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TABLE OF TITLES AND DEFINITIONS.

See general index for numerous sub-titles and definitions contained in the notes.

VMECHANICS' LIENS (UPON REAL PROP- MILITARY LAW, 390
ERTY,) 1

MILITIA, 474
MEDICAL JURISPRUDENCE, 205

Milk, 482 MEMORANDA, 262

MILLS, 482 Memory, 279

Mind, 499 Menial, 279

Miner, 499 Men of a County, 280

Minerals, 499 Mental Capacity, 280

MINES AND MINING CLAIMS, 499 MERCANTILE AGENCIES, 280

Minister, 617 Mercantile Business, 302

Ministerial. 'See Public Officers; ManMercantile Law, 302

damus, 617 Mercantile Partnership, 302

Minor, 617 Merchandise, 302

Minority, 618 Merchant, 305

Mint, 6i8 MERCHANTABLE, 306

Minutes, 618 Merchant Appraiser, 310

Mis, 619 Merchants' Accounts, 311

Misadventure, 619 Merchant's Risk, 311

Misapplication, 619 Mere Account, 311

Misappropriate, 619 Merely, 312

Misbehavior, 619 Meretricious, 312

Miscarriage, 619 MERGER, 312

Miscegenation, 619 Merits, 370

Mischarge, 619 MERITS, AFFIDAVIT OF,

371

Misconduct, 619 Mesh, 386

Misdate, 620 Mesne, 386

Misdelivery, 620. MESNE PROFITS, 386

Misdemeanor, 620 MESNE PROCESS.See Process.

Misfeasance, 621 Messenger, 386

Misfortune, 621 Messuage, 386

Misinstruct. See Instructions; New Metal, 387

Trial, 622 Meteor, 388

Misjoiner, 622 Meter, 388

Mislaid, 622 Methods, 388

Mismanagement, 622 METES. See Boundaries.

MISNOMER, 623
METRIC SYSTEM, 388.

Mispleading, 623
MEXICAN TITLES. See Public Lands. Misprision of Felony, 623
Michaelmas, 388

Misreading, 623
Michaelmas Term, 388

Misrepresentation, 623 Middle, 388

Missionary, 623 Might, 389

Misspend, 624 Migrate, 389

MISTAKE, 625 Mile, 389

Mistreat, 682 Mileage, 390

Mistrial, 682

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MITIGATION OF DAMAGES, 682

Moorings, 714 MITTIMUS, 692

Moot-- Mooted, 715 Mixed Actions, 697

Mora, 715 Mixed Jury, 697

Moral Certainty, 715 Mixed Larceny, 697

Moral Character, 715 Mixed Liquor, 697

Moral Insanity, 715 Mixed Property, 697

MORAL OBLIGĂTIOŇ, 716 Mixed Question, 698

Moral or Benevolent Object, 716 Mixed War, 698

Morality, 716 Mob, 698

Morals, 716 Mobilia, 698

More, 716 Mocking, 698

MORE OR LESS, 717 Mode, 699

Moreover, 723 Mode of Process, 699

Morganatic Marrriage, 724 Model, 699

MORMONISM. See Bigany; Polygamy. Moderate, 699

Mortality, 724 Modify, 699

MORTGAGES, 725 Moiety, 699

Mortmain, 881 Molest, 700

MORTUARY TABLES, 881 Molestation, 700

Mosses, 856 MONEY, 701

Most Direct Route, $86 Moneyed Capital, 710

Most Public Places, 886 Moneyed Corporation, 710

Most Remarkable Places, S86 Money Expended, 710

Mother, 887 Money Had; Money Paid; Money Re- Mother's Share, 887 ceived. See Assumpsit.

MOTIONS, SS7 Money in Hand, 710

MOTIVE, 936 Money in the Funds, 710

MOVABLES, 943 Money Lent for Gaming, 710

Movable Property, 945 Money Made and Paid, 710

Mr. See Name Money on Deposit, 711

Mr. Officer Attach Suff, 946 Money on Hand, 711

Mrs. See Name Money on Mortgage, 711

Mulatto, 946 Money Value, 711

Mulct, 947 Money's Worth, 711

MULTIFARIOUSNESS, 947 Monition, 711

Multiple, 948 Monomaniacs, 711

Multitude, 948 Monopoly, 711

Municipal, 948 MONTH, 712

MUNICIPAL CORPORATIONS, 949 Monthly, 713

MUNICIPAL COURTS, 1202 Monument, 713

Municipal Law, 1204 Moorage, 713

MUNICIPAL SECURITIES, 1204 viii

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THE

AMERICAN AND ENGLISH

ENCYCLOPÆDIA OF LAW.

MECHANICS LIENS- Upon Real Property-(See WORKING CONTRACTS; for Lien Upon Personalty, see LIEN).

Lien, 15.

