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ment, and of dignity to clemency In Here, then, as at a great and natu. the earlier period of his restoration, ral landmark, we interrupt our achis sole efficient force, exclusive of count of the affairs of France for this that tendered by the royalists, or the year. The history of the proceedings constitutionalists, and which could in her legislature and cabinet, subse only be used on their own conditions, quent to the opening of the Chambers, was the military strength of the allies, will fall naturally under the details of a fulcrum, no doubt, capable at the the next year. And devoutly do we moment of shaking France to the cen. hope and pray, that France may at no tre, but of which Louis could not have future period occupy such a disproavailed himself without exciting pre- portionate space of the annals of Eujudices against him in the mind of his rope, as, for her own misfortune, as subjects, of more lasting evil, perhaps, well as that of other nations, it has than the dangers which a frank appli- been her fate to do for the last quar. cation to the allied sovereigns might ter of a century. have enabled him to remedy.
Buonaparte's arrival at Rochefort.-His Indecision.--He Surrenders to the
British und goes on board the Bellerophon.-- Arrival at Torbay. Arguments respecting the Mode of Treating him. It is resolved to send him to St Helena. He protests against the Measure, and threatens Suicide, but is safely embarked and landed on the Island.—Disturbances among the North Country Seamen.- East Indies.--Nepaul War.–Unsuccessful attempt to storm Kalunga, and Death of General Gillespie.—Kalunga evacuated. Operations of General Ochterlony.--Spirited Resistance of Amur Sing.– His Advice to the Rajah of Nepaul.- Taking of Almerah. Defeat of Amur Sing, and his Surrender of the disputed Provinces. -Disagreements with the Chinese. Conquest of Candy.-- Reflections.
Our parrative must now return to consort, was destined by the provithe fate of Buonaparte, whom, almost sional government to escort him to forgotten by the French people, and America. The wind was favourable even by those who had done and da- for his voyage, but a British man-ofred so much for his sake, we left at war, the Bellerophon, commanded by Rochefort under the surveillance of Captain Maitland, lay in sight, and General Becker, anxious equally to that officer's complete acquaintance avoid those toils in which he was en- with the station, together with the veloped on shore by his late ministers, moon being clear and at the full, renand the dangers which awaited him, in dered it impossible that the frigates case of embarkation, from the British could escape his vigilance. Napoleblockading squadrou.
on's brother, Joseph, now He entered Rochefort on arrived and informed him of July 11. July 3. the day of the capitulation all the events which had ta
of Paris, and remained six ken place at Paris, the capture of days at the botel of the maritime pre- the capital, the dissolution of the profect, Baron Bonnefoux. Pressed by visional commission, and the restora. General Becker and by Bonnefoux to
tion of Louis XVIII. This was a hasten his departure, the day of the death-blow to any hopes he might yet king's entry into the capital was that entertain of being recalled to power
in which he left the shore by some unexpected change of cir8. and embarked on board La cumstances, by the necessities of the
Saale, a small French fri- provisional government, or the voice gate, which, with the Medusa, ber of the army. His situation at Roche
fort became hourly more precarious ; his own words, “ that no misunderCount Bonnefoux had already hoisted standing might arise, explicitly and the white flag in that town, an or- clearly explained to the Count Las der for the arrest of Napoleon might Casas that he had no authority what. be instantly apprehended, and his safe- ever for granting terms of any sort, ty, indeed, only depended on the pre
and that all he could do was to concarious protection of his late minister, vey Buonaparte and his suite to EngFouché. His first idea was to land on land, to be received in such manner the small island of Aix, which is well as his Royal Highness should deem protected by batteries, and there to de- most expedient.” fend himself to extremity,—his next, Napoleon's condition admitted of to effect a secret escape. For this pur- no choice. In the morning of the pose, Buonaparte at one time determi- 15th July he left the Isle of Aix unned to employ a Danish brig, with two .der a Aag of truce, and about eight shallops, and at another purchased a o'clock presented on the quarter-deck small French vessel, hoping she might of the Bellerophon the most mortal escape the vigilance of the cruisers in enemy of Britain, a