Bourgeois and Aristocratic Cultural Encounters in Garden Art, 1550-1850

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Dumbarton Oaks, 2002 - 384 strani
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Developments in garden art cannot be isolated from the social changes upon which they either depend or have some bearing. Bourgeois and Aristocratic Cultural Encounters in Garden Art, 1550 - 1850 offers an unparalleled opportunity to discover how complex relationships between bourgeois and aristocrats have led to developments in garden art from the Renaissance into the Industrial Revolution, irrespective of stylistic differences. These essays show how garden creation has contributed to the blurring of social boundaries and to the ongoing redefinition of the bourgeoisie and the aristocracy. Also illustrated is the aggressive use of gardens by bourgeois in more-or-less successful attempts at subverting existing social hierarchies in renaissance Genoa and eighteenth-century Bristol, England; as well as the opposite, as demonstrated by the king of France, Louis XIV, who claimed to rule the arts, but imitated the curieux fleuristes, a group of amateurs from diverse strata of French society. Essays in this volume explore this complex framework of relationships in diverse settings in Britain, France, Biedermeier Vienna, and renaissance Genoa. The volume confirms that gardens were objects of conspicuous consumption, but also challenges the theories of consumption set forth by Thorstein Veblen and Pierre Bourdieu, and explores the contributions of gardens to major cultural changes like the rise of public opinion, gender and family relationships, and capitalism. Garden history, then, informs many of the debates of contemporary cultural history, ranging from rural management practices in early seventeenth-century France to the development of a sense of British pride at the expansive Vauxhall Gardens favored equally by the legendary Frederick, Prince of Wales, and by the teeming London masses. This volume amply demonstrates the varied and extensive contributions of garden creation to cultural exchange between 1550 and 1850. -- Publisher's description.

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Vsebina

Gardens into Cultural Change 15501850
1
Mique the Architect of Royal Intimacy
25
Social Class and Consumption
43
Taste Class and Floriculture
77
Garden Architecture at Vauxhall
101
The Merchant Gardeners of Bristol
123
La Pensée Bourgeoisie in the Biedermeier Garden
147
Bourgeois Cultures into Garden
173
Commercial Profit and Cultural Display in the EighteenthCentury
189
Class Consumption and Gender
221
Joseph Paxtons Water Lily
255
Gardens Gender and Public Spaces
285
Humphry Repton Lord Byron
311
Women Gardens and the English Middle Class
337
Contributors
361
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O avtorju (2002)

?Michel Conan is the former Director of Garden and Landscape Studies, Dumbarton Oaks.

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