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DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES.

VOL. I.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 12, 1814.

NO. VII.

FOR TEE BOSTOX SPECTATOR.

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POLITICAL.

yönd description, there should be a gentle have too much property, and too great a love whisper of disapprobation ; if a poor fisher- for it; because they love money more than

man, forbidden to catch fish, should look awry freedom. On the difference between the two parties of the at a collector ; or a man, arrested on the high- 2dly. Because they have not so much per.

United States, as to the spirit with which way upon suspicion, should shake his head at sonal courage as their adversaries. They they defend what they CONSIDER their marshal Prince, he would be treated as know that they have but 50,000 armed men in RIGHTS. traitor.

this state, and their adversaries have 20,000, IT is the greatest reproach, which can be When, under Mr. Adams's administration, and they think this fearful odds. made to the federal party, that they have not an attempt was made to raise a Land Tax of We are more united at this moment, than a tenth part of the courage or firmness in de- only two millions to carry on a war against we were at the beginning of the revolutionary fending a good cause, that their adversaries France, who had passed an act for the indis- war ; and much more so than when we sup have uniformly displayed in supporting a bad criminate capture of all American yessels, and pressed Shays's insurrection. Yet we tremble one.

had moreover demanded a bribe of fifty thous. at the shadow of danger. We shake at the This is most base, and posterity will seek and pounds sterling as a condition of an au- rustling of the leaves. with surprise for the reasons of this difference. dience, and who had put our ministers under When we shall have been as thoroughly

Let us settle the facts, and let us then the surveillance of the police, that is to say, ta- fleeced as the Dutch—when our douaniers trace the reasons,

ken them into custody, the Pennsylvanians rose and spies shall have enriched themselves from When Washington, in precise conformity to in arms, and declared they wouid take the life our spoils, perhaps even we too, even the the constitution, ratified the British trcaly, of any collector who should attempt to collect it. Yankees may hoist the “ Orange cockade" and (that measure the wisest, and most solid foun- In some of the states, south of Pennsylvania, declare themselves once more free. dation of all our subsequent commercial and they took a shorter method ; they intimidated ev

A YANKEE agricultural prosperity,) the opposition, the ery man from accepting the office of collector, Geriys and Austins and Méclenaghans and and the tax was for many years, and some of it We never see but one or two of the demo. Madisons, did not limit their resistance to fee to this day is unpaid.

cratick papers ; but are confident, the last ble resolutions. They were inspired with one

When the Alien Law was passed, a law au- news from Europe will revive the hopes of sentiment; and acted with a spirit and unanim- thorizing the President to send dangerous the party, in favour of the tyrant who governs ity, as if they had been influenced or actuated aliens out of the country, the Virginians, who France and America. We are confident, if it by one soul.' They assembled in town meet- | always thought the constitutional rights of were true that Great Britain was left alone ings, and camp or field mobs ; and not only de aliens much more sacred than those of citi again, in the contest with France, that it clared that they would “kick the damned trea- zens, (witness the present war for aliens, and would induce our rulers 10 continue hostili. ty to hell," but these patriots, who now de the embargo, as a proof of their contempt for ties, and tu stop the contemplated negotiations nounce all expression of disapprobation as the rights of those who had the misfortune to for peace. This they would do, because men moral treason, actually hung both Washington be born in America) the Virginians declared whose all is embarked in this war, will seize and chief justice Jay in effigy.

that act void. James Madison drew the reso- on straws rather than despair. They will beNot content with these proofs of respect for lutions; and a Virginian newspaper, edited at lieve, they may yet find their assumed enemy the constituted authorities, the minority in the seat of the Virginia government, declared busily engaged in her defence, at home. congress refused to make the appropriations that an hundred thousand free Virginians were We feel bold to say, there is, at present, no to carry the national stipulations into effect. ready to oppose the law by force.

grounds for such a calculation. A continental In other words, they attempted to violate the

These were Madison's principles, and such ! peace is by no means certain, until France is constilution—to invade the executive powers

the conduct of his party against measures, mod- i less dangerous to the tranquillity of Europe. and to disgrace the nation in the eyes of the erate, constiutional, and just.

A continental peace, to the exclusion of Eng. world.

Now in deed we have a War not provoked | land, is still less probable. When, at a subsequent period, the Excise by our enemy, unjust, impolitick, and ruinous ; But admit, for a moment, the utmost upon Spirits was laid in support of a necessary a war in which we expend more in one month, that even the most sanguine democrat can Indian war, these same patriots, who are the than Mr. Adams's war cost in one year. expect—that a peace is made, and England very same inclividuals that have now passed a

We have an Embargo, which violates every not included ; how different, how essentially similar law to support an unjust and unneces principle of civil liberty, to which neither the different will be her prospects and situation, sary war, did not limit their opposition to ele. slaves of Turkey or France would submit an from what they have been for many years ! gant and eloquent speeches in congress, or hour.

