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his commanding station, continued to give way to his desire to attend the express the utmost confidence of ul- duke in this action, escaped untouchtimate victory. He praised repeated-ed, either in their persons or their ly the gallantry of his enemy, and horses. even honoured the Scotch Greys, and The reader is not to suppose, that other British corps, with particular this great captain, upon whose life notice and approbation ; but the bur. probably the issue of this day, and the then was the same, “ In half an hour fate of Europe, depended, thus expoI will cut them all to pieces.". But sed so valuable a pledge from unnehour after hour glided away, amid the cessary hardihood. An attacking gethunder of cannon, and the strife of neral has it in his power to possess his death; and the British, while they subordinates with the manner in which suffered dreadfully from the ravages his scheme is to be executed; and inof artillery, maintained, though with deed, unless on very particular occadiminished space, the ground they sions, in putting himself at the head had occupied in the morning. of a charging column, would act as
The Duke of Wellington, mean- unwisely as if he were to lead the forwhile, seemed almost multiplied du- lorn hope in storming a breach. But ring the conflict; for wherever his the general who maintains the defenpresence was necessary, he was al. sive, cannot anticipate all that is to be most instantly seen. He more than attempted by his adversary. He must shared the general danger of the be personally present upon the point field ; for he was found in every attacked, that he may give the direcplace where it was for the time most tions which the danger of the moment imminent; and the appearance of his requires. This exposure of his invastaff and retinue invariably drew on luable person was, therefore, the duhim the fire of the artillery and of his ty of the Duke of Wellington, and nesharp-shooters. Many of his most ver was duty better fulfilled. He was distinguished officers fell around him. not only commander in chief, but geThe Honourable Sir Alexander Gor. neral of brigade, colonel of a regidon was mortally wounded, while re. ment; ready not only to command the monstrating with the duke on the general maneuvres, but to direct the danger to which he exposed himself. particular mode in which they were to Sir William de Lancey, eminent for be executed;-above all, to inspire the the skill with which he conducted the troops with prudence by his precept, important department of quarter-mas. and valour by his example. He ter-general, shared the same fate. brought up to the charge, in person, Lieutenant-Colonel Canning, who had regiments who were giving ground, been the duke's aid-de-camp during or confirmed by his presence those the whole peninsular war, was killed who stood fast, and repeatedly retired by a grape-shot, in execution of that into the centre of the squares, when honourable duty. The Honourable about to be charged by the cavalCaptain Qurzon fell in the same man- “ If history,” as Mr Whitbread
In short, of the numerous mili. truly said, “ had recorded such a trait tary family, who attended upon the as having occurred ten centuries ago, commander-in-chief, only his grace with what emotions would it be read! himself, and Don Miguel Alava, the To see a commander of such eminence Spanish ambassador to the king of throw himself repeatedly into the regithe Netherlands, who had gallantly mental square which was nearest him, made his diplomatic engagements till the rage and torrent of the attack
was past, proved his trust was réposed been made in the British ranks, which in no one individual corps, but in the induced Napoleon, about seven in the whole British army. In that mutual evening, to make one last and despeconfidence lay the power and strength rate push for victory, by bringing up of the troops and their general. The the infantry of his celebrated guards, Duke of Wellington knew that he was in order, by a sustained and furious safe when he thus trusted himself to charge, to break through the centre the fidelity and valour of his men; and of the British at Mont St Jean. For they knew and felt that the sacred this purpose, he himself moved his charge thus entrusted to him could station to a spot in the causeway, halfnever be wrested from their hands.” way down the height from La Belle Thus he ventured and toiled amidst Alliance, and gave his animating exthe foremost ranks, and, in short, Lite- hortations to each corps as it passed. rally wrought in the fire, as if it had He pointed to the ridge which they been his native element; and not only were to assault, and reminded them the importance and the severity of it was the road to Brussels; of which the conflict, but his own personal city his troops had been promised the conduct, on the eighteenth of June, free pillage. He assured them, the threw all his former achievements into heights were now only defended by the shade by their splendour.
British artillery, which might be carWith every effort that could be ried by a coup-de-main--their infanmade, the British troops had suffered try and cavalry, he said, had been deextremely, both from loss and fatigue. stroyed by the previous attacks of the Several corps had no longer men left French. His exhortations were resufficient to form square, and were
ceived with the utmost enthusiasm, obliged to receive the cavalry in line, and answered with shouts of " En in order to present a sufficient front, avant ! en avant ! Vive l'Empereur !" and cover the necessary quantity of The advanced guard of this last and ground. At one moment, the battle most formidable assault, was composed seemed even to determine against the of four regiments of what was called British. One of those overwhelming the Middle Guard, and it was sustain. charges, which we have described, ed by four regiments of the Old Guard, made by the whole cavalry of Napo- all veteran grenadiers, the flower of leon's guard, drove in not only the Bri- ' the French army. The Middle Guard tish sharp-shooters, who, acting as skir- was formed for attack in two columns, mishers, covered the line of squares, with an interval betwixt them. The but forced from their guns the artils Old Guard were formed into squares, lerymen by whom they had been so to support them in case of success, or well served, who were compelled to serve them for a rallying point, if retake refuge in the hollow squares near- pulsed; and the attacking columns est to them. About thirty field-pie- were flanked by cavalry and tirailces remained in the momentary pos- leurs to protect their advance. Ney, session of the enemy, but they had not who fought that day like one who felt the means or the time to secure them. he had no reputation left excepting The Duke of Wellington charged the for courage, led this desperate attackin cavalry in person with three battalions person. Undismayed by the horrible of English and three of Brunswickers, carnage made among their ranks by the and compelled them to abandon the ar- British artillery, the French struggled tillery.
