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DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES.

VOL. I.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 19, 1814.

NO. XLVII.

FOR

THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

POLITICAL.

months from this time, will any man say, that we aimed a blow, which its sanguine but mis. the claims of the British were so high that taken authors presumed would prostrate her

there was no room for discussion--that, in power, and leave her at the mercy of merciless If we examine the political bistory of our consequence of these, it was proper for every France. It leased Providence to defeat the

man to buckle on his sword, and pledge him-nefarious delign ; but, in the crisis of her concountry, we shall probably find good reason to self to Madison and war? We presume not-test, she was Sliged to detach armies to probelieve that the triumphs of democracy have Then why not, for once, come out in season, tect her foreign territories, and fleets to guard not been owing entirely to the address of its and declare to the President, that we must have against depredations on her commerce. To advocates, but, in a great measure, to that hom. peace ; that the claims of the British were say nothing of the views of our rulers against age, which virtue too often pays to vice, and

an earnest of pacifick views-that, subject as her national existence, what right bad we to wisdom to folly.

they were to modification, they were moder- tax her with these extraordinary expenses ? If we go back to the commencement of Mr. Ate-for this is the truth, and this will erelong If she had said, you must indemnify me for Jefferson's administration, and follow the train be the voice of this country.

the injury I have sustained, by what principle of measures up to the present time, we shall

The writer of these remarks does not pro- of equity could she have been accused of indiscover, that when any wicked or impolitick nounce a verdict on the claims of Great Bri- justice ? The law of nations is directly against measure was first announced, it has been tain, from his own private opinion. From the us, and, so explicitly defined in familiar authortreated with a singular degree of delicacy ; language of the whole body of federalists, he ities, we must confess ourselves astonished the opposition have never availed themselves cannot but admit that they are moderate ; and that every American, who condemns the war of half the strength of their cause, in the sea

he feels secure in concluding that this enlight- from principle, did not congratulate governson of debate, and have seldom taken their ened and upright portion of the community ment and our country, when the despatches best ground, until months or perhaps years, will eventually be found consistent with them arrived from Ghent, on the favourable terms, after government had acted on the subject. selves.

on which pe.ce might have been obtained. When Mr. Jefferson began his system of

The British ministers, when proposing to Do we prefer the decision of the law ? Then commercial restrictions, all directly or indi. treat on conditions of peace, after their nation here it is" He, who does an injury, is bound rectly aimed against Great Britain, scarcely a

was assailed by a most aggravating, insulting “ to repair the damage, or to make a just satfederalist in Congress thought it safe to begin war, bring nothing under heaven to view, but “ isfaction, if the evil be not irreparable, and an argument against those measures, without the future security of their colonies, and such “ even to penalty, if penalty be necessary by first making a sacrifice to the imposture of the circumstances of accommodation, as might be I way of example, for the safety of the party day, by admitting, that both nations had com- proposed between governments in perfect ami- « offended, and also for that of human society, mitted outrages against us, only asserting that ty. Now we would ask those, who maintain, in “ This is the case of a prince, who is the authose of France were the greatest, and ought first, the face of our rulers and before the world, “ thor of unjust war. He is to restore to be resented. A year or two after our gove that this war was declared from the basest 6 whateve. Bu irad taken, serd back thc prismeat iad so conducted towards England, as in motives ; that its pretexts were either hypo- “ oners at his own expense ; he is to make fact to have given her just grounds of declar. critical or unfounded, whether they are not compensation to the enemy for the injury ing us her enemy, we find it the universal lan- sincere in these declarations? We believe « and losses he brought upon him ; to relieve guage of federalists, that she had omitted no

them both sincere and just. Then we would “ destitute families, and,' was it possible, to effort to retain and secure our friendship. inquire, whether the principles of equity are “ repair the loss of a father, a son, or a husWhen the right of impressment was before not the same, when applied to nations as to « band.”

Vat. Book III. ch. 11. Congress, we find the ground taken by the individuals ?' Between man and man, the jus- “ The enemy ought, strictly speaking, to federalists was, that the evil was not so exten- ice of every country decides, that the litigant, " put an end to the war, as soon as he has obsive as it was represented and that some

who brings his action in a bad cause, repairs - tained, or can obtain, the satisfaction dearrangement might be mare, which would be

the damages he has occasioned, and pays the “ manded, a compensation for the expenses of satisfactory, without proceeding to hostilities. costs of court. No man is allowed to molest " the war, and security for the future." Now, the right of both nations and every nation or vex an unoffending person with impunity.

