Slike strani

“ Whilst the glorious and ever-me

« My Lords and Gentlemen, morable victory obtained at Waterloo, “ The brilliant and rapid success of by Field-Marshals the Duke of Wel- the Austrian arms at the opening of lington and Prince Blucher, has added the campaign has led to the restorafresh lustre to the characters of those tion of the kingdom of Naples to its great commanders, and has exalted the ancient sovereignty, and to the deliver. military reputation of this country be- ance of that important portion of Itayond all former example, it has at the ly from foreign influence and domisame time produced the most decisive nion. effects on the operations of the war, I have further the satisfaction of by delivering from invasion the

domi. acquainting you, that the authority of nions of the King of the Netherlands, his most Christian Majesty has been and by placing, in the short space of again acknowledged in his capital, to fifteen days, the city of Paris, and a

which his Majesty has himself repaired large part of the kingdom of France,

6. The restoration of


between in the military occupation of the allied this country and the United States of armies.

America has been followed by a nego“ Amidst events so important, I am ciation for a commercial treaty, which, confident


will see how necessary it I have every reason to hope, will be is that there should be no relaxations terminated upon conditions calculated in our exertions, until I shall be ena- to cement the good understanding subbled, in conjunction with his Majesty's sisting between the two countries, and allies, to complete those arrangements equally beneficial to the interests of which may afford the prospect of per- both. manent peace and security to Europe. “ I have great pleasure in acquaint

ing you, that the labours of the Con« Gentlemen of the House of gress at Vienna have been brought to Commons,

a conclusion by the signature of a " I thank

for the

very liberal treaty, which, as the ratifications have provision you have made for the ser- not yet been exchanged, could not be vices of the present year.

communicated to you, but which I “ I deeply lament the continuance expect to be enabled to lay before and increase of those burthens which you when I next meet you in Parliathe great military exertions of the pre- ment. sent campaign, combined with the hea.

“ I cannot release you from your vy arrears remaining due for the ex- attendance without assuring you, that penses of the former war, have render. it is in a great degree to the support ed indispensable, and which his Majes which you have afforded me, that I ty's loyal subjects, from a conviction ascribe the success of my earnest enof their necessity, have sustained with deavours for the public welfare ; and such exemplary fortitude and cheerful- on no occasion has that support been

more important than in the course of “ You have already seen, however, the present session. the fruit of the exertions which have In the further prosecution of been made ; and there can be no doubt such measures as may be necessary to that the best economy will be found bring the great contest in which we to result from that policy which may are engaged to an honourable and saenable us to bring the contest to a tisfactory conclusion, I shall rely with speedy termination.

confidence on the experienced zeal and



steady loyalty of all classes of his Ma- measures, with a view of bringing to jesty's subjects: and they may depend justice the persons concerned therein, on my efforts to improve our present has already caused an adequate miliadvantages in such manner as may tary and naval force to be assembled best provide for the general tranquil

. and stationed in those parts where the lity of Europe, and maintain the high disturbances have prevailed, for the character which this country enjoys purpose of assisting

the civil power (if amongst the nations of the world,

necessary) in supporting the same, and is hereby pleased, in the name and on the behalf of his Majesty, to promise his most gracious pardon to any per

son or persons who have been conWhitehall, Oct. 19, 1815. cerned in the illegal proceedings before Whereas it has been humbly repre- mentioned (except the president, or sented to his Royal Highness the person acting as president, in any such Prince Regent, that a considerable committee, or any person having ac. number of persons at Shields, Newcas. tually administered any such unlawful tle-upon-Tyne, Sunderland, and in the oath, or having used any actual forcé neighbourhood of those places, have or intimidation for any of the aboveunlawfully assembled themselves toge. mentioned purposes), who shall come ther in a disorderly and tumultuous forward and give information against manner, for the purpose of compelling any of the persons who have admi. the ship-owners and others concerned nistered the said oaths, or assisted in in the trade of the above-mentioned the administering the same, or who ports, to comply with certain regula- have acted in a committee of any such tions prescribed by them with respect unlawful assembly as aforesaid, or who to the navigating ships and vessels shall have used force or intimidation proceeding to and from those ports; to compel persons to join those unand have actually detained and pre- lawful assemblies, or who shall have vented divers, ships and vessels from prevented any persons from engaging sailing from the said ports, and have themselves in the service of any of the proceeded to other acts of violence; ship.owners before mentioned: and, as and whereas it has been further repre- a further encouragement, his Royal sented to his Royal Highness the Highness the Prince Regent is hereby Prince Regent, that these misguided pleased to promise to any person or persons have formed themselves into persons (except as aforesaid) who committees, and have administered il- shall discover and apprehend, or cause legal, oaths, with a view to the pur- to be discovered and apprehended, the poses before mentioned ; and have also authors, abettors, or perpetrators of upon various occasions used force or any of the illegal proceedings before. intimidation to compel persons to join mentioned, so that they or any of such unlawful assemblies, and to pre. them may be duly convicted thereof, vent their engaging with the said ship. the sum of One Hundred Pounds for owners; his royal highness being duly each and every Person so convicted ; sensible of the mischievous conse- the said sum to be paid by the Lords quences which must inevitably arise Commissioners of his Majesty's treafrom such illegal and dangerous pro. sury, ceedings if not speedily suppressed,

