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rebellion of 1569 ; but I know of no record rightly or wrongly, already established a of our Sir Thomas among those implicated. connexion with Hugh Nevill of the Lion,

Two daughters of Sir Thomas are recorded and had used his arms, there was no great in the Visitation of Essex of 1558 : Frances, temptation to discard that in favour of married to Edmund Lucas, and afterwards an unfounded claim from a well-known successively to Bingham and Adames; and man who had only been dead

a little married to Sir Humphrey Wingfield, of over a hundred years. Holman, on whose Brantham (she is called Elizabeth in the researches Morant's history is largely Suffolk Visitation of 1561). Both are founded, was rector of Halstead about 1710 described as daughters and heiresses.

to 1730, and may have, at this time, made No mention is anywhere made of the the discovery that induced John of RidgeThomas who was nine in 1545, so that he well to throw over the pedigree and arms probably died early.

assumed by his great-uncle George of BerkBy a deed in Close Rolls, 2 Eliz, part xii. hampstead, and carved upon his monument. No. 16 (1559), Sir Thomas made over to I have notes of several generations of other Edmund Lucas all his property, including a descendants of John Nevill of Halstead, the leasehold house he had bought in Holborn ancestor of the Ridgewell family ; from them and an estate he had bought at Clifton it does not seem likely that these branches Reynes, in Bedfordshire. This for died out, as stated in Harl. MS. 3882. I shall various considerations and in settlement of be thankful for any further light upon the all claims in dispute According to Morant, subject.

RALPH NEVILL, F.S.A. Pigott's Ardley was in the hands of the Castlehill, Guildford. Cardinall family in 1568. It is possible that Sir Thomas meditated taking part with

'THE EPICURES ALMANACK.' Norton, and took the usual steps to secure his property:

IN MR. W. P. COURTNEY's article on the I have not been able to trace his further career of Benson Earle Hill (10th S. iii. 162) career, except that he died, aged seventy

the above-mentioned work is quoted among nine, on 2 May, 1582, and was buried at “the works of his [Hill's] composition which Grantchester, Cambridge, on 14 May; the are entered under his name in the British entry in the register records his descent.' By Museum Catalogue." I apprehend that Hill his will (P.C.C. Tirwhite 26) he leaves

edited the 'Almanack’ for the years 1841,

every thing to his wife Isabel, but there is no 1842, and 1843 ; at any rate, the work was mention of any property. Dame Isabel by

not first issued in 1841. will (P. C.C. 2 Windsor, 1585) leaves various The Epicure's Almanack; or. Calendar estates, that she had bought, to the children of Good Living: containing A Directory to of her former husband Edward Weldon.

the Taverns, Coffee - Houses, Inns, EatingSir Thomas is certain to have followed the houses, and other Places of Alimentary custom of the time and married quickly after Resort in the British Metropolis and it's the death of Maria Tey ; it seems certain Environs : a Review of Artists who adthat Isabel was a wife of his old age, and minister to the Wants and Enjoyments of probably the third wife. It is quite possible the Table ; a survey of the Markets; and a that Sir Thomas may have had a family by Calendar of the Meats in Season during a second wife, and that the Thomas, ancestor each Month of the Year,' was first published of the Ridgewell family, may have been a

in 1815. The words “To be continued son of this marriage.

Annually” occur upon the title-page. The There did appear in the neighbourhood of author's name does not appear in any part Halstead about this tine several Nevills who of the work in my copy; however, written made marriages of some importance, and indistinctly in pencil are the words, so far whom I cannot yet connect with other Essex as I can decipher them, " By R. Rylance." Nevills, unless in the manner already sug.

The preface states :gested, which might, indeed, be part of the

“The manual here offered to the public is formed pedigree from Hugh of the Lion mentioned Paris, under the title of Almanach dles Gour

on the Model of a Work published annually at under the heading of Cromwell Fleetwood mands....... It lays great claim to that indulgence already referred to.

which the Public are ever disposed to afford to a The existence of a second family of Sir new Work on a vast and in portant subject...... Had Thomas, who would have no interest in the the Editor been gifted with the eyes of Argus, and Tey estates and little inheritance from their the palate of Apicius Celius : had his organs of father, would very well account for the Hal- he must have failed to accomplish the undertaking

vision and taste been multiplied an hundred fold, stead family. As the Ridgewell family had, in a single attempt."

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The work was designed

Upon our arrival at Threadneedle Street "to direct any man with a delicate stomach and a

we are told that full purse, or any man with a keen strong stomach " The Bank of Eogland seems to be the magna and a lean purse, where he may dine well, and to parens of coffee houses and taverns......Let them the best advantage, in London.”