Martens, Book VIII. ch. 7. to command the services of their subjects or We attacked Great Britain ; we appealed to It is unnecessary to multiply quotations ; citizens, at home, or within a common juris. arms, the ultima ratio regum. She has lost any man of common understanding may know diction is boldly asserted ! When the inten

both treasure and blood in defending herself what national laws would decide, by asking tions of the dominant party were avowedly fix. against a wanton, malignant foe. Will a na- himself candidly, what is the dictate of simple ed on war, they were opposed principally on

tion capable of doing herself justice be sub- equity and common sense ; by putting himself the ground of inexpedience, and our want of jected to such sacrifices, and consent to renew in the place of one nation, and considering his preparation. A year or two after war is wag. peace and friendship, without indemnification ? neighbour as representing another. ed, and when the distress it has produced has GREAT BRITAIN DOES. She overlooks the The British government, we repeat it, lave made every day-labourer a better politician wrongs our government have done her, though manifested a disposition to close this war, on than Mr. Madison, we find every federal perpetrated, (as those allege whom we are terms which were highly favourable ; and had newspaper, speech, and state paper honestly addressing) under the most provoking circum- our ministers sought a friendly adjustment, denouncing the war as unjust and wicked, as

stances-she forgets or forgives the slaughter there can be no doubt but that the event would well as inexpedient.

of her subjects-she says nothing of the mil. have been such, as would have rejoiced every It is not for us to say, that a different course

lions we have compelled her to expend by real triend to this country. would have been more successful ; and that, if

our war of aggression. Her ministers are England has entered her caveat against our errour had been boldly confronted on its first instructed to say" as a proof of our sincere recurring to the propositions she now makes, appearance, by those correct views, which pre. desire to be friends, we pass over the origin in case a peace is not effected. Let us not vail when it is too late, the enemies of our

and bistory of this contest in silence. But it be forever blind, and rash and heaustrouglo country would have shrunk from their pure has shewn us where we are weak ; as a con- our own destruction. This caveat deserves poses ; but we must confess, it appears to us dition of peace, therefore, we must guard, in our solemn consideration. It is no trick ; it that the experiment of temporizing with false

some degree, against the facility of injuring is the honourable frankness of an ingenuous, hood and folly has been tried long enough, us in future, through our exposed colonies.” determined spirit ; and we feel no doubt in and that it is full time to see what would be If such language can be called high-toned or predicting that if our ministers now return the effece of advancing the honest truth, with extravagant, we should be glad to know what without a treaty of peace, and another sumout concession or qualification, whenever an terms those, who pronounce this war unneces- mer's campaign succeeds, we shall never sce important subject is in agitation.

sary and iniquitous on our part, think England such termis again ! Are we not pursuing the old course, with ought to offer. In the long protracted stug. Is this warning offensive? We ertreat our respect to the negotiations at Ghent ? Six gle between her and the despot of Europe, fellow-citizens to examine and weigh its probability. We have no desire, but to see our quer that land from the Indians, that this that they might attempt to play: Mr. Madison's common country extricated from the misera. Madisonian Scotchman would have us con- cards with better address : we want to see an ble situation, in which it has been involved by tinue this war.

entire new-hand, of which the Knave will not an infamous cabal, on the best possible condi. Mr. Mellish may paint his Grenville treaty be trumps. tions. But believing this a war without cause ; boundary in flaming red, and possibly arouse waged against a nation able to defend herself all the feelings of the uninformed, by display- NEW-ENGLAND CONVENTION. and distress us ; and that the propositions she ing the large tract of land which would be

From the (Georgetown) Federal Republican. offered were favourable to negotiation, we see confirmed to the Indians by the proposed nothing to hope from protracted warfare, but guarantee ; but if this volunteer knight of ad

“Our readers have seen the list of Delegates much to fear.

ministration means to attack the sine qua non, from Massachusetts. We now add that from

by pointing out the boundary line of '95, he is Connecticut. These men are well known to NEW-ENGLAND'S PLEA. . either mistaken or disposed' to deceive. The the American people. The old patriots of the "The Madisonians of the south accuse New. | sine qua non designated no boundary. The revolution will recognize names which were England of a factious, rebellious disposition ; line was left for adjustment by negotiation. found in the front of those conflicts, civil and of a desire to dictate io the general govern- | The British ministers claim only two points military, which ended in our Independence. ment. This is not true ; and, as we must go as indispensable—that the Indians, shall be In the journals of our Convention, and of the

confederation, and in the histories of those on in those purposes which are made the included in the treaty of peace ; and that a occasion of the accusation, and shall undoubt certain tract of Indian land, the limits of whichdays, many of these names hold a distinguished edly succeed in them, it is bad policy to insist they propose to have determined by negotia- place-Under our present Constitution in on a construction of our conduct which unnection, should never be liable to conquest or those bright periods, when guided by Washcessarily subjects our tyrants, whom we cannot purchase, either by the United States o: Great ington our country rose to prosperity, honor obey, to humiliation. We cannot support a

Britain. England does not wish, it seems, and power, these were the men in whom he war, on our own account, and a monstrously even to interfere with our ridiculous vanity, of confided and who were the patrons of his polexpensive government, whose concerns are having nominal territory, where we have no icy. To all the mad projects of Jefferson and foreign to us. As to the requisitions of our propriety in the soil; for it is proposed that Madison, to embargoes, loans, taxes, conscriprulers, our will is of no consequence, since we the limits of the United States, shall still, as at

tions and French alliances they have opposed have not the power to comply. Mr. Madison present, cinbrace the territory which is to be the front of patriots and of federalists. If