SiDMOUTH. and deeming it indispensably necessary to have recourse to the most effectual


Convention between Great Britain and

6. No persons in the places to be the United Netherlands, signed at restored to be questioned for their London on the 13th of August, 1814. former political opinions.

7. The natives and aliens in the Article 1. Great Britain agrees to countries in which a change of soverestore the Dutch colonies, with the reignty takes place are allowed six exception of the Cape of Good Hope, years for the disposal of their properDemerara, Essequibo, and Berbice, ty, and retiring if they think fit. to be disposed of in a supplementary 8. The sovereign of the Netherconvention.

lands engages to prohibit all his sub2 and 3. Great Britain cedes to the jects, in the most effectual manner, Netherlands the Island of Banca, in and by the most solemn laws, from the Eastern Seas, in exchange for Co. taking any share whatsoever in that chin and its dependencies, on the coast inhuman traffic, the slave trade. of Malabar. The places and forts in 9. Stipulates for the ratification the respective settlements to be ex- within three weeks, or sooner if pos. changed in the state in which they sible. were at the signing of the present con. The first additional article stipuvention,

lates, that to provide for the defence 4. Grants the same privileges to and incorporation of the Belgic prothe subjects of the Netherlands in Bri. vinces with Holland, and also a comtish India as are granted to the most pensation in virtue of the 9th article favoured' nations. No forts to be of the treaty of Paris, for the cessions crected in the Dutch settlements which made by Sweden, which Holland are within the limits of the British so- should furnish, Great Britain engages vereignty in India, and only the num- to defray the following charges :ber of troops necessary for the main- 1st. The payment of one million tenance of police to be maintained. sterling to Sweden, in satisfaction of

5. The places to be restored on the the claims aforesaid, and in pursuance American continent' to be given up of a convention executed with his Swe. within three months ; those beyond dish majesty's plenipotentiary to that the Cape of Good Hope within six, effect. from the date of the convention. 20ly. The advance of two millions

sterling, to be applied in concert with ciples of perfect reciprocity, peace, the Prince Sovereign of the Nether-friendship, and good understanding lands, and in aid of an equal sum to between them, have for that purpose be furnished by him towards augment- appointed their respective plenipotening and improving the defences of the tiaries, that is to say, his Britannic Low Countries.

Majesty, on his part, has appointed 3dly. To bear, equally with Hol- the Right Honourable James Lord land, such further charges as may be Gambier, late Admiral of the White, agreed upon between the said high now Admiral of the Red Squadron of contracting parties and their allies, to- his Majesty's Fleet; Henry Goul. wards the final and satisfactory settle-burn, Esq. a member of the Imperial ment of the Low Countries in union Parliament, and under Secretary of with Holland, and under the dominion State ; and William Adams, Esq. Docof the house of Orange, not exceeding tor of Civil Laws-and the President in the whole, the sum of three mil- of the United States, by and with the lions, to be defrayed by Great Britain. advice and consent of the senate there

In consideration of the above en- of, has appointed John Quincey Adams, gagements, the Cape of Good Hope, James A. Bayard, Henry Clay, Jona. Demerara, Essequibo, and Berbice, than Russell, and Albert Gallatin, are ceded to Great Britain, but with citizens of the United States : who,

condition that the Dutch proprietors after a reciprocal communication of i have liberty under certain regulations their respective full powers, have agreed

to trade with Holland. It is also upon the following Articles :I agreed that Dutch ships may resort Art. l. There shall be a firm and

freely to the Cape of Good Hope for universal peace between his Britannic the purposes of refreshment and re. Majesty and the United States, and pairs, without being liable to other between their respective countries, ter. charges than such as British subjects ritories, cities, towns, and people, of are required to pay.

