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Ordained and enacted by the authority aforesaid, and passed in Council under the Public

Seal of the province, at the Council-chamber in the castle of St. Lewis, in the city of
Quebec, the tweniy-feventh day of February, in the twenty-seventh year of the reign of
our Sovereign Lord GEORGE the Third, by the grace of God of Great-Britain,
France and Ireland, King, defender of the faith, and so forth, and in the year of our
LORD one thousand feren hundred and eighty-seven.

By His Excellency's Command,



P. II.

AN ORDINANCE For better regulating the Militia of this. Province, and rendering it of more general utility towards the preservation and security thereof..

[Repealed by Prov. Stat. 34, Geo. III. c. 4. f. 31.]

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Extended to the Militia when em

Geo. Ill. C. 4. f. 30.


ers in the country


A N ORDINANCE bedreds &c. by For quartering the troops upon certain occasions, in the country parishes,

and providing for the conveyance of effects belonging to government. E

XPERIENCE having demonstrated that; on account of the local position of this

province, it is indispensably necessary, upon certain occasions, to quarter the troops at the houses of the country. inhabitants ; and that, for the same reason, it is impoflible to convey, at all times, the ammunition, provisions, and other effects of government, to the different stores or magazines, without the aflistance of the inha

bitants, it is enacted and ordained by his excellency the governor, and the legislative All house-hold

council, that all house-holders, in the country parishes, who shall not be particularly parishes liabie to exempted by this ordinance, shall be obliged to lodge troops, furnish carriages, and nish carriage and serve as battoe-men, whenever they shall be thereunto required by the captains of Jerve as battoce militia, in the manner herein after mentioned, that is to say, whenever the troops or

militia are upon a march, the commanding officer of the battalion, or detachment, shall present to the captains of militia, or other senior officers of the parishes, the order he may have had on the part of the captain general or commander in chief, and where, upon extraordinary cases, an order could not be procured, he shall make a requisition in writing, to the said captains or other senior officers; who thereupon, without loss of time, shall so billet the troops, as to facilitate their march, and in the

manner the most commodious to the inhabitants. The commanding officer of the tuished upon a

How the carri. ages are to be

battalion, or detachment, is authorized, upon the march, to require from the captains of militia two carriages for his own use, two for the field officers, and four for every fifty men: the carriages shall be relieved, in succession from parish to parish, unless it shall be expressed in the order that they are to accompany the troops to the end of their day's march; and the said captains or senior officers are hereby authorized to command, in their respective parishes, a supply of such carriages. Whosoever fhall neglect or refuse to lodge troops or furnish carriages as herein before is expressed, shall forfeit the sum of twenty shillings: and for a second offence, as well as for a every



noissance enfilée, fa désapprobation du caution ainsi offert, et ainsi toutes et quantes fois, jusqu'à ce qu'il ait été donné un caution sufisant dans la maniére susdite.

(Signé) DORCHESTER. Statué et Ordonné par la fujdite autorité et passé en Conseil fous le Sçeau Public de la Province, en la Chambre du Conseil au Château St. Louis

en la ville de Québec, le vingtseptiéme jour de Fevrier, dans la vingt-septiéme année du Règne de notre Souverain Seigneur GEORGE Trois, par la Grace de Dieu, Roi de la Grande Bretagne, de France, et d'Irlande, Défenseur de la foi, &c. &c. &c. dans l'année de notre Seigneur mil fept cens quatrevingt-sept.

Par ordre de Son Excellence,



Traduit par ordre de Son Excellence,



Qui régle plus solidement les milices de cette Province, et qui les rend d'une

plus grande utilité pour la conservation et sureté d'icelle.

[Rappellé par Stat. Prov. 34. Geo: III. c. 4. f. 31.]

