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News of the Month

Four New Schools in Columbus

-Others Near Completion

Four new school buildings were ready for use in Columbus, Ohio, at the beginning of the fall term, and two more are under construction and will be completed in the near future, according to an announcement in a recent issue of the Ohio Teacher.

The McKinley Junior High School, the first new building, was especially planned for junior high-school purposes, and will accommodate 1,250 pupils. The Open Air School, the first new specialized building was designed to meet the needs of the "open air” pupils. This building has a capacity of 200 pupils. The John Burroughs school has a new addition of thirteen rooms, and Champion Avenue School has a new gymnasium, an auditorium, a work shop and four classrooms. The Indianola Junior High and the West High are the two schools now under construction.

Other new buildings now in use in Ohio are: a $650,000 school at Berea, a $270,000 structure at Dennison, three centralized buildings in Van Wert County, four schools in Lake County, a $175,000 junior and senior high school at Gibsonburg, a building at Bellevue, the $79,000 Portage Township school at Portage Center and a $50,000 addition to the Hanover Township school in Butler County.

Platoon Schools Superior to Others Study Shows

Platoon schools furnish more adequate training in the three R's than do the nonplatoon schools and at no point do they go below the median score of the nonplatoon group, according to a general statement in regard to the work-study-play or platoon system of training just issued by the Bureau of Education.

Since many requests for information in regard to how platoon-school pupils compare with nonplatoon-school pupils in academic work have been received, the bureau has made a point of collecting information on this subject. Information received shows that in all cities where educational tests have been given comparing the work of pupils in academic work in platoon schools and in nonplatoon schools, the standing of the platoon-school pupils in academic work is equal to or superior to that of the pupils in the nonplatoon schools.

A report issued by the department of research and measurement, Pittsburgh, Pa., Public Schools, publishes the results of educational tests in spelling and arithmetic given to pupils in platoon and nonplatoon schools. The report states that: In arithmetic it is evident that the platoon group is superior in all grades in that function of arithmetic that we call reasoning. The platoon schools, however, maintain almost the same supremacy when the scores for correct answers are considered. At no point do they go below the corresponding median score of the nonplatoon group.

Superintendent S. O. Hartwell, St. Paul, Minn., gives the results of tests in platoon and nonplatoon schools in

spelling, arithmetic, reading and language. There was clear advantage of the platoon schools over the other schools not only in the general curve for each subject, but in practically three-fourths of the grades, subject by subject.

Two factors seem to be largely responsible for the success of the platoon schools. First, the academic teacher of platoon classes is relieved of most of the special work. The teacher's freedom from special subjects therefore, makes for better concentration on the part of both teacher and pupil in the regular recitation, and concentration produces results. Second, supervision is better adjusted, an advantage in both the regular and special subjects. In a word, the teaching staff in a platoon school is seldom intrinsically superior to that in other buildings, but it is better classified and organized, which, in turn, leads to improved results.

Gas Tax Aids in Financing
Georgia Schools

Money derived from taxes on gasoline and kerosene is used in Georgia as an "equalization fund" to be distributed by the state board of education for the purpose of equalizing the educational needs of the various counties, and their abilities to meet such needs, the Ohio Teacher reports.

The amount that may be drawn by any one county is limited to $10,000, payable in seven monthly installments, but may be paid only to counties that have complied with the act requiring them to levy five mills county tax for their schools.

The plan is based upon experience with state aid in other states.

High Percentage of Commercial

Graduates Enter Trade

That graduates of high-school commercial courses are more likely to follow commercial pursuits than are graduates of college preparatory courses to enter college is indicated by a recent statewide survey conducted by the Connecticut Board of Education, involving the postgraduate records of 2,780 graduates of Connecticut high schools.

The survey showed that 77 per cent of the graduates from high-school commercial courses in Connecticut were actually engaged in commercial occupations, whereas only 63 per cent of the graduates from high-school college preparatory courses had entered higher institutions.

Commercial occupations absorbed 42 per cent, or 1,168, of the 2,780 graduates, a higher percentage than any other group of occupations. This number included 77 per cent of the graduates from commercial courses, 12 per cent of the graduates from college preparatory courses, and 23 per cent of the graduates from other courses. Of the remaining 1,612 graduates or 58 per cent, 31 per cent were engaged in other occupations and 27 per cent had entered college.

