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old Factory, The (William Westall), 548.–Old Maid's Paradise, An (Miss Phelps), 327.-Our

Penal Machinery and Its Victims, 545.
Parson o'Dumford. The, 547.- Patroclus and Penelope (Theodore Ayrault Dodge), 111.-Pep-
pino, 223 - Père Goriot (Honoré de Balzac), 554. --Perry's (Nora) For a Woman. 551.-Phelps's
(Elizabeth Stuart) An Old Maid's Paradise, 327.-Philistinism (R. Heber Newton), 559.-Phi-
losophy of Art in America, The, 560.-- Philosophy of Disenchantment, The, 336. — Philoso-
phy of a Future State, The, 223.–Pliny for Boys and Girls, 662.- Poems of Nature (J. G.
Whittier), 661.--Poems of the Old Days and The New (Jean Ingelow), 440.- Poems of Thom-
as Bailey Aldrich, The, 439.-Poetry, Recent, 436. -- Prophet of the Great Smoky Mountains,
The (Charles Egbert Craddock), 553.- Prose Writings of N. P. Willis, 224.-Public Relief
and Private Charity (Josephine Shaw Lowell), 543.
Reading Club, The, 560.- Readings from Macaulay, 560.-Readings from Ruskin, 560.-Recent

American Socialism (Professor Ely), 429.--Recent Fiction, 323, 547.-Recent Poetry, 436.
Recent Sociological Discussion, 429, 542.--Reports of the Bureau of Education. 10i, 215.-
Rise of Silas Laplam, The (W. D. Howells), 553.-Rudder Grange (Frank Stockton), 662.-
Russians at the Gates of Herat, The (Charies Marvin), 209.- Russian Revolt, The, 209.-Rus-

sia Under the Czars (Stepniak), 209.
Samuel Adams (James K. Hosmer), 221.-Satinwood Box, The (J. T. Trowbridge), 663.–Saxe

Holm Stories, The, 554.-Scarlet Letter, The, 554.--Seliwatka's Nimrod in the North, 661.-
She's All the World to Me, 329.-Social Experiment, A (A. E. P. Searing), 550.-Social Sil.
houettes (Edgar Fawcett). 666,--Sociological Discussions, Recent, 42, 542-Souvenirs of
Some Continents (Archibald Forbes), 447.-Spencer's (Herbert) and Harrison's Nature and
Reality of Religion, 418.--Spring's (Professor Leverett) Kansas, 665. —Stepniak's Russia Un-
der the Czars, 209.- St. Nicholas Songs, 66t.-Stockton's (Frank) Rudder Grange, 662.-

Stowe's (Mrs.) l'ncle Tom's Cabin, 551,--Struck Down, 548.-Sweet Mace, 547.
Talks Atield (L. H. Bailey, Jr.), 447.--Tinted Venus, The (F. Anstey), 328. ---Torrey's (Brad-

ford) Birds in the Bush. 334 - Travels of Marco Polo (Thomas W. Knox), 663.
Uncle Jack and Other Stories (Walter Besant), 328.-Uncle Torn's Cabin, 554.-Un Mariage

d'Amour (Ludovic Halévy), 112.
Vagrant Wife, A (Florence Warden), 548.–Vain Forebodings, 328.–Venetian Life (W. D.

Howells), 112
Waters of Hercules, The, 328.-Whittier's Poems of Nature, 661.-Willis, N. P., Prose Writ-

ings of, 224. - Wit of Women, The (Kate Sanborn), 662.- World of London, The (Vasili), 447.

Zoroaster (F, Marion Crawford), 323.
Brave Life, A..

M. H. F......

360
Brindle and Others..
..D. S. Richardson..

378
Building of a State, The-
VII. The College of California.
S. H. Willey

26
VIII. Early Days of the Protestant Episcopal
Church in California..
Edgar J. Lion..

203
Bureau of Education, Reports of.

101, 215
Byways and Bygones..

Sarah D. Halsted.

285

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Early Days of the Protestant Episcopal Church in
California
Edgar J. Lion

203
Early Horticulture in California.

Charles Howard Shinn..

117
Egypt, Modern........

Franklina Gray Bartlett.

.276
Etc.:
Editorial:
Desirable Data as to High School Graduates. -The Case of One Class.-Statistics of Univer-
sity Graduates.-Death of Henry B. Norton

104
The Eminence of General Grant in Public Esteem.- Military Glory.-The Relation of Gen-
eral Grant to the People.- The Good and Evil of Travel.

219
The Endowment of Newspapers.-- The College of the American People.”—The Difficulty of
Regulating It.-The Endowment Plan.-Mrs. Jackson's Literary Remains.

.329
The Chinese Massacres.- Probable Character of the Aggressors.-Lines of Class, as against
Lines of Race...

