Slike strani

statements of the mover of the resolution. He then pointed out how completely the slave in this country is unprotected by law from injury and oppression. Ile related some atrocious acts in illustration of his position.

The resolution was then passed unanimously.

W. J. SNELLING, Esq. then spoke for a few minutes, and related an anecdote which illustrated very strikingly the remark of the last speaker, that slaves in this country were not in any degree protected by the law.

After a collection had been taken for the benefit of the funds of the Society, the meeting adjourned, to meet again on Wednesday evening, Jan. 16th.

JANUARY 16. The Society met, pursuant to the adjournment. The spacious hall was crowded with a highly respectable assemblage, among which were a large number of members of the Legislature, from various parts of the Commonwealth. The meeting was opened with prayer, by the Rev. Tyler Thacher. Extracts of Letters from Rev. Samuel J. May, of Brooklyn, Conn., Gen. Samuel Fessenden, of Portland, Me., Arthur Tappan, Esq. of New-York, and Mr. Theodore D. Weld, of Hartford, Conn., were then read, commending the principles and objects of the Society.

David L. Child, Esq. then proposed the following resolution :

Resolved, That the Free People of Color and Slaves in this land of Liberty and Law, have less liberty, and are less protected by law, than in any other part of the world.

Mr. Child spoke at some length in support of this resolution. He showed how much more favorable the Civil Law was to slaves than the laws of the Southern States; and stated that in the French, Spanish, and Portuguese colonies, the slave codes being based on the Civil Law, the slaves were far more protected their rights than they are in our Slave States or the British West Indies. He then pointed out the improvements which had been made in the slave laws of the British Islands, especially in the Crown Colonies within a few years, which rendered

the legal condition of the slaves in the British Colonies far superior to what it is in the Slave States. Mr. Child introduced a great variety of topics into his speech, and enforced his arguments by numerous illustrations.

The resolution passed without opposition.

The Rev. Mr. Russell, of Watertown, offered the following resolution :

Resolved, That the plan of colonizing the blacks in Africa, as explained by its friends, is preposterous in the extreme, and every attempt to put its principles into operation is an unrighteous persecution, levelled against the free people of color, to secure and perpetuate slavery in our country ; and, therefore, calls upon us to counteract its operations by an open, free, and fearless exposition of its policy and effects.

Mr. Russell spoke for a few minutes in support of his resolution. He demonstrated that the efforts of the Colonization Society could never diminish slavery ; that while the Society had removed less than 3000 persons from the country, the slaves here had increased more than 500,000 ; and showed that the true effect of the Society was to perpetuate slavery, by removing from the country a portion of the free colored people who it was supposed might sympatize with the slaves, and might assist them in recovering freedom.

The resolution was adopted.
AMASA WALKER, Esq. proposed the following resolution :

Resolved, That the objects contemplated by the New-England Anti-Slavery Society are in strict acccordance with the plainest diotates of Religion, Philanthropy, and Patriotism.

Mr. Walker then addressed the meeting. He adverted to the unfavorable circumstances under which the Society had commenced it operations. Public sentiment was against it. Yet this, he said, did not prove that its principles or objects were wrong, for public sentiment is sometimes mistaken. He examined the principles of the Society, and showed that they were consistent with religion, philanthropy, and patriotism. He compared these principles with those of the Colonization Society, and demonstrated the criminality of the latter. The one Society wishes to banish the people of color, the other seeks to improve them here ; the one declares that slaves are rightful property, the other that they are men, and have all the rights of men. He

concluded nearly as follows. Every circumstance but one, is in favor of the Colonization Society, aud against the Anti-Slavery Society. The former is supported by a formidable array of great names, of judges, governors, members of Congress, and of course flourishes in wealth under the smiles of public opinion. The latter has nothing to support it, but truth and justice. Yet these are worth all the rest, and must ultimately crown the labors of the Society with glorious success.

The resolution was adopted. The Rev. Moses THACHER offered the following resolution: Resolved, That the principles of expatriation, pursued by the supporters of the American Colonization Society, exert an influence in opposition to the highest interests of the Colored People in this country.

The resolution was adopted, after having been sustained by the mover in a brief but highly animated and cogent speech.

