Slike strani

A MUSICAL EAR EXPLAINED. from the natural objects which surrounded Jove, let thy nighty hand o'erthrow

them. Their dialogues display no epigram- The baffled malice of my foe ; I have been disposed to consider a musical car, or

matick wit, or scholastick precision. He pos- And may this child, in future years, the aptitude and power of this organ to discriminate sessed the rare and difficult art of infusing into

Avenge his mother's wrongs and tears. between coincident and dissonant sounds, to be their songs that sweet and simple negligence, a mere accident of attention or perception, in very which reminds us of the infancy of poetry: LHE WIND PASSETH OVER IT, AND IT IS carly life. But if the following remarks are sup- He knew how to give to their strains the soft

GONE. ported by anatomical observation, sensibility to con- tones of innocence, such as they must have

I saw a dew.drop, cool and clear, cord and discord is owing to a physical conformation | breathed, when the pure sensations of an unof the auditory organ.]

corrupted heart kindled the fancy, and filled Dance on a myrtle spray ;

it with all the most lively and pleasing images Fair colours deck'd the lucid tear, The difference between a musical ear and which nature can supply. It is true, that the Like those which gleam and disappear one which is too imperfect to distinguish the simplicity of manners, which still cxisted in When showers and sunbeams play. different notes in musick, appears to arise en- his own age, must have facilitated this task

Sol cast athwart a glance severe, tirely from the greater or less nicely with

to the poet : a pointed and epigrammatick And scorched the peari away. which the muscle of the malleus renders the style was not then considered the zenith of membrana tympani capable of being truly ad- perfection, nor had the allurements of wit then High on a slender, polish'd stem, justed. If the tension be perfect, all the va- obtained a preference over the more solid ac. A fragrant lily grew : riations produced by the action of the radiated quirements of judgment and taste."

On the pure petals many a gem muscle, will be equally correct, and the ear

Glitter'd a native diadem truly musical ; but, if the first acijustment is


Of healthy morning dew: imperfect, although the actions of the radiated muscle may still produce infinite variations,

"GREAT obscurity is unpardonable in a po

A blast of lingering winter came, none of them will be correct : the effect, in

et. The use of poetick description, is, by the And snapp'd the stem in two. this respect, will be similar to that produced assistance of numbers, melody, and fiction, as it

Fairer than morning's early tear, by playing on a musical instrument which is

were, to transfuse the soul of the bard into the not in tune. The hearing of articulate sounds bosom of his auditor, and raise a new creation

Or lily's snowy bloom, of wonders before unknown to him : but, to af

Shines beauty in its vernal year, requires less nicety in the adjustment, than of inarticulate or musical ones; an ear may therefect powerfully, it is necessary in some degree

right, sparkling, fascinating, cle fore be able to perceive the onc, although it to understand ; the moment we quit the Gay, thoughtless of its doom !

Death breathes a sudden poison near, is not fitted to receive distinct perceptions thread, we are lost in the labyrinth ; the wand from the other.

of the magician is broken, and we are disap- And sweeps it to the tomb. The nicely or correctness of a musical ear

pointed and discouraged. If the obscurity of being the result of muscular action, renders the poet convert the garden of nature, into

THE HUMMING BIRD. it, in part, an acquirement ; for, though the

which he had conducted us, into a misty desoriginal formation of these muscles in some

ert ; if we no longer be affected, the moment [Tus following beautiful lines on the Humming Bisa, ears renders them more capable of arriving at

this sable curtain is spread before his scenery, are from the pen of a celebrated Spanish scholar, this excellence, early cultivation is still neceshow strongly does tbis objection apply to Mr.

Raphael Landivar, a native of Guatimala, and are sary for that purpose ; and it is found that a Gray's most celebrated poems !"

extracted from his Rusticatio Mexicana. We ear, which upon the first trials scemed unfit to

should be very glad to be favoured with a poetical receive accurate perceptions of sounds, shall,

translation.] by' early and constant application, be rendered


Nil tamen exiguo norit præstantius orbis tolerably correct, but never can attain excel.

Colibrio Julcis spoliato murmure vocis,* lence. There are organs of hearing in which

Sed claro ten!es pennâ radiante per artus. the parts are so nicely adjusted to one anoth

GENTLE Zephyr, as you fly, er, as to render them capable of a degree of

Exiguum corpus, førsan non pollice majus, correctness in hearing sounds which appears

Should you meet my lovely fair,

(Quod rostro natura parens munivit acuto preternatural

Softly whisper, “ you're a sigh,"

Atque artus ferme totos æquante volucris.) Children, who during their infancy are much

But do not tell whose sigh you are

Induit aurato viridantes lumine plumas, in the society of musical performers, will be

Et varios miscet tracto a sole colores.

