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An important event in the history of the State has with the intellectual ends of education, that all teachjust taken place, in the appointment of a president ing should be closely connected with religion. The to the State University. If the new president--who drist of the best opinion seems to be away from this is an astronomer of high rank-prove to possess ex belief, and in favor of conducting education as entire. ecutive qualities equal to his scientific attainments, .ly for its own sake as building a bridge, leaving rewe may look to see a new era open for the Uni. ligious training to the home, the church, and the versity. It is necessary that a college president- religious press. The necessity, too, of finding and very much more a University President – ground on which Protestant, Catholic, Jew, and should be a man of catholic interests, peculiarly well agnostic can ünite, enforces this secular view of edubalanced between the demands of science and let- cation. But so great a number remain who cannot ters ; a man of tact, who "gets along with " people acquiesce in it, and have consistent and intelligent well ; and a man of great administrative capacity. reasons for not doing so, that even in a small popuAlthough Professor Holden is a specialist, he may lation there is reason enough for the diversion of well prove to possess all these qualities. Every. strength from the University to a single Christian thing that is known of him to this State is admirable, college, provided that this college can be made a and the friends of the University are awaiting his good one. But unless it can be made an honestly advent with high hopes.
good one, according to the severest standards, it
should be let alone; and for the existence of a college We cannot but note with a good deal of misgiving for each sect we can see no excuse. Some of the no. the recent action of the Presbyterian denomination blest colleges in the country, it is true, were founded in this State toward establishing a denominational by a single denomination and are still controlled by it; college, The State already contains, besides its own but we do not recall an instance in which more than University, two Methodist colleges, and the Baptist one of the sort has attained any considerable rank denomination has already committed itself to the plan within a limited area, and with a small college popu. of a Baptist college; there is the new Mills College lation to draw upon. There may be a difference befor girls; and there are still other "colleges," with tween Greek syntax or trigonometry viewed in a power to give degrees, whose existence we know Christian light, and the same things in an agnostic only from the pages of reports. Now, while it is light; but hardly between the Methodist and the probably true that this state can scarcely afford to Baptist views of them; while the multiplication of desupport but one institution for the higher education, nominational colleges not only tends to weaken each that if all the funds were put into the State Univer one by division of forces, and to narrow education by sity, it would still be little enough, and if all the treating trifling differences as important, but to disstudents were sent there, they would receive a broad credit the denominations themselves by bringing the er education than at any of the lesser colleges, and a degrees of their colleges into disrepute. A matter of degree of more value; still, we have no criticism to $50,000 or $75,000 is scraped up-enough to endow make of two supplements to the State University- a single professorship in a good college, or even to one, a girls' college ; the other, a religious college. start in modest fashion an excellent preparatory For while the education of girls with boys has pro- school--and an attempt made, which must necessaduced none of the direful results prophesied, the ma. rily be futile with any such sum of money, to take a jority of parents will not, for a generation or two, creditable stand in the family of colleges. What believe that it does not, and their girls will go uned with inadequate means for professorships, forcing the ucated unless they can be educated in a girls' college; managers to look to those whose denominational zeal and while the State University does not, in fact, is high, irrespective of other qualifications, and with have a demoralizing effect upon the religious faith of the natural temptation to find places in the college students, there are many who will not believe that it for those whom the denomination honors as vigorous does not, and whose sons would lose a college train. church workers (whose very activity in ecclesiastical ing altogether were a religious college inaccessible. lines must have more or less intersered with scholarMoreover, while the religious prejudice against the ship), --it is almost impossible to give any standing at University is largely temporary, produced by foolish all to one of these meagerly-endowed colleges. and hasty talk in the papers and founded on erro. Where it is the only one on the ground, no endowneous information, there is a much more sound and 'ment can be too small, if joined with endless energy permanent reason for the existence of religious col- and self-sacrifice and tenacity, to start with. So far leges: that is, the permanent conviction of a great from despising the day of small things in such a number of intelligent people, who are in sympathy case, nothing is more to be honored; as in the case
of the old College of California. But when entered ists to hear addresses from a number of the women upon merely for the sake of denominational differ- candidates for seats in the Chamber of Deputies. I ence, such struggles cease to be heroic.