Lour enemies) send some spy to inspect the Bank The itinerary commences with London“

of England and the avenues about it ; John Bull its highest ground, in Pannier Court, between gale, and into one of the nearest places of replenish

may there be seen daily, waddling out of the front Paternoster Row and Newgate Street.” ment, there to convert his paper into solid sup

In Queen's Head Passage, close to Pannier plies for the service of the current day. Thus, while Court, the reader is directed to “Dolly's each new tax adds another feather to his load, he Chop House," in which

continues to widen and strengthen his shoulders to

bear it, and now he looks like the fat alderman, on “that native dish, the beef steak, so much envied the back of whose coat a wag pinned a ticket, copied by the French, and classed by them among their from the inscription at the corner of Old Jewry, assiettes volantes ......is dressed in the best style...... Widened at the expense of the Corporation of At this house the ingenious anatomist and chemical London.'” lecturer, Dr. George Fordyce, diped every day, for

The few extracts I have made from The more than twenty years.....Alfouro'clock, his accustomed hour of dinivg, he entered, and took his seat Epicure's Almanack' will, I think, justify at a table always reserved for him, on which was Mr. Courtney's opinion to the effect that instantly placed a silver tankard full of strong ale ; “these volumes are still worth turning a bottle of port wine, and a measure containing a over.

G. E. WEARE. quarter of a pint of brandy. The moment the waiter announced him, the cook put a pound and a

Weston-super-Mare. half of rump steak on the gridiron, and on the table some delicate trifle as a bonne bouche, to serve AN EARLIER CHARLES LAMB.- An Ameuntil the steak was ready. This morsel was some: rican correspondent has directed my attentimes half a broiled chicken, sometimes a plate of tion to a most curious reference to a Charles fish : when he had eaten this, he took one glass of his brandy, and then proceeded to devour his steak. Lamb, as presumablya champion of chimneyWe say devour, because he always ate so rapidly sweepers, a hundred years and more before that one might imagine he was hurrying away to a the Charles Lamb whom we know came forpatient, to deprive death of a dinner..... He thus ward to write those black imps' praise. The daily spent an hour and a half of his time, and then book is The Scourge : in Vindication of returned to his house in Essex Street, to give his the Church of England,' by T. L. (Thomas six-o-clock lecture on chemistry. He made no other meal until his return next day at four o'clock Lewis), first published in 1717, and again in to Dolly's."

1720. On p. 271 of the 1717 edition, and on When St. Paul's Churchyard is reached, p. 205 of the 1720 edition, as a corroborative there is a description of "that well-known search at the British Museum reveals, is this and long-established house the Chapter sentence in a letter dated “Button's, Sunday, Coffee House." This place, described as September 1":situated “in a passage which looks into

"Well, I shall live to be reveng'd of all the Paternoster Row," appears to have been well | Lamb, 1 do love that dear Fellow, I did not care if

Chimney Sreepers in England, and only for Charles supplied with files of all the British news.

they were all hang'd and damn'd. papers, also magazines, reviews, &c., "together

One can simply rub one's eyes in the prewith all the most popular pamphlets.” There

sence of so odd an anticipation. were compartments or boxes, and two of

E. V. LUCAS. these appear to have been whimsically, denominated “Hell,” owing, probably, to

ZOUAVE UNIFORM. What M. P. says of reports as to the conversation sometimes German duelling (10th S. iv. 388) reminds me heard within them :

of the military uniform of the Zouaves, the "In this house the magnificent and munificent light infantry in the French army. They booksellers of London hold their conclave. Whether wore baggy trousers, which were drawn in or not there be also a board of grey-bearded at and tied about the ankles ; and at the reviewers, we have not hitherto discovered." bottom they were joined together so near the At Cornhill

ankles that they did not allow a man to “Let us not pass Alderman Birch's unique refec

take the regimental stride. It immediately tory.....without a tribute to the talents, literary occurred to the new man that he must slit as well as culinary, of the worthy Alderman, who, them up a bit so that he could walk properly. having written and published on the theory of His older comrades told him he would get National Defence, has here illustrated his system practically, by providing a variety of superior if he wanted to walk there was nothing to

"huit jours "if he did. On the other hand, soups, wherewith to fortify the stomachs, and stimulate the courage of all his Majesty's' liege be done but slit them up a few inches, which subjects."

