richest provinces; Germany suffering the accumulated bitter

plains of Sharon to Naza ness of ten consecutive weeks of continuous defeats along the Galilee, and, in three day: whole extent of what she regarded as the most impregnable part tween the Dead Sea and of her front at the hands of armies she believed at her merey,

the most of his brilliant su and looking forward with ever-growing terror to the vengeance for all her crimes that awaits her at the hands of an American

will fall, opening the road army stronger than her own."

effect a junction with Ger

would put the British on t The capture of twenty villages and 18,000 prisoners in the first two days' adyance by French and Americans in Champagne,

iterranean to the Persian and the rush of llaig's Britons through the outer defenses of

is also threatened by the Cambrai, threatened not only the Hindenburg line, but the

the Bulgarian armies hav very existence of the Quadruple Alliance. For it meant that

Servia recaptured. Furti the Bulgarians and Turks, whose armies were crusht during

here cut off Constantinopl the preceding fortnight, could expect no help from Berlin. Their

would mean, says the W:

both Bulgaria and Turke call was as vain, our press writers note, as the despairing cry to Baal for help that rose from the false prophets on Mount

open path into Hungary; Carmel in ancient days, and will be answered only by the roar

ening the Western Front, of Allied guns. First, the "slipping and slippery” (zar of the

Allied military and poli Bulgars, as the Allies cut his army to pieces and penetrate

and Macedonia, says the his territory, capturing his frontier strongholds, frantically begs

London Times dispatch to Field-Marshal von Mackensen to come and take the command

“They are, first, to red of his shattered forces; then his Government humbly pleads for opprest by alien dominat an armistice from Gen. Franchet d'Esperer, the Allied com- Oriental policy and disco mander in Macedonia. At the same time there flees through

time guaranties for futur

the final peace conference Constantinople, toward Germany and safety, another German

sible, gain fresh points of Field-Marshal who had promised the Sultan an easy conquest of Egypt, but who had barely saved his own skin after the

The Eastern victories i crushing defeat of the Turkish armies he commanded on the

“Easterners” and “Weste old battle-field of Armageddon. The war-lord in Berlin can spare

of the latter, General M: no aid from his own hard-prest lines in France. Our editors

New York Times, not to are convinced that Teutonic prestige in the East has been for- “Let us have no illus ever shattered by the events of this September, and that the Turkey, and Bulgaria dec

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time, and there is no way round which leads to the defeat of Germany. If we are led into attempting these excursions we. are prolonging the war.”

The same view is taken by the New York Evening Post,

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fire on the strongest Bulgarian positions along the Saloniki front. Two weeks later some of these positions were carried by assault with the capture of 800 prisoners and considerable booty. On September 15, after several days' bombardment, the great advance was begun by the French and the reconstituted Servian Army. The first day's fighting saw the Bulgarians driven back nine miles with a loss of a thousand prisoners. Day after day the offensive went on, the front broadening, the spear-head thrusting further north into Servia. In a week the fighting was general from Monastir to the Struma. On the left the Italians helped against the first Bulgarian Army. On the right the British and the new Greek Army struck north, driving the second Bulgarian Army beyond its own frontier. By the 26th there was continuous fighting on a 150-mile front, and the Allied center had advanced until Prilep and Ishtib were taken and the Bulgarian armies on either side of the Vardar were in grave danger of being cut off from each other and encircled in turn, The first week's fighting brought in as many as 10,000 prisoners and hundreds of guns. The Bulgarian positions were strong, being well fortified and situated in a land of steep mountains, but fell easily before the irrepressible Servians who were reconquering their fatherland. At some points, particularly near their own frontier, the Bulgarians held well, but on many sectors, according to the dispatches, they retreated helter-skelter, abandoning guns, supplies, and wounded soldiers; several regiments mutinied. The Servians, says the London Daily Mail, “performed one of the most difficult military feats, a deed comparable to the breaking of the Wotan line." A Jugo-Slav division also gave a good account of itself in the early part of this campaign.

The immediate purposes of the Macedonian campaign are set forth by Mr. Frank II. Simonds in the New York Tribune:

"First, to exert upon the Bulgar Army, weakened by transfer of divisions to the West Front, such pressure as will recall the divisions sent away, produce defeat before the divisions can be recalled, and add to the discontent and apprehension already existing in Bulgaria; secondly, by thrusting up the Cerna Valley; to cut the Bulgar communications in the lower Vardar Valley, compelling a withdrawal from all the strong positions near the Greek

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RELATION OF THE BALKAN FRONT TO ADJACENT LANDS.