captive to her the darkness, or if she were boarded, arms. The appearance and dress of that he might remain concealed under this remarkable person are thus desome obscure disguise. The entreat- scribed by one of the officers of the ies of Bertrand and his wife prevailed Bellerophon, in a letter dated July on Buonaparte to abandon a schem“ 24:-" He is about fiye feet seven which seemed hopelessly desperate. mches in height, very strongly made, His last resource was in negociation. and well proportioned; very broad He sent a flag of truce to the coin- and deep chest; legs and thighs promodore of the British squadron, re- portioned with great symmetry and questing permission to pass to Ameri- strength; a small, round, and handca. The permission, as might have some foot. His countenance is salbeen anticipated, was positively refu- low, and as it were deeply tinged sed. The dangers with which the ex. by hot climate; but the most comemperor was surrounded now pressed manding air I ever saw. His eyes him more closely. It was almost im- grey, and the most piercing that possible that an attempt to seize him you can imagine. His glance, you would not soon be made either by some fancy, searches into your inmost zealous royalist, or by the constituted thoughts. His hair dark brown, and authorities. Thus hemmed in by land no appearance of grey. His features and sea, he resolved rather to surren- are handsome now, and when youngder to the arms of England than to er he must have been a very handabide the consequences of his usurpa- some man. He is rather fat, and his tion of the throne of France. Las belly protuberant, but he appears ac. Casas and Lallemand were dispatch- tive notwithstanding. His step and ed to Captain Maitland with a propo- demeanour altogether commanding. sal that he should receive on board He looks about 45 or 46 years of age. of his vessel Napoleon Buonaparte, He dresses in green uniform, with red for the purpose of throwing himself facings, and edged with red, two plain on the generosity of the Prince Re- gold epaulettes, the lapels of the coat gent. They attempted to stipulate cut round and turned back, white for his living at freedom and on his waistcoat and breeches, and military parole in any part of Britain he might boots and spurs, the grand cross of chuse; but Captain Maitland, to use the Legion of Honour on his left
breast." His address to Captain sible to this kind of admiration, or Maitland was sufficiently dignified. unwilling to gratify their curiosity, “ I am come,” he said, " to claim the and set down to his own account the protection of your prince and of your shouts of the spectators at his appearjaws." He showed some arrogance ance, though perhaps they were rain exacting the panctilious respect ther designed to gratulate the tridue to his former rank, which the umph of the nation, implied in his British officer, unwilling to be defi. being in British custody. Meantime, cient in generosity towards a fallen his further destiny was the object of enemy, and having no order to the much speculation. contrary, was contented to yield to There was a diversity of sentiment him.
in Great Britain concerning the mode Delayed by contrary winds on her of disposing of this extraordinary prie passage, the Bellerophon did not ar- soner. There was one class of reasoners, rive at Torbay until the 24th of July, who, looking rather at Buonaparte's deso that government had full time to serts in time past, than at his present prepare for the reception of this ex- circumstances, or the relation in which traordinary prisoner. A letter of the he stood to our government, contende following tenor was forwarded on hised that we should best do our duty to behalf to the Prince Regent, imme- Europe by delivering him up to the diately on the vessel's arrival : King of France, to be by him capi
Royal Highness, -Exposed to tally executed. This opinion was en. the factions which divide my coun. tertained and expressed by many, who try, and to the enmity of the great considered the great moral lesson powers of Europe, I have terminated which such retribution might produce, my political career, and I come, like without sufficiently attending to cir: Themistocles, to throw myself upon cumstances, which would have utterly the hospitality (m'asseoir sur les foyers) destroyed its effect, and rendered it of the British nation. I place myself an act of cruelty, if not of perfidy. under the protection of its laws, which The right of the judge to indict puI claim from your Royal Highness, as nishment is as essentially necessary the most powerful, the most constant, to legalize an execution as the deme. and the most generous of my enemies. rits of the criminal ; nor has it been
« NAPOLEON. ever doubted that a murder may be “ Rochefort, 18th July."