he accordingly did. The officer came along

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for the usual inspection, and at once detected after this portion of the line had been opened.
what he knew must take place. Nevertheless After leaving Bishop's Road
the usual question was asked, What have we were no longer in the dark, but in a clear and
you done this for ? and the usual reply was healthy atmosphere, travelling in comfort, and
given, but without avail. The expected sen.

even luxuriously. The line traverses an extremely tence was pronounced, “ huit jours

de prison.” pleasant country. At first we had brick fields on

our left, and new-mown hay and broad green Having served his term, the man was not meadows on our right. The change from under: required to sew the parts up again, but was ground' to daylight and sunshine, from impure allowed to keep his bags in walkable condi- air into a sweet-scented and invigorating aimotion. I was told this inany years ago by a sphere, was really delightful...... We were left alone Zouave who had won 4,0001. in a State lottery, privilege of walking about in it and viewing the

in our lofty and spacious carriage, and had the and had consequently given up soldiering. country; and it was all country, and looked Perhaps the authorities are more reasonable charming." now.

RALPH THOMAS.

Evidently the “privilege of walking about” PRETTY MAIDS' Money." — The following was not restricted by the necessity of having extract from The Cornish and Devon Post to hang on to a strap. ALECK ABRAHAMS. (Launceston) of 15 July, 1905, records a cere

39, Hillmarton Road. mony which seems worth noting

BIRDS OF EAST FINMARK.-It may be of “This money, anounting to 21. 108., which, left use to students of Northern languages to by the Rev. Mr. Meyrick, is known as the · Pretty record in your pages that in the Zoologist, Maids' Money, and which is given to maid of good character and regular attendance at Second Series, vol. ii. pp. 697-700 (1867), Church, on the first day of the Fair each year, there is a list of the native names of the was on Tuesday received by Miss Elsie Back. The birds of East Finmark, compiled by Ch. Somlegacy was left 'to promote peace on earth and merfeldt, parish priest of Næsseby. goodwill among men.' There was a good attendance at the church porch on the occasion, among them

EDWARD PEACOCK. being the rector, Rev. T. S. Kendall, Mr. Horace CECIL FAMILY. (See 6th S. vii. 384 ; viii. Higgs, C.C., Mrs. Kendall, sen., Mrs. Kendall, 69; xi. 69; 7th S. xii. 144.)-At the above jun., and other ladies and gentlenien. As soon as places the descent of the great Lord Burghley the clock struck twelve, Mr. Higgs handed Miss Back the money, heartily congratulating her. Miss from the Sitsilts of Alterynnys, believed in Back returned thanks, after which she received by himself-see the document reproduced in the congratulations of those present."

Nares's Memoirs,' vol. i. p. 8–is disputed,

DUNHEVED. and it is suggested that he was descended “Hooshtah.”—This word seems to be one

from a Yorkshire family named Cecill. of the most recent importations into English. Stress is laid (6th. S, vii. 384) on the use of A friend who has lately returned from the spelling “Cecill" by Lord Burghley and Westralia uses it upon every possible occa

his father and grandfather. I think some sion, both as interjection and verb. He telis light is thrown on the question by the will me it is really a cry of the Afghan camel-|(P.C.C. 13 Adeane) of Sir David Philipp, Knt., drivers, of whom there are many on the gold- dated 25 September, and proved 10 December, fields. I have just come upon the following but he mentions “Dewles," to the rood of

1506. The testator is buried at Stamford, quotation in an Australian novel, True Eyes, by Randolph Bedford, 1903,' p. 295: which he gives a legacy; and this may be "So the camel was 'hooshtahed down and Dulas, Dewlas, or Dulace, a few miles from strapped, after she had ground the dust Alterynnys. But a more certain point is under her chest : pad into the shape of that Lord Burghley's grandfather David is comfort, and so left to the enjoyment of the

named as

an executor, being the only quandong."

Jas. Platt, Jun.

executor who proved ; and a legacy is left to

him as a godson of the testator, unless (which THE METROPOLITAN RAILWAY.—The recent is, of course, possible) the godson was David's important changes on this much - abused son David. In all cases the name is spelt railway afford a pleasant contrast with its Seysyll, Scisseld, or Scissilde, never Cecill

. many years of perennial grime and smoke- Agnes Scisseld is also mentioned, and the saturated tunnels. There is an excellent following clearly Welsh names occur : Jane description of its earliest years in a little ap Rosser (legacy), Hugh Edwards (execollection of papers on London subjects, cutor), Sir John Landaff (witness). Some entitled “Trifles,' by Edwin Utley, London, conclusion might be drawn from the prove1864.