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which argues that successes in Palestine and Macedonia were made possible by Foch's offensive in France, and observes:

It is not minimizing the importance of the victories in the East to say that the Allies are working for a swifter victory than could be obtained by the crushing of Turkey and Bulgaria and their separation from the Central Alliance. If we were content to stand for two years on the defensive in France, the war might be so won. But that is precisely what the great Allied effort, and principally America's effort, is intended to avoid. . . . If the war were to be won by negotiation the Allies would be justified in concentrating on the policy of piecemeal Eastern conquest and the break-up of the Teuton alliance. But as it is, Foch will still prepare himself to break the German line once for all between the North Sea and the Vosges.”

On the other hand, it seems to the military expert of the New York Times that these successes in the East have certainly "justified in full measure the British judgment in' continuing their forces in what would on the surface appear to be but subsidiary fields." The Washington Post laments the long ascendency of the “Westerners" in Allied councils. It believes them largely responsible for the fact that the Central Powers were enabled “without let or hindrance" to consolidate their positions in Roumania, Asia Minor, and the Russian Black Sea littoral. The results in Macedonia and Palestine have, in the opinion of this newspaper, more than justified the expectations of the “Easterners,” and “the only pity is” that their views

were so long opposed and that the present success was not obtained eighteen long months ago, which, in the opinion of competent observers, could have been done.” The Brooklyn Eagle is of much the same opinion and declares that “a destroyed Turkey, an emancipated Servia, a revived Roumania, and a Greece infused with new vitality and power are objects that can and ought to be secured while the waning strength of Germany is concentrated for the defense of her menaced frontiers."

The Macedonian campaign, as the Philadelphia Inquirer points out, began on August 14, when Servian artillery opened

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frontier which have been occupied for more than two years; finally, by breaking the communications between the Vardar Valley and Monastir by way of Prilep, to compel the Bulgars to retire out of all of Macedonia west of the Vardar, thus

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disengaging Monastir and thrusting a wedge between the Bul- in the long history of strategy in that region since the day gars in Macedonia and the Austrians in Albania.

Pharaoh Necho went up to fight against Carchemish, an “So much for the military purpose. In addition, the Allies

the armies of Judah on the way.” The Turkish defe are now striving to get north and into communication with the Servians of the conquered regions of Servia and with the restless

crushing. In all, 45,000 men were taken prisoners an and disloyal Jugo-Slavs of the Austrian and Hungarian Adriatic guns were captured. The huge captures were due to the re provinces to enable these to make a successful rising against the able work of the British cavalry and their Arabian al Austro-Hungarian Government. . . An Allied advance through

cutting off the retreat of the disorganized remnants Servia might rouse Roumania, brutally opprest by the German invaders and already showing signs of resentment."

Turkish host at the fords of the Jordan and in the desert

west. On the 24th Allenby followed up his victory by Even before the crushing attacks on their forces in Macedonia,

Haifa and Acre on the Mediterranean coast. Further ad the morale of the Bulgarians was not at its best, according to

have carried the British to the sea of Galilee and to impo several authorities. There is much difficult country between

points on the Hejaz railroad. The victory of General AL Saloniki and Sofia, and the armies of the Central Powers have had

has been hailed in London as a model in conception and execu time to construct powerful lines. But, observes the New York

The use of both cavalry and infantry is called by General Ma Times, "no line can hold if there are not men enough to hold it, or if the men holding it have lost their morale." Bulgarian

as perfect an example of cooperation of two arms in a de

battle as is to be found in the pages of history." Of the eagerness for peace is noticed by this newspaper, which believes

Turkish armies in Palestine, amounting in all to about a hur that it is genuine, but asks Americans to remember that the Bulgarian "renunciation" of conquests did not come until the

thousand men, the Seventh and Eighth, west of the Jos Bulgarian armies in Macedonia were broken by the Servians.

were completely destroyed in the main battle. The Fc Similarly, the New York Journal of Commerce quotes André

army was driven from several of its bases on the Hejaz rai Chéradame as declaring that Servia is a great graveyard and

and is menaced by the Arabs on one side and the British fc “her population has been systematically butchered by the

on the other. The German Field-Marshal Liman von San Bulgarians with German approval," and declares that “it would commanding these armies, barely escaped with his staff. be to trifle with one of the gravest of war-issues to make it easy

There is a Teutonic touch in the official statement from for Bulgaria to find a place of repentance by providing a light Constantinople War Office that “the English follow us penalty for her flagrant treachery and entirely Teutonic con

step by step.” But these steps, editors and war-correspond tempt for the dictates of humanity.” But the Boston Globe note, are bringing the British forces near to Aleppo and Damas believes there are reasons for considering Bulgaria “less a Allenby's attack, the New York Evening Sun believes, will s member of the international criminal band than one of its tools." be followed by an advance up the Euphrates of the forces un