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Etendu à la Mi. lice, lorsqu'elle

Geo. III. c. 4 . 30. Préambule,

Pour loger les troupes, dans certaines ocasions, chés les habitans des cam- sit incorporée,por

pagnes, et qui pourvoit aux transports des effets du gouvernement.
’EXPERIENCE aïant démontrée que par la situation locale de cette Province, on

ne peut se difpenser, dans quelques circonstances de loger les troupes chés les habitants des campagnes; et qu'étant, par la même raison, impoflible de faire parvenir en tous tems les munitions de guerre, de bouches, et autres effets du gouvernement aux différens entrepôts, ainsi qu'aux frontieres, sans l'aide des habitans, qu'il soit ftatué et ordoné, par son excellence le gouverneur en chef et le conseil législatif de la province de Québec, et il est, par ces présentes, ftatué et ordoné par l'autorité d'iceux, que tous particuliers tenant feu et lieu dans les campagnes, et qui ne sont point exemts tres de parties

propriépar cette ordonance; feront obligés, lorsqu'ils en seront requis par les capitaines des dans les cammilices, par les ordres du gouvernement, de loger, fournir les voitures et conduire prontales les bateaux, de la maniere qui sera expliquée ci-après.

Lorsque les troupes et les milices Teront en marche, le commandant du bataillon ou du détachement fera prélenter aux capitaines des milices, ou aux plus anciens oficiers des paroilles, l'ordre du capitaine-général ou du commandant en chef, dont il fera muni, et dans des cas extraordinaires, où il ne pourrait se procurer un tel ordre, il s'adressera par écrit aux dits capitaines ou plus anciens oficiers qui, fans perte de tems, feront la distribution des logemens au plus grand avantage de la marche des troupes, et à la comodité des habitans; le commandant du bataillon ou détachement

voitures et con. duiront les bas teaux,


How the troops are to be quarter. ed when in cali. tonmchiso

How firewood

the officers and

subsequent offence, such person fliall forfeit tire sum of five pounds, or suffer imprisonment for any space of time not exceeding fifteen days.

II. When the troops or militia are obliged to be cantoned in the winter, in the country parishes, the field oficer ordered upon that duty by the captain general, or commander in chief, shall apportion the number to be quartered in each parish, and fend his orders accordingly to the captains of militia, who shall regulate the quarters, both for the officers and soldiers, discreetly avoiding to incommode the inhabitants in their houses, but taking due care to accommodate the troops. The quarters being once established, the captain is to make a report thereof, and they are not to be changed without their acquiescence. Two soldiers only are to be lodged in each house, and one only in the houses of the poorest inhabitants. The inhabitants shall furnish them with a straw bed, coverlets or blankets, and a pair of sheets to be changed once in every month, with room at their fire and by their lights, and with permillion to cook their victuals.

The officers shall be provided with a room or apartment, such as it may happen to is to be furnished be, but it shall not be that of the inhabitant himself, with a table, three chairs, and a guards. bed for a servant, such as for a soldier; they shall have the use of the fire-place of the

inhabitant, as well for warming, as having their victuals dressed by it; and if they should chuse to have a fire in their own apartment, all the inhabitants of the parish, according to an apportionment to be made by the captain of militia or senior officer, shall be obliged to furnish firewood, according to the rank of the officers, agreeable to such regulations as the captain-general, or commander in chief of the province shall make. The captains, or senior officers of militia, shall likewise provide quarters for the guard, taking care that the situation be the most advantageous to the troops, and this guard is to be furnished with firewood in the fame manner as it is directed to be done for the officers.

If the commanding officers of regiments or detachments in cantonments should have occasion for carriages for the service, they shall make their requisition in writing to the

captains of militia, specifying the service'; who shall issue their orders for the purpose. Penalty for diri

Every person who shall disobey any of the clauses contained in this article (not being exempted therefrom by this ordinance) shall be fined. ten shillings for the first offence, and twenty for every subsequent offence.

III. If the troops should be guilty of any disorderly behaviour, either upon the troops is to be en- march, or when in cantonments, the person injured, shall without delay make his quired inlo.

complaint, supported by proof, to the captain of militia or the senior officer of the company to which he belongs, who shall forthwith conduct him before the officer commanding the troops in that parish. If such officer shall decline doing him justice, the complaint shall be laid before the commanding officer of the next principal poft ; and if satisfaction should not there be obtained, the complaint shall be carried to the colonel of the district, or senior field officer, who shall lay the same before the captain

general,,or cominander in chief for his decision thereof. Carriages to be IV. It is further enacted and ordained, that all the country inhabitants and house

holders, who are not exempted by this ordinance, shall furnish carriages, and serve as

battoe-men, every one in his turn of duty, in the manner herein after mentioned, quired.

whenever they shall be required fo to do by their captains of militia, in consequence of the orders of government. The carters living in the towns and suburbs shall be obliged to furnish carriages in their turn.