committed on the person of a man, The Bellerophon was immediately who, if possible, deserved to suffer ordered round to Plymouth, with strict death a thousand times. Respecting orders that no one should be allowed France, Buonaparte held by the treato go aboard as visitors, and that nei. ty of Fountainbleau the character of ther Napoleon nor any of his party an independent prince. Whatever his should be permitted to land. Armed former crimes and usurpations had boats performed the service of rowing been, he had subsequently been recog round the vessel by day and night, nized by Europe (unwisely, indeed, but and preventing all communication. still formally recognized) as Emperor But beyond their circuit, the bay was of Elba, and as such had the right absolutely crowded with small craft to make war upon, and conquer if and boats of every description, filled he could, the neighbouring realm of with those whose curiosity led them France, with the moral guilt, indeed, to gaze on this remarkable person that at ds all wars undertake Buonaparte seemed to be not insen- gratify unjust ambition, but without
incurring any speci6c penalty by the bleau, and the purple robe of the Emcode of nations. Such is the legal peror
of Elba. view of the case ; but there is one But if the King of France could more obvious and natural, which speaks not legally punish Buonaparte capi. to the feelings of every one.
If the tally, still less could Great Britain, in French nation, or a large portion of fair and honourable interpretation of them, were so blindly devoted to his surrender to Captain Maitland, Buonaparte as to place him at their deliver him up to be so placed in dana head once more, was it to be suppo- ger of his life. It has been indeed adsed that he incurred a capital pu- judged, that where rebels surrender nishment in availing himself of their to their own government, the quarter disposition in his favour ? Napoleon granted to them only insures them had already held the government of from being put to the sword, and by France for many years, acknowledged no means against the consequence of by the sovereigns whom he had hum- subsequent judicial proceedings abled, and who were now, in their gainst them. But the case is diffeturn, inflicting on him a lesson of hu- rent if the surrender is made to the mility. Was it wonderful that he military force of a power different should have endeavoured to resume from that which has been offended. an authority once so generally recog. In such cases, to deliver up prisoners nized in Europe and in France, still of war to the vengeance of those who longed for by a large body of the ci- thirst for their blood, has been, in all tizens and the whole army? If, like times, accounted the act of a mean or Murat, he had undertaken an enter- perfidious government. It was clear prize desperate and hopeless, and that Buonaparte was entitled to claim fallen at Cannes or at Grasse into the something by his surrender to the Brihands of the government he had at- tish officer, and the least which could tempted to unsettle, there would have be assigned to him was personal secubeen some colour for treating him as rity; but the safety of life and limb, a desperate disturber of the public implied in every unconditional surpeace. But the number of his fac. render, would have been strangely tion, as it made his strength and his infringed had he been instantly transa temptation, made also his apology, ferred to the French government, to and the general error which received be by them put to death. In fact, no him as a sovereign and installed him such thing was required at our hands, in the Tuilleries, was, in a court of and the French government, far from justice, a sufficient apology for his ac. desiring to have him delivered up to cepting their homage. It is only in them, would have been very much oriental revolutions that unsuccessful embarrassed by such an offer. And ambition is punished with death, nor however much those who keenly felt can we consider Buonaparte taking the injuries inflicted on Europe by the the advantage of a tempting opportu. last usurpation of Buonaparte may nity to resume his authority, as en- have desired to see them expiated, titling a rival who could not keep the we are certain they would rather that field against him without foreign aid, to this capital offender had survived for put him to death as the penalty of his ages, than that a single drop of his failure. His former murders, his tye blood should sully the fair honour of ranny, his unbounded ambition, were their country. covered by the amnesty of Fontain- Another and far more absurd opi