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all Arctic explorers, perhaps none has proved so habit anong college girls. Miss Sanborn makes a able to turn his experiences into interesting literature suggestion ihat sounds rather wicked, but is not absoas Lieutenant Schwatka. His magazine contribu- lutely without foundation: that women suppress their tions have already made inost readers familiar with wit, and pretend to be more stupid than they are, in his quality as writer.

order to flatter men. Certainly, wherever men have To many readers, the best book of the holiday distinctly indicated an admiration for witty women, season will be the charmingly illustrated and printed there has been no lack in the supply. In literature, edition of the Rudder Grange papers.' The illustra women seem to excel in the creation of purely humor. tions are not the same through which we originally ous character in fiction, and men in the creation of made acquaintance with Pomona and the boarder droll and farcical characters, in light humorous essay, and Lord Edward, so that it takes a little mental re and in sheer laughter.compelling fun-all of which adjustment to think of these old friends under the is corroborative testimony that the difference is due new forms; but they are genuine illustrations, not to the greater light-heartedness of men. decorations. They are unpretentious enough, and The artists' competition for Prang's prizes for holi. subordinated, as they should be, to the text. It is day-card designs has been suspended for a year or a real pleasure to have these scattered papers brought two, because the artists objected to being “mixed together in convenient book form. Nothing more up with" so much amateur work. This year it was delightful has ever been done in the line of domestic renewed, by the promise of Messrs. Prang & Co. to humor; if humor it can be called-ihe subtle mellow confine competition to “ a limited number of artists of quality that pervades Mr. Stockton's unique and re. recognized ability and mutual estiim" (the italics are markable work. Nothing of the same quality has ours, and are intended to convey our appreciation of ever been done by any one else, nor even thought of, some difficult steering that must have fallen to the enexcept of late by his imitators.

terprising publishers). This arrangement produced Miss Kate Sanborn supplies, in a very handsomely paintings from twenty-two leading artists. Prizes for printed volume (much in the style of Miss Cleveland's ihe four most popular” were awarded by role of book) a collection of illustrations of The Wit of the art dealers of New York, and resulted as follows: Women. It is a familiar dogma that women are First prize ($1,000) to C. D. Weldon, for a design lacking in sense of humor. Miss Sanborn thinks this by Will H. Low, representing a child's ideal of a fallacy, and has brought together a book of sam Christmas ; second prize ($500) for a design repreples to prove her point. That “women have no senting the nativity, with singing els; third prize sense of humor” is easily enough refuted; that they ($300) for a design by Thomas Moran, representing have, as a whole, less than men, is too certain to be a Christmas angel hovering over a medieval city be refuted. There seems no essential reason why this night ; fourth prize ($200) for a design of children's should be so, and it is probably a merely temporary faces, by Fred Dielman. The remaining designs phenomenon. Humor is evidently on the increase, were then submitted in Boston to popular vote, and both in literature and in society; and men, who are the one which received the suffrages there proved 10 usually lighter-hearted and in better physical health, be the same that the New York dealers had ranked besides having much more of informal social inter next after the four prize cards. It is a rigure-card by course in the way of business, etc., quite naturally Miss Humphreys, something in the Greenaway style, learned it first. The alternation of seclusion with with an exceedingly happy child-figure. It is called conventional society, the more harassing and fretting “The Boston Card." Among the less pretentious nature of her occupations, have retarded the devel. cards, there is a steady and gratisying increase in opment in woman. A confirmation of this view, so artistic qualities; and in child and animal groups, strong as almost to amount to demonstration, may bird-fights, and symbolic figures, a very considerable be had by looking about us and noting two facts: first, originality. It would seem to be impossible to de that the two great schools of humor are the college, vise new combinations in these lines, but it has been and the unaffected intercourse of business; and sec done. With flowers, on the contrary, little that is ond, that most of the humor that goes back and forth at once novel and pretty has proved possible. The among men on street and train, in mining.camp or folding calendars, all of which illustrate in various stock exchange, is merely jocosity-all the percep-ways the four seasons, are very happy; and there is tion of subtle relations involved in it would be possi. the usual appendix to the card-collection of “artble to most women, but the light-hearted enjoyment prints of satin "-sachet-cases, hand-screens, etc. of the perception would come very much less easily Children, or rather young boys and girls, are eģ. to them. One may even go a step farther in the pecially well treated this year by the issue of a group demonstration, and note the increase of the jocose of large and handsome books of real interest and na

flimsy character. Pliny for Boys and Girls is the 1 Rudder Grange. By Frank R. Stockton. last of a trio of volumes selected from classical trated by A. B. Frost. Published by Charles Scribner's Sons.

