Slike strani
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FOR

THE

BOSTON

SPECTATOR.

his events had been borrowed from Greece. docs it not seem that you should have been

THE BRIDE OF ABYDOS. The basis had been employed by Homer and more so ?

A Little Poem, by Lord Byron, under this other writers ; it was the arrival of Eneas into

title, is just published in this town. We have “ Lo, on the mirror bright of former days Italy which opened to him a new and extensive

perused it with pleasure. It does not perhaps

Whereon we love to gaze, field.

contain any passages, which could be selected Ancient Ausonia, the country of Saturn, Repicturing the scene of happiness,

as remarkably brilliant or sublime : but the

No forms unkind intrude. where the golden age first flourished, whose

story is interesting, and much more obvious simplicity it still preserved-another climate- O'er each harsh feature rude

than that of his GIAOUR : the language is paanother government another religion—a peo Gathers the shadow of forgetfulness ;

thetick and poetical ; the measure varied, acple different in dress, manners, and armour, While all that ministerd delight

cording to the modern style of versification, but gave originality to a subject in other respects Floats like a blissful dream before the sight.""

smooth and harmonious. We have room only antiquated. He could no longer but glean in

for a short extract, as a specimen, which will Greece ; in Italy he had a harvest ; while he Such is the soul of Turk, philosopher, infidel, be found near the close of the poem. yet might collect and intersperse in his narra- and Christian. Is this the demon impulse of

" Ye! who would o'er his relicks weep tive, whatever was most interesting in the faba innate malignity, by which polemicks charac

Go-seck them where the surges sweep ulous history of the Greeks.

terize men ? No ; were it not for the pride Their burthen round Sigæum's steep

of opinion, it must in candour be supposed
To be continued.
their own consciousness would refute their

And cast on Lemnos' shore :
professed belief.

The sea-birds shriek above the prey,

O'er which their hungry beaks delay“
LE REVEUR, No. I.

A PARALLEL.

As shaken on his restless pillow,
Why is it that certain casuists pretend to Marshal D'Ancre was born at Florence, His head heaves with the heaving billos-

That hand-whose motion is not life--
honour the Creator, by degrading the character (not Corsica) where his father, from a mere
of bis creature ? The infinite distance be- norary, became secretary of state. He came

Yet feebly seems to menace strifetween the eternal cause of all things and the

into France with Mary de Medicis, the wife of Flung by the tossing tide on highi, most perfect of his works is acknowledged by Henry IV. ; and at first he was only gentle. Then levelled with the waveall. It would seem therefore that such scho

man in ordinary to that Princess, but he after- What recks it ? though that corse shall lie lasticks had but very contracted views of the wards became her master of the horse, and

Within a living grave ? perfections of Deity, and consider it necessary raised himself rapidly, by the credit that one The bird that tears that prostrate form to lower the creature, lest he shoald appear to of the Queen's maids, whom ho married, had Hath only robbed the meaner worm ! rival the Almighty himself, in the scale of be with her majesty. He bought the marquisate The only heart-the only eye ing!

of Ancre, a little after the death of Henry IV. Had blod or wept to see him die, Some insist that the human mind, by its nat- He was governour of Amiens, Peronne, Roie, Had seen those scattered limbs composed, ural constitution is malignant, and a stranger and Mondidier. He became first gentleman of And mourned above his turban-stoneto the dictates of pure benevolence, prone the King's bed chamber, and afterwards mar

That heart hath barst—that eye was closed constantly to evil, and deligh:ing rather to shal of France. He obtained the government Yea-closed before his own !" dwell on the imperfections, than the amiable of Normandy and Pont d'Arche, and endeav. qualities of those, with whose minds we may oured to have that of Havre de Grace. In