The powers of Europe will not make peace, to well indited peritions to the State legisla

Yet such is our love of order, such our fear but on the ground of their respective indetures, pledging their lives and fortunes in fa- of revolution, such the charm in the word pendence. They will not again unite with vour of an undefined course of measures ; but, Union, whose substance has been gone for ten France, and obey her dictates. They will enunder the guidance and direction of secretary years past, that we dare not speak out our joy and maintain their commercial rights. Gallatin,—the present keeper of a treasure, wrongs in the language of freemen. So far They will insist on a free intercourse with which does not exist cxcept in the pockets of from this, it has been considered a reproach to Great Britain. The continental system, as the people, of a treasure eaten up and con- the “ Boston assemblage” that it dared to tell Bonaparte called his chains, is broken up. It sumed before it is collected,Rassembled in the government, that an infamous ex post fac- has been tried and found intolerable. With force ; shot General Washington's collector ;

to law, if persevered in, “ must and would be the commerce of Europe, excepting the spot burnt the house of Col. Lenox, the marshal ;

resisted,” and Mr. Quincy's expression of between the Rhine and Pyrenees, England obliged the government to turn out twenty

“ peaceably if we can, forcibly if we must,” is can fight France forever, and grow stronger thousand troops; received a pardon; and were

to this hour quoted by one party as a rebellious and more wealthy. The continental system rewarded by the people with the highest offi- and execrable sentence.

was this Emperour's darling plan, as his only ces of the state.

Why is it that our Legislature, after declar- hope of weakening a nation, which was gainThe late events have shewn, that the best ing the embargo act unconstitutional, are afraid ing, whilst he lost, by a contest with her. people to keep order, and to suppress insurrec- to add, that they will not submit to it? Is it Peace, the only peace he can make with bis tion in the imprudent risings of the people, are unconstitutional ? or rather is it not the crime weakeneci, and alone, except America, to fight

cuoriental enemies, will leave him exhausted, your rebels themselves. Thus it is said there are no people who are

of Lcze majestié against the people for the a thousand vessels, of war, with scars ely a so good protectors of the property of honent legislature to refrain from such a constitu- sailor, and a veteran triumphant ar'ny, with a men against robbers, as the robbers themselves. tional opposition ?

bane of recruits. Now, forsooth, if, against acts plainly and

What are the causes of this reluctance to His cause is hopeless, and ours no less so, manifestly unconstitutional, and oppressive le do our duty ? Is. Because the federalists if we continue our virtual alliance with Eide

If we

ance

as

of

Our rulers have come in, at the close of a tre. Of the most important events, which have custom seems to have denied us the privimendous contest, to offer their pitiful cheer, occurred, since our former accounts, the fol- lege. We are not over anxious to get marri. to a combatant, whose bones are broken and lowing are the heads.

ed ; but wish that one of us at least might whose nerves are cut asunder.

Holland is revolutionized-the principal cito get a husband, merely to answer the purpose Let it again be understood that we make ies and fortresses are in the hands of the pat- of a gallant. But we see no prospect of this, these remarks, not as grounded upon what are riots—The French General Le Brun, has been as we have no way of making acquaintance our expectations, as to events taking place, on obliged to decamp-a Dutch government has with the men.

were to countenance tlfe continent : but as meeting and obviating been organized the Prince of Orange recal visits from them, it would be regarded as imthe hopes of those, who wish to see Great led, who entered Amsterdam on the end of proper in us ; and, besides, every gentleman Britain again left single-handed against France, December, in solemn pomp, amidst the shouts would probably be restrained by the hazard of in the belief that our war against her might and exultations of the emancipated Hollanders. being set down at once as a “ mortgaged then be protracted.

English troops are going over to their assist. man." That social intercourse, you know, But when we look at the solemn stipula

which permits acquaintance before the martions, to which the allies are pledged, we Naples has caught the spirit of regenerated riage contract, is not customary here ; but is cannot for a moment imagine, that a separate Europe. The Neapolitans have declared left for the parties to commence afterwards, peace is probable. Humbled as is the tone of themselves free, and passed laws, admitting when they have an opportunity to ascertain the once insolent, dictatorial, swaggering the flags of all countries.

what kind of a bargain they have made. But Bonaparte, he is not yet, we presume, recon- Switzerland has thrown off the French yoke, one of us would be willing to take the ciled to the idea of making those concessions, and been formally acknowledged neutral, by chance for a better or worse" in this way, we

Bonaparte. They have raised a powerful ar- have thought of the expedient of getting introtria, ani Prussia. He must give up his Iron my to defend their neutrality.

duced into company by means of a sham crown ; his dear people of Italy must be freed. Davoust, who commanded the left wing of brother or cousin, and securing the first man Alexander nobly proffered independence to the Grand Army, at Hamburghi, has retreated that offers. We have been discouraged from those who wished to throw off the yoke, and with a part of his troops, into Denmark--but this plan, however, as we are told that in mis. would exert themselves to re-establish their in- Dermark is negotiating for peace, with the ed circles there is a habit of distance prevails dependence. Holland has roused at the pro- allies.