Rhode Island, New Hampshire and Vermont, may expect, by the physical force be now has, secured to the aboriginal owners.

follow the example of Massachusetts and Conto extort from us those taxes he and his party

necticut, and select Delegates from the best, are preparing ; and with those taxes to in- We should be much gratified to see the crease his armies to enforce future levies, political creed of a southern federalist, of the what an assemblage of talents, patriotism, wis

the wisest, the most virtuous of their patriots, He may rely on his divinities, AUTHORITY and present day; for in truth we cannot ascertain dom and virtue will Hartford present in DePower-but, as the inhabitants of Andros re. what it is.' These gentlemen (for gentlemen cember.-In such hands the rights and liberplied to Themistocles demanding impractica they are) seem to be as much averse to the ties, the security and prosperity of New-Eng. ble levies, we have likewise two potent divin- men now in power, as the warmest federalists land are safe.-Nor have we any fear that any ities on our side, Poverty and IMPOSSIBILITY. in New-England; but, of their political vicws, thing will be projected, or effected, whichi,

Does any ministerial satellite inquire, how we can form no satisfactory “ notion." then will New England maintain her high

however it may thwart the ambitious purposes

Some of them wish us to join heart and tone, with respect to the general government, hand in this war-For what ? Why, forsooth, palsy the arm, which seems resolved on forced

of Virginia and the West, however it may if her plea for demurring at iis demands are to get Madison and his party out of power. poverty and wcakness ? Let them know, that Now we, federal yankces, wish peace, com- the permanent good of the Union.”

loans and conscriptions, will not redound to the deliberate capture of Washington, the seat merce, prosperity. We wish to see the govof the throne, the centre of our oppressors'ernment of the United States freed from the (We are happy to see such confidence espower, by two thousand British soldiers, calms disgrace and criminality of waging war, in a pressed by the federalists of the south, for we all our apprehensions but from abroad. This BAD CAUSE ; and from the embarrassment believe it is far from misplaced. The distrestaught us we had nothing to hope from our which must attend the prosecution of a contest, sed inhabitants of this section of the Union government, and as little to fear.

to which the resources of the nation are not, aspire to nothing but the enjoyment of those and cannot be made adequate.

blessings, which it was their hope to secure, JUDGE OF A CAUSE BY ITS ADVOCATES. If a mere struggle for office is the question, į by the adoption of the federal constitution.

The administration are now certainly strong between parties at the south, it is not so here. They had a right to expect the fostering smiles Mellish, a scotch traveller, who, for a few It is to us of very little consequence, who fill and protection of government; not the hosyears past, has been strolling through the the departments of government ; who consti- tility of an inveterate enemy, a iyranny tepfold United States soliciting subscriptions for a tute the dominant party in Congress, if we are worse than we ever suffered under British jubook, written, or rather compiled by him, desto have war, taxes, and a suspension of all risdiction. It will be for the eventual interest cribing to us our own country,—this Caledo-commerce. If it be an object to be led on to of the whole Union that the northern states nian geographer and map-seller" has pub- ruin by those whom we personally esteem, should be restored to prosperity, and to their lished a map of most wonderful properties. rather than by those we despise, it is a refine- original importance, as members of the fedeIt shews the boundary line, which we settled ment in politicks which we, phlegmalick sons ral compact. We sincerely believe that no with the Indians in 1795, and " so well defin- of the north, cannot comprehend.

more is anticipated ; and as confidently trust, ed, that it may be viewed at a glance !” Be- We have no personal pique against Mr. that the wisdom and energy of our political sides, this map is accompanied with learned Madison : We believe he and the leaders of fathers will not now relax, until these essential remarks on the British sine qua non: an assay his party are not deficient in intellect ; but objects are attained.] of the utmost importance to us wild Ameri- that their selfishness triumphs over their patcans, who, unless instructed by some foreigner, riotism—that they are men without principle,

GENERAL REGISTER. might be in danger of giving up the very soil and have wilfully sacrificed the happiness of under our feet, without knowing what we were

their country, for their own aggrandiscment. about. We wish a change of men, only because we BOSTON, SATURDAY, NOV. 19, 181

1814 As it happens, we have no need of Mr. wish a change of measures. We do not be. Mellish's aid, in this quarter. The large lieve the fate of our country depends on the FOREIGN. By accounts from Norway, map of the United States, published in this particular letters which compose the Presi- to the latter part of August, it appears that town in 1806, by John Sullivan, corrected by dent's name.

the war had ceased between Norwegians and Osgood Carleton, has this same boundary line,