Louis the Fourteenth, at the age of thirtyhave become acquainted. Is this true ? Is it

short, there was no longer any reason to dot a libel on our species ? I speak not of doubt, that he aspired to have every thing at Dauphin) containing directions for his conduct

three, wrote a letter to his son, (le Grand those whose conduct may be supposed under his disposal, for he filled every place with his the influence of supernatural impulses of piety,

as a man, and a prince. Instructing him as own creatures. He disposed of the finances, but of the general and prevailing character of

an individual, like all mankind in quest of the he distributed offices, he got friends every mankind. If the natural tinge of our souls is

means of happiness, he sayswhere, both in the armies and in the towns, and that of malevolence, how is it that the virtues terrified those who opposed his faction, by ex

“ You will find nothing, my son, so comof our associates make a more durable impres

pletely laborious as great idlencss, if you have amples of a severe revenge. There was

the misfortune to fall into that vice. You will sion, than the imperfections, which we cannot other remedy for all these disorders but to kill be disgusted, in the first place, with business, but discover, in every human being ? Proba- him. That commission, given to Vitri, one of afterwards with your pleasures, and at last with bly no person of a discriminating intellect ev- the captains of the life guards, was executed on er yet held familiar intercourse with father,

idleness itself, and looking in vain for that the drawbridge of the Louvre, on the 24th of which you can never find, the sweets of repose mother, child, husband, wife, or friend, who did April, 1617. The next day the enraged popu- and of leisure, without some occupation or not, in thc most beloved, discover defects, from lace, having taken the body out of the grave, which, in some degree, no mortal being is ex

some fatigue, that must always precede that dragged it up and down the streets. The par- | happy state. Good sense acts naturally, and empt. Take from us that relative or friend, liament proceeded against the memory of the and what is the effect on our feelings? Do we

without any great effort. What employs us deceased, and declared him convicted of high properly, is very often attended with less fadwell on their faults? Do we cherish the re- treason, both diyine and human, decreed his ligue, than'that which would merely amuse us, collection of what we could not approve ? No- son Tynoble, and incapable of holding any office and the utility of it is always evident." as the form recedes from our view, the light in the kingdom. shades which once marked it are seen no That part of the French history is disgrace

A VERY SAD DISEASE. The lineaments of every virtue become ful to the French name. Why did they suffer more distinct-we soon see nothing but what

The ingenious MARIVAUX, however metathemselves to be, so many years, slaves to a we love, approve, and admire. The heathen Florentine ? Was it not a base thing to bend

physical and alembicated he may be in his were children of nature--they placed those de

writings, was of great simplicity and bon home the knee, as they did, before that idol, whilst mie in his character and conversation. Hay. parted friends, whose imperfections, while liv. they inwardly detested it? There are no finering one day met with a sturdy beggar, who ing, they must have experienced, among the verses of Malherbe, than those which he made asked charity of bim, he replied My good stars and saw nothing but bright unsullied on the fall of that idol. He pretends that it lustre. You have lost a friend. Ho was the justified Providence, which was, if one may

friend, strong and stout as you are, it is a friend of your soul-your companion, your say so, arraigned, and in reatu, during that

shame that you do not go to work.”_6 Ah confidant, but did not collisions of sentiment marshal's prosperity. He introduces the god

master," said the beggar, « if you did but know

how lazy I am."_" Well," replied Marivaux, sometimes wound you! He is gone. Does of the river Seine denouncing D'Ancre, and “ I see thou art an honest fellow, here's half a pot your heart now cling to his amiable quali foretelling him his approaching ruin.

crown for you." ties alone ? You have lost-) God! to what privations are we exposed ! yet were you Tes jours sont à la fin, ta chute se prépare,

AD RUFUM KING. not sensible, from the sweetest interchange of Regarde moi pour la derniere fois.

" Quis est omnium tam ignarus rerum, tam thought which life affords, that nothing human C'est assez que cinq ans ton audace effrontée is wholly perfect? But now, what vision at

rudis in republica, tam nihil unquam, nec de Sur des ailes de cire aux étoiles montée iends your contemplative hours? Is the mel.

sua, nec de commune saluie cogitans, qui non

Princes et Rois ait osé défier ; ancholy of your solitude relieved by one repul. La fortune t’apelle au rang de ses victimes,

intelligat tua salute contineri suam ? 'Omnia sive trait in the dear image of both your wak

sunt excitanda ribi uni, quae jacere sentis, belli Et le Ciel accusé de supporter tes crimes

ipsius impetu, perculsa atque pro-trata. Quae ing and sleeping meditation? Do you recog. aize a single defect? Happy as you were,

g tresolu de se justifer."

quidem tibi omnia belli vulnera sananda sunt ; [Bayle.

quibus, PRIETEN TE, MEDERI NENO POTEST.“

no

more.