on with loud shouts, and the clang of It was probably the havoc which had all their instruments of warlike music,
over ground encumbered with heaps of the enemy, the right wing had im of slain, and slippery with blood. The perceptibly gained ground, and inBrunswick sharp-shooters, who were stead of being thrown back from the acting as skirmishers, gave way before centre, as in the beginning of the day, these heavy columns. But in the con. had now come to occupy some heights fusion attending their progress, and the nearer to Hougoumont, and so formed loss which they sustained, the columns the segment of a concave instead of a lost their interval, and became con- convex circle in relation to the rest founded in one mass when they ap- of the line, the British order of battle proached the ridge of the hill. Here continued exactly on the ground it they were received by Lord Welling. first occupied. But now, when the ton in person, who called to the Bri- thickening cannonade upon the
French tish infantry of the household, then right, and the appearance of squastretched on the ground to avoid the drons and battalions deploying from artillery,“ Up, Guards, and at them!" the woods, announced the appearance The effect was instantaneous—not a of the Prussians in full force, and when Frenchman of she Imperial Guard a. the ruinous disorder of the French rewaited to cross his bayonet with that treat declared them past the power of Britain. They fled in complete dis- of rallying, the British general deterorder and utter route. General Friant mined to becoine the assailant in his was killed, and Ney, struck from his turn. The whole British army was orhorse, still, with sword in hand, en- dered to advance to the charge, the cendeavoured in vain to restore the day~ tre corps being formed in line, and the it was altogether irremediable. A re. battalions on the flanks in squares for giment of tirailleurs attempted to co- their security; the Duke himself, with ver the retreat of the Imperial Guards. his hat in his hand, leading the whole. They were instantly charged, and fed At the moment the word was given to before the very cheers of the advancing move forward, the sun broke through British. The Old Guard preserved their the clouds with which he had been cosquares, in order to cover the retreat. vered through the day, and darted a They were charged by the British ca- ray of glory on the advancing troops. valry, forced, and entirely cut to pie. Their onset was irresistible; and in
A report was circulated in Pa. deed the enemy, exhausted by their ris, that they had been previously sum. own repeated and unsuccessful attacks, moned to surrender, but that General scarce even attempted resistance, when Cambrone answered in their name, pressed in their turn. The first line “ The Guards can die, but never lay was soon thrown back
and ming. down their arms." We believe that no led with the second, in inextricable British officer corroborates either the confusion. Ali attempts at order and summons or the reply; and Cambrone, regularity were abandoned. Pressed in whose mouth it was put by the edi- by the English in front, and by the tors of the Moniteur, and the orators Prussians on the right Aank and in the of the Chambers, was found himself to rear, the French corps of every varied have taķen quarter, and become pri- description were blended and ming. soner to the British.
led in one confused tide of flight, which The plan of the Duke of Welling- no one attempted either to guide or ton had hitherto been, to suffer po to restrain. He, the original source prospect of partial advantage to with of the war, by whom the battle had draw him from his position; and ex- hitherto been directed, had already left cepting that, from the various repulses the field.
