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The paper on "Alt Nuremberg: the City of Memories" was furnished by Henry C. Carpenter, formerly United States consul at Fürth, Bavaria. Dr. Lincoln Hulley, of Bucknell University, wrote of "The Land of Luther," the series of noteworthy illustrations coming from the private collection of Fred G. Gotwald, of Wittenberg College. Dr. Hulley is a member of the Chautauqua Summer School faculty and a popular Chautauquan lecturer.

guage of America and the Publications of the QUAN's editorial comment upon current Modern Language Association. events seeks to point out their relation to that historical standard.




Three years ago THE CHAUTAUQUAN MAGAZINE made" The Expansion of the American People" its leading feature. The next year "The Rivalry of Nations: World Politics of Today" was published. During the past year "Formative Incidents in American Diplomacy" was the title of the leading serial. This will be followed by "Saxon and Slav," a study of the rivals for world supremacy, beginning in October. The purpose of these serial articles is to give a comparatively brief but comprehensive historical review of the most important topics of the day, setting up a standard in relation to which all one's reading on these subjects may naturally fall into place. Along with these serials the magazine has coupled many special articles upon particular phases of the chief topic consideration, and THE CHAUTAU


Edwin Erle Sparks was the author of the Expansion and American Diplomacy articles. Mr. Sparks is assistant professor of American history in the University of Chicago, and a successful university extension lecturer on the history of America. He was graduated from the Ohio State University in 1884, pursued a post-graduate course at Harvard, taught in Ohio State University, became principal of the preparatory department of Pennsylvania State College, was for three years lecturer of the American Society for the Extension of University Teaching, Philadelphia, and, after service of the same kind for the University Extension Division of the University of Chicago, he became a member of the faculty of that institution in 1896. One of the latest volumes by Professor Sparks is "The Men Who Made the Nation." The Expansion series, somewhat enlarged, has been very successful in book form. Mr. Sparks is one of the Chautauqua lecturers this year. Besides the serials, Professor Sparks has contributed to THE CHAUTAUQUAN articles on "Salt in American History" and "The Record of a Lost Empire in America."

The author of the "Rivalry of Nations" was Edwin A. Start. Mr. Start had been for eight years at the head of the department of history in Tufts College, the department having been organized by him. He

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The author of the new series on Saxon and Slav" is Frederick Austin Ogg, of the University of Indiana, his native state. Mr. Ogg was graduated from DePauw University in 1899, post-graduate in history and philosophy, 1900. He has been instructor in DePauw Academy and the Indianapolis High School. Historical articles have been contributed to leading periodicals. "Slavery in the Diplomacy of the United States" is to be published by the American Historical Association and as one of the Harvard Historical Studies.


Mr. Ogg has already contributed to THE CHAUTAUQUAN articles on "Geography from Homer to Columbus," "The Law of Nations" (two papers).



was formerly a journalist and an active worker in politics. He has contributed Both history and romance, from a new to the New England Magazine several field, were charmingly combined in the social and historical studies, and besides "Maids and Matrons of New France" which the serial, Mr. Start has written for THE CHAUTAUQUAN articles on The United States of Brazil," "Menelik II. of Abyssinia," and "Nicholas II. of Russia." He was the founder and first president of the New England History Teachers' Association, was one of the founders of the Twentieth-Century Club, of Boston, and belongs to several historical and geographical organizations. He is a native of Massachusetts and a graduate of Tufts College, where he took the degree of A. B. in 1884, and of Harvard University where he received the degree of A. M. in 1893.


appeared in THE CHAUTAUQUAN during the "French-Greek year." These papers, expanded and more profusely illustrated, have been published in book form, highly praised by the press in the United States and Canada the New York Times Saturday Review placed it among the one hundred best books of the year. The author, Mary Sifton Pepper, resides in Cleveland. She is a graduate of Wooster University, has been twice abroad, the first time traveling through European countries, the second residing in Milan, Italy. Here she studied Italian and German literature under noted professors of the University of Pavia, and acted as one of the editors of the Milan News, the newspaper circulated among English and American residents. Miss Pepper is an accomplished linguist, commanding Italian, French, German, Spanish. Soon after her return to America, in 1896, she was employed by a Cleveland publishing firm to translate some old French documents which have recently been published in "The Jesuit Relations" (seventy-two volumes). Miss Pepper is now at work upon "Maids and Matrons of New Spain."

