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there never darted from any one of fortunately, it was discovered that the them a single ray auspicious to real orator was reading his extemporary liberty. This nest of old hornets, burst of eloquence on the subject of warmed into life by the new revolu- liberty and equality, from a manu. tion from the torpidity to which they script copy, upon which point of had long been condemned, speedily form the delicate discussion was quashintimated that they had neither for. ed in its commencement. A bickergotten to buzz nor to sting. It was ing also took place between Carnot soon evident that they were suspicious and the Chamber, upon

their demandof Buonaparte's authority, and dissatis. ing from him a list of the persons nofied with the Additional Act, or new- minated to the peerage, which he demodelled constitution. Their brief clined to communicate till the session intercourse with the emperor was had commenced. A great deal of marked by a scrupulous and captious clamour and violence ensued, in the jealousy on the part of the Chamber, course of which the newly elected and by sullen haughtiness on that of president in vain rung his tocsin, in Napoleon.

order to procure order. The next On the first meeting of the meeting of the assembly was nearly June 4. Chamber, they chose for as stormy as the first ; the terms of

their president Lanjuinais, the oath to be taken by the deputies the same who had in the preceding was scrutinized as accurately as if it year

the reasons which ren- had stood any chance of being long dered Buonaparte unworthy to reign. binding. It was carried by the imThe choice could not be agreeable to perialists that fidelity should be sworn Napoleon. In a mis-timed fit of illo to the constitution, and to the empehumour, he caused the temporary ror, without mention of the nation, president who made the communica- as contended by the jacobins. tion to be told, that he would learn But the most blunt the emperor's pleasure the next day, expression of their mis- June 8. by applying to the chamberlain or trust of the emperor, was page in waiting. The Chamber took given upon the proposal of the parafire at this reference, and the sitting sitical Felix-Lepelletier, that they was suspended until a categorical an. should decree to Buonaparte the title swer was obtained from the emperor. of Saviour of the Country. One A sort of apology was given by the member exclaimed, that the title was ministers, the obnoxious answer was not yet merited, since the country explained into a mistake, and the was not saved; and, in consequence imperial ratification of the appoint- of a general clamour, the Chamber ment of the president, couched in passed by acclamation to the order of the laconic phrase, “ I approve,”

I approve,” the day. These disputes occurring so was presented in atonement. A re- immediately on convening the Champresentative, called Sibuet, indulged bers, and at such an important nahimself in a jacobinical boutade on tional crisis, made it plain that there the equality to be observed among remained much to be disputed bethe representatives of the people, and tween Buonaparte and his represenon the atrocity of recognizing in the tative government. Chamber the epithets of princes, dukes, The imperialists, in case of a colli. batons, and so forth. He proceeded sion among the bodies composing the to invite these dignitaries to a sur- legislature, which these proceedings render of their invidious titles, when, gave much reason to apprehend,

placed little confidence in the House quested their assistance in finance, and of Peers, although they were con- demanded from them a general exam. sidered as effectually the partisans ple of confidence, energy, and patriotof Buonaparte, because their great- ism. ness was so immediately the work of The address, which replied to this his own creation, that it could have speech, was carried with great ease in little influence with the nation. In the Chamber of Peers; for that restead of a body of hereditary legis- spectable assembly had fallen at once Jators, distinguished by high birth, into the quiet, regular habits of dislong descent, ample fortunes, and an patching public business, which so education corresponding to their rank long characterized the senate of the and expectations, in which particu- former empire. But the Chamber of lars the British House of Peers may Representatives was composed of less be compared to a grove of oaks, the tractable materials. The

very men. growth

of

ages, and superior to the tion of the address called up once force of tempests, this upper chamber more Monsieur Sibuet, with of Buonaparte was a crop of mush- his speech against titles, June 10. rooms, whom the rain of one night whici he had now got by had brought up, and whom the frost heart, and to which the Chamber, of the next might reduce to their pri- therefore, was under the necessity of mitive nothingness. But the partisans listening. The motion was got rid of of Buonaparte knew that his voice with difficulty, and an address, in reply was in his sword,” and that, should to the speech of Napoleon, was carried he return from the contest with the through, after many fierce debates; allies victorious, former experience but which, whatever the friends of Buohad taught him, how speedily the cla- naparte could do, retained a strong mours of five hundred bold talkers tincture of the sentiments of the opis silenced by half the number of posite party. The Chamber promised bayonets,

unanimous support in repelling the foIt was, however, necessary that reign enemy. But in allusion to the Buonaparte should for the present constitutions of the empire, which were address the spirits which he had calle recognized by the Additional Act, they ed together, with the confidence announced, that national deliberation which old legends say that wizards would, as speedily as possible, point out must use to the fiends they have evo. the defects