In all cases where the government shall be under the necessity of procuring carts, Iedges, or other carriages for conveying provisions, ammunition, baggage or other ef


How the misbehaviour of the

furnished and battoe-men to serve when re.


Comment les

fournis sur la

Comment les

Combien de bois sera fourmi aux

pourra, pendant la marche, exiger des capitaines des milices deux voitures à son usage, deux pour l'état major, et quatre par compagnie de cinquante hommes; les dites voi. voitures feront tures seront relevées de paroisse en paroisse, à moins qu'il ne foit mentioné dans l'ordre, marche. qu'elles accompagneront les troupes jusqu'à la fin de la marche du jour. Les capitaines, ou les plus anciens oficiers sont autorisés de comander dans leurs paroisses réciproques les dites voitures; et quiconque négligera ou refusera de fournir des voitures et de loger, comm'il cfi dit ci-dellus, encourra une amende de vingt shellings, et pour une récidive une amende de cinq livres, ou un emprisonement qui n'excédera point quinze jours.

II. Dans le cas où les troupes, ainsi que les milices en détachement, seraient obligés troupenceront de prendre leur quartier d'hiver chés les particuliers des campagnes; l'oficier major cantonės. chargé de ce détail, par l'ordre du capitaine-général, ou en son absence du commandant en chef, fera une répartition du nombre que chaque paroisse logera, et enverra les ordres en conséquence aux capitaines des milices qui régleront les logemens pour les oficiers et les soldats, prenant les mesures les plus sages pour ne point gêner le propriétaire de la maison ; mais cependant avec égard pour les troupes,

Le logement une fois établi, le capitaine en fera un raport, et il ne pourra être changé sans sa participation. Les soldats feront logés par deux, et un seul dans les maisons peu aisées ; il leur sera fourni un lit pour deux, aiant une paillasse, couvertures et une paire de drap qui fera changée tous les mois; comm’aussi la place au feu de l'hôte avec liberté d'y faire leur ordinaire. Les oficiers auront une chambre telle qu'elle se trouve en campagne: mais qui ne sera point celle du maître, une table, trois chaises, et le loge- oficiers de garder ment pour son domestique, comme pour un soldat: il aura l'usage du feu de l'hôte, avec l'aisance d'y faire faire son ordinaire. S'il veut avoir un feu particulier dans sa chambre, le bois lui fera fourni suivant son rang, conformement au réglement que fera le capitaine-général, ou le comandant en chef, par tous les habitans de la paroisse, sur une répartition du capitaine des milices, ou du plus ancien oficier.

Les capitaines ou les plus anciens oficiers, pourvoiront aussi au logement pour les corps de garde, aïant soin qu'ils soient dans l'endroit le plus comode aux troupes, et le bois leur sera procuré, ainsi qu'il est ordonné pour les oficiers. S'il arrive que les commandans des corps en quartier aïent besoin de voitures pour défobeillance?

Amendes pour le service, ils en feront la demande par écrit aux capitaines des milices qui les comanderont (en fpécifiant l'usage pour lequel elles sont destinées.) Tous particuliers qui contreviendront à aucune des claufes contenus dans cet article, qui n'en sont point exemts par cette ordonance, encourront une amende de dix shellings pour la premiere contravention, et de vingt shellings pour chaque contravention subséquente.

