The Historical Development of Quantum Theory
Quantum Theory, together with the principles of special and general relativity, constitute a scientific revolution that has profoundly influenced the way in which we think about the universe and the fundamental forces that govern it. The Historical Development of Quantum Theory is a definitive historical study of that scientific work and the human struggles that accompanied it from the beginning. Drawing upon such materials as the resources of the Archives for the History of Quantum Physics, the Niels Bohr Archives, and the archives and scientific correspondence of the principal quantum physicists, as well as Jagdish Mehra's personal discussions over many years with most of the architects of quantum theory, the authors have written a rigorous scientific history of quantum theory in a deeply human context. This multivolume work presents a rich account of an intellectual triumph: a unique analysis of the creative scientific process. The Historical Development of Quantum Theory is science, history, and biography, all wrapped in the story of a great human enterprise. Its lessons will be an aid to those working in the sciences and humanities alike.
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absorption adiabatic Arnold Sommerfeld assumed assumption atomic structure became blackbody radiation Bohr's theory Boltzmann Born calculated chemical chemistry Copenhagen Coster Debye degrees of freedom denoted derived discussed Ehrenfest Einstein electrodynamics electromagnetic electrons elements emission emitted entropy equation equipartition theorem especially experimental formula Franck frequency gases heat radiation Heisenberg Hertz Hilbert Institute integral investigations Jeans kinetic energy kinetic theory Klein Kossel Landé later lectures light-quantum Lorentz magnetic mathematics Max Born Minkowski molecular molecules motion Munich Nernst Niels Bohr nucleus obtained his doctorate orbits oscillator paper Pauli periodic system phenomena physicists Planck Planck's constant Privatdozent problem Professor of Physics quantum mechanics quantum numbers quantum theory radiation law radiation theory resonators Rutherford Solvay Conference Sommerfeld specific heats spectral lines spectrum Stark Stark effect stationary studied temperature theoretical physics theory of atomic thermodynamics Thomson tion University of Göttingen velocity wavelengths Wien Wien's wrote X-ray spectra Zeeman effect Zurich
Stran xxv - Le vent se lève!... il faut tenter de vivre! L'air immense ouvre et referme mon livre, La vague en poudre ose jaillir des rocs! Envolez-vous, pages tout éblouies ! Rompez, vagues! Rompez d'eaux réjouies Ce toit tranquille où picoraient des focs...
Stran v - I took pains to determine the flight of crook-taloned birds, marking which were of the right by nature, and which of the left, and what were their ways of living, each after his kind, and the enmities and affections that were between them, and how they consorted together...