Slike strani

By this lady, whom Dryden married in 1665, or before, he had three sons; Charles, John, and Erasmus-Henry; all of them, says a good judge, who knew them personally, "fine, ingenious, and accomplished gentlemen." Charles, the eldest, was born at Charlton, in the county of Wilts, the seat of his grandfather, Thomas, Earl of Berkshire, in 1666, and bred at Westminster School, where he was chosen a King's scholar in 1680; whence he was elected to Trinity College, in Cambridge, of which he was admitted a member in June, 1683.' In the next year, he wrote a paper of Latin Verses, addressed to Wentworth Dillon, Earl of Roscommon, which were prefixed to that nobleman's ESSAY ON TRANSLATED VERSE; and in 1685 contributed a Latin Poem to the Cambridge Collection of Verses published on the death of Charles the Second, and

1625-6, and was above seventy-two when he died, Sept. 3, 1698 her brother Thomas, who in 1679 became the third Earl, died in 1706, at the age of eighty-seven: and Philip, who had been a Colonel in the Guards in the time of Charles the Second, when he died in 1717, was eightyeight years old.

9 Mrs. Elizabeth Creed. See the APPENDIX, No. IV. "Carolus Dryden, natus Charlton. agro Wilton. fil. Johannis Dryden, Poetæ Laureati, quondam hujus collegii alumni, Westmonasteriensis, electus, ætatis 17, Jun. 26, 1683; Pensionarius. Mr. Smallwood, Tutor." Registr. Coll. Trin.

2 A translation of these verses, by Mr. Needler, is preserved in Nichols's Select Collection of Poems, vol. vi. p. 52.

the accession of James.3 In Dryden's SECOND MISCELLANY, which appeared in the same year, we find another Latin Poem, written by him, descriptive of Lord Arlington's Gardens. He also translated the Seventh Satire of Juvenal, which appeared in the version of that author published by his father in 1692. About that time he went to Italy, probably under the patronage of Cardinal Howard; and was so well recommended to Pope Innocent XII.," who

3 This collection also contains Verses by Prior, of St. John's; and by G. Stepney and Charles Montague, (after. wards Lord Halifax,) both of Trinity College. In the production of Montague, (an English poem of one hundred and fifty lines,) is the following little trait of Charles II. :

"In the still gentle voice he lov'd to speak;

"But could with thunder harden'd rebels break."

* They comprized the ground now occupied by Ar lington-street, part of the Green-Park, and part of St. James's Park; Arlington-House standing where the Queen's House now does. Some does taking care of their fawns,a duck-pond, a green-house, stored with exotick plants, —and a maze or wilderness,--furnish the principal topick of these encomiastick verses.

5 Philip, the third son of Henry, Earl of Arundel, and brother to Thomas, the fifth Duke of Norfolk. He was Lord Almoner to Queen Catharine, wife of Charles II, and was made a Cardinal by Pope Clement X. in May, 1675. He is represented by Burnet as a good-natured, moderate, candid man. He died at Rome, June 16, 1694. Charles Dryden and Cardinal Howard were third cousins, by the half blood.

• Antonio Pignatelli, a Neapolitan. He was born in


had succeeded to the Papal Chair in the preceding year, at the age of seventy-six, that he was appointed Chamberlain of his Household, in which station he had the good fortune to serve a Pontiff universally beloved for his disinterestedness and beneficence; for, instead of following the practice of many of his predecessors, whose inordinate care and aggrandisement of their kindred had long been distinguished by the opprobrious name of nepotism, he was used to call all those who were poor and distressed, his nephews, bestowing on them a revenue equal to that which former Popes had lavished on their own relations.-On his removal to Rome, along with other recommendations, our poet's son carried with him a genealogical history of his family, drawn up in Latin by his father; which, to do him the more credit, was lodged in the Vatican, and is said to have contained a more ample and accurate account of the families of Dryden and Howard, than is to be found elsewhere." At Rome, he wrote a poem in English, " on the Happiness of a Retired Life;" which being transmitted to England, was published in 1694, in Dryden's FOURTH MISCELLANY. From another periodical work we find, that he was

the year 1615, and died at Rome, greatly lamented, Sept. 27, 1700.

7 From Lady Dryden, who died in 1791.-If Rome were not now (Oct. 1799) in the hands of French robbers, who, it is to be feared, have destroyed or carried away all the manuscripts in the Vatican, I should have endeavoured to procure from thence a copy of this paper.


a musician as well as a poet. He was a great favourite of his father, whose tenderness and affection for all his children form a distinguishing trait

8 GENT. JOURN. for February, 1691-2. p. 32. “A Song to a Lady who discovered a new star in Cassiopeia. The words and tune [of which the notes are there given,] by Mr. C. Dryden." As this Miscellany is now seldom met with, I subjoin these verses, which have not, I be. lieve, been preserved in any of our poetical collections: "As Ariana, young and fair,

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By night the starry charge did tell, "She found in Cassiopeia's chair

"One beauteous light the rest excell: "This happy star, unseen before,

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Perhaps was kindled from her eyes, "And made for mortals to adore

"A new-born glory in the skies.

"Or, if within the sphere it grew,

"Before she gazed, the lamp was dim ;
"But from her eyes the sparkles flew,
"That gave new lustre to the gem.
"Bright omen! what dost thou portend,
"Thou threat'ning beauty of the sky;
"What great, what happy monarch's end?
"For sure by thee 'tis sweet to die.

"Whether to thy foreboding fire
"We owe the crescent in decay;
"Or must the mighty Gaul expire,
"A victim to thy fatal ray ?
"Such a presage will late be shewn,

"Before the world in ashes lies ;
"Or, if less ruin will atone,

"Let Strephon's early fate suffice."

of his character. From some obscure passages in the letters of both his parents, he appears to have met with some accidental fall at Rome in the year 1697, which, beside a contusion in his head, was attended with other alarming symptoms. This mischance, however, did not prevent his return to England about the end of that year, or early in 1698, where we find him accompanying our author in his visits to his relations in Northamptonshire; and after the death of his father, intestate, on Lady Elizabeth Dryden's renouncing, he administered (June 10th) to his effects, which probably did little more than pay his debts. In the following year Mr. George Granville having altered and formed Shakspeare's MERCHANT OF VENICE into a drama which he entitled THE JEW OF VENICE, he gave the profits of that piece to Charles Dryden ; and two representations of it, (the third and the sixth,) were performed for his benefit. A few years afterwards,


See our author's Letters to Mrs. Steward.

Mr. Granville intended this play for Dryden's benefit; but on his death, the profits of it were given to his eldest son. It is very probable that he had, in like manner, given Dryden the profits of his play entitled HEROICK LOVE, which was acted in January, 1697-8. At that time this was not uncommon. Sir Charles Sidley gave Shadwell the benefit of his BELLAMIRA in 1687.

The prologue to THE JEW OF VENICE, which, with this slight change of title, usurped the place of the original play for above forty years, was spoken by the Ghosts of Shakspeare and Dryden, who ascended from beneath the

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