--that the men appear wrapt in a sort of stuposal. We cannot suppose he, or Bernadotte, The allied armies continue to increase their pid dignity in onc corner ; and the women in or Frederick, will prove themselves faithless. force all along the right bank of the Rhinc. groupes, as if alarmed by a thunder-storm, or The revolution in Holland must be ackvowl- On the south of France, Lord WELLINGTON some other cause of apprehension, in another edged ; and it will be a bitter pill to give up has obtained fresh successes, against Soult, | --that those of the men, who think any thing this “ integral part of the French empire.” whom he has routed, and is making advances of themselves, are not disposed to offer civili. All things considered, we are led to this towards Bordeaux.

ties, where they are not expected; and the few, conclusion ; that, from every appearance The allies, thus investing the late all-pow. who make themselves cheap, are of course triumph on the part of the allies, if a peace erful France, around almost the whole of her considered of no value. So that there seems take place, it must be such a one as they original bounds, have had the magnanimity to to be no chance of any thing but a blank in deem just and safe that if Bonaparte will renew the propositions they made, when Bona- this lottery. agree to such terms now, he is even more parte was in the heart of Germany. In a Such are the restraints of our situation ; as completely ruined than we had imagined. speech to the senate, humiliating, we will not we conceive. But as we have so little means

only say singularly so for, Bonaparte, but such of judging for ourselves ; it is possible, we What American can read the two follow- as would appear pitiful, and whining in any may be under a misapprehension. If so, we ing sentences, in the speech of the French petty prince-the mighty Emperour claims shall be glad to be informed of it ; or to learn Emperour, without a blush-nay without a their pity and condolence ; bemoans his un- that we are not doomed to our present state of burst of indignation. foreseen disasters, and informs them that he wimprisonment for life. It is true, we

e.tist “ The Republick of the United States of has accepted the proposition to treat for comfortably; and endeavour to appear as America, continues with success, its war with peace, with the allies. Some expect a speedy charming, and make ourselves as entertaining England." Then immediately

continental peace-perhaps the most sage to each other as possible ; but we find it rath«i I have acknowledged the neutrality of the conclusion, from all circumstances, is, that it er a dull business. Yours, nineteen Swiss Cantons.” cannot be effected, until all Europe is prepar

LETITIA CHEERFUL. Here is little Switzerland, bordering on ed to share for a time, in general security and France, a free and independent people, and

To the Confidant. the United States of America, separated from DOMESTICK.-The report that Gen. Sir-I took my wife to a large party last week. Europe, as Mr. Jefferson said in his jargon Wilkinson's army had captured 900 British Our entertainment was splendid, and the comdialect, “ by nature and a wide ocean," still troops has been contradicted.

pany seemed to be generally in excellent making common cause with the defeated ty- The Secretary at War has made a report re- spirits. But as it far excelled our last, in rant ! ? When Bonaparte can have recourse lating to the failure of the American arms on brilliance, my madam has been gloomy and to such drops of comfort, as our splendid suc- the Northern frontier. The documents em excessively peevish ever since. She must eicesses in the west, his case must indeed be bracing this subject, will compose a volume of ther give another, in a style of extravagance alarming. When we find our name mentioned about 600 pages, 8vo.

which I cannot support, or she will go out no among the last of his dependents, we ought

inore, or there must be some successful measto spurn the disgraceful encomium. Bona- ORDINATION.-On Wednesday, Mr. EDWARD ure adopted, to cure this ridiculous and ruiaparte never praises any nation but in propor- EVERETT was ordained as Pastor over the Church

ous competition. What is to be done ? tion to its subscrvience to his will. and Congregation in Brattle-square, in this town The

S. S. L. exercises were all such as to give high gratification to the uncommouly crowded suclience-The introductory

prayer was by the Rev. Dr. Lathrop--the sermon by GENERAL REGISTER.

To the lovers of Natural Philosophy. the Rev. President Kirkland)—the ordaining prayer

by the Rev Dr. Osgood--the charge by the Rev. Dr. I'r is a fact, that if a wheel be so placed that BOSTON, SATURDAY, FEB. 12, 1814.

