Typology and Universals

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Cambridge University Press, 21. nov. 2002
Comparison of the grammars of human languages reveals systematic patterns of variation. Typology and universals research uncovers those patterns to formulate universal constraints on language and seek their exploration. In this essential textbook, William Croft presents a comprehensive introduction to the method and theory used in studying typology and universals. The theoretical issues discussed range from the most fundamental to the most abstract. The book provides students and researchers with extensive examples of language universals in phonology, morphology, syntax and semantics. This second edition has been thoroughly rewritten and updated to reflect advances in typology and universals in the past decade, including: new methodologies such as the semantic map model and questions of syntactic argumentation; discussion of current debates over deeper explanations for specific classes of universals; and comparison of the typological and generative approaches to language.
 

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Vsebina

Introduction
1
Typological classification
31
Implicational universals and competing motivations
49
typological markedness economy and iconicity
87
Grammatical hierarchies and the semantic map model
122
Prototypes and the interaction of typological patterns
158
Syntactic argumentation and syntactic structure in typology
194
Diachronic typology
232
Typology as an approach to language
280
List of references
291
Map of languages cited
313
Author index
324
Language index
329
Subject index
333
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O avtorju (2002)

William Croft is Professor of Linguistics at the University of Manchester. His books include Studies in Typology and Diachrony for Joseph H. Greenberg (edited with Keith Denning and Suzanne Kemmer, 1990), Typology and Universals (Cambridge, 1990), Syntactic Categories and Grammatical Relations: the Cognitive Organization of Information (1991), Explaining Language Change: An Evolutionary Approach (2000), and Radical Construction Grammar: Syntactic Theory in Typological Perspective (2001).

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