Six Months in the Gold Mines: From a Journal of Three Years Residence in Upper and Lower California. 1847-8-9

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R. Bentley, 1850 - 244 strani
In 1846, Californian settlers rebelled against the Mexican government, which at the time controlled the region. Lieutenant Buffum was part of the New York State Volunteer Regiment that was sent to the region, although with little service to perform. After his military career was over, he decided to remain in the area and try his hand at gold mining. By the publisher's own admission, the need for such a text in 1850 was so great that they rushed the work to print.

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Stran 6 - Greenwich, and running south on the line of said one hundred and twentieth degree of west longitude until it intersects the thirty-ninth degree of north latitude ; thence running in a straight line, in a southeasterly direction, to the River Colorado, at a point where it intersects the thirty-fifth degree of north latitude...
Stran 6 - Colorado at a point where it intersects the 35th degree of north latitude; thence down the middle of the channel of said river to the boundary line between the United States and Mexico, as established by the treaty of May 30, 1848; thence running west and along said boundary line to the Pacific ocean and extending therein three English miles; thence running in a northerly direction and following the direction of the Pacific coast to the 42nd degree of north latitude; thence on the line of said 42nd...
Stran 74 - It appeared to be filled with a hard, bluish clay and gravel, which I took out with my knife; and there at the bottom, strewn along the whole length of the rock, was bright, yellow gold, in little pieces about the size and shape of a grain of barley.
Stran 208 - ... mark. The town is situated upon a broad and well-watered plain, covered with many groves of magnificent oaks, and the largest class of steamers, and all vessels navigating the Sacramento River can lie and discharge directly at its banks. Boston has been surveyed by J. Halls, Esq., and Lieut. Ringgold, USN, and is laid out in squares of two hundred and forty feet by three hundred and twenty feet, subdivided...
Stran 108 - I went over to the dry diggings on a clear Sunday morning, and on my arrival, found a large crowd collected around an oak tree, to which was lashed a man with a bared back, while another was applying a raw cowhide to his already gored flesh. A guard of a dozen men, with loaded rifles pointed at the prisoners, stood ready to fire in case of an attempt being made to escape. After the whole had been flogged, some fresh charges were preferred against three of the men — two Frenchmen, named Garcia and...
Stran 213 - The city of Boston is located on the northern bank of the American Fork, at its junction with the Sacramento River, about one hundred yards above the old Embarcadero, the site upon which Sacramento City now stands. It extends upon the banks of both rivers for several miles, and is destined to become a flourishing town. The banks of the Sacramento at this point are not subject to overflow, being more than twelve feet in many places above high-water mark.
Stran 73 - ... or searching for the most favorable place at which to commence operations. I had slung pick, shovel, and bar upon my shoulder and trudged merrily away to a ravine about a mile from our house. Pick, shovel, and bar did their duty, and I soon had a large rock in view.
Stran 81 - ... California early in the Mexican War. Mexico ceded the province to the United States at the end of the war. The Gold Rush and Statehood. On Jan. 24, 1848, less than 10 days before the signing of the peace treaty, James W. Marshall discovered gold in the tailrace of the sawmill of his Swiss employer, John A. Sutter, on the South Fork of the American River at Coloma.
Stran 200 - Angelas (City of the Angels), the garden spot of California. It is situated at the end of an immense plain, which extends from San Pedro, the port of the Pueblo, twenty-five miles distant, to this point. As in all California towns, the houses are built of adobe and are covered with an asphaltum, which is found in great quantities, issuing from the ground near the town. The northern portion of the town...

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