The Lineaments of Wrath: Race, Violent Crime, and American Culture

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Transaction Publishers, 1998 - 339 strani

Violence has marked relations between blacks and whites in America for nearly four hundred years. In The Lineaments of Wrath, James W. Clarke draws upon behavioral science theory and primary historical evidence to examine and explain its causes and enduring consequences.

Beginning with slavery and concluding with the present, Clarke describes how the combined effects of state-sanctioned mob violence and the discriminatory administration of â race-blindâ criminal and contract labor laws terrorized and immobilized the black population in the post-emancipation South. In this fashion an agricultural system, based on debt peonage and convict labor, quickly replaced slavery and remained the back-bone of the region's economy well into the twentieth century.

Quoting the actual words of victims and witnessesâ⠬⠢from former slaves to â gangstaâ rappersâ⠬⠢Clarke documents the erosion of black confidence in American criminal justice. In so doing, he also traces the evolution, across many generations, of a black subculture of violence, in which disputes are settled personally, and without recourse to the legal system. That subculture, the author concludes, accounts for historically high rates of black-on-black violence which now threatens to destroy the black inner city from within. The Lineaments of Wrath puts America's race issues into a completely original historical perspective. Those in the fields of political science, sociology, history, psychology, public policy, race relations, and law will find Clarke's work of profound importance.

 

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Vsebina

Violence Begets Violence
1
The Lineaments of Wrath
17
Scarred in the Flame of Withering Injustice
35
No More Auction Block
47
The Paradox of Emancipation
61
The Failure of Reform
77
KKK The Assault on Black Families
93
Convict Labor
109
The Richest Soil the Poorest People
177
The Promised Land
193
BlackonBlack Homicide 19001939
209
Dark Ghettos
227
Killing Fumes
239
Vanishing Families
249
Urban Tribal Societies
265
Conclusions
283

A Lawless Loyalty to Color
127
The Scourge of Lynching
139
Segregation Disfranchisement and Legal Lynchings
159

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