(6) Labor and Materials for

1. Definition, 5.

9. Railroads, 23. 1. Nature of the Lien, 5.

(a) Railroads Partly Within 2. Relation to Other Liens, 8.

the State, 27. II. What Subject to Lien, 9.

(b) Detached Portions, 27. 1. Legal and Equitable Estates,

(c) Statutes Not Retroactive, II.

27. 2. Life Estates, 12.

10. Buildings, 27. 3. Estates of Husband and Wife,

(a) Public Buildings, 29. 12.

(0) Other Structures and Im. (a) Consent to Charge with

provements, 31.

(c) Alterations, 33. (6) Husband Acting as Wife's

(d) Appurtenances, 35. Agent, 15.

(e) Money Loaned for Build(c) When Improvements Must

ing, 35 Appear Necessary, 16.

(f) Removal of Building, 35. (d) Joint Contracts, 16.

u. Machinery, Fixtures, etc., 35. (e) Husband

and Wife as 12. Labor and Materials, 37.
Joint Tenants, 16.

a, 37
(f) Lease for Years, 16.
(5) Rents and Profits, 17.

the Repair of Build-
(h) Liability to Subcontractors,
17.

(c) Running Accounts, 39. (i) Claims, 17.

(d) Material Must be Fur 4. Leasehold Estates, 17.

nished on Credit of (a) Extent of Lien, 18.

Building, 40. (6) Interests of Lessor, 19.

(e) Material Not Used, 41. (c) Consent of Lessor, 20.

(f) No Price Stipulated, 43. (d) Voluntary Surrender of (g) Materials Not Delivered, Leased Premises, 21.

43 (e) Fixtures, 21.

(1) No Preference Between (f) Creditors of the Lessee, 22.

Labor and Materials, 44. (g) Sale of Leased Premises, III. Persons Entitled to Lien, 44.

1. Subcontractors, 47. (h) Buildings Erected by Sub

(of Subtenant, 22.

contractors, 49.
5.
Tenancy at Will, 22.

(6) H'hen Bound by Terms of 6. Reversionary Estates, 22.

Contract, 51. 7. Homesteads, 22.

(C) Notice of Contract, 52. 8. Corporations, 22.

(d) Failure to Complete Con(a) County Property, 23.

tract, 52.
}
15
C. of L-I

1

ings, 39.

22.

(e) Retaining Money Due 21. Violation of Contract, 78.

Contractor, 52.

22. Rescinding Contract, 78.

(f) Expenses I ncurred 23. Extra Work, 78.

Through Idleness, 52. 24. Termination of Contract. 78.

2. Subcontractors and Material- 25. Abandonment of Contract, 78.

men, 52.

26. Waiver of Default, 8o.

3. The Lien Exists Where There VI. When Lien Acquired, So.

Are Several Contractors, 55. 1. Commencement of Building,

4. Relation of Material-man and

82,

Contractor, 55.

2. Lien of Subcontractor, 83.

5. Persons Residing Out of State, 3. Filing Notice, 83.

57.

4. Assignment of the Property,

IV. Persons Entitled to Subject Pro-

83.

perty to Lien, 57.

VII. Amount Secured by Lien, S4.

1. Consent of Owner, 58.

1. Contractors, 84.

2. Lessee, 59.

2. Subcontractors, 84.

3. Married Women, 59,

3. Extent of Land Covered by

4. Minors and Others, 60.

Lien, 85.

5. Administrators, 60.

4. Lien Upon Separate Parcels,

6. Guardians, 60.

86.

(a) Ratification, 60.

VIII. Priority and Subordination to

7. Mortgagor, 61.

Other Liens, 86.

8. Mortgagee, 61.

1. Mortgagee, 88.

9. Vendee, 61.

2. Improvement by Mortgagee,

(a) Vendee of Purchaser, 62.

91.

10. Vendor, 62.

3. Mortgage for Purchase

11. Tenants in Common, 63.

Money, 92.

12. Trustees, 64.

4. Ordinary Creditors, 92.

13. Agents, 64.

5. Persons Holding , Ú nder

14. Persons

Acting

as Wife's

Trust Deed, 92.

Agent, 65.

6. Vendor, 93.

15. Owners by Estoppel, 65.

7. Mortgagee Having Privi-

v. Contracts, 65.

legres of Vendor, 93.

1. Statutes, 67.

8. Vendee, 94.

2. Contract by Owners' Agent or 9. Equitable Estates of Vendee,

Representative, 69.

94

3. Sufficiency of Contract, 70.

10. Prior Liens, 94.

4. Contract Need Not be in Writ-

(a) Liens of Contractors and

ing, 72.

Subcontractors, 95.

5. Permission by Owner to Build 11. Lien Holders Inter Se, 95.

73.

12. Pro Rata Distribution

6. Special Contracts, 73.

Among Lien Holders, 96.

7. Entire Contracts, 73.

13. To Whom the Rule Applies,

8. Joint Contracts, 74:

96.