Limpid Streamlet, should my dear naturally induced 10 attend more to inarticu

Ille volat rapidum Zephyrum superante volatu, late sounds than articulate ones, and by these

Cross your current as you flow, means acquire a correct ear, which, after lis.

Murmuring tell her, “ you're a tear,”

Et raucum penná tollit stridente susurrum. tening for two or three years to articulate

But not whose eyes have swoll'n you so.

Roscida si vero fragranti educere flore

Mella velit rostro, viresque reducere membris, sounds only, would have been attained with

(Quippe aliâ quacumque negat se pascere inensa) more difficulty.


Sistitur in medio concussis aëre pennis, This mode of adapting the car ta different

Nectareum donec tereti trahat ore liquorem. sounds, appears to be one of the most beauti, ful applications of muscles in the body ; the When the wind resounding high

Ast adeo prompte subtiles concutit alas, mechanism is so simple, and the variety of ef- Blusterd from the northern sky,

Ut vigiles fugiant oculos, ludantque citatæ ;
When the waves in stronger tide

Suspensamque putes volucrem super æthera filo,
Dash'd against the vessel's side,

Sin autem sylvis borealis bruma propinquet, GESSNER'S OPINION OF THEOCRI.

Her care-worn cheeks with tears bedew'd,

Plusque vagus solito friģescat Jupiter imbre,
Her sleeping infant Danaë view'd,

Frigida præcipti linquit Colibrius arva “I HAVE ever considered THEOCRITUS as the And trembling still with new alarms,

Nostra fuga, linquitque levi viridaria penna best model of pastoral composition. In his Around him cast a mother's arms.

Et longum montis nigris absconditus umbris writings, we find simplicity of manners and “My child, what woes does Danaë weep!

Indulget placido, ceu Progne arguta sopori, feelings best preserved; he was a nice ob

Dum luces Aries stellatis noctibus æquet,

But thy young limbs are wrapp'd in sleep. server of every minute circumstance that re

In that poor nook, all sad and dark,

Verque novum pratis antiquum reddat honorem. lates to the pastoral and simple charms of naWhile lightnings play around our bark,

Rusticatio Mexicana, lib. xiii, v. 217, 249. ture ; in his idyls we meet something besides roses and lilies. His descriptions are not the

Thy quiet bosom only knows

• " Avicula hæc Colibri in America Meridionali, in Septentric efforts of a mind crowded with common-place

The heavy sigh of deep repose.

nali vero Chupa-mirto dicitur." Nite by Landivar . and obvious images : they possess the beautiful

The howling wind, the raging sea, simplicity of nature, from which they appear No terrour can excite in thee;

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR every one to have been copied. He has giv- The angry surges wake no care, en to his swains the highest degree of artless That burst above thy long deep hair ;

JOHN PARK, innocence ; they speak sensations, as if their But couldst thou feel what I deplore,

BY MUNROE, FRANCIS AND PARKER, pure and uncorrupted hearts lay on their lips : Then would I bid thee sleep no more. and every image which ornaments their poe

NO. 4 CORNHILL. Sleep on, sweet boy ! still be the deep ! try, is drawn from their usual occupations, or (Oh could I lull my woes asleep !)

1.oe three dollars per annum, half in advance.



sects so great.








| nion now calls aloud ? The thing is imprac-vassed by the people. The only one, proposticable.

ed as indispensable, is one which we may well

Now if we raise new men, or our old tried rejoice to see ; the people, here, are shewing FATE OF THE ADMINISTRATION. patriots, to power, with such expectations, the by their suffrages, that they are not to be

country will either be totally disappointed duped ; even the late friends of Madison and We observe many of the political writers with their measures, or, if they yield" to the war, are fast uniting with us, for peace, since of the day are indefatigably labouring to shew, current of opinion, we should only be involv- the despatches from Ghent have proved to that the present deplorable state of our coun- in deeper ruin and disgrace. Our chimer- them how casily it might be obtained, if our try requires a change of rulers, and that our ical and revived confidence would stimulate government and ministers were disposed to national concerns should be wrested from the us to an experiment of new and greater sac- amicable negotiation. hands of incapable and unprincipled men, and rifices, and all to worse than no purpose. We The policy which led to this war, and the entrusted to those, whose virtue and wisdom cannot look upon this war but with utter des support which it has received, has ever been, may conduct us back to honour and prosperity

. pondency, no matter by whom it is conducted; in a great measure, geographically defined. In this ultimate object, we trust that we not that we fear the English could easily or If we must have a war party, we do not refeel as sincere an interest, as any citizen of ever conquer us, but because we cannot com- gret, that this geographical distinction is bethe Union ; and we look forward with hope and pel them to give us battle, and they can com- coming more strongly marked. Union among confidence to the exertions of certain distin- pel us to be forever on our guard, a state ourselves, in this section of the country, is deguished individuals, who have given many sub- which it is plain our country cannot long sus- sirable, on account of our local concerns and stantial pledges of their integrity, their talents. tain.