every degree without exception of pla. Second additional article.—The ces or persons. All hostilities both by small district of Bernagore, situated sea and land shall cease as soon as this close to Calcutta, is ceded to his Bri- treaty shall have been ratified by both tannic Majesty, upon a payment of parties as herein-after mentioned. All such sum annually to his royal high- territory, places, and possessions whatness, as may be considered by com- soever, taken by either party from the missioners to be appointed by the re- other during the war, or which may spective governments, to be just and betaken after the signing of thistreaty, reasonable.

excepting only the islands hereafter mentioned, shall be restored without

delay, and without causing any deA Treaty of Peace and Amity between struction, or carrying away any of the

his Britannic Majesty and the Uni. artillery, or other public property, orited States of America ; signed at ginally captured in the said forts or Ghent, December 24, 1814. places, and which shall remain therein

upon the exchange of the ratifications His Britannic Majesty and the Uni- of this treaty, or any slaves or other ted States of Anierica, desirous of private property. And all archives, terminating the war which has un records, deeds, and papers, either of a happily subsisted between the two public nature, or belonging to private countries, and of restoring, upon prin. persons, which in the course of the war may have fallen into the hands of south of the equator, as far as the la the officers of either party, shall be, titude of the Cape of Good Hope; as far as may be practicable, forthwith ninety days for every other part of restored, and delivered to the proper the world south of the equator, and authorities and persons to whom they one hundred and twenty days for all respectively belong;

parts of the world without exception. Such of the islands in the Bay Art. III. All. prisoners of war ta. o Passamaquoddy as are claimed by ken on either side, as well by land as both parties shall remain in the pos- by sea, shall be restored as soon as prac. session of the party in whose occupa- ticable after the ratification of this tion they may be at the time of the treaty as herein after mentioned, on exchange of 'the ratifications of this their paying the debts which they may treaty, until the decision respecting have contracted during their captivity. the title to the said islands shall have. The two contracting parties respecbeen made in conformity with the tively engage to discharge in specie fourth article of this treaty.

the advances which may have been No disposition made by this treaty made by the other for the sustenance as to such possession of the islands and and maintenance of such prisoners. territories claimed by both parties, Art. IV. Whereas it was stipula. shall in any manner whatever be con- 'ted by the 2d article in the treaty of strued to affect the right of either. peace of 1783, between his Britannic

Art. II. Immediately after the ra- Majesty and the United States of Ame. tifications of this treaty by both par. rica, that the boundary of the United ties, as hereinafter-mentioned, orders States should comprehend “all islands shall be sent to the armies, squadrons, within twenty leagues of any part of officers, subjects, and citizens of the the shoresof the United States, andly. two powers, to cease from all hostilities. ing between lines to be drawn due east And

to prevent all causes of complaint from the points where the aforesaid which might arise on account of the boundaries between Nova Scotia on the prizes which may be taken at sea after one part and East Florida on the other, the said ratifications of this treaty, it shall respectively touchthe Bay of Funis reciprocally agreed, that all vessels dy and the Atlantic Ocean, excepting and effects which may be taken after such islands as now are, or heretofore the

space of twelve days from the said have been, within the limits of Nora ratifications, upon all parts of the coast Scotia ;” and whereas the several isof North America, from the latitude lands in the Bay of Passamaquoddy, of 23 degrees riorth to the latitude which is part of the Bay of Fundy, of 50 degrees north, and as far east, and the island of Grand Menan, in the ward in the Atlantic Ocean as the 36th bay of Fundy, are claimed by the degree of west longitude from the me- United States, as being comprehendridian of Greenwich, shall be restored ed within their aforesaid boundaries, on each side : that the time shall be which said islands are claimed as be. thirty days in all other parts of the longing to his Britannic Majesty, as Atlantic Ocean north of the equanoc. having been at the time of, and previous tial line or equator, and the same time to the aforesaid treaty of 1783, withfor the British and Irish Channels, in the limits of the province of Nova for the Gulf of Mexico, and all parts Scotia : in order, therefore, finally, to of the West Indies : forty days for decide upon these claims, it is agreed the North Seas, for the Baltic, and that they shall be referred to to for all parts of the Mediterranean; commissioners, to be appointed in the sixty days for the Atlantic Ocean following manner, viz.-One com

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