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Many of the household troops were hostile van.guard. The silence was involved in a morass, where some only interrupted by the regimental perished; and at length when they bands of music, which occasionally arrived at Bethune, the Duke of plaved the airs of " O Richard. Berri, whether tearful of bringing on “ Henri Quatre,"_" La Belle Gabthe king an expense which he was ill rielle," and other pieces consecrated able to support, or seeing some reluc- to the royal cause, but which excited tance on the part of the bousehold no corresponding feeling in the minds troops to move beyond the frontier, of the soldiers. At length, about 12 or for some unexplained reason, dis- o'clock, a party of cavalry appeared banded them, and recommended that escorting an open carriage, and in a they should return to their homes. moment Buonaparte was among the This was no easy matter, and in the ranks which had been drawn out to attempt some of these unhappy strag- oppose him. His escort threw themglers were slain, and almost all were selves from their horses, and embraplundered and insulted. Such were cing their ancient comrades, implored ihe melancholy circumstances which them to unite the French army once attended the flight of the king from more, under the authority of the empehis capital. He had no sooner left ror. The effect produced was instanLisle, 'than an order from Davoust, taneous and electrical: All dropped Buonaparte's minister at war, arrived their arms,--all lett their ranks, -all for his arrest, and that of his family. shouted Vive Napoleon! and the suThe Duke of Orleans was yet in Lisle, perior officers, who remained loyal, but Mortier, in some measure, atoned were compelled to provide for their for his preceding conduct, by sup: safety by a hasty flight. Thus Buo. pressing the order until his royal high- naparte a third time drew over to ness had left the place.

his standard the troops collected to Mean time Paris expected her new oppose him; and the army of Melun,

The most profound, but like those of Grenoble and Lyons, apgloomy tranquillity marked the morn- peared only to have been formed for ing after the king's departure. Even the purpose of affording him reinthe most zealous Buonapartists did forcements. pot attempt to insult, by their tri. In the meanwhile, the pause of conumph, the general sensation of awe sternation at Paris began to give way and sorrow. All waited the issue of to tumult. Lavalette, who had for the meeting of the armies at Melun, some days remained concealed in the which was not long dubious.

hotel of the Duchess de Șt Leu, made Marechal Macdonald commanded his appearance at the post-office, sod the troops of Melun in chief, under superseding the superintendant placed the directions of the Duke of Berri. there by che king, took upon him, On the 20th they were drawn out in without opposition, the office of diorder of battle to oppose Buonaparte, rector of that important department, who was reported to be advancing which he had formerly enjoyed under from Fontainbleau. The general offi. Buonaparte. He made use of the cers of the royal army were faithful, power thus acquired to intercept all and used every means to keep their sol. the journals which contained the diers in the same sentiments. There king's proclamation, and to dispatch was a long pause of anxious expecta. an official intimation to the cities tion, while the troops, drawn out under and departments, that Napoleon was arms, awaited the appearance of the in quiet and undisturbed posses

master.

sion of his former authority. Lavä same carriage which he had brought lette also held an immediate com. with him from Elba, and at nine o'. munication with Buonaparte, now at clock alighted at the Tailleries, a jourFontainbleau, and received from himney of eighteen days having brought advice to be intimated to his friends him from Cannes to Paris, and achiein Paris, that all had succeeded 80 ved a revolution more remarkable, much to his wish, that there was no because less to be expected, than any occasion for the insurrection in the of the extraordinary events which capital, for which preparations had lave distinguished the history of rebeen in forwardness.

volutionary France. The court was The spirit of resentment and despair filled with his ancient courtiers, who acting on the more zealous royalists, crowded around so closely, that he joined to the triumphant hopes of the was obliged to call out, “My friends, opposite faction, threatened, notwith- you stifle me;" and some of his aides. standing the communication of Buo. de-camp were actually obliged to car. naparte's pleasure, an explosion which ry him in their arms up the grand might have proved fatal to the capital. stair-case and into the royal apart. Numerous groupes assembled in the ments, where he was welcomed by streets. The mob of the suburbs of his sisters Hortevsia and Julia, and Saint Antoine and Saint Marçeau put other members of the conspiracy, now themselves in motion, and in a man- assembled to gratulate its success, and ner besieged the Tuilleries. Scuffles, gather the harvest of their labours. not without bloodshed, passed between No sooner was Buonaparte once parties of royalists and imperialists. more possessed of political power, The steadiness of the national guard, than it seemed, from the subservience who doubled and trebled their

senti. of all around, as absolute as if he had nels upon every post, on this as on never been deprived of it. The reaother occasions both before and after, dy and unscrupulous versatility with saved Paris from a great convulsion. which almost all the mea in public The accesses to the Tuilleries were authority renewed to Napoleon the filled with tumultuous groupes, and vows they had so lately made to Louis, the sentinels could scarce prevent is one of the most degrading features them from forcing the gate of the of these memorable transactions, and Place de Carousel, which occupies inspires us almost with a contempt of the front of the palace. Amidst these human nature. It is thus described alarming symptoms, General Excel- by Chateaubriant, the most eloquent man, whose oath to serve the king for of the French modern writers : “Buo. ever, (p. 136.) had scarce dried on his naparte, placed, by a strange fatality, lips, appeared at the head of a body between the coasts of France and of soldiers, relieved the national guard Italy, has appeared, like Genseric, at at the Tuilleries, and entering the pa- the point to which he was called by lace, took down the white flag which the anger of God. He came, the hope had floated over the dome since the of all those who had committed, and restoration of the Bourbons, and re- of all those who meditated to commit, placed it by the three-coloured banner. crimes ;-he came, and he succeeded.

