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between England and Holland on the 15th of April, and ratified May 2d of that year. To this volume he might naturally be expected to have been a contributor, being then of four years' stand

an adopted son, I am proud to add, that the University of OXFORD escaped this last disgrace; but in 1654 she was not less obsequious to ill-gotten power than her sister, and the banks of the Isis, like those of Cam, resounded with encomiastick minstrelsy. Her songs of gratulation were printed in that year under the title of MUSARUM OXONIENSIUM 'EAAIO OPI'A, sive ob Fœdera, auspiciis Serenissimi OLIVERI Reipub. Ang. Scot. et Hiber. Domini Protectoris, inter rempub. Britannicam et Ordines fœderatos Belgii feliciter stabilita, gentis togata ad vada Isidis Celeusma Metricum. It was ushered to the publick by a Latin dedication to the most serene Oliver, by Dr. Owen, the usurping Dean of Christ-church, then Vice-Chancellor; in which he apologizes for the Oxonians having been somewhat tardy in their encomiums. -It is painful to observe, among the contributors to this collection, the names of Ralph Bathurst, of Trinity College, and Robert South and John Locke, of Christchurch. Locke (at this time near twenty-two years old,) paid his homage in a copy of English as well as Latin The latter being short, I subjoin them:


Pax regit Augusti, quem vicit Julius, orbem;
Ille sago factus clarior, ille togâ:

Hos sua Roma vocat magnos, et numina credit,
Hic quod sit mundi victor, et ille quies.
Tu bellum ut pacem populis das, unus utrisque

Major es; ipse orbem vincis, et ipse regis.
Non hominem è cælo missum te credimus, unus
Sic poteras binos qui superare deos!

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ing in the University, having already commenced a poet, and one of his near relations being intimately connected with Cromwell: and here, doubtless, among the fanatick songsters of Trinity College his name would have been found, but for an event which happened at this time, and in all likelihood detached him from the University for some months. In June 1654, his father, who was then, I conjecture, about sixty-six years old, died,' and on the

2 The contributors from Trinity College were, Dr. Joseph Arrowsmith, the Master; Mr. James Duport, G. L. P.; three of the Fellows, G. Lynnett, A. M. John Wray, (so he then wrote his name,) A. M. the celebrated traveller and botanist, and a third, of whose names the initial letters (I. V.) only are given. One under-graduate of the same college concealed himself under the signature, R. C.

3 By the inquest of office taken at Warwick, 28 June, 1632, on the death of Sir Erasmus Driden, (Esc. 8. Car. p. 3. n. 31.) it was found, that his eldest son, John Driden, was at the time of his father's death, on the 30th of May preceding, thirty years old, and upwards. From this statement it should seem that he was born about the year 1600; and that our poet's father was born in 1602 or 1603. But the father of Sir Erasmus in his will, made in 1584, mentions his grandson John, the son of Erasmus: and if this John be the person who succeeded to the title, he must have been born in or before 1584, and in 1632 must have been at least forty-eight. Our poet's father, therefore, being the third son of Sir Erasmus, even if a daughter or two intervened, may be presumed to have been born in 1588-I expected to have found the entry of his baptism in the old Register of CanonsAshby; but that, like many other ancient Registers, is lost.

18th of that month was buried at Tichmarsh. 4 By his illness our author was probably called away from Cambridge, in May, at the very time when his contemporary gownsmen began to "build the lofty rhime;" and their incense, it may be presumed, was presented to the Usurper in August or September, before our author's return. The settlement of his father's affairs, and the attention due to his mother and her very numerous family, must have occupied him wholly from June till after the commencement of the long vacation; and as at that season all who can, usually leave the University, his residence at Tichmarsh was probably protracted to the following October, when his gratulations, however ardent or harmonious, could have found no place in the Academick Anthology.

By the death of his father, as appears from his Will,' which was made December 30th, 1652, and proved by his widow and executrix on the 23d of January, 1654-5, our author succeeded to an estate in Northamptonshire, of the extent and value of which I shall have occasion to speak more particularly hereafter. His property was not situated at Tichmarsh, as has been erroneously supposed, in consequence of Antony Wood having denominated

4 Register of Tichmarsh: for the examination of which I am indebted to the Rev. Mr. Powys, who, after a very troublesome search, discovered the entry above referred to; and also that respecting our poet's mother, which will be found in a subsequent page.

5 In the Prerogative-Office: Aylett, qu. 28.

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his father, Erasmus, as of that town; but at a small village called Blakesley, about three miles distant from Canons-Ashby. Of this estate Erasmus Driden devised two-thirds to his son John, and the other third for the term of her life, to his wife, whom he also made his residuary legatee. To his two elder daughters, Agnes and Rose, he bequeathed one hundred and fifty pounds a-piece; to two other daughters one hundred pounds each; to six other daughters eighty pounds each; to his son Erasmus one hundred pounds, and to his younger sons, Henry and James, eighty pounds each: making in the whole the sum of twelve hundred and forty pounds. From the manner in which these bequests succeed each other in this instrument, it is probable that our author's parents were married about the 1628, and that some of his sisters were elder than him. From this Will we may also infer, (what from other circumstances is sufficiently clear,) that the maker of it was no friend to the establithed forms of his country; for, instead of beginning with the usual formulary of that time, it commences in a manner different perhaps from any instrument of the same kind, either ancient or modern :-" My



6 He names his children in the following order :— Agnes, Rose, Lucy, Mary, Martha, Erasmus, Elizabeth, Hester, Hannah, Abigail, Frances, Henry, James. His eldest son is not mentioned, till he disposes of his landed estate. The four daughters named before Erasmus were probably elder than him; and he being born in 1636, and our author in 1631, perhaps one or two of his sisters were born before him.


Will is, that my daughter, Agnes, presume not to marry without her mother's consent;"" after which he proceeds to bequeath the several legacies already mentioned. He acted as a Justice of Peace, perhaps as a Committee-man, in the county of Northampton, during the Usurpation, and was probably a zealous presbyterian, as his elder brother, Sir John Driden, who desecrated the church of Canons-Ashby, certainly was.

Being now his own master, and in possession of his patrimony, for he had nearly attained his twenty-fourth year, our author had the firmness and virtue to resist the blandishments of pleasure, and all the attractions which the metropolis holds out to youthful fancy, and to return to an academick life; in which situation, however ardent in the investigation, we shall, I fear, in vain endeavour to trace his haunts, or to discover his habits and pursuits. The early history and first flights of every literary man naturally engage our curiosity and attention; but at the distance of a century and a half are involved in such obscurity as cannot be easily dispelled. Having already sacrificed to the

* To secure obedience to this injunction, which is extended to four of her sisters also, the testator directs that the portions of such of these five daughters as married without the consent of their mother, should be considerably reduced.

8 In one of the Vestry-books of Aldwinckle St. Peter's is an order made by Erasmus Driden in 1653, by which he gives his sanction, as a Justice of Peace, to the appointment of a parish-officer.

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