happiness; and, thank God, if it advances, as and their devotion to the publick weal. But The present administration, we repeat it, present appearances give reason to hope, the we have not urged the expedience of chang. are at the bottom of the hill they will be two grand parties for peace and war, may, ing rulers so zealously as some, because it glad to escape from the indignation of an in- ere long, find it practicable that both should be appears to us, the administration are rushing suited ruined people ; from that notoriety in gratified. headlong to their own doom ; their case is disgrace, to which political elevation would desperate ; they have created difficulties from expose them. Bui. let us beware lest their

THE CONVENTION. which they cannot possibly extricate them- ! foliigs' survive their power ; lest their princi. selves, and every effort,now, only plunges then ples get such fast, hold of popular opinion, anticipating with a great deal of exultation,

Some of our office-holding democrats are deeper in embarrassment and ensures their that good men will be incapable of serving that Vermont will not unite with Massachuapproaching fall. They have destroyed puba .us ; lest our passions remain devoted to a

setts and other New-England states, in a Conlick credit they have no possible means of, causc whicis no talents can sanctify, nor con

vention, “to deliberate upon the dangers to reviving it, but by such monstrous taxes, as, duct to a .successful issue. with all their boldness, they dare not prop sex

With extreme regret, with the deepest | ticable, meirs of security and defence, which

which we a-e exposed, and to de.vise, if pracThey dare enough to render themselves odi- | anxiety for all who are dear to tis, for our

may be consistent with the preservation of ous, but not to replenish the treasury, which selves and our beloved country, we have observed that some men, hitherto the decided our local situation, mutual relations, and habits,

our resources from total ruin, and adapted to they have involved in deep bankruptcy. Their cause requires large armies—they cannot pos. opponents of the faction who have prostrated and not repugnant to our obligations as memsibly raise them, but by tyrannical, unconsti- this once happy and Aourishing, republick, bers of the Union ** tutional measures, which will drive the people now give in to the delusive and unfound

Massachusetts, we presume, is perfectly to rebellion. So that, without money, they ed pretence, that the war is 'assuming a can proceed no farther—to get nioney they new character ; and that, as the government cise that sovereignty, which

willing that every state should enjoy and exer

she has ever must produce intolerable disiress. Without have exhausted their means, we the people, claimed and ever will claim for herself. She an immense army, they cannot even defend we federalists, must now enter the lists. It is

has not issued an edict, but a friendly propothe country, much less invade their enemy : not our purpose here to go over ground again,sition. Her intolerable sufferings, with worse they have no funds to raise men, and no pow. which we have recently occupied, when ex

still in prospect, bare aroused her to a sense er to drag citizens into the field. if duplicily, amining the sine qua non, and other claims, of her own dariger, and of the absolute nefalsehood, and corruption would avail, the re- preferred by the British ministers: We have cessity of sceking relief. If any of her sister - sources of our rulers are abundant ; but they seen some declamation on the subject, but not

a single orator or writer has undertaken in hend less, she has no wish to hurry them into

states, happily for them, either suffer or apprehave employed these too successfully in producing a state of things, which requires other sober, rational discussion to shew, why the means, means which they cannot command. door to honourable peace is not as wide open zion. Possibly Vermont may find herself abie

measures, to which they see the least objecWe cannot therefore see the necessity of as ever ;--wherein either bonour or interest

to meet all the exactions of the general gov. labouring hard to put down the administra: require, that at this period of our sufferings, ernment, and likewise provide for her own detion ; their fate is decided ; the people will

we should burst out in a new frenzy, and be fence. Massachusetts cannot do it ; and the be obliged to elect new rulers, for those, who gin a war in earnest, which in mere panto

sooner she convinces the federal Executive of are now in power, will erelong be glad to re- mime has beggared the government and a

this important fact, the more honest in her, sign it. large portion of the people.

and the better for our rulers, who seem isBut if the publick mind be not regenerated ; We have this consolation-It will be found

clined to make rery erroneous calculation3. if the people are still wedded to their prejudi- that the federalists of the south alone, if any,