It was late in the evening ere Na. Men, loaded with the king's bounties, poleon himself entered, to assume pos- and decorated with his honours, kissed session of the vacant palace and un- in the morning that royal hand which swayed sceptre. He entered in the they betrayed in the evening. Rebellious subjects, bad Frenchmen, went, bearing the lily on their breasts, false chevaliers ! scarcely had the to swear perjury, if I may so speak, oaths which they had proffered to to him who had so often proved him. you, expired on their lips, when they self a disloyal traitor and a felon.”

CHAP. X.

The Cities and Provinces of France declare for Buonaparte. Failure of the

Duke of Bourbon's Enterprize in La Vendee.-Duchess of Angouleme driven from Bourdeaut.Duke of Angouleme compelled to surrender in the South.

-Buonaparte proposes Peace to the Allies.-Declaration of the Congress at Vienna.-Treaty of Alliance between Austria, Prussia, Russia, and Great Britain.Message of the Prince Regent to the House of Commons, and Debate which followed thereupon.--Motion respecting Buonaparte's Escape from Elba— And Debate which ensued.-Mr Whitbread's Motion against War with France, and the Debate.-Debate on the Treaty of Alliance.-Mr Whitbread's Amendment.

The occupation of Paris has, during army in that faithful province. But all revolutionary changes, decided the owing, as has been asserted, to the fate of France. No country so little previous measures of Marechal Soult, possesses the wish or the power of while minister at war and governor of holding different opinions from those this department, La Vendee was filled which emanate from the capital. At with soldiers attached to Buonaparte, the instigation of treacherous magi- so judiciously posted as effectually to strates, or under fear of their garri- prevent any immediate rising of the sons, or by the acclamation of the inhabitants, and the Duke of Bourbon mob, the principal cities of France saw himself under the necessity of declared successively their adhesion abandoning his enterprise. to Buonaparte. In some cities, and He sailed from Nantes, ac

March 26. particularly in Orleans, where Gene- companied by about forty ral Gouvion de St Cyr acted for the officers, and the town was king, and General Pajol for Buona- instantly afterwards occupied by Gen. perte, the two parties alternately ob- Morand, an aid-de-camp of Buonatained the superiority, and the walls parte, who published a most violent were covered at the same time with proclamation against the Bourbons royal

and imperial proclamations ; but and their adherents. the Buonapartists evinced most en- In the south, the cause of the Bourergy, and possessed most military bons seemed to have been best supstrength; and therefore, in this and all ported, and the conduct of the Duchess other instances, finally triumphed. of Angouleme, in particular, was wor

The Duke of Bourbon had gone to thy the descendant of a long line of La Vendee, in hopes to levy a royalist monarchs. This princess, with her

mass.

husband, was on a progress through given by an eye-witness.* “ She had the south of France, when they were three or four carriages along with surprised by the intelligence of Buo- her, filled with her attendants, and naparte's disembarkation. The Duke was escorted by a party of the naof Angouleme hastened to avail him. tional guards. Their entry into Poilself of the zeal which the inhabitants lac formed a very mournful procesa of Provence, and particularly of Mar- sion; she herself looked deadly pale, seilles, testified for the royal cause; although seemingly calm and col. while the duchess remained to en- lected. We saw many of the officers courage the inhabitants of Bourdeaux, of the national guard crowding round who had so early declared for the her with tears in their eyes. There Bourbons in the preceding campaign. was a little chapel close to where we The inhabitants and national guard were lodged, and while the other laof that city, under the direction of dies went down to the frigate to preLynch, their loyal and faithful mayor, pare for the embarkation, we heard showed the best possible disposition; that the duchess herself had gone to and the princess stood forth among After we imagined that the them, like one of those heroic women service would be nearly concluded, of the age of chivalry, whose looks two of the ladies of our party entered and words were able in moments of the chapel, and placed themselves peril to give double edge to men's near to where they knew she would swords, and double constancy to their pass.

As she came near them, obhearts. If shouts and vows of fidelity serving that they were English, and could have been a warrant for the much affected, she held out her hand faith of Frenchmen, it was impossible to them; one of them said, “Oh, go that this high-minded princess should to our England, you will be cherish. have been forced to give way. Buted there.' · Yes, yes,' replied she; the troops which formed the garrison I am now going to your country;' of Bourdeaux caught the contagion and when they expressed a wish that of revolt. General Decaen, who pos- this storm would be quickly over, sessed the batteries which commands and that when she again returned to ed the city, declared himself for the France, it would be for lasting happiusurper; while Clausel advanced to ness, the duchess replied, with an exthe gates with a considerable force in pression which was almost cheerful, the same cause. The duchess made Indeed, I hope so.' This was the a last effort, assembled around her last time that any of us saw her. the officers, and laid their duty be. There was then in her expression a fore them in the most touching and look of sweet and tranquil suffering, pathetic manner. But when she saw which was irresistibly affecting.". their coldness, and heard their faul. Lynch and other loyalists took the tering excuses, she turned from them

same opportunity of escaping from in disdain,-“ You fear,” she said the tyranny of Buonaparte. Bour

I pity you, and release you from deaux was instantly occupied by Geyour oaths.

On the 30th March, neral Clausel, whose arrival, in deshe arrived at the little port of Poil- spite of the scenes which had prelac, to embark on board an English ceded it, was welcomed with shouts frigate, and the following minute cir- of Vive l'Empereur ! cumstances of her departure are Toulouse soon shared the fate of

• Travels in France during the years 1814-15. Edin. 1816. Vol. ii. p. 107.

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