The destruction of Turkish power in Palestine has naturally General Marshall, and “the ultimate purpose of these co captured the imagination of our editorial writers, especially manders is to form a junction at Aleppo, at present some since the fighting was done on historic fields and since the miles from each." Aleppo "might be called the key to bstrategy of the victor was so brilliant. After several months of Syria and Mesopotamia," we read in the New York Even apparent inactivity, but actually of incessant preparation, Post. A British force landed at Alexandretta could eas General Allenby struck on the morning of September 19. His

march to that railroad center and sever communications betwe troops, as the Boston Transcript notes, pushed “across the plain Constantinople and Syria and Mesopotamia. The Turk of Armageddon, where Deborah and Barak hurled Sisera and armies could then only escape, in The Evening Post's opinion, his nine hundred chariots of iron into the River Kishon and the completely abandoning Syria amd Mesopotamia. stars in their courses fought against Sisera." While the main The fact that the United States is not officially at war wi British army fought its way northward through the Turkish Turkey or Bulgaria irks some of our editors. The Republica lines over the Samarian hills, we read in the New York Times, Philadelphia Public Ledger, Boston Transcript, and Omaha B "a flanking force, headed by cavalry brilliantly used by a are inclined to agree with the New York Tribune (Rep.), whi commander who is himself a cavalry officer, drove up the coast says: “Let us get into the Eastern battle-line before it is to and cut across the enemy's rear by a maneuver which seems to late." Other dailies, however, believe that the President ha have been as notably successful as any that has ever been seen sufficient reason for not asking for a declaration of war.

Lin

JOS

INDEX TO MAP OF THE BALKAN FRONT. LETTERS AND FIGURES REFER TO SQUARES ON MAP OPPOSITE.
In looking for names mentioned in the press dispatches the reader should allow for variations in spelling due to radical differences between the

English and various Balkan usages. Spellings used here follow the British official staff maps.
ABBREVIATIONS:- Alb. Albania: Bul. Bulgaria; Gr. Greece; Mo. Montenegro; Ser.

Servia: mt.

mountain.
Aca..
Gr. D 8 Brod.
Ser. C4 Drenoveni. Gr. E 4 | Gusinye.
Mo. A 2 Kilindir.. Gr. D7 | Laysta.

Gr. G 4
Adriatic Sea

1 Brodets.
Ser. B 4 Drenovo..
Gr. E 4 Gyakovitsa Mo. A 3 Kirdjalar.

Gr. E 6 Leftera

Gr. E 9
Ægean Sea... Gr. E 9 Brodska.(river). Gr. D 8 Drenovo

Ser, C5 Gyergyan.. Alb. D 2

Kiri (river)

Alb. B 1 Leftera Bay Gr. E 9
Agostos.
Gr. E 6 Broshka.
Alb. D 2 Drenska Planina

Gyinari.
.Alb. D 2 Kirklina

Ser. D 4 Lenia (mt.) . Alb. E 3
Ahmed Ovasi. Gr. F 6 Bruti.

Alb. B 3 (mt.).
Ser. D 5 Gyokay.

Alb. C 1 Kishevoda, Ser. B 4 Leshnitsa, Alb. G 2
Aivasil
Gr. E 7 Bucbin.
Ser. D 4 Drin (river). Alb. A 2 Gyon babas. Alb. E 3 Kispeki..

Gr. D 8 Levani.

Alb. E 1
Aivasil Lake. Gr. E 7 Buk.
Gr. D 10 Drin, Gulf of. Alb, C1 Gyonpepay. Alb. A 2 Kitikchi.

Gr. E 8 Liaki..

Ser. C7
Aivatli
Gr. E 7 Bulgaria.

B 8 Dubrava
Mo. A 3 Gyuralga
Alb, D 2 Kiyevo.
Ser. A 3 Lialyevo.

Bul. C 9
Aji Gedik (mt.).. Bil. B 8 Bunar Dagh (mts.).Gr. E 9 Duditsa (mt.) Gr. D 6 Gyurov Kamen

Kjuselere
Bul. A 10 Libovnik

Alb. E 3
Akinjali.... Gr. D7 Burgas

Gr. E 6 Dukati

Alb. F 1

(mt.).
Ser, D 5 Kienye.
Alb. C 3 Lidzhene.

.Bul. B 9
Aktoprak
Gr. E 8 Burut.
Alb. B 3

1
Dulcigno.
Mo. B 1 Gyuyeshevo. Bul. A 6 Kliseli..

Ser. B 5 Likovan

Gr. D 8
Albania.
F 2 Busmazi.
Alb. E 1 Dumanli.
Bul. A 10 Hadan.
Alb, E 2 Klisura.
Alb. F 2

Ser. D3
Alessio
Alb. B 1 Butkova.
Gr. D7 Dumanovtse Ser. A 5 Hadjarlar.
Ser. B 5 Klobukar. Ser. A 5 Liplyan.

