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2. Histological Technique.

Mr. MILLER. Designed for those wishing to further familiarize themselves with

the general and special methods of obtaining, fixing, embedding, sectioning, staining, and mounting material for microscopical examination. The course is optional. It cannot be substituted for required work. Hours to be arranged. Laboratory fee to cover cost of material, $10.

SYSTEMATIC HUMAN ANATOMY

The laboratory method is largely used in giving the courses in systematic human anatomy, with occasional lectures and formal quizzes. An oral examination is required at the completion of the dissection of each part. Students are urged to work independently as far as possible. Special emphasis is laid upon the importance of the visual images rather than word pictures of the various structures of the body. The student dissects from the standpoint of the segment, and to a great extent looks upon the various structures as they are found in the body from the point of view of their comparative relationship and development. Topographical relations are shown by models and frozen or formalin-hardened sections. In order to emphasize the importance of original work, a series of statistical investigations is being constantly carried on by the students through the agency of tabulation charts on which they record the important variations found in their dissections. Special attention is paid to the variations of one particular part of the body.

105. Head and Neck.

Associate Professor MOODY and Assistant Professor HARVEY. First year, first semester. Tu Th, 8–12; S, 8–11; M Tu W Th F, 1-5.

313 units.

106. Arm and Thorax. Associate Professor MOODY and Dr. SMITH.

First year, first semester. Tu Th, 8–12; S, 8–11; M Tu W Th F, 1-5.

3143 units.

107. Leg and Abdomen. Associate Professor MOODY and I. P. SMITH. First year, first semester. Tu Th, 8–12; S, 8–11; M Tu W Th F, 1-5.

313 units.

108. Regional and Topographical Anatomy. Associate Professor MOODY, Assistant Professor HARVEY, and I. P.

SMITH. Living models, special dissections and sections of the body are used

in this course to enable the student to become more familiar with structural relations and to assemble information obtained in pre

ceding dissections. Second year, first semester. Sec. I, Tu 8-9, F 8-11; Sec. 2, Tu 9–10, Th 1-4.

3 units.

109. Special Anatomy for Physicians and Advanced Students.

Associate Professor MOODY and Assistant Professor HARVEY. Hours to be arranged to suit applicants.

ELECTIVES

210. Research. Associate Professor MOODY, Assistant Professor HARVEY and Dr.

SMITH. Students and others who are sufficiently prepared will be allowed to

undertake research upon original problems under the direction of members of the staff. The course also gives opportunity for those wishing to gain experience in special Histological Technique and in the construction of papers for publication. If the results obtained merit it, they will be published. To cover the cost of material, a laboratory fee of $5 will be charged. Hours optional.

211. Journal Club.

Reviews of current anatomical literature will be presented by the

students and discussed informally. This course will be open to all students but the membership will be limited in number. Those

wishing to join should consult Professor Moody. One hour a week, second semester.

PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY

SAMUEL STEEN MAXWELL, M.S., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Physiology.
T. BRAILSFORD ROBERTSON, Ph.D., Sc.D., Associate Professor of Phys-

iological Chemistry.
THEODORE C. BURNETT, M.D., Assistant Professor of Physiology.
C. B. BENNETT, Ph.D., Instructor in Physiological Chemistry.
ROSALIND WULZEN, Ph.D., Instructor in Physiology.
DANIEL W. Sooy, Assistant in Physiology.
L. R. BEAUCHAMP, Technical Assistant.

The required courses are 103, 104 and 106. The remaining courses are open to those students who have the time and the preparation neces. sary to pursue them with profit.

Attention should be called to the fact that the equipment of the department offers unusual opportunities for research both in the Rudolph Spreckels Laboratory at Berkeley and in the Herzstein Research Laboratory at New Monterey.

The equipment in the Rudolph Spreckels Physiological Laboratory comprises in addition to the apparatus and conveniences for the customary lines of work in mammalian physiology ample facilities for research in physiological chemistry and experimental biology. The depart: ment library contains complete sets of all the important physiological journals, and the more important monographs on physiological and re. lated subjects. The Herzstein Research Laboratory at New Monterey offers facilities for the investigation of problems in marine biology.

