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executive officer must be made in writing and forwarded through that officer to the executive committee of the National Rifle Association or the association under whose auspices the meeting is being held. In national contests an appeal may be taken from the executive committee of the National Rifle Association to the national board authorized by act of Congress, etc., whose decision shall be final.

12. SCORING AND MARKING.-Hits in the different divisions of the targets and ricochets will be signaled and recorded as prescribed in the Small Arms Firing Regulations. Ricochets count as hits.

13. The exact location of all bullet holes will be marked by a spotter, which will be shown on the target.

14. All shots fired by the soldier after he has taken his place at the firing point, and it is his turn to fire-the target being ready-will be considered in his score, even if his piece is not directed toward the target, or is accidentally discharged. 15. Shots fired upon the wrong target will be entered upon the score of the man firing as a miss.

16. In slow fire, if two shots strike a target at the same, or nearly the same time, both will be signaled, and if a shot was just fired from the firing point assigned to that target, the hit having the higher of the two values signaled will be entered in the soldier's score, and no record made of the other hit.

17. The scorekeepers will be seated close to and in the rear of the firing-point stakes, and will, as each shot is signaled, announce in an audible tone the name of the competitor, the value of the shot, and number on score card, marking same on the blackboard and competitor's card. At the conclusion of the score of each competitor the scorekeeper will repeat his name and total score, and request the range officer on duty at that target to verify the blackboard and score card (no scores will be allowed unless recorded on a blackboard by the scorer as shot).

18. Competitors must pay attention to the score as announced and recorded, so that any error may be promptly investigated. The recorded value of any shot will not be changed after the following shot has been fired, unless some special message with reference to it is received from one of the range officers in the target pit.

19. Any alteration of a scoring card must be witnessed by the officer in charge of the firing point and indorsed with his initial.

20. At all the meetings where a number of men engage in the same matches or competitive firing, the labor of the statistical officers will be greatly lightened, and the prompt announcement of the score facilitated by giving to each competitor a number by which he is known throughout the firing, if practicable.

21. Each competitor should be given a score card stating his target and order of firing, and containing a blank space

for the record of shots fired, and for the signature of the scorer and a range officer. These score cards should be printed on cardboard, using different colors for different ranges if practicable; but for all kinds of firing employing the same color for the same distance, as, for instance: All score cards for 200 yards, yellow; for 300 yards, red; for 500 yards, blue, for 600 yards, white; etc. This rule will prevent such a mistake as a competitor shooting on a 300-yard score card, with its particular assignment of target, at 200 yards, as the scorekeeper quickly becomes familiar with the color corresponding to each distance. As scores are completed, a range officer detailed for that purpose should, without waiting for all the firing to cease, collect the records of the scores and transmit them to the statistical officers, who will enter them into the permanent record and their totals upon the bulletin sheets prepared for that purpose.


22. In skirmish fire, after the run is completed and the signal Cease firing" has been sounded and repeated twice, the markers will examine the targets, the range officer will record the total hits on each, and the results will be communicated by means of prepared score cards to the statistical officers. In this fire the precautions with regard to the use of a red pencil in marking shot holes will be observed.

23. ARMS.-Team matches.-In all military matches the following arms only will be used, unless otherwise provided for in special conditions:

(a) The United States Army magazine rifle and carbine, .30 caliber.

(b) Any rifle adopted by and generally issued to the organized militia of any State, certificate of which must be furnished by the adjutant general of the State. No alteration of any kind to the above-described arms will be allowed, with the exception of that provided for in paragraph 25.

24. Individual matches (not exclusively military).-The rifles and carbines allowed in competitions are as follows: (a) Any military rifle.

(b) Sporting rifle.

(c) Any rifle.

They must comply with the following conditions:

Any military: Any military rifle which has been adopted by any State or Government for the armament of its troops, chambered for and using the standard ammunition.

Sporting rifle: Any rifle weighing not more than 10 pounds; minimum pull of trigger, 3 pounds; sights of any description, except telescopic and magnifying.

Any rifle: No restriction as to weight, caliber, sights, or trigger pull, except that rifles with less than 2 pounds trigger pull must be provided with safety lock.

25. SIGHTS (MILITARY RIFLES).—The aiming notch, or the aperture of the slide, may be slightly widened or opened to accommodate individual peculiarities of eyesight, but no other alteration or filing of the regular service sights, or the

use of spirit levels, will be permitted. The front or rear sights may, however, be blackened according to the judgment of the competitor. The use of permanently affixed micrometers, orthoptic eyepieces, telescope sights, spirit levels, temporary shades, or any other device will not be allowed, unless specially provided for in the conditions of the match.

26. TRIGGER PULL.-The trigger pull must always be at least 3 pounds, and will be tested (holding the barrel vertically) by each competitor, under the supervision of a range officer, before firing, each day and at each range.

27. Competitors will submit their arms for further inspection whenever required.

28. AMMUNITION.-Unless the use of other ammunition is distinctly authorized, the ammunition used will be the service cartridge for the arm, as manufactured and issued by the Ordnance Department. Any competitor having any ammunition in his belt or about his person when he takes his place at the firing stand, other than that authorized, will be immediately disbarred, and his score will not count for record.

29. FIRING, ORDER OF, ETC.-Military competitors will wear the service uniform. In skirmish firing the belt also will be worn. Sheds or shelters for the firer will not be permitted at the firing point at any range. Competitors must be present at the firing points punctually at the time, or in order stated on their score cards; no application on the part of a competitor for any alteration in his assignment will be entertained, except that team captains may change the order of firing of the members of their teams, if desired.