Ser. À 4
Algunya.
Ser. A 5 Butkovo Lake. Gr. D7 Dupnitsa

Bul. A 7 Ha lriye
Gr. D 8 Kochagovo.. Bul. B 9 Lipsasa.

Gr. E
Alistrat..
Gr. D 9 Butrinto..
Alb. G 2 Durazzo

Alb. C.
1 Hagion Oros

Kochana.
Ser. B 6 Lisa...

Alb. C
Amatovo Lake Gr, D 7 Buzichevo Ser. B 6 Durazzo Bay. Alb. D 1 (peninsula).... Gr. F 9 Kochanik.

Ser. B 6 Litohoros.

Gr. F
Amonitsa
Alb. F 1 Calamas (river) Gr. G3 Dushka,

Alb. C 2 Haji-Beifik.. Gr. D 8 Kocharinovo Bul. B 8 Little Prespa Lake. Gr. E 4
Angista..

Gr. D 9
(ape Aponomi.
Gr. F 7 Dushmani

Alb. B 2 Haji-Vunus Gr. D7 Kondino.. Ser. B 6 Little Thaso Island.Gr. E 10
Angista (river) Gr. D 9 Cape Drasti. Gr. ( 1 Dushogondje. Ser. C3 Hamzabeyli. Ser. C5 Konitza.

Gr. F 3 Livunovo,

Bul. C8
Angásta Station. Gr. D 9 Cape Eleuthera.... Gr. E 9 Dusku
Alb. D 1 Hasan Kalivia. Gr. G3 Konyovo. Bul. A 7 Lobosh

Bul. A 7
Antivari.
Mo. B 1 Cape Kastana. Gr. F 9 Dyakova

Mo. A 3 Helmas..
Alb. D 1 Kopliku.
Alb. A 1 Lojani.

Alb. E 3
Aranitas.

Alb. E 2
(ape Kifa. Gr. F 8 Dzena (mt.).. Gr.- Ser. D 6 Hionat

Gr. F 3 Köprülü.
Ser. C5 Lomnitsa

Ser. C3
Aras
Alb. B 3 Cape Kisavos. Gr. G7 Egri-Palanka, . Ser. B 6 Homesh

Alb. D 3 Korab Planina

Longos (peninsula).Gr. F 9
Arbasantsi. Ser. B 6 Cape Kuchuk. Gr. E 7 Elason..

Gr. G6 Hotla

Ser. B 5 (mt.).... Alb.-Ser. C3 Lower Bukovtse... Ser. A 5
Ardabashi. Bul. ( 10 Cape Lagbi. Alb. D 1 Elbasan

Alb. D 2 Hrupishta Gr. F 4 Korcha,

Alb. E 3 Lower Lipovik Ser. C 6
Ardjan Lake. Gr. D7
Cape Lavra. Gr. F 10 Elcheni Maz (mt.) Alb. B 2 Huma.

Ser. D6 Koril.

Gr. E 4 Lozen Planina (mt.)Bul. A 8
Arinista
Gr, G3 Cape Linguetta... Alb. F 1 Lleshan Station... Ser. B 4 lannina.

Gr. G3 Koritss..
Alb. E 3 Luarzi.

Alb. B 1
Arnaut Mah Gr. D 8 Cape Pala. Alb. C 1 Elevo

Gr. E 4 Ibalya..
Alb. B 2 Kormian.
Ser. A 5 ! Lubetino

Gr. E 5
Arnya..
Alb. B 3 Cape Platy. Gr. E 9 Ellidere
Bul. B 9 Ibrahimovtse.. Ser. B 5 Kornitza.

Bul. C 8 Lubin

Alb. E 2
Arsi.

4UD MIT

Alb. B 2
Cape Rodoni. Alb. ( 1 Elova.
Ser. B 4 Ichmi (river). Alb. C 1 Korshova.

Alb. B 3 Luboyna,

Ser. D 4
Arta
Alb. E 1 Cape Santo. Gr. F 10 Epirus (dist.). Alb.-Gr, G 2 Ihrsova.

Gr. D 7 Kosovets.
Alb. C 3 Lugovin

Ser. B 4
Aryirokastro. Alb. F 2 Cape Smila, Gr, F 7 Ergeri..

Alb. F 2 Ihtiman.
Bul. A 9 Kosovitsa.

Gr. G 3 Lukovitsa. Ser. B 4
Arza.
Alb. A 1 Capurnya
Gr. G 5 Esheher
Alb. C2 Ilovitza
Bul. C7 | Kostenya.
Alb. D 3 Lukovo..

Alb. G 2
Arzen (river) Alb, c 1 Cassandra (pen.).. Gr. F 8 Eskeje.

Bul. D 10 Ilye (river). Bul. C 10 Kostretsi.