.

'60

POR

THE

BOSTON

SPECTATORS

:

Solution of QUESTION Vth. by Inspection. 'Tis like the sun upon the polish'd cone,

When Exty counterfeited Candour's smile,

40 In a fence of these dimensions, the number The shades are many, but the light is one.

And foul DUPLICITY, and cunning GTILE ; of cubick feel will be found equal to its num. The light is one, its course is one to all,

When these, with all their never-ending train, ber of feet in length. The question then is, And one its glorious self-depending ball.

Usurp'd the altars of the hallow'd plain ; For a square field, how many square rods But its bright beams with force unequal strike, The patient Gods, indignant at the sight, must there be that they may equal the number For none there are with opticks form'd alike.

Forever yanish'd to the realms of light : of feet round it ? The cobler sees not with the parson's eye,

And with them fled their fairest favourite, Taste, 120 A side of the field must be a number in rods He never dreams of hell nor heresy.

Who saw her precepts, and her name eras'c, which will produce the same product, whether The politician sees alone his scheme ;

Her sacred temple to its base overthrown, multiplied by itself, to give the number of Alone the poet sees his golden dream.

And Faggior's votaries supplant her own.square rods in the field, or by 164 and 84 to The doctor wonders at the lawyer's skill ;

No longer then was fair CONTENTMENT seen ; give the number of fect round it, or, which is

50 No longer FRIENDSHIP on the hill or green ; the same thing, by 66, the product of 164 and the patient wonders at the doctor's bill.

Faith, last of all, was forc'd to quit the plain, 4.-It is evident then that 66 is the side of the The clown admires the courtier's repartee ; The courtier nothing but his majesty.

Though oft with Charity she came again,
field in rods; and 4356, its square, is the answer
to the question.
Each sees, or thinks he sees, the mystick art

And on the distant hills would sit and sigh,
By which the other plays so well his part.

To mark the change from joy to misery,
QUESTION VIth.
Further it were not prudent to aspire ;

That the cold drop the colder marble wore, 130 A Man had a farm of 500 acres, lying in a

While VIRTUE's tears but harden'd Vice the more. Enough to see, to wonder, and admire. circular form, with his house in the centre. But let Ambition wave her crescit rod,

Then clumsy Chance, that blunders on his way, He gave his three sons equal portions of his Each quits the path he so securely trod,

And fickle Fashion, beld their lawless sway. land, as large as could be taken in circles, and And, blinded by the phantom's garish blaze,

Then rose the tower, diverging from its base, built each of them a house in the centre of his Is lost and wilder'd in the magick maze.

Enrich'd by all but symmetry and grace ; portion. How much had each son ; how far

The seeds of Taste are sown in erery inind,

The dome and temple, that appear'd the same ; were their houses from each other; and how And fade or flourish, as the soil they find.

And the tall pile, that seem'd to ask a name.
far from their father's ?
In low flat marshy grounds the plant is rare,

Groves sprang inverted, and the humble rill
For Mathematicks only triumph there.

Spurn’d the low vale to hasten up the hill ;
And thase, experienc'd in its culture, say,

And all that pleas'd, and all that charm'd before, 140
POETRY.
'Tis poison'd by the weeds of Algebra.

Lost or confounded now could charm no more. Much less where costive loam or clay abounds,

Then CHARITY,—that, like the hand of heaven,
Fancy selects such soil for burying-grounds.

In holy secresy had bless'd, and giv'n,-
The superstitious soil is far too hot,

Vaunted her bounties, and 'twas then she came
TASTE. A Poem.