Swedes. A battle was said to have been distinctly defined. And « The American Citi- “ We want Peace, Commerce, and Liberty ; fought, early in the month, in which 15,000 were zen," a little book in every bookstore, contains with Messrs. Madison & Co. an'l their servile killed ; but the report is vague, and does not the treaty of Grenville, by which we obtained supporters, we shall have War, Beggary, and state which, or whether either army gained a of the Indians a relinquishment of their terri. Slavery for our bitter portion.” Such is the victory. It was however followed by an ar. tory, back to this boundary. The land beyond, language of the editor of the New-York Even- mistice on the 14th of August, and a Conven: to the nomical limits of the United States as ing Post, and, in these few words, he expres. tion between the Prince Royal of Sweden and settled between us and Great Britain, still re- ses the wish and sentiment of a very large mil- the Norwegian government, providing for the mained the undisputed property of the aborig. jority of the people of New-England. We do disbanding of the national troops of Norway, inal natives. It is for the right to buy or con- ! not wish to put federalists into office, merely the return of most of the Swedish forces ; and

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the establishment of a Diet, to meet at Chris. | like some Allies, who having been engaged to! This idea of the Doctor's, I must confess, tiana on the 7th of October,

assist a feeble and defenceless nation, have very much reconciled me to the custom ; for The latest English papers complain much reduced the friendly country to subjection, as I am a peaceable man, I was glad to have of the style of the French journals, as indica- and taken complete possession of what they a physical reason why there should be no real ring a desire to excite jealousies among the were called in to defend.

danger, where appearances indicated so much. allied powers, and rekindle war in Europe. A moderate set of these virile ornaments And I shall hereafter consent that our beaux

The Emperour Alexander was on his way extend from the 08 frontis, to the maxilla, and may trim their faces into the likeness of any to Vienna, but was expected to make some some of our beaux, who aspire to the extrenie animals they please, provided they do not as. stay at Warsaw. Lord Castlereagh left Lau. of the fashion, continue them round, till they sume the nature of creatures they choose to sanne, Sept. 3, for Vienna. Talleyrand had not meet below the jaw ; these resemble some resemble. left Paris on the 13th of September. The pictures of Don Quixote, where the clasps of report from Bremen that Lord Wellington had his helmet buckle under his chin.

THE PRESENT TIME. gone to take command of the British troops The common Russians consider the wearing in Holland, is not true ; but the accounts of of their beards among their greatest privile

In our youth, we defer being prudent till extensive military preparations, by all the con- ges; and it was one of the hardest conquests wisdom, as the portion of latter years ; when

we are old, and look forward to a promise of tinental powers, are confirmed. france alone of Peter the Great to overcome the beards of we are old, we seek not to improve, and scarce appears to rely upon her diplomacy.

his own subjects. If this renowned prince The British Parliament was to meet on the and lawgiver were to return to this world, and

employ ourselves ; looking back to our youth, 10th of November, make his first visit in Boston, supposing him

as to the day of our diligence, and take a pride The London papers contain many contradic- self amongst his own Russians, he would be

in laziness, saying, we rest, as after the accomtory rumours concerning the negotiation at apt to think they had

forgotten bis regulations, bught to ask for our

daily merit, as for our

plishment of our understandings ; but we Ghent ; but the latest (Sept. 16) positively and were returning to freedom and their long daily bread. The mind, no more than the asserts that the negotiation though suspended, beards. until instructions should arrive from America, Among the military, where it is a soldierly

Among the military, where it is a soldierly body, can be sustained by the food taken yeswas not considered as definitively closed.

terday, or promised for tomorrow. Every day DOMESTICK. Sackett's Harbour. Our couraged with appropriate effect ; but why ought to be considered as a period apart accounts are not later than the 2d inst. The our Cornhill beaux should emulate this sort of some virtue should be exercised, some knowlBritish feet are again cruising. The Ameri- ferocity of appearance, I am at a loss to deter- edge improved, and the value of happiness can force, under Gen. Brown is rated at up- mine. They cannot now expect to obtain any

ent day as only the day before tomorrow, and wards of 7,000 ; the British force at Kingston, merit from looking bold at the ladies ; for,

wear it out with a weary impatience of its since they have so often seen them in this at 15,000.

length. I pity those people who are ever in Letters from Tennessee report another bat- mask of terror, the danger from becoming

. tle in the neighbourhood of Mobile, in which familiar is forgotten, and they may sneer with pursuit. but never in possession ; their happi

ness must arrivo as we date our promises to General Jackson is said to have killed 400 of the undeceived animals in the fable,

children, when two tomorrows come together. the British-his own loss amounting to roo

Your gracious voices oft declare

The man was laughed at as a blunderer, killed and 160 wounded.

