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that time dead,' but on the recommendation of his Sovereign, Charles the Second, as one of the Governours of that noble foundation. Whenever, therefore, the promised Life of Shaftesbury shall be given to the publick, it will be prudent to omit this marvellous tale.-Nor is the non-conformist parson's assertion, that our author was induced by a bribe to make this addition, more worthy of credit. By the masterly delineation of Shaftesbury, he had taken so decided a part against that nobleman, that, putting rectitude and honour wholly out of consideration, he could not without utter disgrace have accepted a gift from him in December, at the very time when his adherents were fabricating a Medal in memory of his recent triumph; and in that very month or the next, sit down to compose a satire against him, (grounded on that circumstance,) still more bitter,

3 Shaftesbury died January 28, 1682-3, at Amsterdam, whither he had fled from London the preceding November. 4 The following notices of admissions of scholars at the Charter-House, are extracted from the Register there : “October 6th, 1681, [six weeks before the publication of ABSALOM AND ACHITOPHEL] Samuel Weaver, admitted for the Lord Shaftesbury.

"Feb. 5th, 1682-3, Erasmus-Henry Dryden, admitted for his Majesty (in the room of Orlando Bagnall); aged 14 years, 2d of May next.

“Nov. 2d, 1685. Erasmus Dryden and Richard Tubb left the house.

"Elected to the University."

if possible, than the former; which very soon afterwards was issued from the press. Besides, on an attentive perusal, it will be found that the new encomiastick lines are merely an amplification of a couplet which had appeared in the original poem,-out of which they grew, and to which they are immediately introductory :


O, had he been content to serve the crown "With virtues only proper to the gown, "Or had the rankness of the soil," &c.

For so natural an addition, therefore, we have no occasion to look for any extraordinary cause; nor, to account for it, and to extricate the poet from embarrassment, is it necessary to suppose that here, as in the dramas of antiquity, Plutus descended in Į a machine.-That part of the anecdote, however, which says that the King observed he had hurt his poem by the insertion, though probably an invention with the rest, is not unlikely to be true.'

After the

The four new lines respecting Monmouth, introduced in the second edition, were these. couplet,

"If my young Sampson will pretend a call
"To shake the column, let him share the fall
was added-

"But O, that yet he would repent and live!
"How easy 'tis for parents to forgive!
"With how few tears a pardon might be won
"From nature, pleading for a darling son!"

The other variations which I have observed in the revised copy, here follow. The lines printed chiefly in the Ro.

On the 24th of November, 1681, the Grand Jury at the Old Bailey returned Ignoramus on the bill presented against Shaftesbury, and he was taken from the Court-House with shouts of ap

man character, are as they appeared in the first edition;
those chiefly in Italicks are transcribed from the second:
Whether inspired with some diviner lust—
Whether inspired by some diviner, &c.

And serv'd at once for worship and for food.
As serv'd at once for worship, &c,

Restless, unfix'd in principle and place.
in principles and place.

Usurp❜d a patron's all atoning name.

a patriot's all-atoning name.

Then follow the twelve new lines mentioned above.

whose extended wand,

Shuts up the seas, and shews the promised land.
Divides the seas, and shews the promised land.

And rashly judge his wit apocryphal.
And rashly judge his writ apocryphal.
Dissembling joy, he sets himself to show-
His joy conceal'd, he sets himself to show.
To sound the depth—

To sound the depths

That power which is for property allow'd-
Add that the power for property allow'd-

But Israel was unworthy of thy birth.
Short is the date of all immoderate worth.

In the second copy we find-name and fame.

plause, which lasted for an hour." To perpetuate their triumph on this occasion, his adherents soon afterwards employed George Bower, an able Sculp tor, to engrave a Medal in commemoration of that event, which gave rise to Dryden's poem, entitled THE MEDAL, OR A SATIRE AGAINST SEDITION, written with not less poignancy and vigour than that which preceded it; for perhaps no part of ABSALOM AND ACHITOPHEL exceeds the following highly finished portrait :

"O, could the style that copied every grace,


And plough'd such furrows for an eunuch face, "Could it have form'd his ever-changing will, "The various piece had tired the graver's skill. A martial hero first, with early care, "Blown, like a pigmy by the winds, to war: "A beardless chief, a rebel ere a man: "So young his hatred to his Prince began. "Next this, (how wildly will Ambition steer!) "A vermin, wriggling in th' Usurper's ear;

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Bart'ring his venal wit for sums of gold,

"He cast himself into the saint-like mould,;

"Groan'd, sigh'd, and pray'd, while godliness was gain,

"The lowdest bagpipe of the squeaking train.

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But, as 'tis hard to cheat a juggler's eyes,

"His open lewdness he could ne'er disguise:

Jotham of ready wit, &c.

Jotham of piercing wit, &c.

Is one that would by law destroy his prince.
Is one that would by law supplant his prince.

⚫ Letter in the Paper Office, from Sir Leonine Jenkins to the Prince of Orange. Dalrymple's MEMOIRS, vol. i.

"There split the Saint; for hypocritick zeal "Allows no sins but those it can conceal.


Whoring to scandal gives too large a scope; "Saints must not trade, but they may interlope. "The ungodly principle was all the same; "But a gross cheat betrays his partners' game. "Besides, their pace was formal, grave, and slack; « His nimble wit outran the heavy pack. "Yet still he found his fortune at a stay, "Whole droves of blockheads choking up his way; "They took, but not rewarded, his advice: "Villain and wit exact a double price.

"Power was his aim: but, thrown from that pretence," "The wretch turn'd loyal in his own defence; "And malice reconcil'd him to his Prince. "Him in the anguish of his soul he serv❜d, “Rewarded faster still than he deserv’d. “Behold him now exalted into trust; "His counsel's oft convenient, seldom just: "Ev'n in the most sincere advice he gave, "He had a grudging still to be a knave. "The frauds he learn'd in his fanatick years "Made him uneasy in his lawful gears: "At best, as little honest as he could, "And, like white witches, mischievously good, "To his first bias longingly he leans;

“And rather would be great by wicked means.

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Of this poem, which was published in the middle of March 1681-2, Charles the Second is said to have suggested the subject." "One day as the King was walking in the Mall, and talking with Dryden, he said, If I was a poet, and I

7 Spence's ANECDOTES.

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