And in free-thinking fields they always rot. 70 Follow'd by Pride, and pioneer'd by FAME.
Nor barren earths, for they, 'tis said, best suit

Then Prety, that once would muse alone,
Cur alter fratrum cessare et ludere, et ungui
Præferat Herodis palmetis pinguibus, alter
The kindred nature of the Hebrew Root.

Appear'd aloft upon a gilded throne ;
Dives et importunus, ad umbram lucis ab ortu,
But we have seen the Hebrew root delight,

Charm'd with her own sweet voice, and form so fair Sylvestrem Alanımis et ferro mitiget agrum. HOR.

Where taste was once secur’d by patent-right ; Way'd her white hand, and lengthen'dout a prayer ; DEAR COMMON SENSI, thou last and least Tenth Where manners gentle found a temper sweet ;

Arraign'd God's works, found this world's plan perAnd Genius came the Sciences to meet ;

plex'd,

150
Muse,
Hlear thou my prayer, nor do my prayer refuse ;
Where truth and nature held so large a share,

And hinted some improvements on the next.
Perhaps 'tis not for such a task as mine
There seem'd no room for affectation there :

Then, sacred Poess, thy wings sublime
To ask assistance of the busy Nine ;
A kind of trans-atlantick Babylon,

Were bound forever in the chains of rhyme ;
Where virtue with meridian lustre shone,

80 Thy lyre, that oft awoke the mighty song,
Alone thy sober influence I implore,
Till now by poet uninvok'd before.
And confidence, before 'twas woo'd, was won.

E'en Jove himself descended to prolong,
Shew me the labyrinths, where the passions move, Taste loves to climb near some tall mountain's side,

Struck by each vulgar and each venal hand,
The mazy paths, from hatred up to love.
And catch the gales from time's eternal tide ;

No more the warring passions could command.

Then he of all the train was held the best,
Teach me that law, by which the reasoning mind Spreads its wide arms, and like the tow'ring vine,
For every act its quick decree can find ;
10 Around the judgment and the fancy twine ;

Whose wanton fury could exceed the rest.
Forms strict gradations, nice distinctions draws, But chiefly where the suns of genius smile,

Lo ! thy chaste daughters e'en their looms forego, And portions readiest censure or applause. And education cultivates the soil.

A conscious power, and happier skill to show. 161 Is it in judgment, or in genius plac'd ? Nature may give, but Art must care bestow,

With such bewitching smiles they sue for fame, Or in that motley faculty, callid Taste ? For Taste from nature and from art must grow.

Who can deny the merit of such claim ? What then is TASTE ?-that taste, which most profess, Yet oft mechanick Dulness finds a way

90

Like Sparta's dames, beside their conquering arms,
What all pretend to, and what few possess ?
Where Genius never ventur'd to essay,

They find as sure a triumph in their charms.
E’en from the mightiest monarch of the globe,
And, by the power to dulness only known,

The critick stands more easily beguild,
To him who holds that mighty monarch's robe,
Becomes illustrious in sinking down.

Than Cæsar's wrath when Cleopatra smild.
Not one is tasteless in the lengthen'd line ;

In golden ages, when the Gods were seen

What countless millions trace their pedigree, 'Tis yours, 'tis his, 'tis theirs, and it is mine. 20 With mortals mingled on Arcadia's green ;

Their births, their fortunes, and their rhymes to thee? Ere one brief hour can make its swift escape,

When life seem'd crown'd with ever-during spring, How many come, as legal heirs, to claim 170 It comes in every“ questionable shape.” And time stood still to hear the Muses sing :

A poet's title, and a poet's fame? More chaste than Dian, filthier than the Hags, There liv'd a Genius, fair as she was chaste,

And yet how few there are in all we see, Viewless in lace, or visible in rags ;

By Gods call’d JUDGMENT, and by men call's TASTE ; How very few, inspir’d by Taste and thee. 'Tis seen, and heard, and felt throughout the town, Like Heaven's aërial ministers of grace,

100 How few in all the countless, colour'd host Brocade and ruffles, cap and bells, and gown ; Hor form was fairer than the eye could trace ;

Have ever felt the favour that they boast ? The smooth-faced belle, the channel-fronted seer, Her robe, though studiously arrang'd to please,

To be continued. The standing butt, or going auctioneer ;

Pell with the graceful negligence of ease ; In many a simple speech, or simpler lay,

And in the lambent lustre of her mien, In many a faree, and many a German play ; 30 Her lofty power and origin were seen.