Pliny for Boys and Girls. By John S. White. Ver ? The Wit of Women. By Kate Sanborn. New York and London: G. P. Putnam's Sons. 1885. For York; Funk & Wagnalls. 1885.

sale in San Francisco by A, L. Bancroft & Co.

Illus

8

"the boy

writers by the same editor for young people, Plu er it had been relegated to the region of popular tarch and Herodotus being the two preceding myth, or its inherent incredibility had been crushed ones. Perhaps of the three, I'liny is best adapt. by weight of unmistakable evidence. The pictures ed to the purpose.

Most of the extracts here made throughout the book are excellent and attractive. are zoological; but a few of the miscellaneous sub A series of papers from one of the young folks' jects, such as “ Mirrors,” Artists who Painted magazines are now collected into a volume under with the Pencil,” Silver,” are includeil. Foot the title Historic Boys. Beginning with Marcus notes warn the young reader wherever the author's Amicus Verus, afterwards the Emperor Marcus Aurenatural history is not to be trusted, except in the lius, they come down through the middle ages to places where it is so preposterous as to need no con Ixtlil of Tezcuco, “the boy cacique,” Louis of Bour. tradictions. These would not be warning enough for bon, Charles of Sweden, and Rensselaer, little children, but in older boys and girls such a patroon.” They are thrown into narrative form, and book must waken a sympathetic interest in the sub do not despise legend, nor refuse to adorn the outjects treated, and respect for them, because of that line of the story with fictitious conversations and inwhich was taken in them so long ago by the fine cidents; but as they are expressly said to be only old Roman warrior, statesman, and scholar. The “based on history,” this is entirely legitimate. The two letters of the younger Pliny, the one describing “ dozen young fellows” selected are all boys whom his uncle's habits of study, the other giving Tacitus character or circumstance marle men of mark before the account of his death are prefixed.

they went out of their teens. The pictures are esAnother excellent book of the same sort is The pecially good. Travels of Marco Polo.1 The original text has been To say that The Satin-IVoodl Bort is by J. T. followed as closely as possible, abridgement of course Trowbridge is to say that it is a good boys' story. being made wherever it seemed desirable. The nec Nevertheless, it is not remarkably good as compared essary notes of explanation and comment have been with his best work of the sort. It is a satisfaction to worked in by means of a Young Folks' Reading every real friend of young boys and girls, to see the and Geographical Society," which is supposed to be Oliver Optic school yield place to the Trowbridge engaged in the study of Marco Polo. We scarcely school of writing. We fear the records of libraries like these devices. It would seem as if young peo. would still show a great preponderance in numbers of ple, like their elders, if they are reading in good the Optic books read; nevertheless, it seems to casual earnest, ought to prefer to take information frankly observation certain that the tide is setting away from in the form of straightforward notes, rather than them, and toward ihat sort of story-writing of which smuggled in under guise of what Frank asked and Trowbridge was one of the earliest, and remains the doctor answered; but it is a matter of individual one of the very best writers. The union of entire retaste ; and the persistent use of the method, ever finement and simplicity with a never-failing ability to since Mrs. Barbauld's days, would seem to indicate entertain, is the distinctive virtue of his stories. that it has been found successful. The book contains In A Little Country Girló Susan Coolidge tells a map, portrait, and abundant pictures.