30. In competitions or matches embracing more than one distance, the firing will be commenced at the shortest distance, and be followed in order by each of the longer distances, the firing at the longest range being held last.

31. In competitions, slow fire in any one day will be completed for all ranges before being followed by rapid fire.

32. In individual matches that are squadded, the squadding of the competitors will be done before the beginning of the match.

33. In slow fire, the competitors will place themselves at the firing point by twos and will fire alternately, the odd number of each pair being on the right and firing first.

34. In slow fire, if, just as the shot is fired, the target is withdrawn from the firing position, the scorer at that firing point will at once report the fact to one of the range officers, who, if upon investigation is satisfied that the case is as represented, will direct that the shot fired be not considered and that the soldier fire another shot.

35. In slow fire, competitors will not be hurried in their firing, but such slight delay permitted after each shot as they may desire: provided the time of firing the total score with rifle and carbine does not exceed an average of one minute per shot. If an accident to a target, or any other cause over which the soldier has no control, prevent him from completing

his score within a reasonable interval, he will be permitted such additional time as a range officer may decide. The execntive officer shall have power to extend the time in his discretion. 36. RAPID FIRE.-Target.-F at both ranges.

Procedure.-The magazine is filled, one cartridge loaded therefrom, and the piece then held at position "ready." At a signal given at the firing point (trumpet or telephone) the target appears, remains in sight twenty seconds, then disappears. The soldier attempts to fire five shots, emptying the magazine and firing at will, without command, from the instant any portion of the target appears until it has completely disappeared. Each unfired cartridge counts as a miss. In case of a defective cartridge or disabled piece the practice is repeated. Time is regulated at the target, the signal at the firing point being given as a warning to the noncommissioned officer, or person, in the pit in charge of the target that all is ready at the firing point for the target to appear.

Marking, rapid fire.-In rapid fire, with rifle or carbine, at the disappearing target, the noncommissioned officer, or person, in charge of the target, at the signal from the firing point, commands "Ready." As soon as all is in readiness to run up the target, he commands "Up." Exactly twenty seconds after the target is in position he commands Down, having preceded this command two or three seconds by the warning command "Ready." The target must be exposed and withdrawn as quickly as possible.

The number and value of the hits are signaled with the usual disks in the usual manner after the score has been fired, the number of misses being carefully indicated by the flag as a check on the accuracy of the number of hits signaled.

When the single rolling, or Cushing, target is used the method of marking will be varied to meet the conditions.

In rapid fire with the pistol at the disappearing target the manipulation of the target is as in rapid fire with the rifle or carbine, except that the target remains exposed ten, or eight, seconds instead of twenty.

37. Targets in fixed-distance team firing will be drawn at each range by team captains at the executive officer's headquarters.

38. Targets for skirmish firing, where teams run together, will be drawn by competitors immediately preceding the commencement of the runs. In skirmish competitions by teams, targets will be assigned by a range officer.

39. No two competitors shall shoot in any competition with the same rifle; nor shall a competitor change his rifle during any competition, unless his first rifle has become unserviceable through an accident, which must be verified by a range officer. Willful or intentional violation of this regulation will warrant the officer in charge, in his discretion, excluding the offender from further competition.

40. CLEANING.-Pieces can only be cleaned upon the completion of a score. In competitions at more than one distance cleaning will be permitted between distances. While, with

these restrictions, cleaning will be permitted, it will not be required. Cleaning will be allowed between shots when it is so specified in the conditions of the match.

41. Revolver and pistol.-In match shooting, competitors may clean their arms between scores or between series of shots, providing such cleaning does not delay the firing beyond the limit provided for in the conditions of the match.

42. COACHING.-Except in team matches, no coaching or communication of any kind with those firing will be permitted. 43. In team matches, at each firing point there will be permitted one team captain, one coach, and one spotter, who may give to the members of their team such advice or direction as they may think proper, except that in competitive skirmish firing where teams run together no coaching will be permitted, and that the captain, coach, and spotter shall not be permitted to shield a competitor from the wind, throw a shade upon his sight, or in any other way materially aid the shooter except by advice, instruction, or direction.

44. In skirmish competitions by teams, the teams will run under the command of the team captain, who may coach his men on the run. A range officer will accompany each team to see that the conditions of the match are not violated.

45. SIGHTING SHOTS.-In all matches pool targets shall be abolished, and two sighting shots at each range, slow fire, provided for, which must be taken. Whenever, because of storm, or for any other reason, the executive officer shall postpone an unfinished match, two sighting shots will be allowed on the unfinished score of each man when the match is resumed.

46. TIES.-Ties will be decided as follows:

(a) In individual shooting, at known distances

(1) When the firing takes place at more than one dis-
tance, by the total score made at the longest
distance, and if still a tie, and there be three or
more distances in the competition, by the total
score at the second distance, and so on for each
of the successive distances.

(2) By the fewest misses in the entire score.
(3) By the fewest outers in the entire score.
(4) By the fewest inners in the entire score.

(5) If still a tie, by inverse order of shots, counting
singly from the last to the first.

(6) By firing single shots at the longest distance. (b) In team shooting at known distances

(1) By the aggregate of the total scores made at the
different distances in inverse order.

(2) By the fewest misses in the entire score.
(3) By the fewest outers in the entire score.
(4) By the fewest inners in the entire score.

(5) By the totals, for the team, of the final shot of
each competitor.

(6) By the totals, for the team, of these successive closing shots in inverse order.

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