Porter-the right band of fellowship by the Rev. Mr. the axis, on which it turns, shall make an an-
Thacher, and the concluding prayer by the Rev. Dr. gle with the fixed surface under it, say of 45

Harris.
EUROPEAN. ,During the first part of this

degrees, when it is set in motion, the friction week, the town was in great agitation, in conse- LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS.

or pressure on the upper gudgeon will diinin

ish, and that more and more, in proportion as quence of the arrival of a vessel from Liverpool,

the revolutions are more rapid. That is, the reported to have brought very interesting intel

THE CONFIDANT, No. V.

elevated end of the axis will have a tendency ligence; and expectation was much increased by

to become vertical. What is the cause ? a suppression for some days of what news there

To the Confidant. was. The secresy appears to have been en- Dear Sir-I am one of three sisters, who have

To those who are versed in Natural History. joined by Liverpool merchants ; who appre- had the advantage of a polite education, and feel hending a continental peace, wished to pur- conscious that we are not without personal at- Has any naturalist accounted for the well chase American produce, to meet the great tractions. We should like to intermix a little known fact, that wild quadrupeds and fowls of demand which would ensue, in that case, not with the world, and sometimes appear at balls a certain species, are generaliy of a determinknowing that we were compelled by a new and publick places ; but as we have neither ed, uniform colour ; and domestick animals of embargo, to keep our produce at home. father, brother, uncle nor cousin to attend us, the same species, are of various colours ?

FOR

THE BOSTOX SPECTATOR.

his own

AMERICAN UNIVERSITIES.

it. No writings are better calculated than thorship indeed, as a profession our preten

those of the Roman and Grecian poets, histori- sions are small. But as the use of the English {We are happy to see such observations as the following submitted to the publick. Not that we consid- ans, and orators, to produce the glow of ambi- language is not within the definition of trea

tion in the young mind, to excite magnanimous son, and cannot be interdicted even by a noner the preliminary remarks, as applicable to our sentiments and generous feelings, and to fill intercourse with the mother country, we may University. She has long been higher in her requi. the soul with elegant images and happy com- continue to get our intellectual supplies from sitions for admission, than any other in America ; binations of thought. I might descant much her, although the war should continue. But and continues to rise, probably as fast as is consist. more largely on the beneficial effects of the

to preserve our character of even secondent with expedience and practicability. It is how. early study of the classicks, if arguments were chop English, as we are called by the Chinese, ever true, that, even here, we are yet far short of necessary to prove what experience has decided. it is necessary to reform our system of educathe European plan of a University education. In In England the study of the Greek and Lat- tion, and unite the substance to the forms of this respect, we believe the scope of this writer in languages has long been made the basis of learning. A little learning is a more dangeperfectly correct. We insert it from a wish to a liberal education. As soon as the boy has rous thing, than our first reflections would

suggest. Lawyers of " little learning" compromote the ambition of the student, and to aid in been taught to join syllables in preparing the publick mind, for further improvę. | tongue, he is put to learn his Latin grammar." monly supply the want of it by low stratagem,

or knavery in the disguise of cunning. They ments, which we presume will continue to be At a very early period those who are intended

for political or professional life are taught to are vultures that gnaw the vitals of society, adopted.]

read, write, and speak these languages. Such In their hands, the law, instead of being the It has been remarked, thats in this country are the occupations of the boy at Eton and

“ harmony of the world,” is its torment and the object of a boy at college is not to excel in Westminster, nurseries of learning, to which scourge. The only way of making the proclassick and scientifick knowledge, but to England is more indebted for the industry and fession honourable and useful, is to make it pass through a form which is required prepar- high attainments of her scholars, lawyers, learned. It is the obvious tendency of knowlatory to his entering on one of the learned pro- statesmen and orators, than to Oxford and edge and of classical literature in particular, to fessions.” It is too true that the honours of Cambridge. In those seminaries are sown the destroy low desires and grovelling propensiour colleges are often conferred on young seeds of intellectual greatness :

there are

ties, and to humanize the heart and polish the men who would blush, if asked to construe found those habits of industry which when

mind. their diplomas. This prostitution of literary continued at the university and in the temple, If there is any force in the foregoing obserhonours is ascribed to the state of society. do more than genius towards the attainment vations, is it not important to reform our sys* Americans (it is said) are men of business." of professional excellence. At the period tem of education ? And would that be an inBut this is no peculiar trait of the American when we begin to prepare a boy for college,

surmountable task? Why might not the recharacter. Why may not the man of business the young Englishman is a finished scholar. It gents of the University put the academies in he engrafted on the scholar as well on this, as was an early and thorough acquaintance with this state on the footing of Eton and Westminon the other side of the Atlantick? The the classicks, which elicited the genius, and ster, and other great schools in England. Let English are proverbially men of business. polished and adorned the mind of a Mansfield, all books except the Greek and Latin classicks More than a century ago they were reproach- a Blackstone, and a Jones. To those illustri

be banished from those institutions, and let a ed by their politer neighbours for their habits ous scholars we are indebted for rescuing the course of classical studies be prescribed for of industry which pervaded every rank of soci- science of law from the barbarity and obscuri- the several forms or classes of boys. Then ety. They have been emphatically styled une ty, the quaintness and pedantry, which former- let our colleges require a ready knowledge of nation des negocians. In England however ly disgraced its standard writers.

