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nity; and to have shewn that they lice officers, had found more advanhad lost their activity and omnisci- tage under the imperial than under ence, so soon as embarked in the the royal government, were several service of legitimate monarchy. of them in the interest of their old

Under the connivance, therefore, master. And it is averred, that the if not with the approbation of the po- correspondence relating to the conlice, conspiracy assumed a more open spiracy was carried on through the and daring aspect. Several houses royal post-office, contained in letters of dubious fame, but especially the sealed with the king's seal, and disCaffé Montanssier, in the Palais Roy- patched by public messengers wearale, were chosen as places of ren- ing his livery. dezvous for the subordinate satel- Such open demonstrations of treabites of the cause, where the toastssonable practices did not escape the given, the songs sung, the tunes observation of the royalists, and they performed, and the language held, appear to have been communicated all bore allusion to Buonaparte's glo- to the ministers from different quar. ries, his regretted absence, and his ters. But each of these official perdesired return. To express their sonages seems scrupulously to have hopes that this event would take place entrenched himself within the routine in the spring, the conspirators adopt- of his own particular department, so ed for their symbol the violet; and that what was only of general import afterwards applied to Buonaparte him to the whole, was not considered as self the name of Corporal Violet. The the business of any one in particuflower and the colour were publicly lar. Thus, when the stunning catasworn as a party distinction, before it trophe had happened, each endeawould seem the court had taken the voured to shift the blame from himleast alarm; and the health of Buo. self, like the domestics in a large and Daparte, under the name of Corporal ill-reguiated family, and although all Violet, or Jean d'Epée, was pledged acknowledged that gross negligence by many a royalist without suspicion had existed elsewhere, no one admitof the concealed meaning.

ted that the fault lay with himself. Paris was the centre of the conspi. This general infatuation surprises us racy; but its ramifications extended upon retrospect; but Heaven, who through France. Clubs were formed frequently punishes mankind by the in the chief provincial towns. Regu. indulgence of their own foolish or lar correspondences were established wicked desires, had decreed that between them and the capital; an in- peace was to be restored to Europe tercourse much favoured, it has been by the extermination of that army to asserted, by Lavallette, who, having whom peace was a state so odious ; been long director-general of the and for that purpose it was necessary posts under Buonaparte, retained con- that they should be successful in their siderable influence over the subordi- desperate attempt to dethrone their Date agents of that department, none peaceful and constitutional sovereign, of whom had been displaced upon the and to reinstate the despot who was king's return. It appears from the soon to lead them to the completion evidence of Mons. Ferrand, director of their destiny, and, it may be pregeneral under the king, that the cou. sumed, of his own. riers, who, like the soldiers and po

CHAP. IX.

Buonaparte embarks at ElbaAnd lands in France-And marches to Gap

Suspicions of Treachery in the War Department.-Labedoyere joins Buonaparte with his Regiment.- Revolt of the Troops at Grenoble. Measures of the Royal Party.Soult is displaced from the Ministry. The Treason of Lefebre Desnoueites, and Lallemand is discovered, and prevented.--Defection of the Troops under Macdonald.Decrees of Lyons.-Buonaparte's progress to Auxerre. His Interview with the Vicar-General.--Ney is appointed to command against Buonaparte.He deserts and joins him.-The King visits the Chamber of Deputies. Their Enthusiasm in the Royal Cause.- A Camp formed at Melun--- But its Fidelity is doubted.— The King leaves Paris - İs expelled from Lisle-And compelled to Retreat to Ghent. -Disasters of his Followers.-Defection of the Army at Melun.-State of Afairs at Paris. Buonaparte enters the Capital and completes the Revolution.-Fickleness of the People and their Leaders.

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All was now prepared in France, the road to Paris and with the safest
and waited but the presence of the path to peace through the temple of
head of the conspiracy. It is said, that victory. The die, however, was cast, and
for some time previous to his taking it was no longer time to draw back.
the last desperate step a gloom was Some previous steps had been cau-
observed to hang upon Buonaparte's tiously ventured upon. Three hun-
mind. He shunned society, was soli- dred of Buonaparte's old guard bad
tary and moody, relinquished his usual been landed at Frejus, under the cha-
exercises and amusements, and seemed racter of disbanded soldiers. It was
to brood over some dark and import- by means of these men that the alle-
ant thoughts. That he deeply consider- giance of the military was corrupted
ed the consequence to others of the and seduced, and their minds prepa-
mcasure he was about to adopt, we can- red for what was to ensue. We cannot
not believe; but it was fraught with such suppose that such a number of persons
personal risk and danger as might well were positively entrusted with the se-
have startled him. If he failed in ma- cret, but every one of them was pre-
king the desired impression on the mind pared to sound forth the praises of the
of the French soldiers and the people, emperor in his exile, and all entertain-
he could hardly expect to avoid death; ed and disseminated the persuasion
and if he succeeded, he had still to that he would soon appear to reclaim
oppose the force of a lately subdued his rights.
and divided nation against the united On Sunday, 26th Februs
strength of Europe, grown wise by ary, the troops who had fol- Feb. 26.
experience, and familiar at once with lowed Buonaparte to the is.