Alb. F 3 Lunga...

Alb. E 3
Athos (mt.) Gr. F. 9 Charlir Tepe (mt.). Bul. B 8 Eurenjik.

Gr. E 7 Ipek.

Mo. A

3 Kovachevtsi. Bul. A 8 Lungara Dagh
Avlona..
Alb. E 1 Chafa-Derris (mt.) Alb. E 2 Fangu,

Alb. C 2 Ishmi.

Alb. C i Koyani. Gr. F 5 (mts.). Alb. F 1
Avret Hissar Gr. D7 Chai Aghizi, Gr. E 9 Fani.

Alb. B 2 Ishtib
Ser. C 6 Kozitsa.
Ser. C4 Lurya.

Alb. B 2
Avthela.

Gr. G4 Chaleis (dist.). Gr. F 7 Fani (river) Alb. C2 Iskar (river). Bul. A 8 Krabe (mts.). Alb. D 2 Lush Pass Alb.-Mo. A 3
Ayason.
Alb. E 2 Chaldjilar.. Gr. E 5 Fano Island Gr. G 1 Ivan (mt.). Alb.-Gr. E 4 Krani

.Ser. D 4 Luzias (river). See
Aytos.
Gr. E 5 Charevo
Ser. B 7 Feras...
Alb. E 1 Iviron.
Gr. E 8 Krania.

Gr. G6 Kara Asmak. Gr. E 6
Babashnica (mt.)
Chaushitsa. Gr. D 7 Ferizovich Ser. A 4 Jelova.

Gr. E 4 Krasnovo.

Bul. A 10 Lyabovo... Alb. F 2
Alb.-Ser. B 3 Chaushli.

Alb. E 3 Fieri
Alb. E 1 Jepishta

, Alb. C 3 Krasta (mt.) Alb. D 2 Lyaskoviki. Alb. F 3
Babiak.
Bul. B 8 Chavdar.
Bul. ( 9 Fieri-Minar Alb. E 2

Jerma.
Gr, F 3 Kravasta.

Alb. D 1 Lyaskovits. Gr. G 4
Babino
Bul. A 7 Chebren
Ser. D 5 Fiksi

Alb. E 1 Jerovyane. .Ser. B 4 Kravasta Inlet Alb. D 1 Lyulin Planina (mt.)Bul. A 7
Babshor
Gr. E 4! Chegan.
Gr. E 5 Filipovo.
Bul. C 8 Jhiskata.
Gr. G5 Krchova..
Ser. C4 Lyuma

Alb. B 3
Babush.
Ser. A 4 Chekini,
Alb. E 2 Florina
Gr. E 4 Jibraka.
Alb. D 2 Kremen

Bul. C8 Lyush na.. Alb. D 2
Bach.
Bul. E 5 Cheltik.
Gr. E 6 Ft. Palermo, Alb. F 2 Jolo..

Gr. F 4 Kresna Bridge. Bul. C8 Macedonia (dis.)...Gr. F 4
Bachevo.
Bul. B 8 Chengel.
Gr. C 8 Fortsovo,
Bul. B 10 Juba

Alb. C 1 | Kresna Pass. Bul. B 7 Madjarlik. Ser. B 5
Bader
Ser. B 5 Chepelare. Bul. ( 10 Fotolivo
Gr. D 9 Judesh Mt. Alb. B 2 Krishim Station Bul. B 10 Magarevo.

Ser. D 4
Badina,
Ser. D6 (hepino.
Bul. A 7 Frangazes. Gr. G4

Juma..
Gr. F 5 Krishima (river)... Bul. B 10 Mahala.

Gr. E 4
Baikovo
Bul. C7 Cherevoda. Alb. E 2 Furka.
Ser. D 6 Jumas-i-Bala. Bul. B 7. Kriva

Gr. D 6 Malakasi

Gr. G4
Baldumi Khan. Gr. G4 Cherma

Alb. D 1 Fyeri
Alb. E 1 Jumaya..

Bul. B 7 Kriva (river). Ser. B 6 Malevitza (mt.)...Bul. B 8
Baltali
Ser. C 6 Cherna (river). Ser. D 5 Fyerza

Alb. A 2 Junche
Alb. E 2 Krividol.

Ser. C 6 Mali Pshkashit
Banitsa
Gr. E 5 Chernitsa
Ser. D 6 Gaire.
Ser. C3 kachanik.
Ser. A 4 Krivolak.
Ser. C 6! (mt.).

Alb. C 2
Banya..
Bul. A 9 Chileli..
Gr. F 7 Galatista
Gr. E 8 Kachanya. Alb. C 2 Krpitsa..

Alb. E 2 Malik Lake. Alb. E 3
Banya.
Bul. B 9 Chinganeli, Gr. F 7 Galichitsa (mts.).. Ser. D3 Kafarani.