pleasant story for girls, not without incident, but en. Marvels of Animal Life- contains accounts of the tirely without plot. It is something on the plan of curious and outlandish types among fishes and rep. “An Old-Fashioned Girl," a book whose popularity uiles, such as dry land fishes, but also of some of the showed that a definite “story” was not at all neceslittle-known marvels among our commoner species. sary to making a successful book for young girls; but Extinct species are also described, where they throw that, precisely like their elders, who read Howells, light upon present ones. The sea-serpent question they read more for the study of life-of the life they is discussed, with verdict on the whole favorable to themselves live-than for narrative interest. A Litthe existence of the creature ; and also the story of tle Country Girl is a fair representative of this sort snakes swallowing their young by way of giving of story-writing. It is a story of Newport young-girl them a temporary refuge from danger. This story is life; has pleasant people in it, a good background of vigorously combated by people who ought to know; Newport in the season, and intelligent and refined and though the present author makes quite a fair talk. showing of evidence as to the swallowing of their The Joyous Story of To!06 is a rather bright medyoung, he does not bring much on the crucial point ley, describing the conversations of Toto and his -that of their coming out alive again when the dan

3 Historic Boys. By E. S. Brooks, New York and ger is overpast. It is a story which might better

London: G. P. Putnam's Sons. 1885. For sale in San have been omitted from a children's book, until eith Francisco by A. L. Bancroft & Co.

4 The Satin-Wood Box. By J. T. Trowbridge. 1 The 'Travels of Marco Polo, for Boys and Girls,

Boston: Lee & Shepard, 1886.
With Explanatory Votes and Comments of Thomas W.
Knox, New York and London: G. P. Putnam's Sons.

6 A Little Country Girl. By Susan Coolidge. BosFor sale in San Francisco by A. L. Bancroft & Co.

ton: Roberts Bros. 1885. For sale in San Francisco

by Strickland & Pierson. 2 Marvels of Animal Life. By Charles Frederick Holder, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. 1885.

6 The Joyous Story of Toto. By Laura Richards. For sale in San Francisco by A. L. Bancroft & Co.

Boston: Roberts Bros. 1885.

grandmother with his friends, the bear, the coon, the show the growth of the commonwealth, that is, the squirrel, the dove, etc. There is something very growth of the forces, social and political, that have picturesque and pleasant about it; it has a fair allow. combined to produce the several self-governing comance of humor, 100, and a touch of the fascination of munities” that make up the Union, Cooley's Michithe magical and mystical in its friendly and sociable gan comes as near the attainment of the ideal as beasts.

any volume yet published. It is brief yet compreBut the prettiest child's book of the season is St. hensive. No part overbalances other parts. It is Nicholas Songs. There are one hundred and twelve ordered with skill, and shows that remarkable facility of these songs, the words selected from St. Nicholas, of expression which characterizes the author's treatthe music written by several English and American ment of questions of law and government. composers of rank. Eleven are written by Homer N. A passage taken at randon from the chapter on Bartlett, and eleven by Albert A. Stanley ; Leopold “The State and its Elements," shows the writer's Damrosch contributes ten, and J. Remington Fair ability, also, to describe in fitting language the manlamb, Arthur E. Fisher, W. W. Gilchrist, and Sam ners and morals of this simple pioneer society, uel P. Warren, each, seven. The binding and print "The agriculture of the farmers was of the most are handsome, the pages adorned with pictures from primitive character; the plow, except the share, was St. Nicholas, and the songs musically good. The of wood, with a wooden wheel on either side of the design of the collection is to replace much of the chil. long beam, the one small to run on the land side, dren's music now in existence by something which and the other larger to run in the furrow. Oxen were shall be at once of really high quality, and specifically fastened to this plow by a pole which had a hinged for children. Sentiment and pathos are avoided al- attachment; they were not yoked, but the draught together, and child-fancies, lullabies, etc., have al was by thongs or ropes fastened about their horns. most exclusive place. By what right Aldrich's A little two-wheeled cart, into which was fastened a “Bronze-brown Eyes” is in the collection, we do pony, or perhaps a cow or steer, was the principal not know; but no one will grudge it the space. The farm vehicle. The early farmers did not appreciate music is intended to be, and is, for the most part, the value of manure in agriculture, and removed it closely interpretative of the words. There is not out of their way by dumping it in the river; but they much originality in it, and a decided tone of the Ger were beginning now to learn in that regard better man song writers; but that was to be expected from ways. The houses, for the most part, were of a sin. songs written in this way.

gle story, with a plain veranda in front; and here

in pleasant weather would gather the household for "American Commonwealths."