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR In fables, sermons, songs, or single words, 'Twas her's to lead the infant arts along,

JOHN PARK,
Letter'd, unletter'd, stitch'd, or bound in boards ; To wake the lyre, and modulate the song ;
From dust-crown'd authors, volum'd to the wall,
The dance to guide, the nobler game to teach,

BY MUNROE & FRANCIS,
Down to the worm, the critick of them all ;
And give to action half the power of speech.

NO. 4 CORNHILL.
Priest, poet, fiddler, chymist, or what not ;

E'en high-born Genius own'd her gentle sway, 110 Doctor, apothecary, gallipot.

Price three dollars per annum, half in advance. And LEARNING follow'd where she led the way. Yet still, though erer prone to disagree, But when Luxuriance as REFINEMENT came, stu,

Subscribers may be supplied with the preceding

numbers. Changeful and various as it seems to be,

And Innovation took IMPROVEMENT's name ;

}

DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES.

VOL. I.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, APRIL 9, 1814.

NO. XV.

FOR

THE BOSTOX SPECTATOR.

EXTRACTS CONTINUED.

POLITICAL.

slaves and the poor enjoy no political influ- population of Maryland has somewhat diminence ; their mutual antipathies and resent- | ished, during ten years of great prosperity to

ments are indeed cherished and perpetuated the nation. It is, indeed, reasonable to supNO. VII.

for an obvious reason, but in the conception of pose, that plentiful crops and good markets THE INTEGRITY OF THE UNITED STATES

a Virginian, it is merely the object of liberty, must naturally induce the planters to increase MUST BE PRESERVED.

to secure independence to the planters ; of their stocks of slaves, by selling fewer to the equality, that Palatines may know no sufierior. inhabitants of the new countries; and thereby,

An extraordinary wealth is never, in aristo- instead of meliorating, to render the condition Shewing the comparative strength, resources, cratical governments, connected with a propor- of the poor still more unfortunate. Facts apand local advantages of the different sections tionate influence in the community; this pear to support this hypothesis ; for while, in wealth, for want of other opportunities, is most

ihe five southern states, the whites on a popu. of the Union.

commonly displayed by the Virginians, in per. lation of 1,133,000, have increased only 242,000, “ The cause however, which most strongly sonal luxury. A few distinguished examples the slaves, free negroes, and mulattoes have, discriminates the southern from the northern of luxury are sufficient to misload great num- on a stock of 660,000, increased no less than states, is negro slavery: On this subject, Vir- bers. Heavy debts and frequent bankruptcies 185,009, or in the ratio of 100 to 76 in favour ginia, from her local situation and great num- are both causes and effects of extortion, gam- of the latter. As the number of slaves importber of slaves, has been able to render her ing, and irregular speculations : sagacious ed from Africa has been inconsiderable, this southern and western neighbours subservient monied men derive profit and acquire odium result, however affecting to humanity in one to her particular policy.

from the misfortunes of the aristocracy; hence point of view, is consoling in another, as it Of 367,000 slaves, free negroes, and mulat- a general antipathy against the commercial proves that the treatment of the slaves has, toes in Virginia, 341,000 live east of the Blue system and character.

when compared with the rigour, which custome: Ridge, a number somewhat exceeding tho The very unequal division of property, and has sanctioned in some other countries, been white population. In much the greatest part the want of a middling class of people, who mild and beneficent. of the eastern district, little or no field labour might serve for farmers and tenants, compels

It is not difficult to infer from this state of is performed by white men ; and it is certain the wealthy proprietors to commit the man- things that arts and manufactures cannot fourthat all the slaves are owned by 25,000, or by agement of their estates to hired overseers. ish in Virginia, and the other southern states, one half of the white families. The owners of That mode of cultivation is, of course, prefer- without a radical change in the state of socieslaves, with exceptions too inconsiderable to red, which will produce a certain revenue, ty, which is not to be expected. The revenue produce any political effect, are the proprietors least exposed to fraud and embezzlement of these states must be derived from lands and of all the lands ; and freeholders are the only The quantity of grain or tobacco, which a giv- slaves, and the government must be an unreelectors in Virginia.