What kind of Lions, sirs, you are.

who said in a publick business “ we do much Chesapeake. Ten or twelve small vessels

for posterity, I would fain see them do somewere captured on the 11th inst. by the enemy. The Roman youth carefully preserved the first

thing for us." The correct rule is that we No movements indicating any intention of at- growth of their beards, and, upon the ceremony should so enjoy the present as not to hurt the tack at present.

of being invested with the Toga Virilis, these future. I could wish myself as little anxious A small British force has appeared in Dela- early fruits of their faces were made a sacri- as is possible about future contingencies, for ware bay, and a body of Delaware militia have fice, in an offering on the altar of the God of the event of things generally mocks our forebeen called out, to oppose any attempt to land. War. Jf our young men are preserving their's sight, eludes our care and shews us that vain

CONGRESS. The amendment, proposed for a similar occasion, they will certainly be is the labour of anxiety. by the Senate, to the loan bill, pledging spe- | able to bring to the altar a very abundant, if cifically the publick revenue for the payment not an acceptable offering.

GIBBON'S STYLE. ofthe interest and reimbursement of the prin. When I am at a loss to account for any Gibbon's is the style of a mind more anxcipal of the money to be borrowed, and orig. strange appearance, or am perplexed about ious to dazzle than to enlighten ; which subinating a sinking fund, has been rejected by the origin of any custom or fashion that pre. stitutes barshness and inversion for energy ; the House. The Senate have voted to adhere vails amongst us, I usually apply to my friend pheriphrastick obscurity for varied elegance ; to their amendment, and proposed a confer- Dr. Reverie, who, from his great penetration and which thinks itself profound, when its ence.

and deep learning, is commonly able to clear meaning perplexes or escapes the reader, The conscription bill received its quietus, up my doubts, and resolve all my difficulties. from the imperfection or obscurity of the exfor the present, in the Senate, on Thursday, Upon the present occasion, however, his inge- pression. But it is also the style of a mind the 10th.

nuity seemed to fail him, and I did not receive habituated to reflection ; comprehensive, and Last Saturday, the House took up the Na- all that satisfaction which my curiosity requir- often original, in its views ; of an imagination tional Bank bill, in committee of the whole. ed. He delivered a very learned discourse luxurious, not, perhaps, so much from nature The Bill was read through ; the committee 1 upon beards in general, and endeavoured, with as from care and coltivation ; and it exhibits reported progress, and had leave to sit again. out much success, to trace out some analogy a command of that language which is com

Mr. Jones Secretary of the Navy is about between antient customs, and the fashion under pletely unmanageable in the hands of one who withdrawing from that Office. To whom will consideration. The only resemblance was in has not been so richly gifted by nature, nor so it be given next? Commodore Decatur has the account he gave of the Moors, who, before carefully exercised in study. The defects of been mentioned, others speak of Mr. Loundės. they were driven out of Spain, had a strange Mr. Gibbon's style are easily copied, and the

taste for trimming their trees into giants, and copy generally surpasses the original.

their bcards into wild animals. He concluded LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS. a very long dissertation by saying, that what

ABBE' MAURY. ever might be the origin of the fashion, he thought it ought to be encouraged ; for he Institutes, employed the Abbé Maury, then

An old counsellor wishing to study Justinian's THE WRITER, No. XXVII.

really believed that, hoivever appearances The practice of wearing whiskers, which a might be against it, it promoted, rather than after he met the counsellor at a gentleman's

very poor, to teach bim Latin ; some years few years ago was confined to a small number endangered the peace of society. A good house — Ah! Abbé,” said he, haughtily,“ how of the boldest and most dashing of the leaders thirsty crop of whiskers, said he, will absorb

came you here ?"-" I may ask the same quesof fashion, has lately increased to a very alarm- great quantities of the peccant humours, and, tion," replied the Abbé. “Oh! no, there is ing degree ; so that it is not uncommon now. by thus exhausting a portion of the incentives some difference ; but you are in better circuma-days to see a face, in other respects, inrio 1o anger, there will not be that predisposition

stances than formerly, I suppose. Have you cent and pregning, forced into a sort of ter- to passion and resentment, which sometimes obiained any preferment as a clergyman ?" rifick aspect, by a pair of frowning whiskers. leads to serious wrangling ; and I have re

Llam grand vicar 10 M. de Lombes,”These redoubtable auxiliaries of a vacant marked, continued he, with great satisfaction, countenance are daily gaining ground upon that duels have been much less frcquent, since is it worth ?"_" A thousand francs.”_" That

* What ! well, that is something How niuch the territory of the human face, and seem to the practice has prevailed of wearing long is very little ;” and he resumed his haughty threaten to overspread and occupy the wbolc; , whiskers.

tone and conteinptuous manner.

6 But I have

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FOR THE BOSTOX SPECTATON.

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a priory which produces a thousand crowns.” | pleting a picture for a simile, to overshade phors. He may be said, not to describe, but

“ A thousand crowns ! ah, that is something the point of comparison , so that his ornaments to render his subjects visible. handsome ;” (with an air of respect) “ and I resemble arabesques....the arabesques of Rabecame acquainted with the niaster of this phael indeed....one cannot guess at the branchhouse at the Cardinal de Rohan's.' _" The ing point in what the volute is to terminate.