domestic labor and social recreation. The houses of The earlier volumes of this series, “Virginia,” the wealthier classes were of hewed logs, with a Oregon,” and “Maryland,” give special promi- large chimney occupying the space of a room in the nence to certain historical episodes. They are writ

center, and a garret hung with festoons of drying or ten with clearness and force, particularly the first dried fruits, pumpkins, garlics, onions, and medici two, but they do not pretend to be complete histories

nal and culinary herbs. The family washing was of the commonwealths in question. Two later vol done at the river, and the pounding of the clothes umes, Shaler's kintucky2 and Cooley's Michigan, 3

was with a little hand mallet, after the method of deal more uniformly with the whole course of events

their ancestors from time immemorial. Everywhere which make up the history of the States. In “Vir: the spinning-wheel was in use, and the madam, ginia ” and “ Maryland” are presented certain fea- with just pride in her deftness, made the clothing tures of early colonial history; in “Oregon," the ac

for the family. The kitchen was a common gatherquisition and settlement of the extreme Northwest ; ing room for the family, who liked to see the couking in Kentucky and Michigan, the origin and develop: going on, with pots, and kettles, and spiders, in an open ment of two of the great States which were formed fire-place. Around many of the old farm houses and by the overflow of population from the original At yards were pickets of cedar ten or twelve feet in height, lantic colonies. Of the last two volumes, the for

which were originally planted for defense against mer has already received the recognition to which the Indians. But the Indians who had their homes its excellence as a well-balanced history of a great about the towns were no longer feared, and were commonwealth entitles il ; while the latter, in the generally nominal Catholics and well treated. The name of its writer, bears an adequate guarantee that only fastening to the front door of the house was a it is not only fitted for a place in the series, but that

latch on the inside, which was raised to open the it will help to fix even a higher standard for the later

door by a strip of leather or deer's hide run through volumes. Taking the idea of the series to be “to

a hole in the door, and hanging down on the out1 St. Nicholas Songs. Edited by Waldo S. Pratt. side." The farmers whose simple manners are thus New York: Century Company.

described were largely of French descent. But in 2 Kentucky. By X S. Shaler. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin & Co. 1885. For sale in S. F. by Chilion Beach.

the backwoods, away from the French settlements, & Michigan. By T. M. Cooley. Boston: Houghton,

where the 'coon-hunt, husking-bees, raising-lees, Midlin & Co. 1885. For sale in S. F. by Chilion Beach. sleighing parties, and spelling-schools were the sports

and amusements, we recognize our nearer kin. In this, the somewhat superficial treatment which they this society “the morals of the people at this time have received appears in the light of a serious defect; were better than appearances might indicate. Coarse and through a lack of deeper inquiry, the author has profanity and vulgarity were heard so often that they been unable to set them forth in their true historical failed to shock the hearer, and treating at a public perspective. In these respects, it falls conspicuously bar was common when friends met, and on all sorts below the other volumes of the series. of occasions. But domestic scandals were exceed But notwithstanding these imperfections and a ingly rare, and divorces almost unknown. Society certain crudeness of style, Professor Spring's studies was very primitive, and there was little courtesy and have led him sufficiently far into the details of this less polish; but there was no social corruption, and horrible episode of frontier history, to convince him parents had faith in each other, and little fear for the that the truth does not appear from the stand-point morals of their children. The general standard of of either faction. He grasps, moreover, with cleverbusiness integrity was high, and as the time had not ness, and states with considerable force, the essential yet come when great funds were needed for the pur- seatures of some of the leading characters. Take, as poses of political campaigns, elections were hones:ly an illustration, his characterization of John Brown: conducted."