A sketch of the "Political Clubs During the French Revolution" was written by John W. Perrin, professor of History in Adelbert College, Western Reserve University, since 1898. Professor Perrin is a graduate of

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Illinois Wesleyan University, class of 1887, 1896. He moved to New York in 1897. and received his doctor's degree from Johns In 1900, at the outbreak of the Chinese war, Hopkins in 1895. He was admitted to the he became an associate editor of Leslie's bar, was assistant principal of the high Weekly, furnishing that paper with the best school at Danville, Illinois, superintendent series of articles which appeared in the of schools, Petersburg, Illinois, assistant American press. President McKinley and superintendent of public schools of Cook the War Department consulted him, and he county, Illinois, professor of history and declined a commission for service on General political economy, First Wisconsin State Chaffee's staff in China. In 1900-1 he delivNormal School, and professor of history and ered in New York City a series of seventypolitics, Allegheny College, 1895-8. He five lectures on China and the Chinese. has been a member of the Chautauqua Sum- In 1901 he became special counsel and mer School faculty and lecturer for the financial expert for the Everett-Moore ElecAmerican Society for the Extension of tric Railway syndicate. Among his financial University Teaching. He is the author of brochures are "Trust Companies," "What "The History of Compulsory Education in Shall We Buy?" "Gold Brick Foreign New England," and a frequent contributor Loans," "Interurban Railways," "Amerito periodicals. can Municipal Bonds."


On China and the Far East several special- Three articles were written by Mary H. ists have supplemented the historical view Krout, "By Rail to Peking," "An Ameripresented in the leading serials. The article can Consulate in China (Shanghai)," on Industrial Civilization in China" and "Mission Schools in China." Another numerous editorial paragraphs commenting article on "The Education of Chinese Girls" upon developments connected with the siege will appear during this summer. Miss Krout of Pekin were furnished by Guy Morrison [born Crawfordsville, Indiana] began literary Walker. Mr. Walker's father, Dr. Wilbur work at the age of eleven; her poem "Little Fisk Walker, is a noted missionary to China Brown Hands," familiar to school children, and was one of the besieged at Pekin in was written at the age of fifteen. In 1883 1900. Mr. Walker [born Fort Wayne, Indi- she became associate editor of the Crawfordsana] is the oldest son and he lived in China ville, Indiana, Journal. From 1888 to 1898 for ten years. Mr. Walker is a graduate of she was on the staff of the Chicago InterDePauw University, class of 1890, and post- Ocean, first as a political correspondent at graduate in law and in science. He practised Indianapolis. In 1893 and 1894 she was law, organized western trust companies, and sent to Hawaii. After the organization of first became known as a financial writer in the Hawaiian Republic she went to New

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Zealand and Australia. For the three years
following she was staff correspondent in
London. In 1899 Miss Krout went to China
for a syndicate of leading American papers,
she journeyed into the interior and also
visited the Philippines and Japan. Among
her books are: "Hawaii and a Revolution"
(London and New York), "Alice in the
Hawaiian Islands," "A Looker-on in Lon-
don," "China of Today."

A striking contribution to historical fiction, based upon Russia's assumption of the reins of power in Korea at the time of the death of the queen of that country, was the special feature of the summer numbers of THE CHAUTAUQUAN last year. This thrilling story, "The Queen of Quelparte," has been expanded and is among the books announced this summer. The author, Archer Butler Hulbert [born Bennington, Vermont], is a graduate of Marietta College, class of 1895. He was principal of Putnam Military Academy 1895-8. In 1898 he was editor of the Korean Independent and represented a syndicate of American papers in Japan, Korea, and China. He has published "RedMen's Roads: Indian Thoroughfares of the off to Canada by fleeing Indians after the "Sioux massacre" of 1862. He was separated from his father, a full-blooded Sioux, and the latter was captured and condemned to death, but afterward pardoned by President Lincoln. The boy lived a wild, roving life in Manitoba until his fourteenth year, when his father sought and found him and sent him to school. He was never in a gov

Central West, ""The Old National Road: A Chapter of American Expansion," and a study of Washington's first campaign in the old French war under the title "Colonel Washington." Among important articles in the periodicals are: "The Camel's Head," "The Better Side of Russian Rule in Asia."


