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ALPHABETICAL ANALYSIS-Continued.

Art. sec. cl. page

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United States. The lists of votes for President and Vice President shall be transmitted to the

seat of the Government of the United States.
Unusual punishments. Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor

cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
Vacancies happen in the representation from any State, the Executive thereof shall issue writs

of election to fill them. When.
Vacancies happen, by resignation or otherwise, in the seats of Senators, during the recess of

the Legislature of any State, the Executive thereof may make temporary appoint-
ments, until the next meeting of the Legislature, which shall then fill such vacan-

cies. If..
Vacancies. The President shall have power to fill up all vacancies that may happen during

the recess of the Senate, by granting commissions which shall expire at the end of

their next session.
Validity of contracts or engagements. All debts contracted, and engagements entered into, be-

fore the adoption of this Constitution, shall be as valid against the United States un

der this Constitution, as under the Confederation.
Value. Congress shall have power to coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign
Value in controversy. In suits at common law, when the value in controversy shall exceed

twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, &c.
Vessels. No preference shall be given by any regulation of commerce or revenue to the ports

of one State over those of another: nor shall vessels bound to or from one State, be

obliged to enter, clear, or pay duties in another. Vest. Congress may by law vest the appointment of such inferior officers as they think pro

per in the President alone, in the courts of law, or in the heads of departments..

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Vested in the Government. Congress shall have power to make all laws which shall be neces

sary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any

department or office thereof.... Vested in a President. The Executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States

of America. Vested in one Supreme Court. The Judicial power of the United States shall be vested in one

Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as the Congress may from time to time

ordain and establish.
Vested in a Congress. All legislative powers herein granted, shall be vested in a Congress of

the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.
Veto power of the President. (See President).....
Vice President shall have no vote in the Senate unless they be equally divided. The.....
Vice President, or when he shall exercise the office of President of the United States. The

Senate shall choose a President pro tempore in the absence of the.
Vice President. The President shall hold his office during the term of four years, and, to-

gether with the Vice President, chosen for the same term, be elected as follows: (See

Election of President and Vice President U.S).
Vice President U.S. Qualification required as Vice President same as for President U.S..
Vice President. In case of the removal of the President from office, or of his death, resigna-

tion, or inability to discharge the powers and duties of the said office, the same shall
devolve on the Vice President; and the Congress may by law provide for the case
of removal, death, resignation, or inability, both of the President and Vice Presi-
dent, declaring what officer shall then act as President, and such officer shall act ac-

cordingly, until the disability be removed, or a President shall be elected.
Vice President shall be removed from office on impeachment for, and conviction of, treason,

bribery, or other high erimes and misdemeanors. The.... Vice President U.S. Election of Vice President of the United States. (See Election).

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ALPHABETICAL ANALYSIS—Continued.

Art. sec. cl. page. Vice President. The lists of votes of electors of President and Vice President shall be directed to the President of the Senate....

12th amend. 29 Vice President. The President of the Senate shall, in presence of the Senate and House of

Representatives, open all the certificates of the electors of President and Vice President U.S....

... 12th amend. 29
Vice President. If the House of Representatives shall not choose a President whenever the

right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the 4th day of March next follow-
ing, then the Vice President shall act as President, as in the case of the death or
other constitutional disability of the President.....

12th amend. 29,
Vice President. The person having the greatest number of votes as Vice President shall be

the Vice President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors
appointed ; and if no person have a majority, then, from the two highest numbers
on the list, the Senate shall choose the Vice President: a quorum for the purpose
shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of Senators, and a majority of the
whole number shall be necessary to a choice. But no person, constitutionally in-
eligible to the office of President, shall be eligible to that of Vice President of the
United States..

12th amend. 30
Violated. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects,
against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated.

4th amend. 26 Virginia entitled to ten Representatives in the first Congress.

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3 2 Vote. Each Senator shall have one........

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1 3 Vote. The Vice President shall have no vote unless the Senate be equally divided.........

4 4 Vote. Every vote to which the concurrence of the Senate and House of Representatives may

be necessary, (except on a question of adjournment,) shall be presented to the President. See Resolution..

1 7 3 8 Votes the two Houses of Congress, on passage of any bill, order, resolution, or vote,

returned with objections by the President, shall be taken by yeas and nays... 1 7 2-3 7

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12th amend. 29

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Votes of electors of President and Vice President. Place and manner of giving the votes; lists

of votes to be made, signed, certified, transmitted, sealed to the seat of Government,
directed to the President of the Senate, to be opened and counted by that officer in
the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives; the number necessary to
a choice; the day on which electoral votes shall be given throughout the United

States. (See Election)..
Votes taken by States. In choosing the President by the House of Representatives, the votes

shall be taken by States, the representation from each State having one vote.
War. Congress shall have power to declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, and

make rules concerning captures on land and water.... War. Congress shall have power to make rules (“rules and articles of war”) for the govern

ment of the land and naval forces.. War. No State shall, without the consent of Congress, engage in war unless actually invaded,

or in such imminent danger as will not admit of delay.... War. Treason against the United States shall consist only in levying war against them, or

in adhering to their enemies, giving them aid and comfort... War. No soldier shall be quartered in any house in time of war, but in a manner to be pre

scribed by law.. War. No person shall be held to answer for a capital or otherwise infamous crime, unless

on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or

naval forces, or in the militia when in actual service, in time of war or public danger Warrants. No warrants shall issue but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirma

tion, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things

to be seized.
Washington, President and Deputy from Virginia, signed this Constitution. George.......
We the people establish this Constitution.
Weights and measures. Congress shall have power to fix the standard of weights and meas-

ures.. ..................

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ALPHABETICAL ANALYSIS-Continued.

Art. sec. cl. page
Preamble 1
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Welfare. Constitution established to promote the general welfare. ..
Welfare. Congress shall have power to promote the general welfare.
Williamson, Deputy from North Carolina, signed this Constitution. Hugh
Wilson, Deputy from Pennsylvania, signed this Constitution. James..
Witnesses. No person shall be convicted of treason, unless on the testimony of two witnesses

to the same overt act, or on confession in open court.
Witness against himself. Nor shall any person be compelled, in any criminal case, to be a

witness against himself..
Witnesses against him. In all criminal prosecutions, the accused to be confronted with the

witnesses against him.
Witnesses in his favor. In all criminal prosecutions, the accused to have compulsory process

for obtaining witnesses in his favor..
Writings. Exclusive right to writings may be secured by authors for a limited time........
Writ of habeas corpus. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended,

unless when in cases of rebellion or invasion the public safety may require it......
Yeas and nays of the members of either House of Congress, on any question, shall, at the

desire of one-fifth of those present, be entered on the Journal. The...
Yeas and nays. Votes in the two Houses of Congress, on passage of any bill, order, reso-

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and nays......

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