If we may be indulged the expression of ces, their vanity, in a word to democratick are ready to receive the odious legacy of de

an individual opinion, though we rejoice in principles ; if they think, that a certain set of mocracy. The rash expressions of some of the prospect of our beloved Massachusetts men have brought us to the verge of rain, and our late friends are thrown in our teeth, by being inimediately aided by the wisdom of that other men can save us, still pursuing the democratick editors of New-England ; but not

other states, we consider it the most important same erroneous course, then a change of ad- a sentence can be quoted from a New-England ministration will do us no service. We would federalist, but unwavering detestation of the point, that the plan of consultation is announc

ed. A body is constituted, to which the eyes not raise a finger to produce such a change. war, and increasing desire of peace. The

of men may turn, as suffering and dismay in-Can the wisest men in our country take fumes of this fresh-brewed war-spirit, which

crease. We believe it of little consequence the reins of government, in our present situa- is turning some men's language, if not their

that any particular measures should be contion, and Hatter themselves with a prospect of brains, in warmer latitudes, have not polluted templated, for their deliberation. Let thern so conducting the war, as to humble Great our atmosphere. The dreadful conditions, assenible; we either wholly mistake the purBritain ? We presume no man in his sober ridiculously announced to be such as could senses believes it. Could they even provide only be proposed " by a conquering to a con. Letter from our Legislature to the Governour of that defence, for which every part of the U. / quered nation," have been examined and can- | Rhode Island.

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poses Mr. Madison has adopted, and the ap

A proposition is before the naval committee proaching aspect of this war, or events, jyill GENERAL REGISTER.

for building or purchasing a picaroon navy of unite New-England, at least, in this conven

20 vessels, of from 8 to 14 guns ! tional scheme, and find occupation for the

A bill is under consideration, authorizing the BOSTON, SATURDAY, NOV. 12, 1814. most profound talents she can command.

President to accept the services of volunteers


who may associate and organize themselvesON BRITISH CLAIMS---AGAIN.

FOREIGN: The Prussian ship, Hannibaly pay 33 cents per day.

arrived at New York, left Bremen on the 17th The terms proposed by the British minis- of September. Passengers report that Lord: Monday last.

The conscript bill was probably called up on ters ought to be kept strongly impressed on

Wellington was in Belgium, at the head of the publick mind. The war party are very 40,000 iroops. That the armies of Austria, fond of alluding to them, by description, such

Bavaria, and the Hessian army were com- LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS description as they are taught to believe per- pletely organized on the war establishment, haps, but they will not enter into particulars. the Russian army receiving reinforcements, It cannot be too often brought to mind, that and that a large number of British, Hanove

THE WRITER, No. XXVI. the only point, they declared iliey would main

rian and Dutch troops were to cover the Som- AS I gave some intimation of continuing tain, was this that their Indian allies should

bre and Meuse. All this preparation is said be included in the peace, and their lands be

the comparison between Milton and Tasso, to be owing to a prevailing expectation that at I shall pursue tbe subject in this day's paper. guaranteed to them forever.

the Congress, France will claim an increase As all the other claims were only offered of territory, to be taken from Belgium. They lemme Liberata is a more popular work

It must be acknowledged that the Geruse. for discussion, the grounds of the rupture of report likewise that the negotiations at Ghent amongst the Italians, than Paradise Lost, or

were considered as at' an end, and the respec- any other poem, is in England. ters, and the continuance of a ruinous war, tive ministers about to return.

It has frequently been remarked, and wbomust be found in this alone.

The Aberdeen account that Lord Hill had

ever has travelled in Italy must have witnes. The British, let it be remembered, did not

gone to Holland does not appear to be true. sed the truth of the observation, that detached ask that we should cede an inch of land 10

Three thousand troops were about embarking stanzas, froin the most eminent of their po. them ; it was only that we should confirm the

at Portsmouth and Plymouth, on the 5th of ets and particularly from Ariosto ard Tasso, lands of the Indians to the Indians.

Sept. which was considered as the advance are very cominonly sung by the peasants in Now it is admitted by all, that this war is a

guard of a more formidable body, to be com. the fields, and labourers and porters about the serious calamity to every state--yet it must be manded by Lord Hill in person, who was ex- streets. carried on by every state, hereafter, solely on

In Venice, the gondaliers, who ply pected to embark soon, in the Valiant 74. their numerous and fanciful little barks along account of this sine qua non,-Mr. Madison Three hundred ship carpenters had volunteer- the canals, are well versed in this species of having given up the points, on which he de

ed for the American lakes, a considerable amusement ; the inhabitants of the city are clared war, and the British having only fixed number of whom had arrived at Portsmouth, nightly serenaded with the finest verses of upon this one condition, as a principle from to embark in the Zealous 74.

their favourite Bards, as these boatmen gently which they would not recede.

DOMESTICK. Sackett's Harbour. Gen- float beneath their windows ; and the musick, Has Massachusetts any interest in this

eral Brown arrived there the 31st Oct. Our which rises from the canals, becomes more claim, that she must continue this war to op- fleet remain in port ; 5000 British troops had melodious as it is drawn out through the pose it? Not in the least-it is a concern as

just arrived at Kingston, and large detach- lengthened avenues, or vibrates along the foreign to her, as the disputes between Chris just arrived at Kingston, and large detach

ments were to follow. Sir G. Prevost was lofty and echoing walls. tophe and Petion, the rival princes of Hayti. there superintending the preparations.