442
The Appointment of a President to the State University.-The Presbyterian Plan for a De-
nominational College...

555
Recent Events of Interest.-First Thoughts on the Stanford Gift.-Expulsion of Chinese in
Washington Territory and California.--Comment on a Contributor's View.

659
Contributed :
Bibliography of John Muir.
E. A. Avery

.445
Gold and Silver..
F. 0. Layman

.331
Good Advice.

..323
Grave Subjects.,

..108
Literary Training.

107
New Goethe Papers.
Albin Putzker

.443

331
. 106
221
660
558
109
444
220
.557

.557
556

Federal Constitution, Thoughts towards Revising

the

C. T. Hopkins..

Fiction, Recent

Fine Art in Romantic Literature.

Albert S. Cook..

Four Bohemians in Saddle.

Stoner Brooke

Free Public Libraries.
From the Nass to the Skeena.....

George Chismore...
General Grant, Reminiscences of:
Grant and the Pacific Coast...

A. M. Loryea....
Grant and the War....

Warren Olney
Great Laloa Temple, Peking, The..

.C. F. Gordon-Cumming.
Hawaiian Volcanism...

Edward P. Baker

Helen Hunt Jackson, Mrs., Last Days of. Flora Haines Apponyi.

Hermit of Sawmill Mountain, The...

Sol Sheridan..

“H, H.,” The Verse and Prose of.

M. W. Shinn.

Hilo Plantation, A.....

E. C. $...

How the Blockade was Run..

J. W. A. Wright

197

199

.383

.602
.310
.152
315
186

.247

Impossible Coincidence, An...
"I'in Tom's Sister.".
Indian Question, A Suggestion on the.
In the Summer House..
Is Modern Science Pantheistic...

66

512
..569
.129
.646

John McCullough.
Juan Bautista Alvarado, Governor of California.. Theodore H. Hittell..

566
.338, 459

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Napoleon Bonaparte, Youth and Education of.... Warren Olney..
Nass, From the, to the Skeena..

.George Chismore..

New Mills College, The

Katharine B. Fisher.

Plea before Judge Lynch, A.

W. S. H..

Poetry, Recent

Problem of Love, A..

Charles A. Murdock.

Protestant Episcopal Church in California, Early
Days of...

. Edgar J. Lion......

203

Rancheria Affair, The..
Recent Fiction.......
Recent Poetry

.398
..323, 547

...436

429. 542

....197

199
101, 213

Recent Sociological Discussions..

Reminiscences of General Grant:

Grant and the Pacific Coast

.A. M. Loryea....

Grant and the War...

Warren Olney

Reports of the Bureau of Education

Revising the Federal Constitution, Thoughts

towards....

...C. T. Hopkins...

Riparian Rights from Another Standpoint........ John H. Durst..
Rough Notes of a Yosemite Camping Trip. Joseph Le Conte..
Roses in California.....

1. C. Winton

Russians at Home and Abroad, The..

.S. B. W

San Francisco Iron Strike, The..

Iron Worker.
Shasta Lilies....

Charles Howard Shinn

Skeena From the Nass to the.

George Chismore..

Sociological Discussions, Recent..
Squatter Riot of '50 in Sacramento, The.. Josiah Royce...
Suggestion on the Indian Question, A.,

E. L. Huggins
Terrible Experience, A.....

Bun Le Roy..
Thirty-Fifth and Thirty-Sixth Congresses, The....S S. Cox
Thoughts towards Revising the Federal Constitu-
tion...

.C. T. Hopkins.....
Transportation Aristocrat, A..

Emelie Tracy Y. Swett.
Travels in South America...

.. Louis Degener

Verse and Prose of “H. H.,

M. W. Shinn,

Victor Hugo..

F. V. Paget..
Volcanism, Hawaiian

Edward P. Baker....
Was it a Forgery ?..

Andrew McFarland Davis..
Wedding among the Communistic Jews in Ore-

429, 542

..414, 493, 624

.305
.402

Yosemite Camping Trip, Rough Notes of a.. . Joseph Le Conte..
You Bet..

Henry DeGroot..
Youth and Education of Napoleon Bonaparte, The. Warren Olney..
Zegarra: A Tale of the Scotch Occupation of Da-
rien..

George Dudley Lawson.

485

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THE

OVERLAND MONTHLY.

DEVOTED TO

THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE COUNTRY.

VOL VI. (SECOND SERIES.) JULY, 1885.--No. 31.

WAS IT A FORGERY?