“Whatever else may be laid to his charge--whatever In the closing chapter on “The State and the rashness, unwisdom, equivocation, bloodiness -- no New Union," Professor Cooley speaks from the van saintest trace of self-seeking stains his Kansas life. tage ground of a great constitutional lawyer. Reser. On behalf of the cause which fascinated and ruled ring to the rallying cry of the people, and the plat- him, he was prepared to sacrifice its enemies, and if form on which Mr. Lincoln proposed to found the the offering proved inadequate, to sacrifice himself. policy of his administration, he ends with this signif- He belonged to that Hebraic, Old Testament, iron icant paragraph : * The constitution as it is, and the type of humanity, in which the sentiment of justice-Union as it was,' can no longer be the motto and the narrowed to warfare upon a single evil, pursuing it watchword of any political party. We may preserve with concentrated and infinite hostility, as if it epit. the constitution in its every phrase and every letter, omized all the sinning of the universe--assumed an with only such modification as was found essential exaggerated importance. It was a type of humanity for the uprooting of slavery; but the Union as it was to which the lives of individual men, weighed against has given way to a new Union with soine new and the interests of the inexorable cause, seem light and grand features, but also with some grafted evils which trivial as the dust of a butterfly's wing. John Brown only time and the patient and persevering labors of would have been at home among the armies of Israel statesmen and patriots will suffice to eradicate.” that gave the guilty cities of Canaan to the sword, or

The latest volume of the series, Professor Leverett among the veterans of Cromwell who ravaged Ireland W. Spring's Kansas' deals with a phase of frontier in the name of the Lord.” lise which it is not always agreeable to remember. The early history of other States, as Michigan, Ken.

Briefer Notice. tucky, Virginia, is by no means free from records of

Cattle Raising on the Plains of North America ? hardship and privation, but still the story is rendered

treats of the past, present, and future of the business attractive by episodes of Arcadian peace and sim

of cattle raising in the great cattle country west of plicity. This volume, however, with the exception the Mississippi, and paints its chances of success and of a few introductory pages and a brief closing chapmoney-making in most glowing colors, giving numerter, is wholly occupied with struggle of two fa

ous examples in which men have made immense fornatical factions for the dominion of the territory.

tunes in a very few years. The statistics that the Even under the most skillful treatment, this subject author gives do certainly make it look as if it had could hardly be endowed with attractive features.

been a wonderfully profitable line of business in the But when it is presented in a manner becoming a

past, and was now, and would, in all probability, newspaper report, not even snatches of poetry, though be in the future.

But it may be that his estimates scattered, as they are here, with a profuse hand, can of the future will go amiss in two ways. The first redeem the tale. But there is much more in the

and most serious trouble that the cattle men have to subject than the author has made manifest. What

guard against is contagious and epidemic diseases ; appears here is the bloody work of a great tragedy, and their past immunity from these, when the coun: but no adequate motive. It is what an eye witness try was supporting only a few wandering and disconwould set down; not what an historian would write.

nected herds, argues nothing for a time when the The deep cause of action, which makes action intel- grazing land is certain to be taxed to its limit to supligible, is not revealed. That the importance of the

port the iminense herds that will inhabit it in the events is sufficiently appreciated, may be seen in that future. Climate, pure water, and nutritious grasses they are characterized in the sub-title as constituting "the prelude to the war for the Union.” In view of

2 Cattle Raising on the Plains of North America.

By Walter, Baron Von Richthofen. New York: D. 1 Kansas. By Leverett W. Spring. Boston: Hough- Appleton & Co. 1885. For sale in San Francisco by ton, Millin & Co. 1885. For sale in S. F. by C. Beach. James T. White.