Milton cannot boast of this kind of distinc. It is the same with Newhampshire, Vermont, General Izard has retired to winter quar- tion ; he has no claim to such preference Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York-I ters. The destruction of the works at Fort

among the lower ranks and orders of his coun. need not go through the list. The fact is, not

Erie is contradicted. a state in the Union, but Ohio, could have

trymen. This, however, does not lessen his

Chesapeake. A sloop of war and 4 trans- title to superiority. The single circumstance been affected, had this claim been admitted !

ports entered and ascended the bay, Oct. 31. of rhyme will always obtain higher praise, and as no line was specified, we may suppose It was reported at Washington the 4th-instant, and meet with more general approbation, than that by negotiation even Ohio might have

that the English were again advancing up the the most polished periods in prose, or the been preserved untouched by the treaty. Potomack. Contradicted.

sublimest sentiments in blank verse : it is We are not aware that we have misrepre- The alarm which was recently excited at more adapted to the taste of ordinary or on sented any one circumstance ; and now, in the

Camden, in Maine, has subsided, and the mili- tutored minds ; it pleases the ear, and, as all name of common sense, what can have indutia have been dismissed.

men are susceptible of impressions by the exced any man in the United States, noi a war

Convention. In addition to the delegates ternal senses, it pleases all. The characterispensioner on government, to say that war must

from this state, whose names be continued ? Individuals have said so, we

we some time tick quality in Paradise Lost, as. Dr. Johnson

since mentioned, the legislature of Connecticut observes, is sublimity. Its highest ornament confess-individuals who have heretofore loudly demanded peace. But it is not the voice of Hon. James Hillhouse, Hon. John Treadwell, have chosen the Hon. Chauncey Goodrich, is beyond the reach of the common class of

men ; it is therefore not surprising that it is the people. Instead of choosing new advo- Hon. Calvin Goddard, Hon. Zephaniah Swift, less known, or less admired among these clas. cates of war, they are dismissing its authors Hon. Nathaniel Smith, and Hon. Roger Sher- ses, than the old ballads of Chevy Chase, and and supporters. man.

the Children in the Woods. The Legislature of Rhode Island have ap- The Italian poets always write in rhyme, FARMERS.

pointed Benjamin Hazard and Daniel Lyman | and the construction of the verse, and arrange, It is said, and probably believed by many, esquire®, Col. Marston and Col. Samuel Ward. ment into stanzas, which has been adop:ed that our farmers in the country are growing The committee of the Vermont Legislature, both by Ariosto and Tasso, very much resem: rich by the war, because their produce com- to whom the subject was referred have report- ble the sonnet, a species of composition the mands as high, and in many instances a high-ed that it is inexpedient for them to join " at most agreeable and entertaining to their couner price than in peace ; but it is far from pieient." A majority of the council in New- trymen. Verses of this construction easi true ; the reverse is the fact. If they obtain ham shire being war-men, it is not to be ex- admit of being set to musick, and thus the twenty five per cent. more than formerly' on pected that the Governour can convoke the most beautiful and interesting portions of these their sales, they pay fifty per cent. more on Legislature, before their regular session. Divine Authors (as the Italians style them)

their purchases. When their customary bar- The New England at last states have done are retailed in songs ; learned by rote, by * ter is therefore completed, they are losers ; their urmost, and now claim an honourable thousands who cannot read ; are treasured up

besides, their taxes, which must be paid in rank, though possessing no influence in the in their memories, and sung to amuse their money as long as they have any, have greatly national Legislature. The elections are com- friends, or to beguile their own weariness, in increased, and are still increasing.

pleted in Newhampshire, Vermont, Massa- | hours of solitude or labour. From these conA plain proof that husbandry suffers, is that chusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut, and siderations, we can readily allow that the ce the price of all land has fallen; though there in the whole delegation, there is not a single rusalemme Liberata may have the greatest is more money in the country unemployed Madisonian !!

number of adınirers, without surrendering th: than there has been, since the revolution, CONGRESS. A bill has passed the house claim to superior merit, which we still coaterd

Farmers suffer grievously by the war--they for borrowing immediately if they can) belongs to Paradise Lost. dislike the war, and they prove it by their 3,000, 0), to pay some part of the interest of I shall say nothing with regard to the sub suffrages, the publick debt.

jects of these two great rival poems. If there

no cause.


