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of citizen, having such commission or letters of marque, as a pirate.
Art. XXII. It is expressly stipulated that neither of the faid contracting parties will order or authorise any acts of reprisal against the other, on complaints of inju. ries or damages, until the said party shall first have presented to the other a statement thereof, verified by competent proof and evidence, and demanding justice and satisfaction, and the same shall either have been refused or unreasonably delayed.
Art. XXIII. The ships of war of each of the contracting parties shall, at all times, be hospitably received in the Ports of the other, their officers and crews paying due respect to the laws and government of the country. The officers shall be treated with that respect which is due to the Commiffons which they bear; and if any insult should be offered to them by any of the inhabitants, all offenders in this respect shall be punished as disturbers of the Peace and Amity between the two countries. And His Majesty consents, that in case an American vesel Mould, by stress of weather, danger froin enemies, or other misfortunes, be reduced to the necessity of seeking thelter in any of his Majesty's ports, into which such vefsel could not in ordinary cafes claim to be admitted, the thall, on manifesting that mecellity to the satisfaction of the Government of the place, be hospitably received, and permitted to refit and to purchase at the market price such necessaries as the may stand in need of, conformably to such orders and regulations as the Government of the place, having respect to circumstances of each case, shall prescribe. She thall not be allowed to break bulk or unload her cargo, unless the same shall be bona fide necesfary to her being refitted; nor shall the be permitted to fell any part of her cargo, unless so much only as may be necessary to defray her expenses, and then not without the express permission of the Government of the place ; nor Thall she be obliged to pay any duties whatever, except only on such articles as ihe may be permitted to sell for the purpose afürelaid.
Art. XXIV. It shall not be lawful for any foreign privateers (not being subjects or citizens of either of the said parties) who have commissions from any other Prince or State in enmity with either nation, to arm their ships in the ports of either of the said parties, nor sell what they have taken, nor in any other manner to exchange the same ; nor shall they be allowed to purchase more provifions than shall be neceffary for their going to the nearest port of that Prince or State from whom they obtained their commissions.
Art. XXV. It shall be lawful for the ships of war and privateers, belonging to the said parties respectively, to carry whithersoever they please the ships and goods taken from their enemies, without being obliged to pay any
fee to the offices of the Admiralty, or to any judges whatever; nor shall the said prizes when they arrive at, and enter the ports of the said parties, be detained or seized, neither shall the searchers or other officers of those places visit such prizes (except for the purpose of preventing the carrying of any part of the cargo thereof on shore, in any manner contrary to the established laws of Revenue, Navigation, or Commerce) nor shall such officers take cognizance of the validity of such prizes ; but they shall be at liberty to hoist fail, and depart as speedily as may be, and carry their faid prizes to the place mentioned in their commissions or patents, which the commanders of the said fhips of war or privateers shall be obliged to thew.
No shelter or refuge thall be given in their ports to such as have made a prize upon the subjects or citizens of either of the said parties ; but if forced by stress of weather, or the danger of the sea, to enter therein, particular care shall be taken to haften their departure, and to cause them to retire as soon as poflible. Nothing in this Treaty contained fhall, however, be construed to operate contrary to the former and existing public treaties with other Sovereigns or States. But the two parties agree, that while they continue in amity, neither of them will in future make any treaty that shall be inconsistent with this or the preceding article.
Neither of the said parties shall permit the ships or goods belonging to the Subjects or Citizens of the other, to be taken within cannon shot of the coast, nor in any of
the bays, ports,' or rivers of their territories by ships of war, or others having commission from any Prince, Republic, or State whatever. But in case it should so happen, the party, whose territorial rights thall thus have been violated, shall use his utmost endeavours to obtain from the offending party full and ample satisfaction for the vessel or vesels so taken, whether the same be vessels of war or merchant vessels.
Art. XXVI. If at any tiine a rupture should take place (which God forbid) between His Majesty and the United States, the Merchants and others of each of the two nations residing in the dominions of the other, shall have the privilege of remaining and continuing their trade, so long as they behave peaceably, and commit no offence against the laws; and in case their conduct should render them suspected, and the respective Governments should think
proper to order them to remove, the term of twelve months, from the publication of the order, shall be allowed them for that purpose, to remove with their families, effects, and property ; but this favour shall not be extended to those who shall act contrary to the established laws; and for greater certainty, it is declared that such rupture shall not be deemed to exist, while negociations for accommodating differences shall be depending, nor until the respective Ambassadors or Ministers, if such there shall be, shall be recalled, or sent home on account of such differences, and not on account of personal milconduct, according to the nature and degrees of which both parties retain their rights, either to request the recall, or immediately to send home the Ambassador or Minister of the other; and that without prejudice to their mutual friendship and good understanding.
Art. XXVII. It is further agreed, that His Majesty and the United States, on mutual requisitions, by them respectively, or by their respective Ministers or Officers authorized to make the same, will deliver up to justice all persons, who being charged with murder or forgery, committed within the jurisdiction of either, hall seek an afylum within any of the countries of the other, provided that this shall only be done on such evidence of criminality, as, according to the laws of the place, where the fugi. tive or person so charged shall be found, would justify his apprehension and commitment for trial, if the offence had there been committed. The expense of such apprehenfion and delivery Thall be borne and defrayed by those who make the requisition and receive the fugitive.
Art. XXVIII. It is agreed, that the first ten articles of this Treaty shall be permanent, and that the fubfequent articles, except the twelfth, shall be limited in their duration to twelve years, to be computed from the day on which the ratifications of this Treaty shall be exchanged, but fully subject to this condition—that whereas the said twelfth article will expire, by the limitation therein contained, at the end of two years from the signing the preliminary or other articles of peace which shall terminate the present war in which his Majesty is, engaged, it is agreed, that proper measures shall by concert be taken for bringing the subject of that article into amicable treaty and discussion, fo early before the expiration of the said term, as that new arrangements on that head may by that time be perfected, and ready to take place. But if it should unfortunately happen, that his Majesty and the United States should not be able to agree on fuch new arrangements, in that cafe all the articles of this Treaty, except the first ten, shall then cease and expire together.
Lastly. This Treaty, when the same shall have been ratified by His Majesty, and by the President of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of their Senate, and the respective ratifications mutually exchanged, shall be binding and obligatory on His Majesty, and on the said States, and shall be by them respectively executed and observed with punctuality, and the most sincere regard to good faith; and whereas it will be expedient, in order the better to facilitate intercourse and obviale difficulties, that other articles be proposed and added to this Treaty, which Articles from want of time and other cir. cumstances cannot now be perfected—it is agreed, that the faid parties will, from time to time, readily treat of and concerning such articles, and will sincerely endeavour fo to form thein, as that they may conduce to mutual convenience, and tend to promote mutual satisfaction and
friendship ; and that the faid Articles, after having been duly ratified, shall be added to, and make a part of this Treaty. In faith whereof, we, the undersigned Ministers Plenipotentiary of His Majesty the King of Great Britain, and the United States of America, have signed this present Treaty, and have caused to be affixed thereto the Seal of our Arms,
Done at London, this Nineteenth
day, of November, One Thou.