POETRY. deuce! do you visit the Cardinal de Rohan ?" | This practice of second-hand painting is unwise:

-- Frequently ; he has given me an abbey." such sketches are apt, as artists would say, to - An abbey ! ah, that is valuable. Monsieur | want the solid. And in fact the scenery of

PARTING OF LOVERS. l'Abbé, favour me with the honour of your Klopstock is illuminated by a certain gloomy company to dinner to-day.”

twilight, a misty glory, an intangible rainbowy Witu grief o'erwhelmed we parted twice, in vain, lustre, which disfavours an impression of And urg'd by strong attraction met again.

reality. The vivid hues of his decorations (in At last, by cruel fortune torn apart, HOMER, VIRGIL, MILTON, AND KLOR the simile of the pestilence, for instance) on while tender passion stream'd in either heart ; STOCK.

returning to the narrative melt into thin air: Our eyes transfixed with agonizing look ; Some German critics have called Milton the spectres cluster about his fact, and dissolve it

One sa fare well, one last embrace we took. Homer, and Klopstock the Virgil, of modern into phantasm. His mountains seem as it were religion. The comparison will not bear a very clouds

Forlorn of hope the lovely maid I left, clouds; his groves, of empyreal palm ; his close inspection. Homer is confessedly the cities, suburbs of gome new Jerusalem ; his

Pensive and pale ; of every joy bereft. greatest genius who ever undertook epic gorgeous palaces, his solemn temples, all ap

She to her silent couch retir'd to weep poetry, but he is not the polished artist : his pear to partake the fabric of a vision. To dream

While her sad swain embark'd upon the deep observation is ubiquitary ; his invention is un- | sights is the felicity of poets; it is remarkably precedented and inexhaustible ; his style is that of Klopstock'; he oftener looks within omnipotent, but it is unambitious, garrulous, and seldomer without for objects than any other

AGE AND POVERTY. and at times slovenly, rising and sinking with son of fancy.

Have you seen the delightless abode his subject. He resembles those perfect hu- Religious zealotry, and German nationality

Where Penury nurses Despair ; man bodies that grow up in the ruder stages have occasionally bestowed on the author of

Where confortless life is a load of society, which have everò exertion at com- the Messiah excessive applause ; yet, when

Age wishes no longer to bear. mand, combining the strength of Hercules and every allowance is made for what is temporary

Ah ! who in this lazar-house pent, the swiftness of Hermes, but which, when un- | and local in opinion, enough of merit no doubt moved by passion, spread in listless indolence. remains to place his work among the lasting

His lone wailings sends up to the skies? Virgil, with very inferior talent, exerts a great monuments of mighty minds. Probably

'Tis the man whose young prime was mispent ; er degree of art ; his whole capital of idea is posterity will station him nearer to Macpherson

'Tis he who so bitterly sighs. borrowed; he is entirely the poet of precedent, in rank and quality, than to any other of the an industrious gleaning translator ; his style is more distinguished epic poets : both err by a level, neat, and elaborate, never precipitous,ner.too frequent recurrence of analogous imagery,

CHARACTER OF THE FAIR SEX, er low. He resembles his cotemporary Py- and by an unvarying longdrawn plaintiveness

BY LEDYARD, THE TRAVELLER. lades, the dancer, who only showed himself in of tone : both delight by a perpetual majesty attitudes worthy of Apollo, who by trained dex-of style, and by the heroic elevation and purity

THROUGА many a land and clime a ranger, terity could imitate with applause the gait of of the manners of their personages. Is it not

With toilsome steps I've held my way, force or agility, but without possessing the na- glory in the highest to be the Ossian of

A lonely unprotected stranger, tive vigour to excel in either. The intellectual Žion ?

To all the stranger's ills a prey. powers of Milton exceed those of Virgil ; there is more energy, more soul in his diction, in

While steering thus my course precarious,

MENTAL ABSTRACTION. his personages ; what he writes stimulates

My fortune still has been to find more during perusal ; but he is a poet of the CARRIED 'to an undue extent, the habit of ab- Men's hearts and dispositions various same sort. He too composes by means of his straction is unsuitable to our situation as social

But gentle Woman ever kind. reading ; he too collects and selects his de- beings; but there is scarcely any plan of life scriptions and comparisons, his maxims and in which it is not in some measure requisite ; Alive to every tender feeling characters, from the works of his predecessors; and in the pursuits of science, whether phys- To deeds of mercy ever prone ; his style is more condensed, thoughtful, harsh, ical or mental, it is continually required, and

The wounds of pain and sorrow healing and unequal than Virgil's ; but it is also the continually strengthened by exercise. It is

With soft compassion's sweetest tone. attentive style of a toiling artist, who is pursu- very important in the events of life. ing a different idea of perfection. Klopstock The power of directing the attention to some

No proud delay, no dark suspicion belongs to quite another description of compo-specifick objects of thought, to the exclusion

Stints the free bounty of their heart ; of others, and to the exclusion of external sers. Poets draw from nature, from art, and

They turn not from the sad petition, from idea. They may owe their materials | impressions, constitutes the leading feature of

