SLAVERY FROM 1788 TO THE COMPROMISE MEASURES OF 1850.
Opinions of the Fathers upon Slavery-Ordinance of 1787—Early
Abolition Societies—Slavery Abolished in the New England
States, New York, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey-Cotton and
Slavery-Location of Capital at Washington-Fugitive Slave
Law of 1793— Admission of Tennessee, Alabama and Missis-
sippi, as Slave States-Purchase of Louisiana and Florida—Mis-
souri Compromise-Seminole War -- Annexation of Texas-
Mexican War-Wilmot Proviso-California--Anti-Slavary Con-
vention-Suppression of Right of Petition-John Quincy
Adams—Judge Hoar's Mission-Abolition, Liberty and Free-
Soil Parties--Compromise Measures of 1850........
REPEAL OF THE MISSOURI
COMPROMISE AND THE STRUGGLE FOR
The Thirty-third Congress—Douglas Introduces the Kansas-Ne-
braska Bill-Debate upon it in the Senate-Douglas—Chase-
-Passage of the Bill-Struggle over its Passage in the House
of Representatives — Benton - Richardson - Campbell— Wash- —
burne—Stephens of Georgia—Passage of the Bill through the
House—Struggle Between Free and Slave State Men for Kansas
-General Atchison_John Brown-Lane and Robinson.......... 48
Lincoln's Early Life, and Education-His Mother-He Volunteers
for the Black Hawk War—Postmaster-Mode of Keeping Gor-
ernment Funds-A Surveyor-Elected to the Legislature-
Studies Law-His Protest Against Slavery-Lincoln at the Bar
-Early Illinois Courts—IIis Mode of Trying Cases-Accepts a
Challenge-Pleads the Case of the Negro Girl " Nance"-In
Congress---His Bill to Abolish Slavery–His Practice at the
LINCOLN AND SLAVERY FROM 1854 TO 1858.
Lincoln and Douglas Debate at Springfield, 1855–At Peoria-
Election of Trumbull to the Senate—Reorganization of Parties
on the Slavery Issue–The Republican Party—Presidential Elec-
tion of 1856–Margaret Garner-Brooks' Assault on Sumner-
Lincoln's Hatred of Slavery-Buchanan-Kansas—Lecompton-
Douglas—The Dred Scott Case-Slavery Dominant, and its
Effects upon the Republic....
LINCOLN FROM 1857 to 1860—THE LINCOLN AND DOUGLAS DEBATES.
Lincoln's Nomination for the Senate-His Springfield Speech-
Lincoln Challenges Douglas to Joint Discussion - Douglas
PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION OF 1860—ELECTION OF LINCOLN, AND CUL-
MINATION OF THE CONSPIRACY TO DISSOLVE THE UNION.
The Charleston Convention-Douglas-Secessionists Break up the
Convention --- Adjourn to Baltimore and Richmond — Douglas
and Breckinridge Nominated — " Americans” Nominate Bell and
Everett — The Chicago Convention - The Wigwam-Seward-
Lincoln—The Nomination—The Canvass—The “Wide Awakes”
-Position of Parties on the Slavery Question-Lincoln Elected
-Conspiracy to Dissolve the Union-Preparations of the Con-
spirators—The North Disarmed............
PROGRESS OF THE CONSPIRACY—FROM THE ELECTION OF LINCOLN TO
HIS ARRIVAL AT WASHINGTON, FEBRUARY, 1861.
The Conspiracy Extending-Administration of Buchanan-General
Scott—General Cass-Action of Congress in Winter of 1860-61
--Committee of Thirty-three-Peace Convention---Report of
Adams—Secret Meetings of the Conspirators at the Capitol-
Seven States Secede, and Organize a Provisional Government-
Jefferson Davis-Rebellion Without Excuse—Slavery the Cor-
ner-Stone of the Confederacy-Counting Electoral Votes by Con-
gress—Lincoln Leaves Springfield for Washington—His Journey
-Assassination Plot-His Arrival........
LINCOLN IN THE WHITE HOUSE.
Lincoln's Inauguration and Inaugural-Douglas and his Prophecy
-Lincoln's Cabinet—Condition of Affairs on the 4th of March,
1861—Benjamin F. Butler's Position—The “Prodigal Son”.....173
FROM THE 4TH OF MARCH TO THE 4TH OF JULY, 1861–FROM THE IN
AUGURATION OF LINCOLN TO THE MEETING OF CONGRESS.
