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His Britannic Majesty and the United States of America, being desirous by a Treaty of Amity, Commerce, and Navigation, to terminate their differences in such a manner, as without reference to the merits of their respective complaints and pretensions, may be the best calculated to produce mutual fatisfaction and good understanding : and also to regulate the commerce and navigation between their respective countries, territories, and people, in such a manner as to render the same reciprocal, beneficial, and satisfactory; they have, respectively, named their Plenipotentiaries, and given them full powers to treat of, and conclude the said Treaty; that is to say, His Britannic Majesty has named for his Plenipotentiary, the Right Hon. William Windham, Baron Grenville of Wotton, one of his Majesty's Privy Council, and His Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for foreign affairs : and the President of the said United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate thereof, hath appointed for their Plenipotentiary, the Hon. John Jay, Chief Justice of the said United States, and their Envoy Extraordinary to His Majesty, who hath agreed on, and concluded the following articles :
Art. I. There shall be a firm, inviolable, and universal peace, and a true and sincere friendship between A 2
His Britannic Majesty, his heirs and successors, and the United States of America ; and between their respective countries, territories, cities, towns, and people, of every degree, without exception of persons or places.
Art. II. His Majesty will withdraw all his troops and garrisons from all posts and places within the boundary lines assigned by the Treaty of Peace to the United States. This evacuation shall take place on or before the first day of June, 1796, and all the proper measures shall in the interval be taken by concert between the government of the United States, and His Majesty's Governor-general in America, for settling the previous arrangements which may be necessary respecting the delivery of the faid posts : the United States, in the mean time, at their discretion, extending their settlements to any part within the said boundary line, except within the precincts or jurisdiction of any of the said posts. All settlers and traders within the precincts or jurisdiction of the said posts shall continue to enjoy, unmolested, all their property of every kind, and shall be protected therein : they shall be at full liberty to remain there, or to remove with all or any part of their effects; and it shall also be free to them to sel] their lands, houses, or effects, or to retain the property thereof, at their discretion ; such of them as shall continue to reside within the said boundary lines, shall not be compelled to become Citizens of the United States, or to take any oath of allegiance to the Government thereof, but they shall be at full liberty fo to do, if they think proper, and they shall make and declare their election within one year after the evacuation aforesaid. And all persons who fhall continue there after the expiration of the said year, without having declared their intention of remaining subjects of His Britannic Majesty, shall be considered as having elected to become Citizens of the United States.
Art. III. It is agreed that it shall at all times be free to His Majesty's subjects, and to the Citizens of the United States, and also to the Indians dwelling on either fide of the said boundary line, freely to pass and repass, by land or inland navigation, into the respective territories and countries of the two parties on the Continent of
America (the country within the limits of the Hudson's Bay Company only excepted) and to navigate all the Lakes, Rivers, and Waters thereof, and freely to carry on Trade and Commerce with each other. But it is understood, that this Article does not extend to the adınission of vessels of the United States into the Sea Ports, Harbours, Bays, or Creeks of His Majesty's said Territories ; nor into such parts of the Rivers in His Majesty's said Territories as are between the mouth thereof, and the highest port of entry from the Sea, except in small vessels trading bona fide between Montreal and Quebec, under such regulations as shall be established to prevent the possibility of any frauds in this respect ; nor to the admission of British vessels from the Sea into the Rivers of the United States, beyond the highest Ports of entry for foreign versels from the Sea. The River Misillippi Thall, however, according to the Treaty of Peace, be entirely open to both parties; and it is farther agreed, that all the Ports and Places on its Eastern Side, to which soever of the parties belonging, may freely be resorted to, and used by both parties, in as ample a manner as any of the Atlantic ports or places of the United States, or any of the ports or places of His Majesty in Great Britain.
All goods and merchandise whose importation into His Majesty's faid Territories in America thall not be entirely prohibited, may freely, for the purposes of Commerce, be carried into the same in the manner aforesaid, by the Citizens of the United States, and such goods and merchandise shall be subject to no higher or other duties than would be payable by His Majesty's subjects on the importation of the same from Europe into the said Territories. And in like manner, all goods and merchandise whose importation into the United States shall not be wholly prohibited, may freely, for the purpose of Commerce, be carried into the fame, in the manner aforesaid, by His Majesty's subjects; and such goods and merchandise hall be subject to no higher or other duties than would be payable by the Citizens of the United States on the importation of the same, in American vefsels, into the Atlantic ports of the said States. And all gouds not prohibited to be exported from the said Territories respectively, may, in like manner, be carried out of the same by ihe two parties respectively, paying duty as aforesaid.