In the opin

the classick writers as the terms of admission. the scholar and the lawyer are generally uni- ions of Lord Mansfield reported by Burrows Such a regulation might for a few years dited, and not seldom are these combined with and Cowper, the profound lawyer, and the el- minish the size of the catalogue ; but their dithe statesman and orator. The two late pre- egant scholar, are alike conspicuous. The plomas would confer more honour on the miers, William Pitt, and Spencer Percival are appearance of the commentaries was a new graduates, and the alumni would in due time illustrious, though not rare examples of such a era in the common law. By this one work raise the reputation of their alma mater. This combination of talents in an individual. Our the lucubrationes viginti annorum of the stu- change in our system would be as favourable lawyers and statesmen have as much leisure dents of the English law have been abridged to the interest of science, as to that of classical and not more occupations, than the English. one half. The unshapen mass of prolix learn

literature. As the boy would gain a compeNeither want of time nor magnitude of ex- ing, rudis indigestaque moles of the black letter tent knowledge of the languages at school, the pense will account for our deficiency in classi. sages is reduced to beautiful method, and business of the young man at college would be cal attainments. We do not enter earlier up- adorned by the chastest ornaments of style. to furnish his mind with science ; thus, withon professional or political pursuits, than the The little treatise of Sir William Jones, has out increasing the expense or extending the English : and it would cost no more to have a caused the scholar and the lawyer to lament time allowed for a liberal education, the gradboy taught to read. Cæsar and Cicero, than that he was not permitted to have time and uate at our colleges would acquire a just title Webster's third part, or the American Pre- opportunity to complete his own plan of filling to the “ Jura privilegia, Dignitates, Honores, ceptor.

up the outline sketched by Sir William et insignia quae hic aut uspiam gentium ad The whole secret of our shameful deficien- Blackstone. The writings of these eminent gradum Baccalaurealem evectis concedi solent." cy in classical learning is, that we keep our lawyers forcibly illustrate the remark of one of

PHILOLOGOS. boys at what are called grammar schools for them, that the sciences are of a sociable dispo. about seven or eight years, under the absurd sition, and flourish but in the neighbourhood of

LETTERS TO LEINWHA, pretence of teaching them to read, and spell,

each other.” Let the student who aims at and repeat grammar rules, when they ought to learning the law as a science, and not merely

Teacher of Morality in the Recesses of Latinbe engaged in learning the Greek and Latin as

as a mechanical trade, to derive honour as guin, from a ivanderer in the l’est. languages. It is even worse than waste of well as profit by his profession, not content time to keep a boy one eighth part of his life

himself with one science or one language. The fairest hopes of man are blasted in a thumbing over school books, and those often

There are doubtless many young men in moment, and when he fancies himself secure, written by innovators and corrupters of the

America, who would think the reputation of a at the very suminit of felicity, he is most in King's English, absurdly aiming to establish Garrow, a Dunning, an Erskine, or a Law, danger of being hurled from the enjoyment. an American dialect. The time, which is thus most desirable. The way to acquire it is to While I yet write, a pestilence desolates the squandered away, would suffice to make a boy begin their legal superstructure as those men city ; and thousands are swept into eternity, a proficient in the languages. The study of have done, on the foundation of classical | unpaid of their last honours ! Death, who the classical writers possesses a most impor- learning. Even our country affords some em- outstrips the fleeting feet of Fear', seems impatant advantage in being adapted to the capacity inent living illustrations of the advantages tient of Time, and the only consolation left to of a boy at an age, when he cannot well learn which classical learning gives to the lawyer. the afflicted, is the certainty of following those any thing else. These studies are admirably New-England justly boasts of the high classi- whom he has taken away. It would harrow calculated to improve the memory, to culti. cal attainments, as well as of the legal erudi- up thy heart, Leinwha, son of Tsi-fo-yang, to vate the taste, and awaken and regulate the

tion of a Parsons. As a citizen of New York, behold the excess of grief in those, whose imagination. Nature seems to point out the

I feel no linie pride in referring to our own minds are not disciplined by philosophy, and acquisition of language as the most suitable Term Reports for legal opinions, which, in

who seem in their first paroxysm to forget, that occupation for the mind of a child. They fur- brilliant investigation, profound research, and death is the best gift from heaven to man. nish amusement without frivolity, and exercise elegant illustration are not often surpassed by ..... As all communication with you will lic the infant understanding without overpowering those of a Camden or a Mansfield.

now awhile cut off, and the avenues to the

LETTER V.

