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Witness against himself. No person shall, in a criminal case, be compelled to be a. (Amendments)....... 5

223 Witnesses against him. In all criminal prosecutions the

accused shall be confronted with the. (Amend-
ments]....

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225 Witnesses in his favor. In all criminal prosecutions the

accused shall have compulsory process for obtaining.
[Amendments)..

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225 Witnesses to the same overt act, or on confession in open

court. No person shall be convicted of treason un-
less on the testimony of two....

3 3 1 214 Writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless in

case of rebellion or invasion the public safety may
require it

92 198 W'rits of election to fill vacancies in the representation of

any State. The executive of the State shall issue.. I!: 2 4 186 Writlen opinion of the principal officer in each of the Ex

ecutive Departments on any subject relating to the
duties of his office. The President may require the.

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Yeas and nays of the members of either House shall, at the

desire of one-fifth of those present, be entered on the

journals....
The votes of both Houses upon the reconsideration

of a bill returned by the President with his objections
shall be determined by

5 3 188

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RULES FOR THE REGULATION OF THE SENATE WING

OF THE UNITED STATES CAPITOL.

ADOPTED BY THE COMMITTEE ON RULES.

RULE I.

SERGEANT-AT-ARMS.

The Sergeant-at-Arms of the Senate, under the direction of the Presiding Officer, shall be the Executive Officer of the body for the enforcement of all rules made by the Committee on Rules for the regulation of the Senate Wing of the Capitol and Senate Annex. The Senate floor shall be at all times under his immediate supervision, and he shall see that the various subordinate officers of his department perform the duties to which they are especially assigned.

RULE II.

ASSISTANT DOORKEEPER AND ACTING ASSISTANT DOORKEEPER.

The Assistant Doorkeeper and Acting Assistant Doorkeeper shall be assigned, during the daily sessions of the Senate, to duty upon the Senate floor. They shall see that the messengers assigned to the doors upon the Senate floor are at their posts, and that the floor and cloakrooms are cleared at least five minutes before the opening of daily sessions of all persons not entitled to remain there. In the absence of the Sergeant-atArms the duties of his office, so far as they pertain to the enforcement of rules, shall devolve upon the Assistant Doorkeeper.

RULE III.

MESSENGERS ACTING AS ASSISTANT DOORKEEPERS.

The messengers acting as Assistant Doorkeepers shall be assigned to their duties by the Sergeant-at-Arms.

RULE IV.

GALLERIES.

The Sergeant-at-Arms shall keep the aisles of the galleries clear, and shall not allow admittance into the galleries of more than their seating capacity.

The galleries of the Senate shall be set apart and occupied as follows:

PRESS GALLERY.

The gallery in the rear of the Vice-President's chair shall be set apart for reporters of daily newspapers. • Persons desiring admission to the Press Gallery shall make application to the Committee on Rules [as required by Rule IV for the regulation of the Senate Wing of the United States Capitol]; and shall also state, in writing, for what paper or papers they are employed; and shall further state that they are not engaged in the prosecution of claims pending before Congress or the Departments, and will not become so engaged while allowed admission to the gallery; and that they are not in any sense the agents or representatives of persons or corporations having legislation before Congress, and will not become such agents or representatives while retaining their right to places in the gallery. Visiting journalists who may be allowed temporary admission to the gallery must conform to the restrictions of this rule.

The applications required by above rule (blank forms for which can be obtained from the Doorkeeper of the Press Gallery) shall be authenticated in a manner that shall be satisfactory to the Standing Committee of Correspondents, who shall see that the occupation of the gallery is confined to bona fide telegraphic correspondents of reputable standing in their business, who represent daily newspapers; but not exceeding one seat shall be assigned to each paper; and it shall be the duty of the said Standing Committee, at their discretion, to report violations of the privileges of the gallery to the Senate Committee on Rules, and pending action thereon the offending correspondent shall be suspended.

Persons employed in the Executive or Legislative Departments of the Government, and persons engaged in other occupations whose chief attention is not given to newspaper correspondence, shall not be entitled to admission to the Press Gallery; and the press list in the Congressional Directory shall be a list only of telegraphic correspondents. Correspondents entitled to the privileges of the Press Gallery may be admitted to the Marble Room under such regulations as may be prescribed by the Committee on Rules.

Members of the families of correspondents are not entitled to admission to the Press Gallery.

The Press Gallery, subject to the supervision and control of the Committee on Rules, shall be under the direction of the Standing Committee of Correspondents.

DIPLOMATIC GALLERY.

The southern gallery over the main entrance to the Senate Chamber shall be set apart for the use of the Diplomatic Corps, and no person shall be admitted to it excepting the Secretary of State, foreign ministers, their families and suites, and Senators.

The cards of admission to said gallery shall be issued by the Secretary of State, or the Chairman of the Committee on Rules, to such persons as are entitled to its privileges.

SENATE GALLERY,

The gallery over the east entrance to the Senate Chamber, formerly part of the ladies' gallery, shall be set apart for the exclusive use of the families of Senators and guests visiting their families who shall be designated by some member of the Senator's family.

No others shall be admitted, either by card or personal direction, except by the President and Vice-President to their respective reserved seats.

Employees of the Senate, except those on duty at the gallery door, shall be excluded.

The front seat in the Senate Gallery, next adjoining the ladies' gallery, shall be set apart for the use of the President, and no person shall be admitted to said seat except upon his order.

The seat immediately in the rear of the President's seat shall be set apart for the use of the Vice-President, and no person shall be admitted thereto except upon his order.

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