en number of labourers can produce, may be strained aristocracy founded on property. These facts may be demonstrated by authen- ) easily estimated. If this quantity is produced, The policy of Virginia, though highly inju. lick documents, and that this state of things | without impairing the stock of slaves, the own

rious to the ritional interests, is not unnatural will be permanent is highly probable. Where

er may justly conclude, that his overseer has to men placed in their situation. A much labour is generally performed by slaves, few conducted with ordinary fidelity. The man- greater proportion of the produce of their persons will own lands, who are not also own- agement of a small New England farm re- lands is, and must be, exported to foreign couners of slaves, and the poor must be unable to quires an attention to cultivating and securing tries, than from states where arts and manu. own either. The state of society in the eastern grass, the feeding of cattle and sheep, the pro- factures are established, and where industry is district, or governing part of Virginia, may duce of a dairy and of orchards, besides small diversified. The freedom of the sea from evetherefore be thus described without any essen- crops of rye, corn, oats, flax, &c. The object ry kind of regulation, which can possibly intial errour. Twenty-five thousand families of the system is such a distribution of employ- crease the profits of commerce, is a darling own all the lands, and the slaves ; and an ments as will most usefully occupy a single policy. As from the nature of their coast, and equal number of families is destitute of both, family during the year. The skill, minute at- the state of their population, they are incapaand possess no political influence in the state.

tention, and economy, requisite to success, is ble of maritime exertion, they attempt to acWhere slavery is tolerated, the labour of above the capacity of slaves. If the case were complish, merely by conventions and legislaslaves will be preferred to that of freemen, as otherwise, the result would only be the pro- tive acts the acknowledgment of rights which they are more ubedient, and their subsistence duction of a great number of articles in small other states would assert by force. Hence a cheaper. The consequence is, that property is quantities, for which there would be no mare settled antipathy to the maritime rights of belnecessarily connected with political power, and ket, and, of course, no revenue to the proprie- ligerent nations, and to those measures of the poverty with real degradation. Happily in tor. Thus, though many of the mansions of federalists, which encourage the increase of these states, where the employers and employ- the opulent are surrounded with elegant and American navigation. ed are mutually obliged and mutually depend- extensive gardens and improvements, which Excepting in the colonies planted by Euroent, and where a spirit of moderation and jus create an imposing idea of a high state of im- peans in America, I know of no country, tice are supported by common necessities and provement and cultivation, yet a vast propor- where slaves have been numerous, in which obligations, we are unable to form a concep- tion of the lands are exhausted by repeated the governing order was not distinguished by tion of the wretchedness and ignorance, which crops of grain and tobacco, until being render. a martial spirit. Common sense and prudence degrade a part, and the pride, jealousy, and ed absolutely sterile, they are abandoned as dictate that the masters of slaves ought to be fear, which agitate a whole community, where old fields, and added to the mass of surrounding heroes : a horrour of military establishments the extremes of riches and poverty, of liberty desarts. This mode of cultivation will account is, however, a characteristick of Virginians, and slavery are exhibited in perpetual contrast. for the rapid progress of the southern people, and this proceeds from a consciousness of

A consequence of slavery is the accumulation and their imperfect, scattered settlements, in their own imbecility. They know that the of property in very unequal masses, and this the extensive regions they inhabit.

rich and luxurious will never appear in alms, inequality is the immediate cause of several In Virginia, the wages of labour are regula except occasionally, in opposition to the slaves, important political effects.

