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THE CONSTITUTIONAL HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES,
FROM THE COMMENCEMENT OF THE REVOLUTION TO
THE ADOPTION OF THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERA. TION.
1774 - 1775.
ORGANIZATION OF THE First CONTINENTAL CONGRESS. - ORIGIN OF THE
UNION. SITUATION OF THE COLONIES BEFORE THE REVOLUTION.
Political Organizations of the Colonies
Proprietary Governments .
Causes of the Revolution
Power of the Colonies to unite, asserted by the Revolution .
Reasons why they were enabled to effect the Union
A General Congress
First Step towards it
Assembling of the Congress
Method of Voting
Rights of the Colonies .
Separation from Great Britain not contemplated
Relations of the Congress to the Country
Authority of Parliament
Declaration of Rights .
Cessation of Exports and Imports
Another Congress proposed
Royal Government terminated in Massachusetts .
Provincial Congress of Massachusetts
Battle of Lexington .
1775 - 1776.
THE SECOND CONTINENTAL CONGRESS. - FORMATION AND CHARACTER
OF THE REVOLUTIONARY GOVERNMENT. - APPOINTMENT OF A COM-
MANDER-IN-CHIEF. — First ARMY OF THE REVOLUTION.
New Continental Congress
Duration of this Congress
Massachusetts and New York apply to the Congress for Direction
The Congress proceeds to put the Country into a State of Defence : 32
American Continental Army created
Washington chosen Commander-in-Chief
Measures to defray the Expenses of War
Treasury Department established .
General Post-office organized
Relations with Indian Tribes
The Congress advise Provisional Governments
Separation from England determined upon
Suppression of the Royal Authority
National Union formed before the State Governments
The Revolutionary Government
Note on Washington's Appointment as Commander-in-Chief 41
1776 - 1777.
CONTINUANCE OF THE REVOLUTIONARY GOVERNMENT. - DECLARATION
OF INDEPENDENCE. - PREPARATIONS FOR A New Government.
FORMATION OF THE CONTINENTAL ARMY.
Committee to prepare the Declaration
Instructions to the Delegates
Declaration adopted .
Consequences of its Adoption
The Title “ United States of America” first used
Articles of Confederation proposed
The Revolutionary Congress, the Real Government
Power of the Congress
General Washington's Position .
Difficulties which he had to encounter
Machinery of Government defective
Formation of the Army
Remodelling of the Army
Difficulties attending it
Committee appointed to confer with General Washington
Error of Short Enlistments
Washington does not concur in their Expediency
Powers of the National Government
Difficulties attending their Exercise
Popular Feeling about the Grievances
Officers of the Royal Government in New Ham seized
General Lee's Offer to seize the Tories of New York .
He prepares to defend New York .
Orders to disarm the Tories in Queen's County .
His Directions to Lee .
Tories of Queen's County arrested
Inhabitants of New York alarmed
Congress compelled to submit the Subject to the Colonial Authorities 72
Questions of Prize
Origin of the American Navy
Vessels fitted out to intercept the Enemy's Supplies
Letters of Marque and Reprisal
Adjudication of Prizes .
Delay in obtaining Decisions
Means of defraying the Public Expenses
Paper Money issued .
Delay in Signing the Bills
Pressing Wants of the Army
Washington borrows Money of the Province of Massachusetts Bay
Defects of the Revolutionary Government
Jealousy of Standing Armies
Note on the Authorship of the Declaration of Independence
July, 1776 - November,
CONSEQUENCES OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE.
ZATION OF THE CONTINENTAL ARMY. — Flight of the Congress
- PLAN OF
THE CONFEDERATION PROPOSED.
Effect of the Declaration of Independence
More vigorous and decisive Measures adopted by the Congress 90
Mischievous Adhesion to State Interests
History of the Army
General Washington abandons the City of New York
Writes to the President of Congress
He retreats to the Heights of Haerlem, and again appeals to Congress 92
The Congress organizes a new Army
Number of Battalions raised by each State
Inducements to enlist
Serious Defects in the Plan
Washington suggests a Remedy
Promotion of the Officers provided for
Another Defect in the Plan .
Massachusetts and Connecticut offer further Pay to their Men
Congress augments the Pay of the Army
III Effects of the System
Number of the American Forces near New York
His Situation and Trials
His Retreat through New Jersey
Loss of Philadelphia threatened
Washington asks for Extraordinary Powers from the Congress 100
Powers intrusted to him .
Unsettled Condition of the Political System
The Congress apologizes to the Governors of the States
Inaccuracy of their Position.
The States acquiesce in the Powers granted to Washington
Articles of Confederation pending in Congress