and imperfections which the ked, and whom they dread even while urgency of the national situation had

they command them. He either produced, or suffered to subsist June 7. surrendered, in the pre. without correction. Having thus in

sence of both Chambers, timated their dissatisfaction with the the absolute power, with which cir. constitution, as modelled for them by cumstances had invested him since Buonaparte, and their intention of rehis return. He professed himself a considering it, they added a moderafriend to liberty. 'He mentioned the ting hint against the fervour of his amcoalition of monarchs against France, bition, in case the war should prove the commencement of the war by the successful. “ The nation,” they said, capture of the Melpomene by an Eng- “ nourishes no scheme of ambition. lish ship of war, and the internal divi- Not even the will of a victorious sions of the country. He stated the prince will be sufficient to draw it on strong necessity there was for regu- beyond the limits of just defence.” lating the freedom of the press, re- Buonaparte, in his reply, suffered

neither of these galling topics to pass ram shook the gates of the metropo. unnoticed. He proceeded to school lis." Thus parted Buonaparte and his this unmanageable assembly into a re- Chambers of Legislature, he to try his spect for the constitution with which fortune in the field of battle, they to they proposed to tamper. “ The con- their task of altering and modifying stitution," he said, “ was the pole-star the laws, and inspiring a more popular in the tempest.” All public discus- spirit and air into the enactments he sion tended to diminish ihe necessary had made, in hopes that the dictator. confidence which ought to be reposed ship of thejacobins might be once again in it. Respecting the hint given to substituted for the dictatorship of the him to resist all inducements to fo- emperor. All men saw that the imreign conquest, he observed, that the perialists and republicans only waited nation had not at present to dread the till the field was won that they might seductions of victory—they were to contend for the booty; and so little struggle for existence. “The crisis was the nation disposed to sympathize in which we are placed is imminent. with the active, turbulent, and busLet us not imitate the conduct of the tling demagogues by whom the conRoman empire, which, pressed (o all test was to be maintained against the hands by barbarians, made itself the emperor, that almost all predicted with laughing stock of posterity, by occu- great unconcern their probable expulpying itself with the discussion of ab- sion, either by the sword of Buonaparte stract discussions, while the battering- or of the Bourbons.

CHAP. XIII.

Insurrection of La Vendee.- Motion of Seguevel.-Death of La Roche-Jaque

lein, and Capitulation of the Royalists.Preparations of the Allies.- The Position of their Armies.Forces of Wellington-Of Blucher.Preparations of Buonaparte.- His Plan of Attack. He fortifies the Frontier on the Austrian Line.-Calls his best Generals around him.-Concentrates his Army al Avesnes-His Address to them.Commences the Campaign-Takes Charleroi, and compels Ziethen to retire.Battle of Ligny under Fleurus-Dreadful Conflict Prussians finally defeated.- Imminent Danger of Blucher.--He effects his retreat unmolested.-Ney attacks the Advanced Guard of Wellington at Quatre Bras.-- The British Army comes up-Severe Action.The French take the Wood-But are dislodged by the GuardsAnd finally compelled to retire.Loss on either Side.— The Duke of Wellington retreatsIs pursued by the French.-Skirmish at Genappes. The British arrive on the Field of Waterloo, and bivouac for the Night.

We are now to consider the prepa- ants in the royal cause. Brittainy, rations of the allies, contrasted with Poitou, Anjou, and Maine, were the those of Buonaparte. But, before en- scenes of a variety of conflicts fought tering on this important field, it is at Aizenai, at Alquillon, at Lege, in proper to discuss the internal disor. the marshes near St Gilles, and at ders, which, breaking out in the west various other points, between the of the kingdom, had some share in royalists and the soldiers of Buonaembarrassing and paralyzing the ef- parte, of which the result varied ac. forts of Napoleon.

cording to circumstances. The ob. We have already mentioned the ject of most of these skirmishes was unsuccessful attempt of the Duke of to secure or intercept the quantities Bourbon to raise in arms the inhabit of arms and ammunition which the ants of La Vendee.

But D’Auti- English vessels landed at different champ, Suzannet, La Roche-Jaque- points for the service of the insurlein, Sassineau, and other chiefs of the gents. The minister at war saw himroyal party, proved subsequently more self compelled to send a considerable successful. The necessity of drawing body of forces to the scene of action, troops towards the frontiers obliged which were commanded by Generals Napoleon to withdraw some of the Lamarque and Travot. They were forces stationed in La Vendee and empowered to treat the insurgents the neighbouring departments, and with the utmost severity, and when, about the middle of May there was a after the restoration of Louis, they general insurrection of the inhabit. were in danger of being called to

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