Buonaparte had remained on the It is now proper to mention what station on the causeway, which he as- had been the motions of the Prussians sumed to witness the behaviour of his during this important day. The Prince guards at their last attack, in spite of Marshal Blucher, aware of Grouchy's the entreaties of his attendants, who purpose in watching him with an army pointed out to him that the troops of of observation, had on the seventeenth Count Lobau were giving way before stationed General Thielman with one the increasing numbers of the Prus. division of his army, to hold out the sians. He persisted to the last in af small town of Wavres against them, and firming, that Grouchy must be so close thus to mask his own lateral movement in the rear of these assailants, as to pré- to the left through Ohain and the defiles vent their attack from being formidable; of Saint Lambert, in order to support and he remained with his eyes bent on Bulow in his attack on the French right the attack on the British centre, like' wing Grouchy and Vandamme, in those of a gamester on the last cast, compliance with the orders of Napo. which is to decide his redemption or leon, commenced a vigorous attack ruin. When he beheld the two attack- upon Wavres as early as the evening ing columns become embarrassed, lose of the 17th, and carried that portion their interval, recoil, and fly, he ex- of the town which is on the right claimed hastily, “ They are mixed to side of the river Dyle. But such was gether!" Till that moment, his demea- the obstinate resistance of Thielman, nour had been perfectly composed, that the passage of the river was efneither seeking nor shunning danger, fectually defended for several hours, and his language, bold, confident, and until Grouchy, with a body of cavaleven cheerful. But'on perceiving the ry, crossed at Limalle towards nightmiscarriage of this last effort, he turn. fall
. This enabled him the next morned pale as a corpse, and said to his at. ing to operate successfully against the tendants, “ All is lost--- let us save Prussian position on the left bank of ourselves.” This was not achieved the Dyle, the Prussians gradually fallwithout difficulty: he was obliged to ing back from Wavres and Bielge, leave the causeway, and, attended by after such resistance as was necessary five or six officers, and a peasant for to keep up Grouchy's error concerntheir guide, he traversed the field of ing their numbers and force. Here, battle
to the left, unmoved in appear. therefore, the French stood victorious ance either by the dying victims of on a point, within six leagues of Brushis ambition, who “ cursed him with sels, which they looked upon as the retheir eyes,” or by the exclamations of ward of their undoubted victory: But those who seemed to forget their own at night Grouchy received the intellisufferings in his dishonour. Making gence of the total and irretrievable his way with considerable difficulty defeat of the emperor, and now disthrough the wrecks of his fine armý, covered for the first time that he had which, like those of a gallant' arma- been engaged with but one division of da, encumbered the way for many Blucher's army, while the Prince Mar. a' league, he gained Charleroi, and shal himself, with the other three dinext day Philippeville. From Philippe- visions, hastened to the field where ville; be at length gave directions to the principal affair was to be decided. rally, his broken army at Avesnes, on Leaving Grouchy to commence his the frontiers of the Netherlands-or- perilous retreat, which the fate of his ders of which, as we will afterwards emperor rendered indispensable, we shew, circumstances rendered the exe. return to the scene of action at Wa. cution impossible.
An intelligent peasant, who guided while fresh corps continually unfolded the march of Blucher, conducted it so themselves, issuing from the forest on that his army might debouche from the the height behind us. woods near the village of Frischermont, however, still preserved means to rerather in the rear than on the flank of treat, till the village of Planchenoit, the French army, well judging that the which he had on his rear, and wbich appearance of the Prussians in that was defended by the guard, was, after quarter would be decisive. This man several bloody attacks, carried by had been dragged from his profession, storm.
From that time the retreat and had served as a conscript; and, by became a rout, which soon spread a sort of retaliative justice, Buona- through the whole French army, parte suffered from the degree of mi- which, in its dreadful confusion, hur. litary skill which he had acquired du- rying away every thing that attemptring his compulsory service. The ed to stop it, soon assumed the apevent cannot be better told than in pearance of the flight of an army of the words of the Prince Marshal's dis- barbarians.” patch. When the heads of the Prus- Pursuing their career of success, sian columns arrived on the place of the Prussians soon encountered and action," it was half an hour past seven, crossed the advance of the English and the issue of the battle was still army. The allies greeted each other uncertain. The whole of the fourth in that proud moment with the most corps, and a part of the second under friendly congratulations. The EngGeneral Pvich, had successively come lish gave their confederates three up. The French troops fought with cheers, and the Prussians caused their desperate fury ;-however, some un military music to strike up the anthem certainty was perceived in their move- of God save the King. By a singular ments, and it was observed that some coincidence, the Duke of Wellington pieces of cannon were retreating. At and the Prince Marshal met and exthis moment the first columns of the changed their congratulations near corps of General Ziethen arrived on the cabaret called La Belle Alliance, the points of attack, near the village a name which seemed to have been of Smouhen, on the enemy's right given in presage of the event. As Alank, and instantly charged. This the British and Prussians were now moment decided the defeat of the on the same line of march, and the enemy. His right wing was broken cavalry of the former totally exhaustin three places; he abandoned his ed by the toils of the day, the duke positions. Our troops rushed forward readily relinquished to Blucher the at the pas de charge, and attacked charge of the pursuit, who swore he him on all sides, while at the same would not allow the fugitives a motime the whole English line advanced. ment's respite, and failed not to keep
“Circumstances were extremely fa. his oath, “ The field marshal," says vourable to the attack formed by the his official dispatch, “ assembled all Prussian army: The ground rose in the superior officers, and gave orders an amphitheatre, so that our artillery to send the last horse and ihe last man could freely open its fire from the in pursuit of the enemy. The van of summit of a great many heights which the army accelerated its march. The rose gradually above each other, and French being pursued without interin the intervals of which the troops mission, was absolutely disorganised. descended into the plain, formed into The causeway presented the appear. brigades, and in the greatest order, ance of an immense shipwreck: It