9. Contracts with Third Persons, 14. Deceased Debtor, 96.

74,

15. Dower, 97.

10. Continuous Contracts, 74.

16. Lessee, 97.

11. Filing of Contracts, 74.

17. Notice, 97.

12. Contract Need Not Stipulate IX. Payment, 97.

for Lien, 75.

1. Application of Payments, 97.

13. Contract Need Not be for Pay- 2. Payment Must be in Compli.

ment in Money, 75.

ance with Contract, 97.

14. Contracts Made Out of the 3. Order of Payments, 98.

State, 75.

4. Collusive Payments, 98.

15. Contracts Made After Suit to 5. Payments in Advance, 99.

Foreclose, 75

6. When Owner Entitled to

16. Modification of Contract, 76.

17. Performance of Contract, 76.

7. Payment Before Notice, 99.

18. Substantial Performance Nec- 8. Payment After Notice, 99.

essary, 77

9. Payments on Open Accounts,

19. Where Building Is Destroyed

99.

Before Completion, 77.

10. Payments Out of Funds De-

20. Approval of Architect, 77.

posited, 100.

Credit, 99

11. Set Off, 100.

11. Foint Claims, 120.

X. Marshalling of Mechanics' Lien, 12. Failure to Establish Lien,121.

13. Time Within Which Lien

XI. Apportionment, 101.

Must be Enforced, 121.

1. Rule of Apportionments, 101. 14. Continuance of Lien, 123.

XII. Assignment, 102.

15. Action Prematurely Brought,

1. How Assignments Made, 103.

124.

XIII. Waiver, 104.

16. Attachment, 124.

1. Special Agreement, 104.

17. Amendment of Process, 124.

2. Taking Promissory Note, 18. Appointment of Receiver,

105.

124.

3. Negotiating Note, 106.

19. Release, 125.

4. When Note Is Dishonored, XVI. Notice and Claim, 125.

107.

1. Object of Notice, 127.

5. Extending Credit Beyond 2. Who Entitled to Noti 128.

Statutory Period for En-

(a) Generally, 128.

forcing Lien, !07.

(6) Railway Companies, 129.

6. Accepting Mortgage Secu- 3. When Not Required, 129.

rity, 107.

4. Time of Giving Notice, 129.

7. Waiver of Lien by Contrac- 5. Delay in Giving Notice, 132.

tor, 108,

6. Requisites of Notice, 132.

8. Surrender of Possession, 108. 7. Ambiguity of Notice, 134.

9. Proceeding' by Personal Ac- 8. Method of Serving Notice,

tion, 108.

134.

10. Lien on Railroad, 108.

9. Statutes, 135.

11. Waiver by Estoppel, 108.

10. Foint Notice, 135.

XIV. Loss and Discharge, 109.

11. Service of Notice on Agent

1. Not Destroyed by Judgment,

of Owner, 136.

12. Alteration of Notice, 136.

2. Destruction of Building, 111. 13. Defective Notice, 136.

3. Restating Accounts, 111.

14. Proof of Notice, 137.

4. Building, Over the Line, 111. XVII. Filing Statement of Claim,

5. Foint Claims, III.

137

6. Change of Ownership, 111.

1. Statement of Claim, 138.

7. Subsequent Conveyance, 112.

2. Certainty Required, 139.

8. Death of Owner, 112.

3. Mistake in Statement, 143.

9. Appointment of Receiver,

4. Description, 144.

5. Variance, 146.

10. Not

Discharged Pending

6. How Construed, 146.

7. Averments as to the Amount

11. When Lost, 113.

Due, 146.

12. Settlement of Claim, 114.

8. Averments as to Time, 147.

13. When Barred by Statute of

9. Time of Filing Lien, 148.

Limitations, 115;

10. When Time of Lien Be-

14. Collateral Security, 115,

gins to Run, 150.

15. Assignment of Lien, 116.

11. Expiration of Time for

16. Assignment of Lien Before

Filing Lien, 151.

Action, 116.

12. When Not Required, 152.

17. Release, 116.

13. Filing Lien Against Řail.

18. Subcontractor's Lien, 116.

road, 152.

XV. Enforcement of Lien, 117.

14. Filing Lien Against Lease-

1. Wife's Estate, 117.

hold Interest, 152.

2. Estate of Insane Person, 118.

15. Lien Under Verbal Con-

3. Mortgagee, 118.

tract, 153

4. Decedents Estate, 118.

16. Foint Lien, 153.

5. Executors, 118.

17. Extra Work, 153.

6. By Whom Lien May be En.

18. Verification, 154.

forced, 118.

19. Alteration of Recorded

7. Transfer of Contract, 118.

Claim, 155.

8. Amount of Recovery, 119.

XVIII. Complaint and Petition, 155.

9. Claims of Subcontractors,

1. Requisites Generally, 155.

[120.

2. Averments as to Ownership,

10. Employees of Subcontractors,

158.

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