Original work on phases of American. development has had wide range in the magazine. Prizes given by THE CHAUTAUQUAN for the best account of "The Most Dramatic Incident in American History" were awarded: First, Dora M. Townsend, Newburgh, New York, "The Treason of Benedict Arnold." Second, Ethelbert Dudley Warfield, Easton, Pennsylvania, "The Repulse of Pickett's Charge at Gettysburg." Third, Tudor Jenks, New York, "The Declaration of Independence." Honorable mention, Lawrence B. Fletcher, Marlborough, New York, "The Assassination of President Lincoln."

Among Twelve Tales of American History. "Making Kansas a Free State," by the late Colonel Richard J. Hinton (member of the Stowell overland party); "The Story of the Little Big Horn" (the Indian version of the fight with General Custer), by Dr. Charles A. Eastman; and Old Ironsides as Sailors Saw " Her," by John R. Spears, may be mentioned.

Dr. Eastman, ("Ohiyesa ") was born in Redwood Falls, Minnesota, 1858, and carried

ernment school, but attended the preparatory tion" (Chautauqua Press, out of print), departments of Beloit and Knox Colleges, and afterward was graduated from Dartmouth and the Boston University School of Medicine. He was government physician in Dakota, afterward a traveling secretary of the Y. M. C. A.; in Washington for several seasons as attorney for the Santee Sioux, and he is now again physician at Crow Creek, South Dakota. He is soon to publish a book entitled "An Indian Boyhood."

'Franklin's Influence in American Education," "The Life of William Pepper." Mr. Thorpe gave lectures on American History at Chautauqua, in 1889 and 1901, and elsewhere. "A Black Hussar at Waterloo,' from a diary, appeared in THE CHAUTAUQUAN during the French year.

John R. Spears [born Van Wert, Ohio] was at the Naval Academy, 1866-69. He had previously learned the printer's trade and was editor and part proprietor of the East Aurora (New York) Advertiser, 1876-77; of the Silver Creek (New York) Local News, 187782; reporter on the Buffalo Express, 1882; on the New York Sun, 1882-98. His books include: "The Gold Diggings of Cape Horn," a travel sketch; "The Port of Missing Ships," fiction; "The History of Our Navy, five volumes, of which one appeared separately as "Our Navy in the War with Spain"; "The Fugitive," fiction; "The American Slave Trade." To THE CHAUTAUQUAN Mr. Spears has also contributed "Piracies Incident to the French Revolution" and "A Forgotten (American Naval) Exploration of the Dead Sea," to be published this

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A widely-quoted account of "Forgotten Candidates for President" was written by Francis Newton Thorpe [born Swampscott, Massachusetts]. Dr. Thorpe is a graduate of Syracuse University and the University of Pennsylvania. He was fellow and professor of American constitutional history at the latter institution, 1885-1898. His most extensive work (twenty years in preparation) is "The Constitutional History of the United States, 1765-1895," three volumes, published last year. Among other books are "A History (Social and Economic) of the American People," "A (State) Constitutional History of the American People," "The Government of the People of the United States," "Benjamin Franklin and the University of Pennsylvania," "The Story of the Constitu


"The Early History of Maternal Associations" was written by Mary Louisa Butler. Miss Butler was born in Vermont, graduated from Oswego, New York, Normal School; studied in Berlin and was for many years a teacher in Chicago. Since 1894 she has been secretary and registrar of the Kindergarten Department at Chautauqua; for two years she directed the "School for Parents." She has also had charge of the Mothers' Meetings at Chautauqua, been organizer of Mothers' Clubs in New York State and served as organizing secretary of the National Congress of Mothers. She was a very successful primary Sunday-school superintendent, and was for a time assistant editor of the International Sunday-School Bulletin.


The live American topic of trade development in its various phases has been covered by extremely suggestive articles entitled: "Our Nation and the Trade of the World,” "Ship Carrying Trade under American and Foreign Flags," "Our Dog-in-the-Manger Policy in South America," "A Calm View of Reciprocity," Made in Germany.' Statistics, charts, and diagrams have illustrated these papers by George B. Waldron. Mr. Waldron [born Patoka, Marion county, Illinois] is a graduate of Oberlin, class of 1884. He was also graduated from Hartford Theological Seminary in 1887. Six years later he gave up pastoral work for graduate work in the University of Chicago, becoming, in 1893, sociological and statistical editor of the New York Voice. His handbooks on "Currency and Wealth" and "Prohibition" had wide circulation in the campaign of 1896. Following service for the Illustrated American and the Literary Digest he was news editor of the Railroad Gazette, New York, for four years. At


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