103. Biochemistry. Associate Professor ROBERTSON and Dr. BENNETT. In this course the foodstuffs are followed up from the moment that

they are ingested to the moment when, after having circulated through the tissues and shared in their life, their final products are excreted from the body. The course may be considered as consisting of six parts, corresponding with various phases of the cycle of changes which the foodstuffs undergo. These divisions of the course are the following:

1. The foods; their properties, assimilation, and conversion into living matter or into reserve materials. The consideration of this phase of the subject takes the student to the point at which the foods have really become living matter or reserve-materials. This leads naturally to the second part of the subject, namely:

2. The manner in which the physical and chemical properties of the foods determine the properties of living protoplasm.

3. The correlation of the different activities of the tissues in so far as this is brought about by chemical agents which are distributed through the agency of the circulation.

4. The chemical phenomena which accompany or underlie the performance of function by living tissues.

5. The waste-products, their chemical nature, their derivation, and, to some extent, the method of excretion.

6. Regarding the entire body as a chemical machine, the efficiency of this machine is discussed and the relationship between the work it can perform and the nature of the fuel with which

it is supplied. First year, second semester. Lectures, M Tu W Th 1-2; F, 9-10; laboratory. M Tu W Th, 2–5.

9 units.

104. Physiology. Associate Professor MAXWELL, Assistant Professor BURNETT, and Dr.

WULZEN.

The physiology of nerve, muscle, central nervous system, sensation,

circulation, respiration and secretion. The lectures cover in a systematic way the general subject matter of the topics stated above. Laboratory experiments are so arranged that the most important fundamental observations are repeated. Attention is given to technique as well as to results. Continual use of the reference library is insisted upon. In addition to the routine work required alike of all students, each member of the class is required to demonstrate some special piece of experimental work; the demonstration is accompanied by a paper by another student on the subject which the demonstration illustrates, and each of the two hands in a carefully prepared bibliography. Thus each student is responsible for one demonstration, one paper, and two biblio

graphies. First year, second semester. Lectures, M Tu W Th S, 11-12, F, 10-11;

laboratory, M Tu W Th S, 8–11.

106. Pharmacology. The physiological action of drugs, with illustrations derived from

their therapeutic application, and practical demonstrations. Second year, second semester. F, 6 hours weekly.

96 hours. ELECTIVES 210. Experimental Biology.

Dr. WULZEN. Special problems in cell physiology and the tropisms. Open to properly qualified students.

Hours and credits by arrangement.

211A. Advanced Physiology.

Associate Professor MAXWELL. Some simple piece of research is repeated and extended in connection

with a study of the original literature on the subject. Open to a

few suitably prepared students. Laboratory three afternoons a week, with occasional lectures and conferences.

4 units.

211B. Advanced Chemical Biology. Associate Professor ROBERTSON. Special topics may be selected by the student in conference with the

professor as subjects of advanced and intensive study.

212. Research in Physiology.

Associate Professor MAXWELL. Hours, subjects and credits by arrangement with Professor Maxwell.

213. Research work in Physiological Chemistry.

Associate Professor ROBERTSON. Open to students who have the necessary time at their disposal and

who have the necessary training. The subject of the research and the time to be devoted to it to be arranged in conference with Professor Robertson.

PATHOLOGY AND BACTERIOLOGY

FREDERICK P. GAY, A.B., M.D., Professor of Pathology.
Karl F. MEYER, A.B., D.V.M., Professor of Bacteriology and Proto-

zoology.
GLANVILLE Y. RUSK, A.B., M.D., Assistant Professor of Pathology.
JEAN V. COOKE, A.B., M.D., Assistant Professor of Pathology.
Edith J. CLAYPOLE, Ph.B., M.S., M.D., Research Associate in Pathology.
GRACE F. GRIFFITHS, B.S., Assistant in Bacteriology.
C. R. CHRISTIANSEN, M.D., Assistant in Bacteriology and Pathology.

Instruction in pathology and bacteriology is given in the Hearst Laboratory of Pathology and Bacteriology in Berkeley during the second year and at the University Hospital and the San Francisco Hospital during the third and fourth years.

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