Slike strani

The number of the bashaw's suite, on arrival at Syracuse, was about forty attached to his person. That number is reduced, by death and desertion, to about twelve or fifteen.

The moveable property, consisting of horses, camels, arms and clothing, which he abandoned at Derne, did not exceed $50,000, but when drawn from Upper Egypt he was at the head of the Mameluke Arabs, as general in chief, in alliance with Elfi bey. He cannot return thither.

The sum of thirty or forty thousand dollars might be considered a generous provision for his future subsistence; but to enable him to enjoy it, he should be removed to some part of the Turkish dominions.

Very respectfully, sir,

WILLIAM EATON. Hon. Gen. Thomas, Chairman of the Committee

on the Memorial of Hamet Caramalli.




No. J.

The communications now made, shewing the great and increasing dangers with which our vessels, our seamen, and merchandise, are threatened on the high seas and elsewhere, from the belligerent powers of Europe, and it being of the greatest importance to keep in safety these essential resources, I deem it my duty to recommend the subject to the consideration of Congress, who will doubtless perceive all the advantages which may be expected from an inhibition of the departure of our vessels from the ports of the United States.

Their wisdom will also see the necessity of making every preparation for whatever events may grow out of the present crisis.


No. II. Extract of a Letter from the Grand Judge, Minister of

Justice, to the Imperial Attorney General for the Council of Prizes.


Paris, Sept. 18, 1807. Sir,--I have submitted to his majesty the emperor and king the doubts raised by his excellency the minister of marine and colonies, on the extent of certain dispositions of the imperial decree of the 21st November, 1806, which has declared the British isles in a state of blockade. The following are his majesty's intentions on the points in question :

1st. May vessels of-war, by virtue of the imperial decrce of the 21st November last, seize on board neutral vessels either English property, or even all merchandise proceeding from the English manufactories or territory?

Answer. His majesty has intimated that as he did not think proper to express any exception in his decree, there is no ground for making any in its execution, in relation to any whomsoever, (à l'égard de qui que ce peut être.)

2. His majesty has postponed a decision on the question whether armed French vessels ought to capture neutral vessels bound to or from England, even when they have no English merchandise on board.





Whereas it hath been represented unto us, that great numbers of mariners and seafaring men, our natural born subjects, have been enticed to enter into the service of foreign states, and are now actually serving as well on

board the ships of war belonging to the said foreign states, as on board the merchant vessels belonging to their subjects, notwithstanding our former proclamation recalling them, contrary to the duty and allegiance which our said subjects owe unto us, and to the great disservice of their native country, we have therefore thought it necessary at the present moment, when our kingdom is menaced and endangered, and when the maritime rights on which its power and greatness do mainly depend, are disputed and called in question, to publish by and with the advice of our privy council, this our royal proclamation: We do hereby strictly charge and command all masters of ships, pilots, mariners, shipwrights, and other seafaring men, being our natural born subjects, who may have been enticed into the pay or service of any foreign state, or do serve in any foreign ship or vessel, that forthwith they and every of them do (according to their bounden duty and allegiance, and in consideration that their native country hath need of all their services) withdraw themselves, and depart from, and quit such foreign service, and do return home to their native country; or do enter on board such of our ships of war as they may chance to fall in with, either on the high seas, or in any rivers, waters, havens, roads, ports, or places whatsoever or wheresoever.

And, for the better execution of the purposes of this our royal proclamation, we do authorize and command all captains, masters, and others, commanding our ships and vessels of war, to stop and make stay of all and every such person or persons (being our natural born subjects) as shall endeavour to transport or enter themselves into the service of any foreign state, contrary to the intent and command of this our royal proclamation, and to seize upon, take, and bring away all such persons as aforesaid, who shall be found to be employed or serving in any foreign merchant ship or vessel as aforesaid—but we do strictly enjoin all such our captains, masters and others, that they do permit no man to go on board such ships and vessels belonging to states at amity with us, for the purpose of so seizing upon, taking, and bringing away such persons aforesaid, for whose discreet and orderly demeanour the said captains cannot answer; and that they do take especial care that no unnecessary violence be done


or offered to the vessel, or to the remainder of the crew, from out of which such persons shall be taken.

And in case of their receiving information of any such person or persons being employed, or serving on board of any ship of war belonging to such foreign state at amity with us, we do authorize and command our captains, masters, and others, commanding our ships of war, to require of the captain or commander of such foreign ship of war, that he do forthwith release and discharge such person or persons, being our natural born subject or subjects; and if such release and discharge shall be refused, then to transmit information of such refusal to the commander in chief of the squadron under whose orders such captain or commander shall be then serving; which information the said commander in chief is hereby strictly directed and enjoined to transmit, with the least possible delay, lo our minister resident residing at the seat of government of that state to which the said foreign ship of war shall belong, or to our lord high admiral, or lords commissioners of the admiralty for the time being, in order that we, being apprized of such procccring, may forth with direct the necessary steps to be taken for obtaining redress from the government to which such foreign ship of war shall belong, for the injury done to us by the unwarranted detention of our natural born subjects in the service of a foreign state.

And whereas it has been further represented unto us, that divers mariners and seafaring men, our natural born subjects, have been induced to accept letters of naturalization, or certificates of citizenship from foreign states; and have been taught to believe that, by such letters or certificates, they are discharged from that duty of allegiance which, as our natural born subjects, they owe to us: now we do hereby warn all such mariners, seafaring men, and others, our natural born subjects, that no such letters of naturalization, or certificates of citizenship, do, or can, in any manner, divest our natural born subjects of the alle. giance, or in any degree alter the duty which they owe to us their lawful sovereign. But, in consideration of the errour into which such mariners and seafaring men as aforesaid may have been led, we do hereby publish and declare our free pardon to all such our subjects, who, re. penting of the delusion under which they have acted, shall immediately upon knowledge of this our royal proclamation, withdraw themselves from foreign service, and return to their allegiance to us; and we do declare that all such our subjects who shall continue in the service of foreign states, in disregard and contempt of this our royal proclamation, will not only incur our just displeasure, but are liable to be proceeded against for such contempt, and shall be proceeded against accordingly; and we do hereby declare, that if any such masters of ships, pilots, mariners, seamen, shipwrights, or other seafaring men (being our natural born subjects) shall be taken in any foreign service by the Algerines, or other Barbary powers, and carried into slavery, they shall not be reclaimed by us as subjects of Great Britain.

And we do hereby notify, that all such our subjects as aforesaid, who have voluntarily entered, or shall enter, or voluntarily continue to serve on board of any ships of war belonging to any foreign state at enmity with us, are and will be guilty of high treason : and we do by this our royal proclamation declare, that they shall be punished with the utmost severity of the law. Given at our court at the Queen's palace, the sixteenth

day of October, one thousand eight hundred and seven,

and in the forty-seventh year of our reign. God save the King.

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GRESS. FEB. 2, 1808.

Having received an official communication of certain orders of the British government, against the maritime rights of neutrals, bearing date the 11th of November, 1807, I transmit them to Congress, as a farther proof of the increasing dangers to our navigation and commerce which led to the provident measure of the act of the present session, laying an embargo on our own vessels.


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