To au

city closed to-morrow, I am about to retire into the country ; and await the return of health and tranquillity.

Farewel! May that blessing of which this land is deprived, never be wanting to the friend of my bosom.

POETRY

FOR THE BOSTOX SPECTATOR.

THE REIGN OF TERROR.

FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR

Our rulers are as strong as horses,

And we must alter
Our stubborn courses,

Or feel the halter ;
For even now we're nos'd about,
As erst a hog was by the snout.

A hog bereft of speech, and freedom,
And life, I sing ;-et alia quædam.

SOME dozen years ago, (you may rely the fact on,)

In Concord's neighbourhood,
Say, if you please, at Acton,
An honest farmer by the name of Morse,

Averse to politicks and quarrels,
Yoked up his team, two oxen and a horse,
And went to Concord with a load of wood,

Or, as some say, of barrels.
Morse, having sold his load,

With pocket-full of cash,
Went to a store to buy some trash,
With which his girls and boys might cut a dash,
And left his team,

Standing demurely,
And, as 't might seem,

Securely, Beside the road.

(Who ap'd the speaker all along

Dispers’d the libels, on both horse and hop,
By doing nought but hold his longue ;)

Just as the sun dispels a fog.
And thus right eloquent he cried.

O fortunati ambo !
“ Masser speaker,

(I incan the horse and Sambo) “ Me got a notion

Fame shall repeat the tale, “ You make to come along dis hang-back shoat,

If aught my verse avail “ By give de casting vote

How running sav'd you, each ;
"On Mr. Sambo's motion."

Not so the hog's departure,
This said, he took the horse incog,

He fell a noble martyr
And hook'd him on to draw the hog.

To the liberty of speech.
The hog soon found the motion must prevail,

And that his guide must be a horse's tail.
“The people’s will,” said he, “ must carry sway;"

THROUGH a grove as I wander'd alone,
Apd 'twixt the horse's heels he made his way ;

Near a lake its deep shadows o'ercast,
But still against such double dealing,

I was struck with a heart-piercing moan,
He enter'd his protest by squealing.

Which came on the inurmuring blast.
The horse now thought the very devil

I approach'd ; 'twas the plaint of a maid,
Was plotting more than mortal evil ;

“And yet I was blameless,” she cried ;
And what could be lis hind parts unler

“O what falsehood, what arts bave betray'd !
Became a matter of great wonder ;

“ But the cold world will mock and deride."
So, leaving Sambo in the rear,
Away he sped on legs of fear.

While I listen'd to learn her sad tale,

From behind me a frantick voice broke,
And now the hog, ath wart the town,

“ Have you seen her !" I turn'd, he was pale,
On this and that side oft was thrown ;

• 'Twas her fond, aged father that spoke.
And every time, he made a grunt,
And seem'd to say “I won't, I won't."

“ A sweet daughter, to me constant-hearted,

“ In yon cottage 1 tenderly rear'd; Sambo perceiv'd disaster on disaster

“Her mother has long since departed,
Begin to thicken as the horse ran faster ;

“ And she too has just disappear’d."
So, to avoid a flogging from his master,
He left the publick service in disgust,

I cheer'd him, while fault'ring he sped
And to his well tried heels preferrd to trust. And address'd her in half chiding tone,
But, as he ran, he oft his eyes did cast

“ You alarmd me- - fear'd you were dead,
Behind to see what would be done at last ;

" And I live but for you, now, alone.”
Which, staring wide, as though

She look'd but she knew him no longer,
They saw a ghost,
“ Gave signs of woe

Still she gazid ; but her brain wander'd wild ;
That all was lost."

He cries, “ O some villain has wrong'd her !

And have I then lost thee, my child !”
Sambo farewell !—if aught my verse can do,

She talk'd of the moon—" it is shaded,"
Thy fam’d Hegyra all the world shall know.

She said, “ but 'twill beam again bright;
Meanwhile a multitude proceeded

“ And the wild flowers,” she said, “ they are faded," The way the horse and bog had speeded,

Then she darted away from our sight.
They hurried on ’bout half a mile,
Wondering sagely all the while ;

'Twas too late from a cliff's dizzy steep
The owners too, like men impress'd,

She appear'd but a moment in view;
Were push'd along among the rest ;

Just turo'd, ere she plung'd in the deep,
But how they came in case so ill

And wav'd us a graceful adieu !
Was what it puzzled them to tell.

I erected a stone on the spot ;
Anil now they came to where the horse

The mad father, though she is no more,
Had left the hog a breathless corse !

Now mistakes it for her, who is not ;
But still for fear some sable rogue

And returns still to chide and implore !
Should hook him to another hog,
The horse kept on, to make the matter sure,

FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.
And gladly halted at his master's door.