land of Elba receivedorders to embark. Campbell was, approached the isle, That the imprudence of the treaty of the appearance of the national guard Fontainbleau might be complete, the on the batteries, instead of the hel. mimic emperor had been left in pos- metted grenadiers of the imperial session of a small flotilla that he might guard, at once apprised the British have another chance of becoming mas- resident of what had happened. When ter of a real one. The vessels were, he landed, he found the mother and a brig called the Inconstant, some ze- sister of Buonaparte in a well-painted becks and row-boats, in all seven trans- agony of anxiety about the fate of ports, on board of which nine hun- their emperor, of whom they affected dred soldiers were embarked. The to know nothing, except that he had final resolution was kept so secret, that steered towards the coast of Barbary. even Bertrand was a stranger to it They appeared extremely desirous to until an hour before its being carried detain Sir Niel Campbell on shore. into execution. The officers were Resisting their entreaties, and repell. most of them engaged at a ball given ing the more pressing arguments of by Pauline Borghese, the sister of the governor, who seemed somewhat Buonaparte, and only left it to go on disposed to use force to prevent him board the little squadron. The gene- from reimbarking, Sir Niel Campbell ral officers who attended Buonaparte, regained his vessel, and set sail in purwere Bertrand, Drouet, and Cam- suit of the adventurer. But it was too bronne, together with the director of late; they only attained a distant sight the mines, Monsieur Porrs de Cette, of the flotilla, after Buonaparte and who had contributed largely to the his forces had landed. expence of the expedition. A procla- In their passage the adventurers mation from General Lapi, calling made a narrow escape, as they fell in himself governor of the island of Elba, with a royal French frigate. The sol. first announced to the inhabitants that diers on board of the Inconstant were their temporary emperor was recalled commanded to put off their

caps

and by Providence to a wider career of lie down upon the deck, while the glory.

captain of the brig exchanged some Sir Niel Campbell, appointed by questions of ordinary civility with the the British government to reside in captain of the frigate, to whom he the isle of Elba at the court of Buo. chanced to be known. This done, naparte, was absent on a short expe- each vessel followed her own course, dition to the coast of Italy, a circum- and Buonaparte, on the 1st of March, stance which doubtless had some share found himself once more on the coast in determining the moment of the em- of France, off Frejus, in the gulf of St barkation; for although the British Juan. Here, in roken of his resumed officer had neither the authority nor pretensions to the throne of France, the efficient means to prevent Buonas he caused his attendants and soldiers parte and his guards from going assume the tri-coloured cockade, whenever they thought fit, yet his ab- and throw into the sea those which sence might be represented as a con- they had worn in Elba. This was nivance on the part of England at the done with shouts of Vive l'Empereur; step which the ex-emperor of France and under these colours and auspices had adopted, and no means of delu- they commenced their disembarkasion were now to be omitted. When, tion. on its return, the English sloop of

It seemed essential to the success Far Partridge, in which Sir Niel of an enterprise, which rested entirely

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on popular opinion, that all its first at Grasse six field-pieces, which resteps should be prosperous ; but this tarded their march, pressed forward was not the case : A party of twenty- to Cerenon, where they made a balt five men, disembarked as a forlorn on the evening of the 2d of March, hope to possess themselves of Antibes, after a march of twenty leagues. The were arrested by General Corsin, marches of the two succeeding days the commandant of the place. The brought Napoleon into Dauphiné, Elbese officer, in an attempt to es

called the cradle of the revolution, cape, precipitated bimself into the and of all the provinces of France ditch of the fort, and broke his back. most partial to its tenets and its beSuch another example of fidelity to

