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Dedication of almost every other author of the last age was equally loaded with flattery, and sometimes far surpassed any of Dryden's in extravagance of praise nor was any kind of disgrace annexed to this exercise of men's talents; the contest among the whole tribe of writers of every description, however humble or however eminent, being, who should go furthest in panegyrick, in the most graceful way, and with the happiest turns of expression. Butler, as the late Mr. Burke several

grew discontent, and turned apostate, and thence becomes so severe to those of his own profession. He never commends any thing but in opposition to something else that he would undervalue; and commonly sides with the weakest, which is generous any where but in judging. He is worse than an Index Expurgatorius; for he blots out all, and, when he cannot find a fault, makes one. He demurs to all writers, and when he is over-ruled, will run into contempt. He is always bringing writs of errour, like a pettifogger, and reversing of judgments, though the case be never so plain. He is a mountebank, that is always quacking of the infirm and diseased parts of books, to shew his skill; but has nothing at all to do with the sound. He is a very ungentle reader; for he reads sentence on all authors that have the unhappiness to come before him; and therefore pedants, that stand in fear of him, always appeal from him beforehand, by the name of Momus and Zoilus; complain sorely of his extrajudicial proceedings, and protest against him as corrupt, and his judgment void and of none effect; and put themselves into the protection of some powerful Patron, who, like a knight-errant, is to encounter with the magician, and free them from his enchantments.” GENUINE REMAINS, ii. 307. 8vo. 1759.


years ago observed to me, has well illustrated the principle on which they went, where he compares their endeavours to those of the archer, who draws his arrow to the head, whether his object be a swan, or a goose. The addresses prefixed to the various pieces issued from the press from the Restoration to the end of the reign of Queen Anne, fully support this remark. Though very few of them are written with the spirit and elegance that are found in our author's Dedications, they by no means fall short of them in hyperbolical adulation."

HUDIBRAS, P. II. c. i.

"This has been done by some, who those

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They adored in rhyme, would kick in prose;

"That have the hard fate to write best

"Of those still that deserve it least:

"It matters not how false or forc'd,

"So the best things be said o' the worst :

"It goes for nothing when 'tis said;

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Only the arrow's drawn to the head,
"Whether it be a swan or goose

They level at: so shepherds use
"To set the same mark on the hip
"Both of their sound and rotten sheep."

All Addresses to persons in high station, whether in prose or verse, were in the time of Dryden filled with the most extravagant encomiums. Afra Behn, whose adulation to one of the mistresses of Charles the Second has been noticed by Dr. Johnson, had a portion of the same incense equally ready for his inconsolable widow, whom she thus addresses in an Elegy written soon after his death:

To the numerous encomiastick Addresses which are found in his works, some of his friends, and his eldest son, seem to have wished that he should

"But when such sacrifice from us is due,

“What must the mighty loss exact from you,
“Who mourn a King, and dear-lov'd husband too!
"How shall we measure that vast tide of woe,
"That did your royal breaking heart o'erflow?

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"Should all the nation's tenderest griefs combine, "And all our pangs in one vast body join,

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'They could not sigh with agonies like thine."


She then describes the Queen flying eagerly to her husband's bed, after his death:

"Such vigorous life ne'er moved your steps before, "But here they sunk beneath the weight they bore: "Princes we more than human do allow, "You must have been above an angel too, CL Had you resisted this sad strain of woe. "So the blest VIRGIN, at the world's great loss, "Came and beheld, then fainted at the Cross!"


A Poem humbly dedicated to the great pattern of piety and virtue, Catharine, Queen Dowager, on the death of her dear Lord and Husband.” fol. 1685.

So also the learned Joshua Barnes, addressing the same Queen (Mastissimæ ac Latissima Academia Cantabri giensis Affectus," &c. 4to. 1684-5):

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We'd piously condole and lend relief,

"With loyal art, to your exuberant grief;

"But ah! we're drown'd in tears as well as you ;

"In Charles's death all England's widow'd too.

have added one more, by dedicating his Virgil to King William. This proposal it is much to his honour that he rejected; for attached as he had been for many years, however erroneously, to the

"You lost a husband, and the best that e'er “Did th' honourable chains of wedlock wear; " 'Tis true; and sure your grief we must allow ; "But we're concern'd, great Queen, as deep as you: "But we the best of worthiest Kings have lost; "No tender father could like mercies boast: "No heart can fathom, and no tongue relate "Those blessings, that on Charles's reign did wait! Thus also the same great scholar, addressing the virtuous and humane Jefferies, in what is called a Pindarick Poem, published in October, 1685, after his return from the bloody Western Circuit,-In the preceding month he had been made Lord Chancellor :

"Arise, my Muse, now take a loftier flight,

"Toward Heaven thy daring pinions try; "There on the Sun fix thou thine eagle sight,. "The object's good, altho' 'tis high;

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"And he who sits to James so nigh,

Though just he be, in mercy must delight.

"This day* all Cambridge did conspire

"To praise those glories we admire :

"Be that my single task, which pleas'd that learned


"This day our sacred body, all convened,

"(Where loyalty and knowledge do preside,)

"Decreed to honour mighty Cæsar's friend,

"The Muses' glory, and Astrea's pride.

* October 5.

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abdicated Monarch, he could not have addressed a panegyrick to his successor, though unques

"To him their humble compliments they send, "Tho' sorry, all their art's too low

"The height of his just eminence to shew; "Much less with equal praise his virtues to commend; "Virtues as far beyond his high degree,

"As him above ourselves we see:

"The prop whereon Justice and Law do trust, "Rais'd up aloft by James the just;

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By James, of whom with pride Apollo sings, "The best of friends, of brothers, and of Kings.

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"Great Jefferies! yet not half so great as good, "How little was thy worth once understood! "How lay it unreveal'd,

"Like a rich gem in dirty mines conceal'd,
"When by the Mobile so much abused!

"Or rather then, how was thy virtue known,
"And dreaded by the vice-empoison'd town,

"Who thee, as sinful Jews the SAVIOUR once, refused!

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"And thus, while in thy brighter soul there stood
"The heavenly form of all that's just and good,
"Its beauties godlike James beheld,

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For virtue best can virtue's beauties find;

And straight with love divine his bosom swell'd,—

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Only such perfect forms affect so great a mind!"

But nothing can place the observation in the text in a stronger point of view, than the following extraordinary production, written, not by a distressed poetess, or embarrassed author, but by Sir Francis Fane, an independent gentleman and a Knight of the Bath, who in 1675,

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