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rated by the unquestionable testimony of Mrs. Elizabeth Creed,' his kinswoman; who informs us, that he received the notice of his approaching

"If health be harmony, the wonder's great,
"How discord-sickness should admittance get,
"Where harmony itself had placed her regal seat.
"Disease in vain had oft the fortress storm'd;
“With harmony divine as oft it found it arm'd.

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"Now on new arts she bent her deadly mind: "She watch'd each chance, to level with the ground "A fort so long impregnable she'd found: "Malicious chance a fatal breach had made, "Too small, indeed, without dire gangrene's aid, "For death to enter with its stern brigade."


In a note the writer remarks, that Dryden died of a gan. grene. EXAMEN MISCELLANEUM, 8vo. 1702.

5 Mrs. Elizabeth Creed, who was second-cousin to our author's children, was the only daughter of Sir Gilbert Pickering, Baronet, (of whom an ample account has been given in a former page,) by Elizabeth, the only daughter of Sir Sidney Montagu, Knight, and sister of Edward Montagu, first Earl of Sandwich. She was born in the year 1642, and was married to John Creed of Oundle, Esq., "a wise, learned, and pious man," (as she has herself informed us, in an inscription in the church of Tichmarsh,)" who served his Majesty King Charles the Second in diverse honourable employments at home and abroad; lived with honour, and died lamented, A. D. 1701."-By this gentleman she had eleven children, six of whom died in their infancy. Of the survivors, Richard, the eldest, who was a Major in the army, highly distinguished himself at the battle of Blenheim, where he commanded one of the squadrons that began the attack. In


dissolution with perfect resignation and submission to the Divine Will; and that in his last illness he

two several charges he was unhurt, but in the third he received many wounds; notwithstanding which he continued to fight, till he was shot through the head by a cannon ball. His dead body was brought off the field by his brother John, at the hazard of his own life; and a monument was afterwards erected in Westminster Abbey in memory of the gallant services of Major Richard Creed, on which the inscription (written probably by his mother) informs us, that "he attended King William in all his wars, and was never more himself than when he looked an enemy in the face." His mother erected another monument to him in the church of Tichmarsh.

This very amiable and respectable lady, as I have been informed by her great grandson, William Walcot, jum Esq., "during her widowhood, resided many years in a mansion-house at Barnwell, near Oundle, in Northamp tonshire, belonging to the Montagu family, where she amused and employed herself in painting, and instructing many young women in drawing, fine needle-works, and other elegant arts. Many of the churches in the neigh bourhood of Oundle are decorated with altar-pieces, mo numents, and ornaments of different kinds, the works of her hand; and her descendants are possessed of many por traits, and some good pictures, painted by her. days in every week she constantly allotted to the publick: on one, she was visited by all the nobility and gentry who resided near her; on the other, she received and relieved all the afflicted and diseased of every rank, giving them food, raiment, or medicine, according to their wants: Her reputation in the administration of medicine was considerable; and as she afforded it gratis, her practice was of course extensive. Her piety was great and unaffected. That it was truly sincere, was evinced by the

took the most tender and affectionate farewel of his afflicted friends, " of which sorrowful number

magnanimity with which she endured many trials more heavily afflictive than what usually fall to the lot even of those whose life is prolonged to so great an extent."

In 1722 Mrs. Creed, then in her eightieth year, erected a monument in the church of Tichmarsh, to the memory of our author and his ancestors; for which she wrote the Inscription, (containing the passage in the text,) which will be found at length in a subsequent page. She died at Oundle about three years afterwards, in the beginning of the year 1724-5, and her remains were removed to Tichmarsh, where she was buried with her ancestors.

This excellent woman having borne so honourable and kind a testimony to the tenderness, fortitude, and piety, of our author, in the last scene of his life, is entitled to particular respect from his biographer. It is therefore with great satisfaction that I have endeavoured to rescue her name from oblivion, (for she who was so zealous in recording the merits of others, remains herself without a monument;) and that, as a further proof of her virtues, I add an eulogy on her, which has been obligingly communicated to me by Mr. Walcot:

"Conversation one day after dinner, at Mrs. Creed's running upon the or[igin of names], Mr. Dryden bowed to the good old lady, and spoke extempore the following verses] :

"So much religion in your name doth dwell, "Your soul must needs with piety excell.

"Thus names, like [well-wrought] pictures drawn of


"Their owners' nature and their story told.

"Your name but half expresses; for in


"Belief and practice do together go.

she herself was one." Twenty-two years afterwards this very respectable lady, who was then in her eightieth year, erected a monument at Tichmarsh, in honour of our poet and his parents, on which these circumstances so much to his honour are recorded.

He died in the profession of the Roman Catholick religion, which he had embraced about fifteen years before. From an ambiguous passage in THE GUARDIAN, it has been suggested, that this great poet did not believe in a future state; but

My prayers shall be, while this short life endures, "These may go hand in hand, with you and yours; "Till faith hereafter is in vision drown'd,

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And practice is with endless glory crown'd.”

These verses, as well as the introductory account of the occasion that gave rise to them, are copied from an original paper now before me, written in an elegant female hand (probably that of one of her daughters); which was found in the cabinet of Mrs. Mary Walcot, late wife of William Walcot, of Oundle, M. D. and grand-daughter to Mrs. Elizabeth Creed; being the daugh. ter of John Creed, Esq., her brave son abovementioned, who died at Oundle, Nov. 21, 1751, in his seventy-third year. Part of this paper having been worn away by time, I have supplied by conjecture the few words enclosed within crotchets, which appear wanting. The word within crotchets in the third verse, or some other word of two syllables, seems to have been inadvertently omitted in the original transcript.


7 The passage alluded to in THE GUARDIAN, No. 39, is as follows:

"It must be my business to prevent all pretenders in

the excellent author of the paper alluded to, Bishop Berkeley, seems to have fallen into a slight

this kind [men of parts, who oppose the received opinions of Christians] from hurting the ignorant and unwary. In order to this, I communicated [in No. 27, also written by Bishop Berkeley,] an intelligence which I received, of a gentleman's appearing very sorry that he was not well during a late fit of sickness, contrary to his own doctrine, which obliged him to be merry upon that occasion, except he was sure of recovering. Upon this advice to the world, the following advertisement got a place in THE POSTBOY:

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'Whereas in the paper called THE GUARDIAN, of Saturday the 11th of April instant, a corollary reflection ' was made on Monsieur D[eslandes], a member of the • Royal Academy of Sciences in Paris, author of a book 'lately published, entitled

'A Philological Essay, or Reflections on the death of 'Free-thinkers, with the characters of the most eminent persons of both sexes, ancient and modern, that died 'pleasantly and unconcerned, &c. Sold by J. Baker,

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in Paternoster-Row:


Suggesting as if that gentleman, now in London, was much out of humour in a late fit of sickness, till he was in a fair way of recovery. This is to assure the 'publick, that the said gentleman never expressed the 'least concern at the approach of death, but expected the * fatal minute with the most heroical and philosophical 'resignation; of which a copy of verses he writ in the 'serene intervals of his distemper, is an invincible proof.'

"All that I contend for is, that this gentleman was out of humour when he was sick; and the Advertiser, to confute me, says, that in the serene intervals of his distemper, that is, when he was not sick, he writ verses. I shall not retract my advertisement, till I see those verses,

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