Social Mobility and Political Attitudes: Comparative Perspectives

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Frederick C. Turner
Transaction Publishers - 274 strani

Different levels of social mobility characterize nations around the world. Yet until recently, we have had few empirical investigations and no systematic international comparisons of how mobility has affected the political attitudes of citizens in different countries. Scholars have assumed that mobility must be affecting attitudes, but they have not tested their assumptions. As Lipset notes in his opening remarks: "The key issue which the essays in this volume treat better and more thoroughly than any previous work is the effect of experiencing social mobility, both upward and downward, on the politics of individuals."

This volume examines what sort of impact social mobility has on mass politics, and beyond that, from what sources and with what results. It seeks answers to this interrelationship by going beyond the normal sources in Western Europe and the United States, into studies of the mobility experience in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. A central conclusion is that peoples' attitudes are determined by their status of destination far more than by their status of origin or by the process of moving from one status to another.

Turner holds that mobility does not simply increase through the process of economic development. It also works to rationalize and allocate the human resources that are critical elements in this process. The question of facilitating economic growth by allowing people of talent to rise to positions of authority brings into focus not only issues of social mobility and political attitude, but the very foundations of equity goals in capitalist, socialist and mixed economies.

This volume provides a fundamental rethinking of the old literature on mobility and politics, and a reassessment of interpretive schemes based upon it Turner's findings indicate that much is to be learned from subjecting even cherished assumptions to the rigors of survey research and analytical techniques. The nature of the mobility experience and its political impact depends on the particularities of the nation studied. These cases permit appreciation of the role of occupational differentiation and economic development at all levels of the political and social process.

 

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Vsebina

Social Mobility and Political Attitudes in Comparative Perspective
1
Social Mobility and Politics in the AngloAmerican Democracies
21
Opportunity and Inequality Exploratory Analyses of the Structure of Attitudes toward Stratification in West Germany
51
Social Mobility in Denmark
79
Social Mobility Meritocratic Values and Political Orientations in Norway
103
Social Mobility Social Strata and Political Attitudes in Japan
127
Social Status Social Mobility and Political Development in India
160
Social Mobility and Politics in Argentina
185
Social Mobility and Political Attitudes in Nigeria
203
Mobility and Attitudes in Future Research
217
Methods and Pitfalls in the Analysis of Social Mobility Class of Origin Class of Destination and Mobility Per Se
231
Works Cited
251
Contributors
265
Index
267
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Priljubljeni odlomki

Stran xii - Revolutions are most likely to occur when a prolonged period of objective economic and social development is followed by a short period of sharp...
Stran xii - I know of no country, indeed, where the love of money has taken stronger hold on the affections of men, and where a profounder contempt is expressed for the theory of the permanent equality of property.
Stran xiii - ... in the United States of North America, where, though classes already exist, they have not yet become fixed, but continually change and interchange their elements in constant flux...
Stran xiii - Here everyone could become, if not a capitalist, at all events an independent man, producing or trading, with his own means, for his own account.

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