am told by the French themselves that, taken as a
whole, French women are more capable, businessNevertheless, we do not underrate the difficul- like, energetic, and pushing than the men, and I ties in the way of denominational union in building a believe it to be true. Of course, they don't surpass college. An attempt has been made already to es- the race masculine in the higher reaches of the arts, tablish a Christian college here by cooperation of sciences, belles-lettres, etc.; but in all the every-day, the denominations, but it proved hopelessly futile. ordinary occupations of life-the keeping of little The fault is not so often in the projectors of the col- shops, the running of small farms, hotels, etc., etc.lege as in the money-contributing laity, who take no they are “the man of the house.” Sometimes it's a interest in providing means for a union college, but very large business they manage, too. For instance, respond fairly well to appeals for one owned by their there is an immense dry goods establishment here, own denomination. It is perhaps true, as it has the Bon Marché, where you can buy not alone dry been said, that it is easier to get money for six de- goods of every description—but all necessaries for nominational schools than one-sixth of the money house furnishing of every sort and kind, and where for a union one. Still, we think this and other diffi- there are hundreds of employés. The head owner culties are things which should be contended with, of this really grand and interesting establishment is not yielded to. One denomination-the Methodist- a woman--and a good woman, too. Her employés has already the ground, and has made a respectable form one large family, who all board and room under beginning, with the great advantage of a liberal- the one roof of the great store. She takes care of minded man for a president. It would seem to us them if they are sick, provides amusements for their that the right course for both the Presbyterians and evenings, and, I am told, looks after them morally as Bap:ists to take would be, either to make a very ear well as physically. Then another woman is at the nest effort to unite forces with this Methodist begin. head of the Duval Restaurants, which are not to be ning, concessions being made on both sides, or else, numbered, they are so many. So you can see from like the Congregationalists and Episcopalians, to put all this, as also the history of the France of all ages their money each into a good denominational acad has shown, when women meddle with politics here, emy. Apart from the general objection to multipli- it's a meddle not to be despised. So I went to the cation of denominational colleges, however, the plan meeting the other evening, expecting to be really inof the Presbyterians seems peculiarly judicious and terested and enlightened-and I was. promising; for there is no intention of scraping up As we went into the hall, various campaign documoney enough for one professorship, and then setting ments were handed us, and those given to me were up a weakling college full-blown; but of allowing offered with a “ Voici, Citoyenne," that gave me an their theological seminary, now well endowed with instant First Revolution, Robespierre sensation; the over a quarter of a million, to expand downward, as feeling didn't go away, either, and two or three events demand arises, into college classes, thus allowing a of the evening deepened it much. There were pres. college to create itself by a natural and healthful pro ent a large audience-more than half men ; but after cess of evolution. So judicious does this seem, that a few words of introduction by one of the Republican were not the Methodist college already on the ground, Socialist party who had convened the meeting, a we should say that in this extension of the Presbyte- president, three vice presidents, and secretary, all rian seminary lay the the promise of a nucleus for women, were chosen, and all was supposed to be the future religious college of the coast, to which the ready for the speeches of the candidates. But first a other denominations should bring accretions. It is prominent member of the party wished to make true that the connection with the seminary would some explanatory remarks—a handsome gray-haired tend to produce a decided sectarianism, unfavorable old gentleman he was, and I expected his simple apto union ; but the experience of Princeton, for in- pearance, so benevolent and dignified, would obtain stance, shows that intimate connection with a theo- for him a quiet hearing. But no; it was time for the logical seminary need not prevent a college's expand candidatesses to speak, and no manly discourse was ing beyond strictly sectarian bounds.
wanted, so he was at first politely asked to retire. He
refused, whereupon, in one body, the president, the Women and Politics in Paris.
three vice presidents, the secretary, and a candidate
made one rush, seized the old gentleman, and in less [The following account of a women's political time than it takes me to tell it, he was dragged, pulled, meeting in Paris is from a private letter written by
or pushed off the stage and behind the scenes. The an American lady sojourning in that city.)