In depart

are certainly factors in the health of cattle, but they from the Græco-Roman-these being the three moral can hardly insure them against disease. Then, there systems of his time and country-the moral systems is competition with the improved means of trans respectively of his ancestral religion, of its then prin. portation from the Mexican table-lands, the Pacific cipal sect, and of the outside world. . . slope, parts of South America ; and for all we know, ing from the Mosaic morality, he sought to develop Africa and Asia may enter seriously into the market, morality from its primitive rudeness and simplicity; as Australia has already. But still, as the climate is in departing from the Pharisaic morality, he sought what it is, there is but slight chance that it will be to recall it from a ritualistic divergence to the proper anything but a very profitable business for many subjects of morality; and in departing from the Græcoyears to come. The book is one that should be read Roman morality, he sought to substitute the tender by our farmers in this State, and might convince for the heroit virtues. His object, accordingly, as them that there are more rapid means of making viewed from these three points of departure, was remoney, even on moderate-sized farms, than grain. spectively to fulfill, to correct, and to supplant; or to raising. - The Hunter's Handbookis evidently “by etfect an extension, a reformation, and a revolution. an Old Hunter," or camper, as we should say here, He sought to extend the Mosaic morality, because it who understands well what he is talking about in was inadequate ; to correct the Pharisaic morality, beregard to camp arrangements and cookery and pro cause it was corrupt; and to supplant the Græco-Rovisions. Of course, the directions in case of bad man morality, because it was radically bad ; so that weather are out of place in most parts of California he made a departure from the imperfect, from the de-during the camping season, at least. The com generate, and from the wrong, and a departure toward parative list of provisions would be quite a help to a a more comprehensive, a more practical, and a more camper, as would the advice about canned goods, generous morality.”—Mr. Adams has issued engroceries, etc. The chapters on paraphernalia, camp: larged editions of his Handbook of English Authors, 4 fires, utensils, cooking (with nearly a hundred reci. and Handbook of American Authors.6 As always in pes), and camp amusements and routine, are good, such lists, some of the inclusions and exclusions are and make the book a valuable adjunct to any camp. unaccountable: for instance, several young scholars, ing expedition. — Mr. Edgar Fawcett has for some fellow-students, as it chanced, of governmental and time been writing novels of New York fashionable sociological problems, published at nearly the same society, and he now follows them with a collection time each a first book, upon various branches of the of brief studies in the same line, under the title So. subject of their common interest. By far the most cial Silhouettes. They consist of sketches of social notable of these books was that of Woodrow Wilson, types, such as “The Lady who Hates to be Forgot which was at once taken up by the best reviews with ten,'

," "The Young Lady who Tries too Hard." They enthusiasm, inspired some magazine articles, and doubtless contain much truth, but are very weak, went through several editions. Yet Professor Wil. dealing in platitudes and exaggerations, and to any son's is the only name of the group omitted in this sensitive ear ring false, giving an unmistakable im- handbook. Other curious discriminations might pression of affectation and insincerity. The reader be mentioned ; nevertheless, the handbooks are feels that the writer is posing for what he is not. — in the main convenient and desirable possessions. The author of The Morals of Christ3 would seem to -William R. Jenkins's very satisfactory little have taken up a subject wherein not much original- French reprints are increased by Idylles, which conity was possible. Nevertheless, while he very natu tains several short sketches of Henry Greville's, in rally supplies no new views on the Christian system the “Contes Choisés " series, and by Pailleron's of morals, he “puts things” freshly and interesting. satirical comedy, Le Monde ou l'on s'Ennuic, in the ly, and the subject is one perennially interesting, Théâtre Contemporain" series.--Mr. Augustin when taken up with any sort of individuality. Of Knoflach's ingenious German Simplifieds series of course, most of what we hear and read about it pamphlet numbers reaches its eleventh number, is the merest conventional repetition of accepted carrying out systematically its excellent plan as herethoughts. Mr. Bierbower has an epigrammatic man tofore. ner, and is fond of balanced sentences, balanced

* A Brief Handbook of English Authors, Ry Oscu paragraphs, and a presentation of his thesis as Fay Adams. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin & Co. 1865 precise as that of a mathematical problem. Thus: For sale in San Francisco by Chilion Beach. “ Christ took three departures from other systems-

6 A Brief Handbook of American Authors. By Oscar

Fay Adams, Boston: Houghton, Mifflin & Co. 1885 one from the Mosaic, one from the Pharisaic, and one

For sale in San Francisco by Chilion Beach, 1 The Hunter's Handbook. By An Old Hunter.

6 Idylles. Par Henry Gréville. New York: William Boston: Lee & Shepard. New York: Charles T. Dil R. Jenkins. 1885. lingham. 1885.

7 Le Monde ou l'on s'Ennuie. Par Edouard Pai. 2 Social Silhouettes. By Edgar Fawcett. Boston:

leron. New York: William R. Jenkins. 1885. Ticknor & Co. 1885.

8 German Simplified. By Augustin Knofiach, Ne 8. The Morals of Christ, By Austin Bierbower. Chi

York: A. Knoflach. For sale in San Francisco by Jocago : Colgrove Book Company. 1885,

seph A. Hoffmann.

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