But cheerful aid, at once, impart. chiefly to observation, chiefly to reading, or that quality which we call presence of mind, chiefly to reflection. They may delight in de and which is so often of signal service to our

Form'd in benevolence of Nature scribing the phenomena of their experience; in welfare, and even to the preservation of our

Obliging, modest, gay and mild, lives. And this habit is essentially requisite, compiling the treasures of their study ; or, in

Woman's the same endearing creature exhibiting those substitutions of the fancy, in our moral and religious culture. The acwhich the senses sometimes, and sometimes quisition of religious knowledge constantly In courtly town and savage wild. books, suggest. Homer is surely of the first, implies the employment of abstraction ; in the

When parch'd with thirst, with hunger wasted: Milton and Virgil of the second, but Klopstock exercise of religious affections it is absolutely of the third of these classes*. He is the poet necessary; and in the discharge of duty, in Her friendly hand refreshment gave : of reflection in the stricter sense of the word : opposition to powerful temptations, the power How sweet the coarsest food has tasted, he always draws from the picture in his own of fixing the attention upon those views and What cordial in the simple wave ! imagination, even when he derives the hint of principles, which ought to guide us, is of the it from a preceding writer. His plagiarism is utmost importance.

Her courteous looks, her words caressing never occupied, like Milton's, in mending the

Shed comfort on the fainting soul. passage which he means to borrow, but the

SACRED WRITERS.

Woman's the stranger's general blessing, scene, which he means again to copy. In

From sultry India to the pole. whatever he transfers, therefore, the point of

A celebrated critick gives it as his opinion view, the colouring, the locality, the distribution that “the poetry of the book of Job is not only

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR changes ; circumstances vary, and personages equal to that of any other of the sacred writthicken on his canvas. But he is too apt to ings, but is superiour to them all, except those

JOHN PARK, of Isaiah alone. As Isaiah is the most subloiter over his amendments, until he forgets lime, David the most pleasing and tender, so the motive for undertaking them, and, in com

BY MUNROE, FRANCIS AND PARKER, Job is the most descriptive of all the inspired

NO. 4 CORNHILL. * Are not Ariosto, Camoens, and Ercilla of the first, poels. A peculiar glow of fancy, and strength Tasso and Wieland of the second, and Macpherson of of description characterize this author. No Price three dollars per annum, half in advance. he third of these classes ? writer whatever abounds so much in meta

Now subscribers may be supplied with preceding nuzoets.

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DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES.

VOL. I.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 26, 1814.

NO. XLVIIT.

FOR

THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

son.

IN

POLITICAL.

One milliou of dollars will r.ot defray the ex- | Fersecuting those who have endeavored in a pense, which these measures have occasioned ; legal manner to prevent the illicit traffick. But yet we were but three months prepared to re- our hopes have been futile. Since the decis

pel the enemy, and at no time in a situation to ion of our Courts against those, who honestly It is seldom a People resort to any extra- resist such an attack, as the enemy, if disposed, endeavoured to prevent the evil by the seizure in design and executior., for the redress of might have made. A million of dollars for of droves evidently intended for the enemy

“ an attitude" of imperfect defence, three and since too, the avowed detestation of the theoretick evils, however deeply the enlight-months! The enemy in quiet possession of a practice, expressed by our fellow-citizens in ened portion of society may see those evils large portion of the commonwealth, from ihe publick prints, the traffick has greatly, in, endangering the rights and security of the community. A government, that descends to unless we could prevent their return, to secure which it would be imprudent to dislodge them, creased—and we are sorry to add, is confined

to no party. Thousands of cattle have been the policy of flattering the passions and preju: which, for one year, would require an expen. driven into Canada, during the present audices of the multitude, may deprive them of diture of several millions more !! Such a tunin, from this State and New-Hampshire, their liberty, and even induce them to become

state of things, with the total destruction of which it was known would supply the British willing and active agents in iti destruction. The wisest stalesmen and patrots may pre- 1 proaching demand of new taxes on houses, commerce, our life and support--and the ap- army."

This harvest, which has mitigated the evils dict

, warn, and expostulate ; but all in vain, lands, furniture, occupations, and the necessa- of war, in Vermont, will not last another seaPractical evil, intolerable requisitions, general ries and comforts of life--the evidence of an England has sent armies to Canada, distress alone, bring the mass of citizens to intention to continue the war with its accumu- because ours threatened invasion. But the a sense of their clanger, and rouse them to act

lating distresses have produced among the number of our troops is daily diminishing by for self-preservation. The usurpations of the sederal government, us any good !” and turned their attention to people a general exclamation," who will shew disease ; they begin too to feel the effects of

an exbausted treasury; they will die, desert, its aggressions upon our constitutional rights, I those, on whose wisdom and firmness they can or return home as their terms expire, and and its plans for our degradation, have long

government will have no means to replace been the theme on which some of our writer's rely, for all that man can do ; while pious and orators have exercised their uimost pow for a benediction on their exertions. ejaculations are hourly ascending to heaven, them. The danger to the British of an invasion

of Canada is over. On the approaching sumers, to wake the attention of a slumbering or