could have existed a doubt in any reflecting, or presumptuous, as to deny him great poetical Thc indivisibility of the thinking substance, mind as to these, the most enlightened crit- merit. The work, which we have had under whatever it be, has always been admitted ; icks of the last age have very satisfactorily consideration, undoubtedly ranks as second of for it is proved both by experiments and consettled the dispute. Addison and Johnson its kind among the efforts of modern genius. sciousness. Materialists thcrefore always rehave both borne high and prevailing testimony, The characters are finely drawn, consistent, sort to the next position, and assert that it rethat the mighty genius of Milton, had seized and strongly marked ; it is beautiful for its sults from a certain organization of parlicles upon the most difficult, as well as the most descriptive poetry, and the variety of its events of matter, which, separately, have nu inherent exalted and interesting subject, which could and uncommon incidents cannot fail to engage power of thought. have been suggested by his own gigantick and interest the reader almost to a degree of Organization is nothing but the arrangement mind. enthusiasm.

of matter in some particular form. How is it In a former' number, I offered some com- I have observed lately, that there is a taste possible that a mere change of the place, or parisons between Milton and Tasso, with an prevailing, among some young ladies, for the the figure of particles of matter can create in attempt to prove the superiority of the En- study of the Italian language ; and I would en- them a new property ? It is contrary to all glish bard, in subjects which each of them courage the acquisition of it, not only as a pret- analogy, and asserting an effect where there is have occasionally handled. In scenes of ten-ty accomplishment, but as leading to a source

A particular organization of matderness and deep distress, Tasso most fre- of great pleasure, and opening a rich mine of ter constitutes a rose, and the matter thus arquently errs, by deviating into bombast, or intellectual wealth. Tasso, Ariosto, Metastasio, ranged diffuses an eMuvium ; but no philosomisplaced conceits and affected extravagance. and Guarini, are so many banquets for the pher considers this effluvium as any thing but Some instances were adduced and I shall here mind, where the most fastidious taste must be matter, every particle of which, minute as it is, add some others.

gratified, and where the heart and imagination possesses length, breadth, thickness, solidity Erminia, after joining herself to the shep- may feast unsated.

vis inertiæ and mobility, in common with herd (in the beautiful episode of Tancrede and

other matter, but nothing more.

The sense Erminia), whilst she tends her frocks in the

of odour is in the human nerve, brain, or soul, woods, marks her lover's name on a thousand IMMATERIALITY OF THE SOUL.

not in the rose. trees, and traces there some intimations of

Does the concussion of inert, unconscious her story ; she then reflects with pleasure

Animorum nulla in terris origo inveniri potest ; nihil enim est particles of matter produce thought ? We that possibly when she is dead, Tancrede may in imis mixtum atque concretun, aut quod ex terra natum,

cannot conceive how it should, and a million atque fictum esse videatur.

Cis. Tusc. Quæ s. wander through these woods, and finding such

of experiments every day, show that this alone evidences of her love and misfortunes, may The immateriality of the soul is a doctrine will noi. Place particles of unconscious matdrop a tear to her memory.

which has been believed and supported by ter in a line, in a circle, a square or a triangle,

distinguished philosophers, as far back as his- we know they will not think ; nor can we conOnde se in vita il cor misero fue,

tory can trace, yet there are philosophers and ceive the least glimmeriug of reason, why poSia lo spirito in morte almeno felice E’l cener freddo de le fiamme sue

even serious christians, at the present day, sition or change of position should produce Goda quel ch'or godere a me non lice

who doubt its truth, though they firmly trust such an effect. Matter wherever it be, has Canto 7, 22, in a future existence.

figure ; it has but figure, place it as you

It is certainly of little importance of what please. The stanzas immediately preceding this the soul consists, in comparison with its pow- Such are a few of the ideas which Baxter are very beautiful, as is the whole episode tak

ers and destination ; were it otherwise, scrip- has expanded into a volume ; he, for the most en together, but that her soul would be hap

ture would not have left us to grope with the part, adopts a mathematical mode of reasonpy because her cold ashes enjoyed the luxury mere light of reason. But materialism has ing, which though it require patience in the of a tear which she had been denied during

well been called a gloomy doctrine ; there is reader, leads him eventually to very satisfactoher life is extravagant and ridiculous tanti

inferent in the mind an “inward horror of fallery results. And in the 4th canto, where the author is de

ing into naughi," the soul shrinks back withscribing the effects of love, he breaks out as in herself, and startles at destruction.”

CONVERSATION. though too full for rational utterance

I am not a materialist—it is my happiness Perhaps there is nothing in which people

to believe that there is a spirit in main, essenOh miracol d'amor, clie!e fuville

err so cgregiously, as in the manner of carrytially distinct from the dust on which he treads. ing on conversation. In those who value Tragge del pianto, e il cor’ne l'acqua accende !