III. Si les troupes sur la marche, ou en quartier font quelques insultes, ou comettent des désordres, celui qui aura été offensé portera sans délai fa plainte, soutenue duite des p'upes de

preuves, aux capitaine des milices, ou au plus ancien oficier de la compagnie dont sera informée. il dépend, qui le conduira aussitôt devant l'oficier comandant les troupes dans la paroisse; si cet oficier ne rend point justice, ils la feront parvenir au comandant du poste principal le plus voisin, et dans le cas où ils n'en obtiendraient point satisfaction, ils s'adreiferont au Colonel du district, ou au plus ancien oficier major qui mettra la plainte devant le capitaine-général, ou en son absence devant le comandant en chef pour en décider.

IV. Qu'il soit aussi statué et ordoné, que tous propriétaires et fermiers de terres, et tous autres, tenant feu et lieu en campagne, et qui n'en sont point exceptés par cette par foarnis erica ordonance, fourniront, sur les ordres du gouvernement et à la réquisition des capi. quand iis cu ferone taines des milices, chacun à leur tour, des voitures et conduiront les batteaux, ainsi requise

Comment la mauvaise con

Les voitures ico

bedience when

li:ia to send a roll

fe&ts, agreeably to the orders of the captain general or commander in chief, the commissary of the district, directing that service, thall transmit his orders, mentioning the place of rendez-vous, to the captains of militia, who will respectively command the number required : the loading upon each carriage shall in no cale exceed fix hundred weight according to the state of the roads, and shall be carried from parish to parish, unless the captain general or commander in chief, judging it necessary for the good of the service, shall give order that they be employed for the whole day, or longer, if the cafe should require it.

When the conveyance is to be made by water, the battoe-men shall have two days, from the time they are commanded, to prepare themselves for the service : at the expiration of which time they shall present themselves at the dwelling-house of their respective captains, who will cause thein to be conducted by an officer or serjeant to

the place described in the order. Penalty for men All persons who shall neglect or refuse to furnish carriages, or to march upon the glect or refusal.

battoe Tervice, according to the directions mentioned in this article, as well as those who shall desert or quit the service without being duly discharged. Thall incur a penalty of forty Millings, and for a second, and every subsequent offcnce, shall pay a

fine of five pounds and suffer one month's imprisonment. Penalty for disoo

And all persons employed in such transport service, either by land or by water, who employed.

fhall disobey those employed to conduct them, thall pay a fine of ten shillings, and

for a repetition of the offence, shall suffer eight days imprisonment. Captains of mi. V. The captains of militia, or senior officers shall regularly send to the commissary of the party to the of the district, having the direction of the transport service, a roll of the brigade or comınitsary.

party, by the officer or ferjeant conducting the same, mentioning therein the names of those who shall have missed their turn, and specifying the cause, whether on account of absence, sickness, or for what other reason. And in order to prevent abuses, the commissaries, directing the transport service, shall respectively keep a register, in which they shall enter the names and sirnames of the persons einployed, and the pa

rishes to which they belong. Penalty on cap

All captains and other officers of militia who shall be convicted of having alled tain: afiliation with partiality, in having exempted any persons without being fully authorized so to

do, or having commanded others out of their turn of duty, or who mall misuse, in any manner, the authority delegated to them, shall pay a fine of forty fhillings, and

for a second offence may be condemned to pay five pounds. Mode of prose. VI. In cases where the fines imposed in virtue of this ordinance shall not exceed cution for the pe- the sum of ten shillings, any one commissioner or justice of the peace, and in cafes

exceeding that sum, and where imprisonment is to be inflicted, any three commillioners or justices of the peace, is, and are hereby authorised and required to hear and determine, summarily, all offences committed against the same, to inflict the pi nishments, and to levy the penalties, together with the amount of the travelling and other expences of the person prosecuting, by order of seizure under his or their hands and

seals, and to pay the monies proceeding therefrom into the hands of the receiver-gene. Appeal allowed ral of the province, for the use of his majesty. Whosever shall think himself aggrieved to certain cases.

by any determination or decision of the said commillioners or justices of the peace, imposing a fine exceeding forty shillings, or a punifhment of imprisonment for more than eight days, may appeal to the governor and council of this province, of which council, any five members, (the commissioners or justices of the peace who shall have given such determination or decision exceptedy with the Governor, Lieutenant-gover, nor, or chief justice, shall constitute a court of appeal for the purpose of hearing and finally determining the same.



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