Here the resort to Buonaparte the Bourbons as that of Corsin, would became more general, and the accla. have entirely ruined the expedition mations of welcome more decided. In of the Emperor of Elba, but he basten- the district of the Lower Alps, as the ed to seek out men with minds better Moniteur afterwards informed the prepared to receive him. The ge- public, the peasants thronged from neral disembarkment took place at every quarter, and testified their joy Cannes, about five in the afternoon, with an energy which left no doubt and the adventurers instantly com- of its sincerity. Still, however, those menced their march, with a band of who hailed the march with accla. scarce a thousand men, into the heart mations, were persons of the lowest of a kingdom, from which their ranks. All who had anything to haleader had been so lately expelled zard stood al ot and waited the event. with execration, and where his rival Buonaparte was fast approaching a enjoyed in undisturbed peace a here- point where he must come into colli. ditary throne. The people of the sion with a considerable body of country looked on them with doubt- troops ; for the government, long and ful and wondering eyes, fearful alike late in taking the alarm, had at length 10 hail them as friends, or to resist received intelligence, or rather had them as invaders ; for if, on the one listened to that which facts forced hand, appearances seemed to declare upon them, and were adopuing meathe attempt desperate, on the other, sures to defeat his enterprise, and dithe very fact of its being adventured, recting forces against the invader. in despite of these appearances, shew- Among all the wonderful circum. ed that Buonaparte had some secret stances attending this singular revogrounds for confidence. In their first lution, the stupid insensibility of the marches they were avoided by all who royal ministers to the imminent danhad property or reputation to risk. ger in which they were involved, is No proprietors appeared, no clergy,

clergy, by far the most remarkable. Repeatno public functionaries. Some of the ed intimations of the conspiracy (a lower order of peasants assembled and conspiracy embracing so wide a circle shouted Vide l'Empereur, won by the could hardly be kept secret) had been daring and roinantic circunıstances of offered to the government. Yet while the undertaking; but there was no- the opposite faction were so well inthing which seemed to give the en. formed, that a public journal(Le Naine terprize the solidity of well-grounded Jaune) actually alluded enigmatically hope. From Cannes they marched to Buonaparte's landing at Cannes to Grasse without balting, and leaving on the very day when it took place,

• It was thus expressed, “Our correspondent writes to-day with a pen made of Çane (plume de Canne,) to-inorrow he will write with a goose-quill."

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repeated informations dispatched to plishing it with safety. There was a the Abbé Montesquieu by the Mar- strong garrison at Grenoble, which quis de Bouthillier, prefect of the de- Buonaparte now approached. AN partment of Var, had no force to com- seemed to turn upon the manner in pei the attention of the minister in which these troops should conduct whose cabinet the dispatches were themselves. found unopened. In the mean while, The commandant of Grenoble was large bodies of troops had received General Marchand, a loyal and brave orders from Soult, the minister at The Mareschal-de-camp Des war, to move towards Grenoble. In Villiers, who commanded in the neighthe defence which this officer after. bouring town of Chamberri, had justo wards published, he allows that this ly the same character. His force had circumstance, joined with the subse- been augmented on the 7th of March quent defection of those troops, which by the junction of the seventh regiseemed, as it were, thrown into Buo- ment of the line, under their colonel, naparte's way on purpose that they La Bedoyere. This man had scarce ata might join him, must necessarily ex- tained the age of twenty-nine; he cite doubts on the purity of his in- was distinguished for personal grace tentions. But he alleges that the and military accomplishment. His cause of these movements was a re- birth was noble; and the romantic quest from Talleyrand, then repre- misfortunes of some of his ancestors sentative of France at the Congress, had already furnished a subject for a that an army of 30,000 or40,000 men fictitious narrative, * to which his own should be formed in the south, be- story might make a melancholy sequel. tween Lyons and Chamberri, in order Married to a lady of the family of Dathat the kingdom's state of military mas, distinguished for nobility alike preparation might authorise the high and loyalty, La Bedoyere had availed language be had begun to hold to the himself of their interest to obtain the other powers. If this excuse was command which he now held in the more than a mere pretext, Soult un- army, and his wife's relations had bee intentionally served Buonaparte as ef- come guarantees to the king for the fectually as if he had been in the se- loyalty of their relative. With all cret of the conspiracy; for the num these motives for maintaining his alber, the appointments, and, above all, legiance, La Bedoyere had engaged the spirit, both of soldiers and officers, frankly and deeply in the conspiracy, were such as exactly suited his pur- seduced by the military talents of poses The same day brought to Pa- Buonaparte, and the distinctions which ris an account of these military dis- he had formerly received from him. positions, with the astounding intelli. He entered into the treason with all the gence that Buonaparte had landed at boiling audacity of bis character, and Cannes. All, therefore, rested on the came prepared to be the first in the path temper of these troops. If zealous in of apostacy. He had secretly brought the royal cause, they were ten times with his regiment, when it marched more than sufficient to crush Buona- from Chamberri, one of those eagles, parte's project in the bud; if they which, like that of Marius worship. prosed disloyal, they might afford him ped by Catiline, had been reverently almost the certain means of accom- preserved to be, on some fitting occa

See a romance by Amaud de Baculier, entitled “Le Epoux Malhereux, ou L'His toire de Monsieur et Mademoiselle La Bedoyere,” printed at the Hague in 1773.

VOL. VII. PART I.

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