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full; titles of bills and joint resolutions, and such parts as shall be affected by proposed amendments; every vote, and a brief statement of the contents of each petition, memorial, or paper presented to the Senate, shall be entered.

(Jefferson's Manual, Sec. XLIX. 2. The legislative, the executive, the confidential legislative proceedings, and the proceedings when sitting as a Court of Impeachment, shall each be recorded in a separate book.

(Jefferson's Manual, Sec. XLIX.

RULE V.

QUORUM-ABSENT SENATORS MAY BE SENT FOR. 1. No Senator shall absent himself from the service of the Senate without leave.

(Jefferson's Manual, Sec. VIII. 2. If, at any time during the daily sessions of the Senate, a question shall be raised by any Senator as to the presence of a quorum, the Presiding Officer shall forthwith direct the Secretary to call the roll and shall announce the result, and these proceedings shall be without debate. (Jefferson's Manual, Sec. VII,

3. Whenever upon such roll call it shall be ascertained that a quorum is not present, a majority of the Senators present may direct the Sergeant-at-Arms to request, and, when necessary, to compel the attendance of the absent Senators, which order shall be determined without debate; and pending its execution, and until a quorum shall be present, no debate nor motion, except to adjourn, shall be in order.

(Jefferson's Manual, Secs. VII, VIII.

RULE VI.

PRESENTATION OF CREDENTIALS.

1. The presentation of the credentials of Senators elect and other questions of privilege shall always be in order, except during the reading and correction of the Journal, while a question of order or a motion to adjourn is pending, or while the Senate is dividing; and all questions and motions arising or made upon the presentation of such credentials shall be proceeded with until disposed of.

2. The Secretary shall keep a record of the certificates of election of Senators by entering in a well-bound book kept for that purpose the date of the election, the name of the person elected and the vote given at the election, the date of the certificate, the name of the governor and the secretary of state signing and countersigning the same, and the State from which such Senator is elected.*

a

* Resolution submitted by Mr. Hoar, and agreed to February 25, 1897:

Resolved, That in the opinion of the Senate the following is a convenient and sufficient form of certificate of election of a Senator, to be signed by the executive of any State in pursuance of section eighteen of the Revised Statutes of the United States: To the President of the Senate of the United States: This is to certify that on the day of —, nineteen hundred

A B was duly chosen by the legislature of the State of Senator from said State to represent said State in the Senate of the United States for the term of six years, beginning on the fourth day of March, nineteen hundred Witness: His excellency our governor,

and our seal hereto affixed at

this day of — in the year of our Lord By the governor: (SEAL.]

Governor. EF,

Secretary of State: Resolved, That the Secretary of the Senate shall send a copy of these resolutions to the executive and secretary of state of each State wherein an election of Senator is about to take place, in season that they may use this form in certifying the result thereof, if they see fit.

[Sen. Jour., Feb. 25, 1897.

CD,

RULE VII.

MORNING BUSINESS.

1. After the Journal is read, the Presiding Officer shall lay before the Senate messages from the President, reports and communications from the heads of Departments, and other communications addressed to the Senate, and such bills, joint resolutions, and other messages from the House of Representatives as may remain upon his table from any previous day's session undisposed of. The Presiding Officer shall then call for, in the following order:

The presentation of petitions and memorials.
Reports of standing and select committees.
The introduction of bills and joint resolutions.

Concurrent and other resolutions. All of which shall be received and disposed of in such order, unless unanimous consent shall be otherwise given.

(Jefferson's Manual, Sec. XIV. 2. Senators having petitions, memorials, pension bills, bills for the payment of private claims or for the correction of naval or military records to present after the morning hour may deliver them to the Secretary of the Senate, indorsing upon them their names and the reference or disposition to be made thereof, and said petitions, memorials, and bills shall, with the approval of the Presiding Officer, be entered on the Journal with the names of the Senators presenting them as having been read twice and referred to the appropriate committees, and the Secretary of the Senate shall furnish a transcript of such entries to the official reporter of debates for publication in the RECORD.

It shall not be in order to interrupt a Senator having the floor, for the purpose of introducing any memorial, petition,

taken up.

report of a committee, resolution, or bill. It shall be the duty of the Chair to enforce this rule without any point of order hereunder being made by a Senator.

3. Until the morning business shall have been concluded, and so announced from the Chair, or until the hour of 1 o'clock has arrived, no motion to proceed to the consideration of any bill, resolution, report of a committee, or other subject upon the Calendar shall be entertained by the Presiding Officer, unless by unanimous consent; and if such consent be given the motion shall not be subject to amendment, and shall be decided without debate upon the merits of the subject proposed to be

(Jefferson's Manual, Sec. XIV. 4. Every petition or memorial shall be referred, without putting the question, unless objection to such reference is made; in which case all motions for the reception or reference of such petition, memorial, or other paper shall be put in the order in which the same shall be made, and shall not be open to amendment, except to add instructions.

(Jefferson's Manual, Sec. XIX. 5. Every petition or memorial shall be signed by the petititioner or memorialist and have indorsed thereon a brief statement of its contents, and shall be presented and referred without debate. But no petition or memorial or other paper signed by citizens or subjects of a foreign power shall be received, unless the same be transmitted to the Senate by the President. *

[Jefferson's Manual, Sec. XIX. 6. The Presiding Officer may at any time lay, and it shall be in order at any time for a Senator to move to lay, before the Senate, any bill or other matter sent to the Senate by the Presi

* Ordered, That when petitions and memorials are ordered printed in the Congressional Record the order shall be deemed to apply to the body of the petition only, and the names attached to said petition or memorial shall not be printed unless specially ordered by the Senate.

[Sen. Jour., 49th Cong., 2d sess., p. 280.

dent or the House of Representatives, and any question pending at that time shall be suspended for this. purpose. Any motion so made shall be determined without debate.

(Jefferson's Manual, Sec. XIV. RULE VIII.

ORDER OF BUSINESS.

At the conclusion of the morning business for each day, unless upon motion the Senate shall at any time otherwise order, the Senate will proceed to the consideration of the Calendar of Bills and Resolutions, and continue such consideration until 2 o'clock;* and bills and resolutions that are not objected to shall be taken up in their order, and each Senator shall be entitled to speak once and for five minutes only upon any question; and the objection may be interposed at any stage of the proceedings, but upon motion the Senate may continue such consideration; and this order shall commence immediately after the call for “concurrent and other resolutions," and shall take precedence of the unfinished business and other special orders. But if the Senate shall proceed with the consideration of any matter notwithstanding an objection, the foregoing provisions touching debate shall not apply.

(Jefferson's Manual, Sec. XIV. All motions made before 2 o'clock to proceed to the consideration of any matter shall be determined without debate.

(Jefferson's Manual, Sec. XIV. RULE IX. ORDER OF BUSINESS (CONTINUED). Immediately after the consideration of cases not objected to upon the Calendar is completed, and not later than 2 o'clock, if

* Resolution submitted by Mr. Hoar and adopted August 10, 1888:

Resolved, That after to-day, unless otherwise ordered, the morning hour shall terminate at the expiration of two hours after the meeting of the Senate.

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