ted by the cost and expenses of supporưing and they believe that the poor, if once armed, The body of proprietors being, in respect to slaves ;-these wages are, consequently, the embodied and animated with a military spirit; the rest of the community, a privileged aris lowest possible. Slaves are, of course, the would not willingly return to their present 1ocratical class, are, by the law of their nature, successful rivals of the poor, in all common state of degradation, and might become masjealous of such of their own order as happen employments, who are compelled to lead lives ters of the state. The extent and inconsideto be distinguished for wealth, talents, or rep- of wretchedness, or to emigratc to new coun. rable resources of the country afford a toleruutation. It is this jealousy and envy among tries. It is a remarkable fact, and probably ' ble security agains: invasion and conquest, liyo the propriilors, wisicia has been mistaken for owing to this cause, that with the excípion of any foreign nation. National power and glory ihe genuine spiri: of liberty, in Virginia. The i the city and county of Baltimore, the white; bitte no charms for a people, ishe cali luwiisi

FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

nor direct the force, by which they must be 1

Will any man pretend, that Louis XVIII. or pable and undeserying of any other governobtained. The slaves and the neighbouring the Duc d'Angoulême possess the talents,ambi- ment. States are alone dreaded ;—the first are kept tion, restlessness, and hardihood of Bonaparte ? We would add the great leading sentiment in awe by summary executions, and by selling We admit that, even under Bonaparte, of our hearts, in which all honest and intelli. the turbulent, or, in other words, the most in France could not for many years become dan- gent men we hope will join. telligent, to new and distant settlements. I gerous to surrounding states ; but we also be- As the world has been oppressed beyond all will not say that the zeal, with which the Vir- lieves that a man, nurtured amidst civil wars, measure, let its emancipation be signal, be ginians have long opposed the importation of bred up in fields of carnage, hardened to hu- complete. Let it be such an one as may teach slaves from Africa, has not originated in hu- man woes, stimulated by revenge, thirsting for future tyrants, and future usurpers, that, how. manity and a love of justice ; it is, however, power disgracefully lost, a soldier of fortune, a ever they may triumph for a time, how. certain, that it is combined with a policy, which monarch by usurpation, would do every thing ever they may bathe themselves in the blood, enables them to diminish the risks of insurrec- in his power to disturb the repose of Europe and riot on the treasure of the wretched peotions, and to derive a considerable profit from and the world.

ple of the world, there is a just God, who in the issue of those already enslaved. This On the other hand, a feeble monarch, taught lue time, when it suits the purposes of his profit results to the planters ; whereas that on moderation in the best school, that of adversi-wise Providence, can humble the proudest imported slaves would belong to merchants.ty, restored, after all hope was extinguished, usurper, and restore the broken reed. to the throne of his ancestors, would be led,

A Friend to General Freedom. from interest alone not only to consult the ON THE PROBABLE RESTORATION happiness of his own subjects, but the quiet of OF THE BOURBONS. Europe.

GENERAL REGISTER. Gratitude to the monarchs, who had restored In our past speculations on the affairs of hin—the dreadful lesson, which the fate of his BOSTON, SATURDAY, APRIL , 1814. Europe, we were unable to anticipate so hap; predecessor would have taught him-his natpy an event as the restoration of this injured ural ease and ignorance of affairs, would give family to the throne of France. both his subjects and the world a sure pledge

EUROPEJX. Nothing further, from the Recent events have rendered this unexpect. of at least twenty years' quiet. Is there a

scene of war. ed change in the affairs of Europe not only

An arrival from Spain, Feb. 18th, brings a mari, except a monster of ambition, who will possible, but probable. If we had entertained deny, that the world needs this rest'? Is there decree of the Cortes,in which they declare that any doubts as to the importance of this resioration for the peace and quiet of all the world, pretend that Europe would be more safe under in any publick act, until he shall have taken

a man, not in the pay of the usurper, who will Ferdinand VII. shall not be considered as free, we should have been convinced of the necessi- | Bonaparte, the Septembrizer, the murderer of the constitutional oath, in the body of the Na. ty of it by the language of our cabinet. Now,

the Parisians at St. Roch, of the Turks at Jaf- tional Congress. No foreigner, not even a do. for the first time, ihey come out, and clisclaim fa,—the man, who has planted his standard at

mestick is permitted to enter Spain in his re. any wish to see France the mistress of Europe, Vienna, at Moskow, at Rome, and at Berlin,- tinue. He is to be officially informed of the although all their measures have contributed and who has much more than planted his stan

state of the kingdom, of the sacrifices which as much, as those of any nation on carth, to dard at Washington, has made it grow there,

have been made, and to be left at liberty to bring about such a catastrophe. Yet, disthan under the feeble descendants of S:. Louis ?