Plato reasons well

, in his Phedo, and Cicero themselves on superior talents and information, That is to say, love can, like a flint, strike fire amplified on his doctrines ; but I doubt wheth. I there is often an eagerness to be attended to, out of sighs, which will inflame a heart, though er either of these great men's arguments are that defeats their purpose of being either indrowned in water-- This is “ nodding" with a to be compared in force or ciearness, io a

structive or agreeable. To bcar an equal part witness. Yet, in general, Tasso's love scenes treatise, or, as it entitled, “ an Inquiry into the in conversation, without hurting the self-love are not unpleasing : it is only when he at nature of the Human Soul,” attributed to a tempts to soar, that his wings fail him. Mil. Mr. Baxter, of Aberdeen. This, in early life, that gives to every one an opportunity of being

of others; to allow that reciprocity of discourse toli, on the contrary, never loses his strength gave me a degree of satisfaction, which I can

heard, and which'is the great charm of socie by rising ; he ascends, like the eagle, and main- not well describe ; and I would earnestly ty, is the effect of that something we have tains a vigorous wing even in regions, where recommend it to every young reader, who agreed to call good-breeding, And to be our imaginations can scarcely reach him feels curious on the subject and can relish 19. really well-bred requires good sense, which The following idea of Tasso's seems to have gical deductions, though conveyed in a tedious enables us to enter into the character and senbeen borrowed from Homer : and antiquated style.

timents of others. Thus there are people,

From the recollection of many years, I will naturally well-bied, and there are others so E quanto è da le stelle al basso inferno

endeavour to sketch a mere outline of his rude and ill-mannered, notwithstanding they Tanto è più in su de la stellata sfera argument.

have been accustomed to the best society In Pope's translation of Homer, we have : It will not be disputed, that the materialist that it is a penance to be in their company.

must of necessity maintain one or the other As far beneath the infernal centre hurl'd,

of these positions--either the sentient power As from that centre to the ethereal world.

AFFECTATION. exists inherently in certain particles of matter, Tasso however is describing an opposite point. like their other acknowledged properties, or hypocrisy is in religiou—an attempt to impose

AFFECTATION is that in manners, which The seat of the Eternal Father, which is so

on , far above the stars. Milton has occasion to which has no inherent power of thought.

on others, by an appearance of qualities which mention the same cxalted seat; but, instead of The thinking power cannot exist inherently

we do not possess. We cannot pay ourselves endeavouring to give us an idea of it by a sort') in certain particles of matter, for this power

a worse compliment than by affectation ; it is of extravagant measurement, he transports you is indivisible. If there were more sentient

a tacit acknowledgement that we ought to be

what we are not. with simple where he sits

Like a mask, it may conparticles than one, in the same body, they • High thron’d above all height.” might be separated ; and if the property of ceal our face, but it is suil known to be a

false face. thought were inherent in each, there would

However common affectation may This, in point of sublimity, falls short of nothing be so many distinct powers or souls. If one

be, there is no failing more generally defcsitd, but Holy Wril, where the Earth and the

atom alove, in each individual, possess inhe- because it is used io bice all the other failheavens fled away, and there was found no

rently the property of thought, independent of ings, and to display perfections to which we place for them.” organization, it must be seated in the head or

have no claim. Notwithstanding these few failings, which I in the body ;--yet sever them, and there is no

This is a folly incident to youth, but noi have pointed out in Tayso, I am not so bold ! longer a sentient power in either.

confined to that age, though generally worn


off by an acquaintance with the world. In
every period of life it is disgusting, because
it indicates a trilling vanity of mind. It us-
ually arises from a desire to imitate some one
who is admired for superiour accomplishments.
But it is blind and undiscriminating, and
adopts the infirmities and defects of the per-
son admired, as readily as the beautics and
the graces.
“ The brt Watest forms through Affectation fade
To strange new things, which nature never made.
Frown not, ye fair, so much your sex we prize,
We bate those arts which take you from our eyes.
In Albucinda's native grace is seen,
What you, who labour at perfection, mean :
Short i the rule, and to be learnt with ease ;
Remain your gentle selves, and you must please.”


Ilushi'd is the din of tongues-on gailant steeds, [The following smooth and pathetick lines were al. With milk-white crest, gold spur, and light-poiz'd dressed to the unfortunate Mrs Robinsox, by an lance,

Englisli lady, who has been much celebrated for Four cavaliers prepare for venturous deeds,

her genius and accomplishments.]
And lowly bending to the lists advance ;

THOUGА on thy cheek the living roses glow
Rich are their scarfs, their chargers featly prance :

Loveliest when bathed in sorrow's lucid tear ;
If in the dangerous game they shine to-day,
The crowds loud shout and ladies lovely glance,

Though more enchanting heaves thy “breast of snow,"

Pouring the sigh to pensive anguish dear;
Best prize of better acts, they bear away,
And all that kings or chiefs e'er gain their toils repay. Though sweeter fows thy soul-dissolving lay,