TO MYRA.
And thus the owner of the hog

MYRA, wouldst thou still possess
Accosted Morse ; " You dirty dog!

Love's dominion o'er my heart,
“ I've found you out !

Ne'er forget-the will to bless
“ You dare to hook your horse to my hog's snout !" is the true, the only art.
“ Hold,” interrupted Morse, "you brazen elf!
“ You know you hitch'd him on yourself!"

When sorrows press,

in smiles array'd
Both earnest seem'd alike, and none could tell

Then gently steal my soul from care ;
Which spoke the truth, or counterfeited well.

Be this thy secret, lovely maid,
“You've kill'd my bog,” said one ;

To hold my heart and triumph there.
You've spoil'd my horse,” said t'other ;
And thus they made a deal of fun

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR
By troubling one another.
At length they all took sides, and prov'd most clearly,

JOHN PARK,
That all the blame was on both sides, or nearly.

BY MUNROE & FRANCIS,
Dame Truth, at last, a while forsaken,

NO. 4 CORNHILL.
Resum'd her sway, and prov'd them all mistaken ; Subscribers may be supplied with the preceding

numbers.

Mean while, (the Destinies so dried and cut it,)

A lusty negro, order'd by his master,

Prepar'd, not dreaming of disaster, To tow a hog across the way, and put it

Into another pen.

Sambo call'd up the order of the day,
In style half way between the Parliament and Pope,
By tying round the nose of the minority

A most provoking rope ;
And then, to show a little brief authority,

And do the thing in quite a summ'ry way,
He mov'd the previous question to proceed,
Which to the hog, who saw no reason wby

His domicil

Must thus be left against his will, Seem'd very odd indeed.

Sambo said yea,

The hog said nay,
And so it was a tye.
But still the hog, so 's not the point to yield,
Kept up the loud debate, and squeald ;

Asserting stoutly,
That, while the privilege of specch was bis,

He most devoutly

Would never cease
To raise his feeble voice t'oppose

The tying ropes about his pose.
Sambo, perceiving things grow worse and worse,

His weaken'd power still growing weaker,
Doubting what ways and means to take,

Made fast the rope about a stake.
His rolling snow-white eyes soon 'spied

The listening horse,

DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES.

VOL. I.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 19, 1814.

NO. VIII.

FOR THE BOSTOX SPECTATOR.

POLITICAL.

was Utility. By the law of pature, we should us, a foreign power. As every man in this be absolved from our engagement, if, under section of the Union must feel, that this is correct management, such management as we positively our present situation, I shall not

had anticipated, it did not produce good, but waste paper and time to enumerate the many THE INTEGRITY OF THE UNITED STATES

evil : much more, if by abuse of power, altera- evidences which might be adduced, to prove it. MUST BE PRESERVED.

tions in the instrument, or changes in the rela- | Every list of Yeas and Nays, in Congress, on A few years ago, there seemed to exist tions of the respective parties, not contempla. any great question, affecting our interests among all parties, a morbid sensibility, when ted at the time the compact was formed, and shows to a demonstration, that we are a prov. the possibility of a dissolution of the Union effected against our consent, we are defeated ince within the republick, enjoying a voice in was mentioned. I call it morbid, because one in our reasonable expectations, and the bles- the manugement of our concerns, heard only to could not utter the terms, whatever he might sing becomes a curse.

be silenced ; and a representation answering propose to say on the subject, without exciting

The federal constitution was the production no purpose so effectually, as to show the a stare of terrour and suspicion on all around of much wisdom ; but it was not given by in- world our degradation ; by no means in talent, him. Men seemed to have wholly forgotten spiration. It was a mere bargain between dis- or in the justice of our cause, but in political what is the use and end of goverment—How tinct parties, implying many conditions. That consequence. ours became desirable, and how it might cease the conditions are broken, is evident from It cannot be surprising, that men of spirit, to be so. Many essays were published by the

our situation ; we want no stronger proof; we indeed any men, thus suffering wrong and disfriends of a perpetuated Union, to show how

are therefore free to continue the relation in grace, in the first burst of indignation, should the measures pursued by our rulers tended to form, or withdraw, as a regard to our own be disposed to separate, and should say, let us endanger the federal compact ; and, I believe, good and security may prompt.

then leave them to themselves, and let us esin every instance such men were set down as

What may become of the federal constitu- tablish a goveroment of our own, by which our separatists-as recommending the very result tion, I admit

, may perhaps be of little conse- rights will be secured ; our liberties and our they were labouring to prevent. Such like- quence ; at least, that is not what we are most prosperity be restored. wise was the fate of our pablick speakers, interested to maintain : but the integrity of the If there were no other alternative, this examong whom, Mr. Quincy was a striking in territory, under a compion government. pedient would undoubtedly be judicious, and, stance. This gentleman, well acquainted with It has been said, that the limits of the United in event, predominate, over the venal opposithe purposes for which our federal constitution