nance of Sir David Philipp himself, if that The writer on 18 June travelled from be known. If he lived in early life near Farringdon Street to Hammersmith five days Alterynnys, and if David Cecill, senior, was

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the godchild, then_the latter was probably N. & Q.'direct mo to any other source in born there, for Sir David Philipp's connexion which the alleged practice is referred to or with Stamford seems to have been due to described ? A historical student to whom I marriage, and David Cecill, senior, must have have applied is unable to answer the question, been thirty to forty years old in 1506. but says that it is the practice at Rome (in

L. W. H. "correct" or Black households) for a cardinal BEN JONSON'S WORKS, 1616.-Old errors die to be received by two manservants bearing hard, and among them is the belief that the torches, and to be preceded by them 1616 folio of Ben Jonson contained the por

to the reception-room." He suggests that trait of the poet by Vaughan. I am reminded the

the two pillars borne before Wolsey of this by the words " no portrait" added to were merely two silver candlesticks. But the record of a sale

of this volume, together this would evidently be quite at yariance with the posthumous second volume, in The with the notion of Nares as to what the Athenæum of 9 December. On this subject

pillars” symbolized. I should be very glad the late Mr. George Bullen, of the British of any communications bearing upon the subMuseum, wrote to me in 1879 as follows :- ject, and if writers will, to save time, send “We have two copies of Ben Jonson, 1616, fol.:

them to me direct (address Dr. Murray, one in the General Library, and one in the Gren: Oxford), I will forward them to the Editor ville. The former has no portrait : the latter has of 'N. & Q.

J. A. H. MURRAY. one by Vaughan, the sane that appears in the 1640 edition. Mr. Grenville in a note states I have

[Is it possibly derived from the lictors ?] added to my copy the head by Vaughan. Now ENNOBLED ANIMALS.-Can any readers of Vaughan, according to Nagler, “Künstler Lexikon,' N. & Q.' help me to cases of animals which was born in 1600, so that it is scarcely, probable he have been ennobled in a similar way, to could have done this portrait in 1616.'

H. A. Evans.

Caligula's horse, which was made Consul of
Rome? If any artist has treated the subject,

I shall be very grateful for information about
Queries,

the picture. RUDOLPII DE CORDOVA. We must request correspondents desiring in.

2, Pump Court, Middle Temple, E.C. formation on family matters of only private interest SCOTT AND CAREY: SCOTT IN IRELAND.to affix their names and addresses to their queries, Can any reader remind me where Sir W. Scott in order that answers may be sent to them direct.

quotes the first two lines of Carey's play :

Aldiborontephoscophornio, CARDINALS' PILLARS.--In Nares's Glos.

Where left you Chrononhononthologos? sary,' edited by Halliwell and Wright, occurs that he was familiar with the play we know the statement :

from the motto prefixed to the first chapter Ornamented pillars were formerly carried before of The Antiquary,' and by his nicknames a cardinal, and Wolsey was remarkable for keeping up this piece of state. In the stage directions for for the two Ballantynes (Lockhart, vol. ii. his solemn entry in the play of Henry VIII,' it is chap. vi., near beginning). But I think he said, 'then two gentlemen bearing two great silver also somewhere quotes the above lines. pillars.' This was from authentic history. He is I have a further question to ask. In Carey's so described by Holingshed and other historians. play the above lines are spoken by RigdumCavendish, his biographer, speaks of these silver pillars, and of his cross-bearers and pillar bearers. Funnidos (so spelt by Carey), and the Skelton satirically describes him as going preceded pompous gentleman, whom for shortness we by two cross-bearers :

may call Äld., thus replies :-
After them followe two laye-men secular

Fatigu'd with the tremendous toils of war,
And eche of theym holdyng a pillar

Within his tent, on downy couch succumbent,
In their handes, steade of a mace.

Himself he unfatigués with gentle slumbers. These pillars were supposed to be emblematical of the support given by the cardinals to the Church.” Scott's early friends John and Alexander

Now, in a family closely connected with This account of Nares is responsible for a Irving, the following lines have been handed sense of the word pillar introduced in some down orally :modern dictionaries (chiefly of American

Fatigued in his tent by the toils of war, authorship), "a portable ornamental column On a downy couch reposing, formerly carried before cardinals, as em- Rigdum-Fungidos watching by, blematic of his support to the Church."