Alb, E 1 Krupnik

Bul. B 8 Malkanidje (mt.). .Gr. E 5
Banya..
Gr. E 5 Chukurkeui Bul. B 10 Galiko (river). Gr. E 7 Kakara..

Gr. D 8 Krusha.

Ser. A 3 Manchu (mt.). Bul. B 8
Bare
Mo. A 2 Cimari.
Alb. F 1 Garblen.
Bul. C9 Kakaraska. Gr. D 8 Krusha Balkan

Mandalovo. Gr. E 6
Barelye.
. Ser. A 6 Colemil-V'rah (mt.)

Gardiki,
Alb. F 2 Kakovitsa.
Gr. G3 (Plat.). Gr. D7 Margari.

Ser. C 4
Barleva (mt.). .Ser. D 6

Bul.-Ser. A 6 Garmania,

Alb. C 2 Kalabaka.. Gr. G5 Krushevitsa.. Ser. D 5 Maritza (river). Bul. & 9
Barmast.
.Alb. F. 3 Corfu
Gr. 61 Garvan (mt.). Bul.-Ser. C 7 Kalamuti.

Gr. E 10 Krushevo.
Gr. D 8 Martini,

Alb. F 2
Barzcloys. Alb. C 1 Corfu Island, Gr. G 1 Gekyari

Alb. E 2 Kalamuti Bay.
Gr. E 10 Krushevo.

Ser. C4 Mashchani. Alb. E 2
Bashmakli. Bul. C 10 Dafni Monastery..Gr. F 9 Gerpin

Alb. D 1 Kalaya.
Alb. D 1 Kruya..
Alb. C 2 Maslar

Gr. E 8
Bashtova.
Alb. D 1 Damzi,
Alb. F 2 Geucheli.
Bul. C7 Kallani.
Alb. E 2 Kruyevil.
Alb. D 1 Mati (river).

Alb. C 1
Batak
Bul. B 9 Darza.
Alb. D 3 Gida
Gr. E 6 Kalindros.
Gr. E 6 Kserias (river). Gr. G6 Matyani,

Alb. E 1
Bay of Valona. Alb, E 1 Debeli Lak Bul. A 7 Gievgeli
Ser. D 6 Kalinin (mt.). Bul. B 8 Ksirovalto. Gr. G 3 Mavreli..

Gr. G5
Bazari Matit. Alb. C 2 Debra

Alb. C 3 Gilan..
Ser. A 5 Kalkandele. Ser. B 4 Kuchitsa.

.Ser. C 6 Mavropulo. Alb. G 2
Beglishte.. Ser. A 6 Debrishte.

Ser. C4 Girejik
Gr. 19 Kalkovo..
Bul. A 8 Kuchuk
.Gr. D 9 Mayadag

Gr. D 6
Belashitza Planina

Debrova.
Alb. C3 Giurgievo.
Bul. C7 Kalmeti.

Alb. B 2 Kuchuk Beshik. Gr. E 8 Mazarachevo. Bul. A 7
(mt.).. Bul.-Gr. D 7 Delvinaki. Gr. G 3 Givezne

Gr. E 7 Kalmi.

Alb. E 1 Kukush
Gr. P 7 Mazari.

Alb. F 1
Belchin..
Bul. A 8 Delvino. Alb. G 2 Giyavat.

Ser. D 4 Kalyani.
Ser. D 5 Kula,

Gr. C 8 Megalo Keserle.... Gr. G6
Belcbishta
Ser. D 3 Demirhissar. Gr. D 8 Glava
Alb. E 2 Kapishtitsa Gr. E 4 Kumanova. Ser. B 5 Mehomia

Bul. B 8
Belitsa.
Ser. C4 Demirkapu Station.Ser. C 6 Glomboch. Gr. E 4 Kapsohora. Gr. E 6 Kumli..

Gr. D 8 Melnik

Bul. C8
Belitsa (river) Gr, F 4 Denchiko. Gr. F 3 Godalesh.

Alb. D 2 Kara..
Bul. A 10 Kunovrich. Mo. A 3 Menlik

Bul. C8
Belivod (river) Gr. F 4 Deshat Planina
Godiyle.. Ser. C 4 Kara Agach, . Gr. F 5 „Kuros.

Gr. E 8 Moreni.

Alb. D 1
Bel-lskar..
Bul. A 8
(mt.). Alb.-Ser. C3 Godiyak.
Ser. D 5 Kara Balkan (mts.)Bul. 10 Kuru Tepe (mt.).. Bul. B 9 Meritsa.

Gr. G5
Belovo Station Bul. A 9 Devebayir Pass

Golayt.
Alb. A 3 Karaburun... Gr. E 7 Kushke.