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Vocational Training Benches

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News of the Month

Boys Show Great Enthusiasm for

Home Economics Courses


Instruction in home economics for boys, the United States Bureau of Education says, is not a new venture. For some time, in various sections of the country, there have been sporadic offerings of this work to boys. within the last two years a feeling has developed among school superintendents, as well as among the laity, that boys need instruction in the fundamental principles underlying successful American home life. This has resulted in more than 7,000 boys' receiving instruction in home economics in forty-two states.

The universal interest in health, keeping fit, longevity and citizenship has to-day superseded the false notion, held by some people, that home economics instruction for boys "will develop them into cooks and seamstresses." It is now recognized that boys are called upon daily to select food either at home, in the school or in restaurants. Often they are called upon to buy clothing, and later in their lives to build, purchase or rent a home and to be copartners in the rearing of a family. The greater part of the money that boys will earn through all their lives after they become men will be spent in their homes. A proper understanding of the problems of those homes promises to be of constant practical value to them after they become men and acquire families.

It is also recognized that some phases of home economics education are needed for boys to become intelligent consumers of "economic goods" and sympathetic participators in home and family life.

The superintendent of schools, Philadelphia, Pa., in his report for 1926, stated that "there should be some means by which boys may be given courses in household mechanics, household sanitation, household finances and elementary nutrition."

In Denver, Colo., the home economics department has outlined a course entitled "Applied Economics," which is elective by boys in the senior high school. So effective has the course proved that the boys in the junior high school are urging a similar course for themselves.

The Manual Arts High School of Los Angeles, Calif., has, for a number of years, offered a successful course in home economics to high-school boys.

A Year Book for Schools

Of interest to every school man in the country, but particularly of interest to the business managers of colleges and universities, is the new year book published by the American School Publishing Company, New York City. The book is entitled "The American School and University" and in it will be found many useful articles on the planning and construction of school and college buildings as well as special departments.

The sections of the book are devoted to the following subjects: planning and construction of educational buildings; utilization and maintenance of buildings and grounds; gymnasium, swimming pool, athletic field and playground; classroom, office, library and auditorium; cafeteria and home economics; laboratory and shop;

chemical index; distributors of equipment; architects for educational buildings, and alphabetical and classified lists

of manufacturers.

"The American School and University" is the successor of "The University Purchasing Guide," which has been published for several years. The year book is carefully prepared and well illustrated with many plans.

Canadian Wilds Conquered

by Traveling Schools

The traveling schools employed in Ontario as a means of carrying education into the remote sections of the province have proved so successful that the minister of education has arranged for two more that are to operate between Fort William and Superior Junction, according to a report in the October issue of Hospital Social Service. The program includes night classes for adults.

Every community in British Columbia with as many as ten pupils is to be provided with a primary school, and correspondence courses are being planned for older pupils living in places where high-school education is not provided.

City Schools Have Advantage

Over Rural Schools

The inferior status of the average rural school has been known in a general way, but seldom has this status been established numerically, according to a recently issued circular.

Progress can only be achieved, it states, when actual conditions obtaining in all our schools become thoroughly known and when comparisons between favorable and unfavorable school conditions may be readily made.

Ninety per cent of all the schools of America are found in localities 2,500 or less in population; urban schools enjoy the services of 83 principals and supervisors per 100 schools, whereas the rural schools must be content with the guidance and leadership of only 6.2 of these functionaries per 100 schools; city schools are in session an average of 183 days annually, whereas in rural schools this number is 156; the average per capita cost in urban schools is $129.82; in rural schools it is $75.01; the average value of school property per pupil enrolled is $299 in the cities and $99 in the country, and teachers' salaries are found to average $1,787 per school year in urban communities as against $855 in rural, with an average salary of $748 being paid in one-teacher schools.

With respect to secondary education, it was found that 22.7 per cent of the urban as against 8.3 per cent of the rural public-school children are enrolled in high school; that urban high schools show an average of 26.3 teachers per school, while in the average rural high school the entire secondary program is dependent upon 4.3 teachers; and that 47.2 per cent of the urban high schools have reorganized on a junior high-school basis, whereas only 11.9 per cent of the rural high schools have so reorganized.

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In the Educational Field

HENRY C. CLAYTON, for more than thirty years principal of the Columbia School, Marion, Ind., died suddenly while addressing a group of teachers of the Marion Teachers' Federation.

C. B. BALDWIN, formerly superintendent of the Cripple Creek District schools, has been elected superintendent of the elementary schools at Huntington Beach, Calif.

C. A. HIGLEY, formerly superintendent of schools at New Lexington, Ohio, is now superintendent of schools at Ashville, Ohio. SUPERINTENDENT HIGLEY has had two years' experience as managing editor of the Ohio Teacher.

