History of California: 1848-1859

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History Company, 1888

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Stran 708 - In all social systems there must be a class to do the menial duties, to perform the drudgery of life. That is, a class requiring but a low order of intellect and but little skill. Its requisites are vigor, docility, fidelity. Such a class you must have, or you would not have that other class which leads progress, civilization, and refinement It constitutes the very mud-sill of society and of political government ; and you might as well attempt to build a house in the air, as to build either the one...
Stran 54 - Gold Mine Found. — In the newly made raceway of the Saw Mill recently erected by Captain Sutter, on the American Fork, gold has been found in considerable quantities. One person brought thirty dollars' worth to New Helvetia, gathered there in a short time. California, no doubt, is rich in mineral wealth, great chances here for scientific capitalists. Gold has been found in almost every part of the country.
Stran 299 - A general diffusion of knowledge and intelligence being essential to the preservation of the rights and liberties of the people, the Legislature shall encourage by all suitable means the promotion of intellectual, scientific, moral, and agricultural improvement.
Stran 128 - The contract for the Atlantic side called for five steamships of 1,500 tons burden each, all strongly constructed and easily convertible into war steamers, for which purpose the government might at any time purchase them by appraisement. Their route was to be "from New York to New Orleans twice a month and back, touching at Charleston, if practicable, Savannah, and Habana; and from Habana to Chagres and back twice a month.
Stran 573 - California claims, a report devoted mainly to denunciation of the native Californians as forgers and perjurers, and of Mexican officials as worse if possible; to exaggerated allusions to the "organized system of fabricating land titles carried on for a long time by Mexican officials in California," when the making of false grants, with the subornation of false witnesses to prove them, had become a trade and a business...
Stran 541 - That the commissioners herein provided for, and the District and Supreme Courts, in deciding on the validity of any claim brought before them under the provisions of this act, shall be governed by the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, the law of nations, the laws, usages, and customs of the government from which the claim is derived, the principles of equity, and the decisions of the Supreme Court of the United States, so far as they are applicable.
Stran 89 - The entire gold district, with very few exceptions of grants made some years ago by the Mexican authorities, is on land belonging to the United States. It was a matter of serious reflection with me, how I could secure to the government certain rents or fees for the privilege of procuring this gold ; but upon considering the large extent of country, the character of the people engaged, and the small scattered force at my command, I resolved not to interfere, but to permit all to work freely, unless...
Stran 90 - ... worth of gold. Hundreds of similar ravines to all appearances are as yet untouched. I could not have credited these reports had I not seen, in the abundance of the precious metal, evidence of their truth. Mr. Neligh, an agent of Commodore Stockton, had been at work about three weeks in the neighborhood, and showed me in bags and bottles over $2,000 worth of gold; and Mr. Lyman, a gentleman of education and worthy of every credit, said he had been engaged with four...
Stran 60 - The whole country from San Francisco to Los Angeles," exclaimed the former, " and from the seashore to the base of the Sierra Nevada, resounds to the sordid cry of gold! GOLD! ! GOLD! ! ! while the field is left half planted, the house half built, and everything neglected but the manufacture of shovels and pickaxes...
Stran 91 - Sutter's saw-mill, that they worked eight days, and that his share was at the rate of fifty dollars a day; but, hearing that others were doing better at Weber's place, they had removed there, and were then on the point of resuming operations. I might tell of hundreds of similar instances...

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