Gr. F 5 Merlera Island Gr. G1
Beranehe
Ser. D 4
Bul.-Ser. A 6 Golemo.
Gr. D 6 Kara Dagh (mt.). . Ser. A 4 Kushlar Dagh

Mesaryo..

Alb. F 3
Berat.
Alb. E 2 Devoli (river). ..All). E 3 Golemos.

Alb. D 1 Karadagh-Raja-

(mts.)....Bul.-Gr. C 10 Meshchishta Ser. D 3
Berovo
Gr. D & Deyirmen.... .Alb. E 3 Golesh Pass... Bul.-Ser. A 6

nova
Gr. D7 Kush neni.

Alb. B 2 Meshkeli (mts.) Gr. G 3
Beshik Dagh (mt.). Gr. E 8 Diaporos Island...Gr. F 9 Golik.

Alb. D 3 Karaferia
Gr. E 6 Kushovita Bul, C 10 Meshtian.

Gr. E 9
Beshik Lake. Gr. E 8 Dibra. See Debra . Alb. C 3 Goloznitsa

Ser, C5 Karajakeui.. Gr. E 7 Kuta..

Alb. F 2 Mesta (river). Gr. C9
Besna-Kobilo (mt.)
Dimentsekula Ser. B 5 Gopesh...

Ser, D4 Karajeli
Gr. E 7 Kutlis.

Gr. E 6 Mesta-Karasu
Bul.-Ser. A 6 Dimtse
Ser. A4 Gora Top (mt.).. Alb. D 3 Kara Musal Bul.'A 9 Kutukyer.

Gr. E 6

(river). Bul. B 8
Bezmishte. Ser. E 4 Dinoku
Ser. C3 Gorna Banya, Bul. A 8 Karaorman Ser. B 6 Kyuks.

Alb. D 3 Metali

Alb. E 2
Biklishta
Alb. E 4 Dirchevitsa. Ser. C 6 Goryan... Alb. E 2 Karasu Bridge. Bul. C8 Kyustendil. Bul. A 7 Metoh.

Ser. D 4
Bioche,
Mo. A 1 Dirderitza (mt.)

Gostivar.
Ser. B 4 Karasuli.
Gr. D 6 Lachi.
Alb. C 2 Metsovo,

Gr. G4
Bishova
Alb. E 1
Bul.-Ser. B 7 Gradeshnitsa. .Ser. D 5 Kara Tash (mt.)...Gr. E 5 Ladaya Pass

Bul. A 8 Mifoli

Alb. E 1
Bistritza.. Bul. A 8 Divilci.

Bul. B 7 Gradets.
Ser. B 6 Karatova.. Ser. B 6 Ladova.

Ser. C4 Mikro Palihor. Gr. E 6
Black Drin (river). Alb. B 3 Divyaka.

Alb. D 1 Gradishta
Alb. D 1 Karia
Gr. G 6 Lahana.

Gr. D 8 Military Station... Gr. E 7
Planitsa Dagh

Djedjoli.
Alb. B 3 Gradishta.
Ser. D 5 Karies.
Gr. F 9 Lak.
Ser. D 5 Milya.

Gr. G4
(mts.).... Alb.-Ser. D 3 Djura.

Alb. D 3
1 Gradsko.
Ser. C5 Karitathes
Gr. F 5 Lake Aivasil. Gr. E 7 Miroya.

Gr. D7
Blatets.
Ser. B 6 Dobrinishta, Bul. B 8 Gramatik.

Gr. E 5 Karnofolya. Bul. A 10 Lake Amatovo.. Gr. D7 Mirovche Station. Ser. D 6
Blatsa..
Gr. E 4 Dobropolye, Mt.

Gramesh.
Alb. E 2 Karusazes.

Gr. 1 Lake Beshik Gr. E 8 Mitnyovo.. Bul. C8
Bobeshino
Bul. A 6
Ser.-Gr. D 5 Gramosta.

Gr. F 3 Kashisht.
Alb. E 1 Lake Butkovo. Gr. D7 Mlashitsa.

Ser. B 6
Bobosevo, Bul. B 7 Dobrotishte. Gr. E 4 Gramshi.

Alb, E 2 Kashitza..
Bul. C9 Lake Doiran..Gr.- Ser. D7 Modia..

Gr. E 8
Bodrista.
Gr. G2 Doiran
Ser. D7 Granchar.
Bul. C8 Kastanyani. Gr. F 3

Lake Langaza Gr. E 7

Mogila

Ser. D 4
Boga.
Alb. A 2 Doiran Lake. .Gr.-Ser. D7 Grbelesh.

Alb. D 1 Kastoria.

Gr. E 4 Lake Lanja Gr. E 8 Moglena (dist.). Gr. p 5
Boikovo.
Bul. B 10 Doiran Station .. Gr. D 7 Greece..