To reproduce in fiction, in such vivid form celebrated for the verisimilitude of his style. as to deceive the reading public, scenes pur- The alleged voyage of Admiral Fonté was origporting to be from actual life, requires a fac- inally published anonymously in a London ulty for accurate description accompanied by periodical called "Memoirs for the Curious.” an acute memory for details. When we con The author of the story could hardly have sider the enormous volume to which the lit- expected to deceive the cartographers of erature of fiction has grown, the great talents the day, otherwise he would have spared which have been devoted to writing novels his readers many of the absurdities with and stories, and the careful study which which the tale is overloaded. Nevertheless, many writers have applied to their work, we for many years after its publication, no disinust regard it to their credit, that so few cussion of the probable existence of the have been tempted to test the credulity of northwest passage would have been considtheir readers by passing off the coinage of ered complete, which did not allude to the their brains as truth. There are, however, story of Fonté's voyage, and this, too, notoccasional instances where men have written withstanding the exposure of its preposterous stories whose object was to deceive. This has character by many intelligent reviewers. It been done by them for the amusement of was, indeed, gravely cited by Onis, the Spanhoaxing the public or for the purpose of gain. ish Ambassador to this country, in one of One notable case there is of a writer, who, his arguments concerning the Louisiana to his astonishment, found that what he had boundary question. Crude as Locke's intended to pass for a story with a moral, “Moon Hoax” seems to us today, it found had been so well told that it was accepted a reading public ready to believe it, and by many as the truth.

easily shouldered out of its way the more arDe Foe's “ Apparition of Mrs. Veal at tistic attempt in the same line which Poe Canterbury,” is said to have been written was then publishing elsewhere. The stren. with intent to aid the flagging sale of the uous assertions of Mr. Hale, that his “Man work on “ Death,” then recently published Without a Country” had no foundation in by his friend Drelincourt. It is a conspicu- fact will, perhaps, never be believed by sevous instance of success on the part of a writer eral people who have deluded themselves

VOL. VI.-1. (Copyright, 1885, by OVERLAND HOSTuy Can All Rights Reserved.)

the story

with the idea that they had met the hero of “Mrs. Veal” and Locke's “Moon Hoax,"

we must first know something of the histoThese examples furnish types of remarka- rian and his surroundings, and then subject ble successes in this line of literature, which the story itself to a critical examination. include the wilful, the humorous, and the In the autumn of 1718, the “ Company of unintentional hoax. What follows is a digest the West” forwarded to America a party of of a paper read before the American Anti- eight hundred emigrants, among whom was quarian Society. If its conclusions are ac M. Le Page du Pratz. The future author of cepted, it will consign to the same general the “Histoire de la Louisiane” settled first at classification the remarkable story told by New Orleans, but very soon joined a party Le Page du Pratz, in his “ Histoire de la which was about to start a new village at Louisiane," on the authority of a Yazoo In- Natchez. He remained on the farm which dian, who claimed to have made a journey he then acquired eight out of the sixteen years across our continent about 1700 A. D., and that he was in this country. We gather from to have met on the Pacific Coast bearded his book that he had previously served in white men, whose clothing and general ap- the army in Germany, and that he had repearance would readily enable us to identify ceived a fair education. He tells us that he them with the Orientals.

picked up the language of the natives, and The simple narrative of the Indian rivals he records a variety of speculations concernthe best work of De Foe in its quaint air of ing their origin, the mysteries of their religtruthfulness. It was republished in the “Re- ion, and the laws regulating the hereditary vue d'Anthropologie,” in 1881, by M. de Quat- succession of their chiefs, which indicate a refages, who there demonstrated to his own close observer and an active mind. satisfaction that the journey was actually ac The origin of the Indian tribes was to him complished, and that the bearded white men a mystery of special interest. Thinking must have come from Lieou-Tchou, or the that some clue to their migrations might be eastern isles of Japan. Whether true or discovered in the oral traditions of the tribes, false, the story is interesting. On the one he lost no opportunity to talk with their old hand, ethnologists the world over are con men, whose minds were stored with stories cerned in its details, which would go far to- handed down to them from their ancestors. wards settling the origin of the tribes of The zeal with which he pursued his investiNorth America. On the other, there is add- gations is impressed upon us as we read his ed to the curious literature of hoaxes a char- work, and we are irresistibly led to compare acteristic story, amplified and enlarged for the fervor of the secluded ethnologist upon purposes of deception, whose details fail to his farm in the wilderness with the self-sacreveal their origin in the imagination of the rificing spirit of Lieutenant Cushing in our writer, except under the closest inspection time, who is following precisely the same and with the resources of a large library at slender thread of research in the Pueblo of hand for purposes of comparison and analy- the Zuñis. In 1758 he published his history, sis.

and, in addition to the personal experiences The story is so little known that M. de and observations there recorded, he has Quatrefages congratulates himself on being treasured up for posterity in this work much the first, as he supposes, to call attention to that he garnered from these conversations. its ethnological value, and it is of sufficient He tells us that he was particularly perplexed intrinsic merit to rivet the attention of the about the origin of certain of the red-men reader, if he be endowed with but a moder- who were found by the Natchez living on ate amount of interest in historical subjects. both sides of the Mississippi River," for they To determine whether we shall exalt this tale had not, like the Natchez, preserved their to the position assigned it by the French an- traditions, nor had they arts and sciences thropologist, or classify it with De Foe's like the Mexicans, from which one can draw

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