last glimpse of him was just as he disappeared; someMy dear C—: I was so stupid the other day how, he had managed to get hold of a chair, which, when I wrote to you as quite to forget to tell you about as he backed out, he held up before him, as some a political meeting I had been to the night before. sort of protection. That was the end of him and his This was a meeting called by the Republican Social- speech. In the meantime, the president, the three
vice presidents, and the candidate calmly returned to ple-and they are many—are so easy; they wish for their places, paying no attention to the ten or twenty quiet and peace so much that they won't even fight men that had mounted the platform and were rush for it, and so the Anarchists and the Socialists and ing about, evidentiy in a wild search for the captive the Communists get the upper hand. And it's such a
As for the audience, all was dire confusion, shame !o think of the peril for all the treasures of art and for half an hour nothing was done, nothing could --for all the beautiful parks and noble buildings of be heard but cries of " Ou est Legru?” (the name of this most magnificent city of the world. the old gentleman); “Madame la Presidente, on est Politics over here are far more exciting than with Legru?” The first vice president rung willly the us; for here, alas, everything may turn in incredibly president's big bell, which was supposed to com short time to tragedy. There is always the overmand order. The president's baby cried, and some hanging war cloud-while with us it's only words kind soul in the audience handed up baby's bouile. much noise; but we need to have no fear of ourselves, That tickled the audience into a better humor, and or of encroaching neighbors. after some time of waves of noise and intervals of There's no doubt about it, we're a wonderful peocomparative quiet, it becaine sufficiently quiet to al. ple; made up of so many diverse and contradictory low a commencement of the speeches.
elements, and yet pursuing the even tenor of our naThere were some half-dozen. Every one of the tional way, accepting grand changes of party with speakers spoke as easily as though she was in her such unrutiled serenity of the national temper. We own room at home, with but an audience of one. have great cause for thankfulness—we Americans--as All were interesting-that is to say, without an atom well as for pride.
L. H. T. of dullness-on the contrary, bright, sparkling, viva Paris, September, 1885. cious. All used excellently smooth, pure language, but in more than one case they were illogical. The
With Gloves. most interesting speaker for me was an interloper
Go, happy little messengers, that is to say, not a candidate. They called her
I envy you your lot ; Louise. She is absolutely the type of the women of
To clasp her dainty finger-tips the First Revolution or the Commune, I am sure.
Must blissful be, I wot. She is an avowed anarchist ; and that there were
To think a little senseless kid many anarchists in the audience was proved by the
Such privilege shall own, attention and applause she received. I should think
Unvalued and unmerited, she was twenty-six years old. She had very black
Compels a heart-felt groan. hair and eyes, a thin, sallow face, a mouth so clearly
But I shall see you, blessed things, cut, so determined. Her words Aowed faster than
I may e'en gently touch ; thought almost, gestures accompanying every phrase ;
I'll be so glad I'll ill restrain the whole air, the intonation, the manner, absolute
The passion-prompted clutch. defiance. So when finally she said : “But why do we listen to these candidates? What do we want of
And if I chance to press full hard
The tender hand you hold, candidates? What do we want of a House of Dep
Pray do not let your mistress feel uties? We want no rulers, but liberty, equality"
That I am over-bold. one was not surprised. It hardly took one by surprise,
C. A. M. when, as finale to her speech. she descended suddenly by table and chair from the platform to deal Tecumseh not Killed by Colonel Johnson. summary and personal vengeance on some one of EDITOR OVERLAND MONTHLY: the audience who had dared in an insulting manner The June number of the “Century Magazine" to interrupt her, and who paid for his temerity by contained a communication, from which it appeared being obliged to retire earlier than he would have almost conclusively proved that the noted Shawnce preferred.
chief, Tecumseh, was killed by Colonel Richard M. Oh, it's a strangely undisciplined, chaotic thing, Johnson. I ask for a few lines in your valuable mag. this sister republic of ours. The present govern. azine, to give publicity to the story told me by an eyement is too good, and, alas ! too weak. They don't witness of his fall, who was with him almost daily dare insist. For instance, at a large political meet- during the three years previous to his death. ing last Sunday, held in the Merchants’ Exchange, Let me say, in passing, that it may not be genernothing could be accomplished--all was simply one ally known just where the famous chief was born. dreadful row. They broke to pieces chairs and He was born in the year 1770, between the third and tables, the platform erected for the occasion, took the the fourth moons, near Station Pond-a body of water decanter and glasses—everything they could water on Mad River, in Green County, Ohio, some get hold of-to right with, finally resorting to fire four miles south of Springfield, and within a mile arms. And the police dared not intersere.