Whene'er thy lute throbs to that deep'ning sigh,
In costly sheen and gaudy cloak array'd,

As to the plaintive gale of sinking day
But all afoot, the light-limbid Matadore

Vibrates the lyre of airy melody :
Stands in the centre, eager to invade
The lord of lowing herds ; but not before

Yet ah ! were mine the anguish-healing art,
The ground, with cautious tread, is travers’d o'er,

No more should sigh that beauteous “breastof snow,''
Lestaught unseen should lurk to thwart his speed : Soft throbbing to the touch of sorrow's dart ;
His aims a dart, he fights aloof, nor more

But though no costly balm I can bestow,
Can man achieve without the friendly steed,

Accept the incense of a pensive heart
Alas ! too oft condemn'd for him to bear and bleed.

Charm'd by thy magick melody of wo.

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PETER THE GREAT. An historian gives the following anecdote as a specimen of the address by which this wonderful prince prepared the minds of his subjects for one of the most important and complete revolutions that ever was witnessed in any nation.

In 1703 the Czar resided at Moscow, and gave a general invitation to the inale and fcmale nobility of his Tartar court, on the occasion of the marriage of one of the royal jesters. The fact is recorded from the authority of the diary kept by the monarch himself. He commanded that all the visitors should appear dressed in the ancient costume. An old superstitious ceremony required that no fire should be permitted in the family of the married couple, on the clay of their nuptials : Peter therefore had none prepared in his palace for the company ; although it was in the winter season, and the cold was- extreme. The ancient Russians drank no wine, the beverage was therefore mead and bran this wedding. The company whispered some feeble and modest complaints, on which Peter ridiculed their embarrassment. * Your ancestors, said he, were contented with this fare, and antiquity is ever preferable to novelty. The Czar, by such expedients, eradicated the prejudices of his country against modern improvements, and from the degradation of the Vandal colonies, and the Usbec tribes, raised it to the first rank among the powers of Europe.

Sudden he stops--his eye is fix'd-away-
Away, thou heedless boy ! prepare the spear :
Now is thy time, to perish, or display
The skill that yet may check his mad career !
With well-time'd croupe the nimble coursers veer ;
On foams the bull, but not unscath'd he goes,
Streams from his flank the crimson torrent clear ;

He flies, he wheels, distracted with his throes ;
Dart follows dart ; lance, lance ; loud bellowing spcak

his woes.

Whatever sweets we hope to find

In love's delightful snares,
Whatever good by heav'n assign'd,

Whatever pause from cares,
All flourish at thy smile divine ;
The spring of loveliness is thine,
And every joy that warms our hearts
With thee approaches and departs.


By Sir William Jones.

Again he comes ; nor dart nor lance avail,
Nor the wild plunging of the tortur'd horse ;
Though man and man's avenging arms assail,
Vain are his weapons, vainer is his force.
One gallant steed is stretch'd a mangled corse ;
Another, hideous sight ! unseam'd appears,
Ilis gory chest unveils life's panting source,

Tho' death-struck still his feeble frame he rears,
Staggering, but stemming all, his lord unbarm'd he


-ANGER. THERE is an inconsistency in anger very common in life ; which is, that those who are vexed to impatience, are angry to see others less disturbed than themselves ; but when others begin to rave, they immediately see in them, what they could not find in themselves, the deformity and folly of useless ungoverned passion.

Foild, bleeding, breathless, furious to the last,
Full in the centre stands the bull at bay,
Mid wounds, and clinging darts, and lances brast,
And foes disabled in the brutal fray:
And now the Matadores around him play,
Shake the red cloak, and poise the ready brand :
Once more through all he bursts his thundering

Vain rage ! the mantle quits the conynge hand,
Wraps his fierce eye-'tis past-he sinks upon the


What constitutes a state !
Not high-raised battlements, or laboured mound,

Thick wall, or moated gate ;
Nor cities proud with spires and turrets crown'd ;

Not bays, and broad-arm'd ports,
Where, laughing at the storm, rich navies ride ;

Not starred and spangled courts,
Where low-browed baseness wafts perfume to pride

No ; Men, high-minded Men,
With powers as far above dull brutes, endued

In forest brake or den,
As beasts excel cold rocks and brambles rude ;

Men, who their duties know,
But know their rights, and knowing, dare maintain,

Prevent the long-aimed blow,
And crush the tyrant, while they rend the chain ;

These constitute a state




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The lists are op'd, the spacious area clear'd,
Thonsands on thousands pil'd are seated round ;
Long ere the first loud trumpet's note is heard,
No vacant space for lated wight is found :
Here dons, grandees, but chiefly dames abound,
Skilld in the ogle of a roguish eye,
Yet ever well inclin'd to heal the wound ;
None through their cold disdain are doom'd to die,
As moon-struck bards complain, by Love's sad archery.



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