States' were too extensive, to be preserved un- tion of those ministerial satellites, among us, was planned and adopted, and secing those rer one government. But there appears to be who are bribed out of the common feelings of purposes abandoned or frustrated by the meas

no force in this objection. The Roman empire citizens, and serve themselves by aiding to ures of administration, could but foresee, that was once too extensive ; for it was difficult and ruin those around them. But there are many men would, sooner or later, awake to their in- almost impossible for the arm of government reasons to recommend a different policy ; and ierests ; and if the operation of publiek nieas- o reach the remote, disjointed paris, to mair- these I sho! ubmit on a future occasion. ures continued only to injure, oppress, de- tain subordination, and prevent encroachments. grade and imporеrish a large section of the But young and weak as we were, during the Ünion, that this section, acting only as ralion- last revolution, the New Englanders found lit.

Impressment....Naturalization. al beings must be expected to act, would incv- tle difficulty in transporting themselves to If ever a Peace takes place between Great itably refuse, at no very distant period, to South Carolina. We fought the battle for our Britain and the United States, it will probably make further sacrifices, for which they receive southern brethren, and we can either defend or terminate in stipulations, the effect of which ed no colour of indemnification. This appre- keep them in order again, when it shall be will be more favourable to her interests with hension he forcibly expressed in Congress, and necessary. If southern troops should be ne- respect to seamen, than that state of things. was trumpeted throughout the Union, as being cessary, in this eastern quarter, the roads are which has hitherto existed. an enemy to the federal relation ; democrats good, and there is nothing in the face of the By the abuse of the right of impressment, it unequivocally declared him such, and very

country to prevent their acting here. Mari- is true that some native Americans have been many federalists implicitly yielded to their time force is still more disposable. A Boston forcibly dragged into the British service. We misrepresentation.

squadron, on any emergency could soon an- use the strong terms of those, who have been The protraction and augmentation of our chor in the Missisippi. The extent of the bitter in their complaints on this subject, for sufferings bas, however, produced a great country can therefore be no objection to a com- we are disposed to meet the fact in its most change in the state of popular opinion. I have mon government.

obnoxious character. The number has been heard men of very sober habits express a seri- The distinct interests to be found in differ- but few ; yet if they were but a hundred, it is ous belief, that if this process of increasing the ent sections of the American empire have been a hundred too many. The nation had a right national debt goes on, but a little Jonger, with urged by others, as an objection to a unity of to their services, and they had a right to perits present rapidity, this eastern part of the government. A very able writer has recently sonal freedom. Union, which has uniformly protested against treated the subject of these collisions, in this It is to be remembered, however, that this this occasion of present. loans, and future bur- paper, in a very striking and impressite man

paper, in a very striking and impresside man- abuse was never countenanced by any act of thens which must make slaves of themselves He has not only proved, that they exist the British government ; the wrong has grown and their posterily, will never pay it! Urder in fact, but that they are to be practically trac- out of individual outrage, and would undoubtthe pressure of great calamily, the mind nat- ed, in the measures of government, to the very edly have been effectually remedied, long urally seeks some resuge, some hope ; and as

great disadvantage of one portion of the gov- since, if we bad desired that, and that alone; there appears to be none, from the tyrannical erned. It was in vain that an attempt was if we had not persevered in asserting claims, disposition of our rulers, a majority of whom, made to neutralize them, by the federal con extending beyond the rights of our own citigeographically defined, are inveterately against stitution. It was in vain that Washington and zens, and very injurious to Great Britain. us, the possibility of relief by dissolving the Adams so administered the publick concerns, But, if we view the question abstractedly Union, and establishing distinct governments, as that, amidst all the bickerings of party, no from the rights of the subject and citizen, I is now frequently both suggested and listened charge was made, or could be made of sacrifi. believe it must be acknowledged that Great 10, with a considerable degree of complacency. cing the common good to the interests of north Britain, as a nation, has been ten times as

The writer of thesc remarks ever was most or south. Party spirit was soon displayed ; much injured as the United States, with recordially averse to this idea : not that he is but the plea of difference of opinion jo specu. spect to this famous dispute concerning seaactuated by any bigoted notions of an obliga- | lative politicks, and on the general operation of men : for 1 presume there is not an Amerition, which does not exist in nature, to live in particular measures, was then used to conceal can, in any degree acquainted with she facts, misery, and entail it upon our successors, that desire of control, which has since guided, who will not admit, that we have had ten Britmerely because we once agreed to be a united what are falsely called the councils of the na- ish born subjects under our fag, where they people. The only basis of tbat agreement, tion ; and made Congress, at Washington, to have had one bative American. The different

ner.

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