and a half northwest of the town of Fairfield, Greene People who watch things carefully and anxiously, County, Ohio, where I was born in 1836, and near predict another revolution in a year. The good peo- where I lived until 1852. During these, my boyhood
days, I became familiar with the following unwritten for years," “Uncle Billy" would say, that Colonel history regarding Tecumseh. My informant was Dick Johnson killed him; and Colonel Dick Johnson William Casador, as he was always called, “Old thought he did; but he did not. Tecumseh was Uncle Billy "--who was born about 1772, in Vir- killed by a common soldier.” He gave the soldier's ginia, and was living about a mile from Fairfield, name, but I have forgotten it. The cause of the Ohio, at the time of my father's settlement there, in mistake was this: Tecumseh never went into battle 1832, and how much longer I cannot say; but this I with his chief's or general's suit on (he was a British know, that he was surrounded by numerous relatives, brigadier-general from February, 1813); but some extending to the fourth generation, numbering at Indian of his own tribe was always found brare least twenty families--the descendants of which are enough to wear the habiliments of the chief for that scattered into nearly every State in the Union, a day. On the day that Tecumseh fell, fell also, and number of the name still remaining in Ohio, and one, by the hand of Colonel Johnson, the brave who wore Martin Casad, being now a resident of this city. Tecumseh's suit. “I often asked the soldier who He will be able to corroborate the following facts, killed Tecumseh,” said Casad, “why he did not and perhaps add to them. I have sat for hours lis. write to the War Department, and claim the honor tening to "Old Uncle Billy's " stories of hair-breadth of having killed the chief of the Shawnees; but he escapes from Indians, bears, wolves, or panthers, always answered: “Oh, I am only a common soldier, when he was hunting in the mountains of Virginia, and it would do me no good; whereas, to one in the and the forests of the West. Among them was this: position of my commander, it will give additional
During the protracted war with the Indians from honor.” Perhaps some reader of this will be able 1800 to 1810, he was a hunter by trade, hunting bear to supply the name of the soldier that “ Old Uncle especially, and also smaller game. He sometimes Billy · used to give. spent nine months at a time in the western wilds, There existed a legend among the surviving dewithout seeing the face of an Indian, let alone that of scendants of Tecumseh who remained near Station a white man. He always hunted alone, and became Pond up to the time they were sent to Indian Terriso attached to the woods that he could scarcely toler. tory, that Tecumseh's bones and all his war trophies ate any other life. During the fall of 1810, while were carried back from Canada and buried on the on a hunting expedition, he was taken prisoner by a spot of his birth. Respectfully yours, band of Shawnees, who carried him hundreds of
L. P. McCarty. miles in a direction he had never been. His Indian. San Francisco, October, 1885. like appearance, courage, and ability to stand as much hardship and privation as any Indian, caused his
The “Golden-Thread.” adoption as one of them, and finally into Tecumseh's
WITHIN the cañons dim, where grasses lush own family. He slept in Tecumseh's tent for more than
Bend down the stream, or struggle tall and rank
With twisted willows and the mosses dank; two years, and was allowed to carry the War Hatchet
Where manzanita reddens in the flush in battles, which was quite an honor among them.
Of tardy dawn ; where grand in awful hush Hehad many interesting personal reminiscenses of Te.
The mountains tower with torn and jagged fank; cumseh-among others, of his musical turn, especial
Where scarcely venturing to the dizzy bank ly with the flute ; he would lie on his back and
The thirsty deer disturbs the brooding thrush ; play a sort of march on the flute, which “Uncle
Strong boughs of shrubs, rock-rooted, thick and young, Billy” had never heard before or since, and which
The tangled skeins of golden-thread ensnare the chief himself called "Tecumseh."
With parasitic tendrils subtly fung; Casad made his escape from the Indians the day
Anon shines forth its beauteous death-light flare that Tecumseh fell, and was within fifty feet of him O'er trees that die, by its embraces stung: at the time he was killed, at the Battle of the Thames, Even Nature says “Of gold's soft gleam beware." Canada, October 5th, 1813. “It has been reported
Amelia Woodward Trucsdell,
The Coming Struggle for India.l into Afghanistan on its way to India. It is written This is a plea in behalf of English as adverse to by a Hungarian, a professor in the university at Buda Russian civilization, and an appeal to the people of Pesth, a scholar in the oriental languages, a traveler Great Britain to stay the further progress of Russia and resident in central Asia at intervals extending
over some twenty years, and a frequent writer upon 1 The Coming Struggle for India. By Arminius Vambery. London, Paris, New York, and Melbournequestions relating to the politics of the countries with Cassell & Company, Limited. For sale in San Francisco which he has so long been familiar. He disclaims by A. L. Bancroft & Co.