The Rebels send Commissioners to Washington Position of the
Border States—The Rebels Begin the War— Attack on Sumter
-Danger of Washington-President's Call for 75,000 Men-
Douglas Supports Lincoln-Uprising of the People-Murder of
Massachusetts Soldiers—Response of Border States to Call for
Troops--The Northwest-Virginia, Tennessee, Maryland-Henry
Winter Davis--The Clay Guards—Missouri-Blockade of Seced-
ing States—Calls for Additional Troops—Rebels Seize Harper's
Ferry and Gosport Navy Yard—Death of Ellsworth-Great
Britain and France Recognize the Rebels as Belligerents—Lee
and Benedict Arnold— Death of Douglas.........
EXTRA SESSION OF CONGRESS-CIVIL POLICY AND MILITARY EVENTS
TO THE CLOSE OF 1861.
Congress--President's Message-Action of Congress-Baker's Re-
ply to Breckenridge- Andrew Johnson-Denounces Davis-The
Rebel Leaders—Prominent Senators and Members—Sumner,
Baker, Fessenden and others - Stevens, Colfax, Lovejoy and
others—Bill to Confiscate the Property and Free the Slaves of
Rebels—The Army not to Return Fugitive Slaves--Crittenden's
Resolution — Bull Run — McClellan in Command-Fremont-
His Emancipation Order—Letter of Holt-President Modifies
the Order—His Reasons—Cameron's Instruction to Sherman in
South Carolina-Military Movements in the Fall of 1861–
Death of Lyon-Ball's Bluff-Death of Baker-Belmont—The
Trent Affair-Arrest of the Maryland Legislature...... .......214
BECOND SESSION THIRTY-SEVENTH CONGRESS CONGRESS OF 1862.
President's Message-Report of Secretary of War--Modified by
the President - Stanton Succeeds Cameron - Anti-Slavery
Measures—Article of War Prohibiting the Return of Fugitive
Slaves-Slavery Abolished at the Capital—Prohibited in all the
Territories–Negro Soldiers-Military Orders in Regard to
Slaves-Hunter's Negro Regiments in South Carolina-Wick-
liffe's Resolution-Hunter's Reply-Bill to give Frecdom to the
Families of Negro Soldiers.......
CONFISCATION AND EMANCIPATION.
Bill to Confiscate the Property and Emancipate the Slaves of Re-
bels-Action of the Senate of the House-Speech of Critten-
den-Reply of Lovejoy-Wade, of Ohio-Sedgwick-Passage
of the Bill-Joint Resolution Explanatory thereof-President's
Message-Elliott's Emancipation Resolution-President's Mes-
sage Recommending Gradual and Compensated Emancipation-
Hunter's Order Freeing Slaves in South Carolina, etc-Lincoln
Declares it Unauthorized—His Address to Border State Delega-
tion in Congress.....
THE PROCLAMATION OF EMANCIPATION.
Emancipation Demanded by the Free States—Letter of Mr. Gree-
ley-Lincoln's Reply-Interview with Chicago Clergy-Appeal
of the Friends of Freedom-Mr. Lincoln Reads the Proclama-
tion to his Cabinet—Issued on the 22d of September-After the
Battle of Antietam-Incidents Connected with it-How Re-
MILITARY OPERATIONS OF 1862.
Inactivity of McClellan-President's Order for a General Advance
-Active Operations in the West-Battle of Middle Creek—Mill
Spring-Capture of Forts Henry and Donelson-Mitchell's
March to Bowling Green-Union Troops Occupy Nashville
Capture of Ronoake Island and Newbern—Pea Ridge-New
Madrid -- Island Number Ten-Shiloh-Corinth-Capture of
THE PRESIDENT AND GENERAL MC CLELLAN-THE CAMPAIGN AGAINST
The Army of the Potomac-McClellan's Inaction-Plan of the
Campaign—The Monitor and the Merrimac-Yorktown-Wil-
liamsburg–The Chickahominy—The President Urges Action-
Norfolk Taken-McDowell at Fredericksburg-Stonewall Jack-
Bon’s Campaign Down the Valley-Battle of Fair Oaks-Lee in
Command-Mechanicsville—Gaines' Mills, etc—To the James-
Malvern Hill-Harrison's Landing.......