Vermont does not yet join us. We have mer, either their armies will be principally deluded people. They but realized the adnjonition of the poet,

no doubt that the more discerning part of her withdrawn and transported to the Atlantick

statesmen see that she will erelong embrace coast, for our destruction, or they will oblige “ Truths would you tcaclı, to save a sinking land,

our views. A war advocate in that state, al- | Vermont to undertake her own defence, un“ All fear, none aid you, and few understand.”

luding to their Legislature's waving the sub-aided by the general government. IF THE

jeet of a convention, inquires, “ but has not WAR CONTINUE, VERMONT WUL CERTAINLY The force of truth and oratory sometimes pro- policy, more than inclination, produced this re- JOIN

THE CONVENTION, impeileel like duced in our Legislatures, and among the suit ?" This undoubtedly is the fact--their Massachusetts, Connecticut, and, Rhode Islandy people, a temporary sensibility ; but it son wise men know, that such measures, to be ef- by the call of her distressed cjuizens. yielded to apathy or timidity. Down we sink fectual, must grow entirely out of popular feelinto our darling repose, and government, propertiested by the popular oico. ATTAUTASENT TO THE GOVERNMEXT.

To The observing the ineffectual efforts of intellece Vermont has suffered much by the war, but and patriotism, became more and more confi- nothing to be compared with Massachusetts

ATTACHMENT to the governinent of our coundent and daring. Herein, at last, our rulers and Connecticut. Their commerce

try is treated by Orators and Poets, as

a kind were mistaken. They suw how plainly the on the Oceanour's was, and it is ruined.

of innate, religious sentiment ; but however nature and consequences of their measures They have been taxed; but millions, drawn grateful it is to our natures to receive encowere described ; and by what powcrful argu- from other states, have been expended by gor

miums for lofty, disinterested qualities of mind, ments the people were warned to guard against ernment in their's. The tree is now shaken,

this attachment, like all others when brought menaced calamity. They saw but little popu. the fruit is gathered and consumed they will

to the test, will be found to depend og indilar indignation excited, and no symptom of hereafter be none the richer from the disburse.

vidual self-love, on our regard to whatever efficient resistance. They concluded that inments of gorernment, while their pay-day is

we find the source of our pleasures or advandisposition to prevent, evinced a readiness to but begun. The mass of their population do

tages. endure.

We are attached to the government of our not yet realize this--when they do, they will This was a gross miscalculation, and our feel and act like us.

country, because we are accustomed to rulers will, in :urn, be driven into the convic

sider it as our shield, and strength ; we look

Another reason why the Green Mountain tion of what they appear slow io understand. farmers are behind us in suffering and in dis

to it for protection against foes from abroall, The famous measures of our legislature, or content, is, that their trade to Canada, though

and for the preservation of domestick tranquilrather the excellent documents issued by them interdicted by government, is yet conducted lity and order. We glory in its bonour, for in 1809, termed “ Patriotick Proceedings of with considerable advantage, favoured by the

we associate it with our own. the Legislature of Massachusetts," were but wants of sir George Prevost's harmless armies

This is the hole secret of tbat charto whicla the voice of wise men uddressed to the people; in their neighbourhood. A Danville Madiso- performs such wonders of that virite u dicha the appeal of the few to the many. The 1c- nian paper, though in the tone of complaine, is so much extolled. Let not that government cent proceedings of our Legislature are entire. shews us what consolation Vermont enjoys for

then, which creates dangers instead of affordly of a new character the representatives of her privations. “ It is to be hoped (súys the ing protection, which renders vs weak and the people demanded of their leaders to take writer) that Congress will adopt some cflec- helpless, instead of contributing to our strength decided ground. They do not deal in specu- mual measures to check the progress of this

which lives by faction, instead of promoting lations on principles—ibey state our sufferings ruinous traffick. From the spirit which has harmony; which disgruces the country we from the war, the exactions of government, | appeared generally to pervade our fellow citi

were once proud to call our cin; let noi suci and the impossibility of our sustaining either. zens, of all parties, for some time past, we had

a government rely on popular ötti chimens, «S, We have made an experiment, which has anticipated ihat the procedure would correct

on some permanent, inherent principle, that aroused the careless among the federalists, itself-that republican virtue, at this all-im

cannot be extinguished. and corrected the prejudices of many of the portant periol, would triumph over avarice

There is a bigoted attachment to the estabmost devoted supporters of the general admin- and self-interest--that the wholesome laws of lished government, the mere force of banii, istration. We ihought ourselves in danger our land would be supported from principles which will hold vulgur and ignorant nincs of invasion_such measures of defence, as and that this order of things would supersede for a time, though rulers, become the serurie seemed absolutely indispensable, were adopted the necessity of again legally prosecuting and of the people ; But as this is mentals pares

was not

CON

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