O. O. CRAWFORD, who has previously served as superintendent of schools at Nelsonville, Ohio, is now the new superintendent of schools at St. Clairsville.

FLOYD E. GILBERT, principal of the Waterford High School, Waterford, N. Y., for the last twenty-four years, has resigned to become supervising principal of the Hillsdale School, Hillsdale, N. Y.

PROF. W. S. Wynstra has been elected superintendent of schools at Oaksdale, Wash.

PROF. HARRY HERLING has succeeded P. C. KETLER as superintendent of schools at Midland, Pa.

G. L. ASHBURN has recently been appointed principal of the new Woodrow Wilson High School, East Dallas, Tex.

J. J. LEIPZIG has been appointed superintendent of schools at Nemadji, Minn., succeeding L. E. LEIPOLD, resigned.

CLARENCE E. MICHELS has recently been appointed superintendent of schools at Thompson, Mass., and W. C. COLBY is the new principal at Tourtellotte High School, one of the Thompson group.

JAMES W. PACE has been elected superintendent of schools at Hanover, Pa., succeeding S. M. STOUFFER who has accepted the superintendency at Pottsville, Pa.

MRS. ANNIE E. MOORE has resigned as principal of Public School Number Five, Hoboken, N. J. MRS. MOORE has been active in school work at Hoboken for fifty-five years and has been principal for the last twenty-five.

M. G. FILLER, formerly dean of Dickenson College, Carlisle, Pa., has been elected president of the college. M. P. SELLERS is the new dean.

J. S. STILLWAUGH has been elected as superintendent of schools at Bronson, Kan. He was formerly principal of the high school at Prescott.

I. S. HAHN, superintendent of the Middletown schools, Henry County, Ind., and president of the Indiana high school Bible study board, died after a short period of illness.

PROF. MAX R. BRUNSTETTER recently resigned as principal of the Milleville High School, Milleville, N. J.

C. C. PARISH is the new principal at the Glencoe High School, Gadsden, Ala.

JAMES E. BLUE, principal of the Ironwood High School, Ironwood, Mich., has been appointed principal of the Rockford High School, Rockford, Ill.

DR. HOWARD D. WHITE, formerly assistant superintendent of schools, Jersey City, N. J., has been newly appointed as assistant state commissioner of education of New Jersey, succeeding LAMBERT L. JACKSON who has been appointed assistant superintendent at Newark.

DR. WILLIAM A. MESSLER, principal of the Jersey City Teachers' Training School, has been selected to be principal of the new normal school which is now under construction in Jersey City.

BENN MCCALL ALDRICH is the new superintendent of schools at McGill, Nev.

HENRY L. SULLIVAN has been appointed to succeed B. O. SKINNER as superintendent of schools at Marietta, Ohio. MR. SULLIVAN was formerly superintendent of the schools at Van Wert, Ohio.

HAROLD POTTS has been appointed principal of the Oreville High School, Oreville, Ohio, succeeding JAMES RITTGERS, resigned.

DR. CHARLES KEYSER EDMUNDS is the newly elected president of Pomona College, Pomona, Calif.

DR. HOWARD G. BURDGE has submitted his resignation as principal of the Fredonia State Normal School, Fredonia, N. Y.

EARL B. TAYLOR, formerly superintendent of schools at Le Roy, N. Y., resigned to become instructor of education at the University of Rochester, Rochester, N. Y. EDWARD W. SPRY is his successor.

MARK KEPPEL, superintendent of schools of Los Angeles County, California, for many years president of the California Teachers Association, died recently. H. S. UPJOHN, who was formerly Mr. Keppel's assistant, has been appointed to succeed him in Los Angeles County.

LEONARD F. COLLINS has accepted the appointment as superintendent of schools at Chine, Calif. He will succeed B. MCCALL ALDRICH, who resigned because of ill health. MRS. ALMA TYLER PERKINS, formerly dean of women at Carroll College, Waukesha, Wis., has been appointed dean of women at Rockford College, Rockford, Ill.

A. G. CUMMINGS, principal of the Exmore-Willis Wharf High School, Exmore, Va., has been appointed principal of the Farmville High School, Farmville, Va.

The REV. DR. CLARENCE A. BARBOUR, formerly president of Rochester-Colgate Divinity School, has been elected president of Brown University. He succeeds DR. W. H. P. FAUNCE who is retiring after a service of thirty years.

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