While the prince lay dozing. No authority, however, is cited for this Where do these lines come from? They general use, nor have I as yet found any refer- are evidently a burlesque version of Ald's ence to pillars borne before cardinals, except reply itself a burlesque), couched in in this case of Wolsey. Can any reader of different metre, and certainly forming no.

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part of the play. Did Scott invent them ? who are on the chart as sons of William Family tradition says that the three friends Mawbey ?

GERALD FOTHERGILL. were in the habit of making up and 11, Brussels Road, New Wandsworth, S.W. "spouting” queer rimes of all kinds, and I incline to think that this was one of them.

PENN AND MEAD JURY, 1670.- Mr. Horace Unless another origin can be pointed out for J. Smith, of Philadelphia, has started a movethese lines, I shall conclude that we have in ment to provide a memorial commernorating them a trouvaille from Scott's young days, the juryinen who in 1670 refused to convict probably made by him, and at any rate often William Penn and William Mead for preachon his lips.

ing in Gracechurch Street. As chairinan of I may add that the same family tradition the committee I shall be glad if readers of tells that Scott and his two friends, in their N. & Q.' can supply me with any informacollege days, made a trip to the north of tion about these jurymen or their letters or Ireland, crossing from Galloway; that there portraits.

John HENRY LLOYD. Scott usually rode while his companions

Edgbaston Grove, Birmingham. walked ; that the trip was cut short for some MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN THE MEYRICK unknown reason; and that a riming account COLLECTION. Sawbridgeworth Church, in of it was preserved by John Irving, though common with many others in Hertfordshire, it has long since disappeared. This excursion has suffered the loss of many monumental is not mentioned by Lockhart, nor, so far as brasses, some of which are in the Saffron I know, by any other chronicler of Scott's Walden Museum, and others, apparently, life. To many of us every trifle connected were in the Meyrick collection. with the Great Magician is of value, so I Haines informs us (under Sawbridgeworth) make no apology for mentioning these.

a brass of a man in armour, about

T. S. OMOND. 14, Calverley Park, Tunbridge Wells.

1480, is at Goodrich Court, Herefordshire.”

This probably represents John Chauncy, Thomas Barry, the son of Spranger Barry, whose effigy is missing from its matrix. the famous actor, by his first wife, was

Cussans, referring to an altar-tomb in the admitted on the foundation at Westminster chancel of Sawbridgeworth Church containSchool in 1758. I should be glad to learn the ing matrices of a knight and his two wives maiden name of his mother, and any par

kneeling before a representation of the ticulars of his career.

G. F. R. B.

Trinity, states : * These brasses are said to

have been in the collection of Sir Samuel NED: “TO RAISE Ned.”—Can any one give Meyrick at Goodrich Castle [Court ?).". an explanation of the origin and early mean

I am informed that the Meyrick collection ing of the phrase "to raise Ned”-a common is now entirely dispersed, and no references expression applied to an active fellow who to these brasses is to be found in the sale creates disturbances out of a pure love of catalogues. Is it possible to ascertain their mischief? That is to say, it was cominon whereabouts at the present time? enough in New England half a century, or

W. B. GERISH. more, ago. It signified a sort of harmless, Bishop's Stortford. yet provoking disorder in conduct. Is the expression current in England to-day? or

Born with Teeth.-I am presently issuing has it ever obtained there?

a work to be called 'Dental Jottings,' and FRANK WARREN HACKETT.

shall be obliged if any readers of 'N. & Q.' 1418, M Street, Washington, D.C.

can send me the names of any distinguished

persons of whom it is undoubtedly on record MALTBY: MAWBEY.—Miss Maltby, of 58, that they were born with teeth. Grove Street, New Haven, Connecticut, has

Chas. F. FORSHAW, LL D. asked me to send the following to · N. & Q.

Baltimore House, Bradford. Parentage is wanted of William Maltby,

[Is it not stated that Richard III. was so born 1645, and of his brother John ; they

endowed at birth?] emigrated to America about 1670. A Robert FRANCIS PRIOR: ANNABELLA BEAUMONT.-I Maltbye witnesses a deed of land for William am anxious to learn if Foster's 'London in 1673; the relationship of this Robert is Marriage Licences' records the marriage of unkuown, as this is the only time he appears Francis Prior and Annabella Beaumont upon the records. In Betham's ‘Baronetage,' between 1700 and 1720. If it does not, is vol. iii. p. 322, is to be found the pedigree of there any similar publication that does ? the Mawbeys of Botleys, Surrey. Can any

F. 0. HOPKINS. one tell what became of the John and William 39, City Councillors Street, Montreal.

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