F 4 Katerini,
Gr. F 6 Lake Malik
Alb. E 3 Molista.

Alb. E 2
Boka.
Alb. E 2 Doksat
Gr. D 9 Grekay.
Ser. C 3 Kavadar,
Ser. C Lake Ochrida. See

Monastir

Ser. D 4
Bordjani
Alb. F 3 Dol Brestnitsa. Bul. A 7 Grevena

Gr. F 4 Kavalar

Gr. E 7 Ohrida L. Alb.-Ser. D3 Monastirets. Ser. C4
Borislav.
.Gr. D 6 Dolenti

Ser. D 4
Griba (mts.)
Alb. F 2 Kavalla

Gr. D 10 Lake Ohrida . . Ald.-Ser. D 3 Monopishte Gr. E 6
Borova.
Alb. F 3 Dolna Banya.. Bul. A 9 Grnets..

Alb. F 1 Kavaya

Alb. D 1 Lake Ostrovo.. Gr. E 5 Montenegro (kgd.). A 1
Boshava.
Ser. D 6 Dolneni..

.Ser. C5
Gropsi.
Alb. G 2 Kavitza (mt.). Bul.-Ser. B 7 Lake Plavsko. Mo. A 2 Morava.

Alb. E 2
Bosiligrad.
Bul. À 6 Dolni Rakovets. .Bul. A 7. Gruka.

Alb. E 1 Kayalar

Gr. E 5 Lake Prespa Ser. D 4 Morihovo (dist.)... Ser. D5
Bosnek
Bul. A 8 Dol Vino.
Bul. A 6 Gudeli
Gr. 18 Kayani..

Alb. D 2 Lake Skutari. Alb.-Mo. A 1 Moschopolis. See
Boyana (river). Alb. B 1 Dolyana.
Gr. G 3 Gulf of Cassandra.. Gr. F 8 Kaybova

Gr. C 10 Lake Tahinos. Gr. D 8 Moskopole. Alb. E 3
Boyishte
Ser. D 4 Domay Mishtit, ... Alb. B 3 Gulf of Drin. Alb. C 1 Kaymakchalan

Lake Ventrok

Moskopole.. Alb. E 3
Boz Dagh (mt.)...Gr. D 9 Dorza
Alb. F 2 Gulf of Erisos. Gr. E 9 (mt.).....Gr.- Ser. D 5 See Little Prespa

Mount Athos Gr. F 9
Bozech.
Gr. E 6 Dospat
Bul. C 9 Gulf of Hagion
Kefalovrisis. Gr. G5 Lake.

Gr. E 4 Mount Lenia. Alb. E 3
Bozlutsa..
Bul. A 6 Dospat (river). Bul. C 9

Oros
Gr. F 9 kelemesh.
Gr. E 5 Lales Bay
Alb. C 1 | Mount Olympus.

Gr. F 6
Bratsigovo. Bul. B 9 Dospat Dagh (mts.)Bul. B 9 Gulf of Orfano. Gr. E 8 Keshani,

Ser. B 5 Langavuk.
Gr. E 8 Mramor

Ser, C5
Brdja
Alb. A 1 Doylen.
Bul. C 10 Gulf of Rendina...Gr. E 8 Keupri

Gr. DS Langaza
Gr. E 7 Mravintsa

Ser. D 6
Bregalnitsa (river) Ser. B 6 Drachevo. Ser. B 5 Gulf of Saloniki. Gr. F 7 kgerolivalhi. Gr. E 6 Langaza Lake Gr. E 7 Mugla.

Bul. C 10
Bresnitsa
Gr. E 4 Drachitsa.
Ser. B 4 Gümendje Station.. Gr. D 6 Kholomonda Mts... Gr. F S

Langaza Stream Gr. E 7 Mulyani Island. Gr. F 9
Bresnitza
Bul. ( 7 Drama
Gr. D9 Gurbesh
Gr. E 6'. Kholomonvuni (mt.)Gr. E 8 Lanja

Gr. E 8 Munjunus .Gr. D 10
Brestovitsa Bul. B 10 Dranch..

Gr. F 4 Gurikuch
Alb, D 2 Khortagh Dagh
Lanja Lake. Gr. E 8 Mus Alla (mt.).

Bul. B 8
Brezovitsa Bul. A 9 Dravunishta. Gr. F 5 Gurinchet.. Ser. D 6 (mts.).. Gr. E 7 Lapsista.

Gr. F 4 Mushutishte..

Ser. A 4
Briaza
Gr. G4 Dren...
Bul. 1 8 Gurur.
Alb. D 2 Kichevo.

Ser, C4
Larissa

Gr. G6 (Continued on page 12)

26 พย. (6 #us"

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