being moved simply by any spite against Russia, be
cause of its treatment of his native land ; but urges, and out of his communion. He expresses in the with some force, that he is moved by “motives preface a mild surprise that it should have been so, strictly humanitarian,” in no way influenced "by any veing “conscious of an earnestly constructive aim." special predilection for, or unconditional admiration It is difficult to see how he could have expected any of, the English.” After a study of the history of the other result from some of his utterances. For inRussian advance to Tashkend, the conquest of the stance: "The popular notion of the Trinity is unThree Khanates, the material and moral victory of doubtedly utterly grotesque -a sort of Midsummer the Russians at Geok Tepe, the further progress from Night's Dream of a Divine Being, at once one and Ashkabad to Merv, and the further encroachments three, of whom no conceivable thought can be formed towards Herat, the author took up the question and better than that which the popular imagination of discussed it in a course of lectures in various locali. India cast into the monstrous form of an image with ties in England. Encouraged by the sympathies three heads” (p. 58). True, he goes on to build up which he apparently succeeded in arousing among a new conception that may be clothed in the lan. his hearers, and in a spirit of gratitude therefor, he guage of the received formulas; but the sentences that has written this volume, hoping thereby to arouse cling in the memory and make the deepest impres* the masses also to the necessity of an active, patri. sion are those like the above. Mr. Newton is more otic, and decisive policy as to Russia.” The story of fearless, more intellectual, and more liberal than the advance of Russia is necessarily bries, but very most of his brethren. He cares not where his logic interesting, and as an ex parte statement of the case leads him; he studies Huxley and Tyndall and Spen. in behalf of England is forcible. The author includes cer; he quotes from Theodore Parker, and proin this discussion, arguments upon the importance of nounces him “the greatest American preacher of the Herat, Russia's chances of conquering that place, last generation.” There are two introductory serthe chances in favor of the English defense, and her mons on historic Christianity, in which the results of best method of that defense. He compares the re recent criticism are discussed; three on dogmatic sult of Russian civilization in the new countries, in theory, in which the doctrines of the Trinity, origiwhich it has supplanted the more barbarous native nal sin, election, atonement, the resurrection of the tribes, and the result of English civilization, as dis- body, and future punishment are developed in the played in the occupation of India; and, finally, sets old forms and in the newest thought concerning forth the grounds on which England should retain them; and seven sermons on the essential Christian India, which, by her inaction, the author believes faiths. In these, modern science is put on the wit. she is certain to lose to Russia. The author appeals ness stand, and made to testify regarding mind and to English statesmen as well as to English people, matter, design in nature, the problem of pain, both and can scarcely suppress his indignation at the gove animal anı human, Jesus the Christ, and immortality. ernment that apparently supinely allows Russia to Spiritualism, the mind cure, and other modern ideas, advance, when but a few more steps will, in his are discussed in connection with these last subjects. opinion, bring her so near to India that her progress It will be seen that Mr. Newton's book is one that and conquest over that country will be inevitable. thinking people will like to read, and it is a book As a plea on one side of the great debate, it is meri that invites, almost demands, a second and third torious and convincing. If its influence shall be con. perusal. That is sufficient praise for a book of ser. siderable among those to whom it is chiefly addressed, mons.--"Due West," by M. M. Ballou, published and so great that it shall become known among those some time ago, was successful enough to lead to the whom it specially attacks, it may be that it will call publication of a new book by the same hand--Die forth from Russian sources statements of Russia's po. Southa. In the earlier book the author, starting sition, and the world be better taught in a great from Boston, contiued his westward course till he question, which were much better determined by in. reached his home again. It would be rather unreatelligent arbitrament than by the commoner resort sonable to expect an attempt at the same plan in to the god of battles.
the present book; for that would condemn the voy.
ager to a perpetual home in the Antarctic regions. Briefer Notice.
In point of fact, Mr. Ballou's present book deals
with Cuba. Not having so much ground to cover as The Philistinism that gives the name to the Rev. erend R. Heber Newton's book of sermons' is mod
in the former volume, the narrative is more detailed ern materialistic scepticism, and its Goliath is Inger and more enjoyable. The history of the island is soll, whom the preacher calls “the blatant mouth. briefly given, but the greater part of the book is filled piece of the crude thought of the day." Yei these
with description of her present condition and resermons have drawn upon the Rector of All Souls'
sources. The picture is painted from the New Eng. the criticism of many well-meaning people, both in
land standpoint, and does not lack for dark shadows
to offset the high lights. Mr. Ballou considers the 1 Philistinism. By R. Heber Newton, Rector of All Souls' P. E, Church, New York, New York:G, P. Put 2 Due South. By Maturin M. Ballou. Boston: Houghnam's Sons. 1885, For sale in San Francisco by Strick on, Mittlin & Co. 1885. For sale in San Francisco by land & Pierson.