The following resolution was submitted by Mr. GarRISON, without any remarks, in consequence of the lateness of the hour : Resolved, That the exertions made by the free people of color

this country to improve their condition, and to confer the benefits of educatien upon their children-notwithstanding the obstacles which they have to encounter from the laws and the prejudices of a large part of the community-are highly meritorious ; that these exertions have already produced highly beneficial results, and will, in our opinion, if persevered in, produce others still more desirable.


The following communication from the Massachusetts General Colored Association was presented by Mr. Joshua EASTON, read, and accepted :

Boston, Janoary 15, 1833. To the Board of Managers of the New England Anti-Slavery Society.

The Massachusetts General Colored Association, cordially approving the objects and principles of the New-England Anti-Slavery Society, would respectfully communicate their desire to become auxiliary thereto. They have accordingly chosen one of their members to attend the Annual Meeting of the Society as their delegate, (Mr. Joshua Easton of North Bridgewater,) and solicit his acceptance in that capacity.

THOMAS DALTON, President. William G. Nell, Vice President. James G. BARBADOES, Secretary. The meeting adjourned to Monday evening, Jan. 21st.

Monday Evening, Jan. 21, 1833. The Society met, pursuant to adjourment, at Jefferson Hall, the President, Mr. BufFUM, in the chair.

The Secretary being absent, Mr. OLIVER JOHNSON was chosen Secretary, pro tem.

The Committee appointed to revise the Constitution made their report, which, after some debate, was adopted.

The Society proceeded to ballot for officers for the ensuing year, and the following gentlemen were elected.


Rev. MOSES THACHER, North Wrentham, Mass.
Rev. SIMEON S. JOCELYN, New-Haven, Ct.
Rev. SAMUEL J. MAY, Brooklyn, Ct.
Rev. E. M. P. WELLS, Boston.

EBENEZER DOLE, Hallowell, Me.
Corresponding Secretary,--SAMUEL E. SEWALL, Boston.
Recording Secretary,-OLIVER JOHNSON, Boston.

Treasurer,--JAMES C. ODIORNE, Boston.


ELLIS G. LORING, MICHAEL H. SIMPSON, ABNER FORBES, ISAAC H. APPLETON, M. D. FREDERICK HUGHES, Rev. SAMUEL SNOWDON, ISAAC KNAPP. On motion of Mr. B. C. Bacon, it was Resolved, That this Society contemplates the benighted condition of Africa with feelings of christian sympathy; and although it is forced to protest against the measures and principles of the American Colonization Society, yet it approves every laudable effort to confer upon that quarter of the world the blessings of civilization and Christianity.

On motion of Mr. Buffum, it was Resolved, That we contemplate, with the highest satisfaction, the untiring christian zeal and activity of the friends of immediate and universal emancipation in England, and that we will co-operate with them for the promotion of the great cause in which they are engaged, while God shall bless us with the ability to do so, or until every yoke of bondage and oppression shall be broken.

On motion of Mr. GARRISON, it was Resolved, That the formation of a National Anti-Slavery Society is essential to the complete regeneration of public sentiment on the subject of slavery, and to the speedy overthrow of that iniquitous system ; and that the Board of Managers be authorized to call a national meeting of the friends of abolition, for the purpose of organizing such a Society, at such time and place as they shall deem expedient

Voted, That the thanks of the Society be presented to the President and Secretaries for their services during the last year.

Adjourned sine die,


The Board of Managers of the New-England Anti-Slavery Society, in presenting to the public their First Annual Report, deem it proper to make a full developement of the motives which led to the formation of the Society—the principles which govern its actions and the purposes which it aims to accomplish. It is right that the people of this country, and especially of New-England, to whose countenance and patronage the Society more directly appeals-should understand, fairly and plainly, these motives, and principles, and purposes. Sell-defence against the misrepresentations and assaults of ignorance, prejudice, and malice—the success of the cause of truth and justiceimperiously require such an exposition at their hands.

The Managers, while they feel cheered in view of what has been accomplished during the past year, cannot withhold the expression of their regret that there is, in this wide community, such a general aversion to a close, candid and zealous investigation of a subject, which involves the temporal and everlasting welfare of millions of the human family, and the permanency of the institutions of this country. The ignorance which prevails among all classes respecting the nature, extent and withering tendency of slavery, as it exists in the southern states, is as surprising as it is deplorable. Many persons, of good information on other subjects, cannot even guess the number of the slave population ; others are hardly able to designate between the free and slave states ; others seem not aware of the fact, that, in various portions of territory, slavery is maintained by the peo

« PrejšnjaNaprej »