take the oath, or not, at his choice, when he claiming any regard for France, they distinctly

If, therefore, we are sincere in our wish for

shall have reflected on the conditions. From avow that they view with horror the language universal and stable peace, we must prefer the appearances, there is little reason to appreof Factious papers in our country, which wel

hend the revival of French influence among the Bourbons, who have no dangerous talents, to a come the restoration of the Bourbons to their man, who has proved that he has them to a de.

Spaniards. just and lawful rights. gree very alarming for the repose of the world.

London papers to Feb. 12th by Halifax repIt is for us to consider on what principles

Such ought to be the feelings of every

resent the battle in France of Jan. 21, in dif. such an opposition to the restoration of the

American. It is not a question of the divine ferent light, from the French accounts, we had Bourbons can be founded ; premising, howev

right of kings. It is not a question, whether already received. They state that the allies er, that we have as many fears, as hopes, that the Bourbons have more right to the crown,

were decidedly victorious, and that the French this consummation of the struggle for national than this infamous Corsican usurper ; but, for

sustained a great loss. independence may not be accomplished.

us, as an independent nation, whether the DOMESTICK. Election of Governour, In order that we may not be misunderstood, peace of the world will not be more secure un

Lieutenant Governour and Senators took place we think it proper explicitly to declare, that der a Bourbon, than a Bonaparte.

in this state last Monday. The result is honwe consider, that, as a republican people, we

This, however, is the feeblest view of this ourable to the state. It was not a competition have no direct interest or wish, that the Euroquestion.

between a federalist and a democrat, but bepean governments should maintain their mo

From the year 1793, the foundations of civil tween those who approved genuine unalloyed narchical forms, other than what arises from a full conviction that, upon the continent of Eur society have been shaken. Revolutions and federalism, and those who approved a federalrope it is impossible, and of course inexpedi- taken place in sad funereal succession. scenes, such as never the world saw, have ism willing to pass under the yoke of oppression.

Mr. Dexter's stands better by 1623 votes, in ent, to attempt to establish a free form of gov.

Whatever might have been the early opin- | 229 towns, than Mr. Varnum's last year. ernment.

ion, as to the ultimate effect of such revolu- The Constitution frigate, Cape. Stewart, was The question as it respects France is reductions in favour of the freedom and happiness welcomed safe in Salem harbour last Sundas, ed simply to this, whether there shall be at

of mankind; there lives not the wretch, we on her return from a cruise to and off South the head of that government an arbitrary, milo would hope, who will deny, that the mass of America. She was chased in by two frigates, itary, ambitious chief, bred up in revolutions,

human misery, produced by this strugglo, has and being considered exposed, on the first redaring, unprincipled, skilful, and bent, as we been infinitely increased.

port, the New England Guards immediately know, on the subjugation of other nations ; or

This is not all. It has resulted in a perfect left this town, for Salem, and had proceeded a monarch schooled in adversity, restored by

conviction, that, when the struggle terminated to Chelsea, where they were assured of her the suffrages of his subjects, without eminent in the dynasty of Bonaparte, no nation, or peo. security. talents, and, as far as we know, unambitious. ple, or individual man, save the usurper him

Our southern democrats having found that We agree with the American Government, self, had more freedom, or half so much as be their dear embargo system was proving their that it is best France should not be the mis

fore. Even America became enslaved, though own destruction, have caused their instrument, tress of Europe : we agree also that it is best she did not receive prefects openly.

the President, to communicate the following she should not be crushed : we should lament

The message of the President in taking off humiliating Mossage, 1o Congress. A day or the day, and the policy, in which or by which the embargo admits, that a valuable and inter- two more, will probably bring the repeal of such a misfortune to the civilized world shouldesting trade is now opened by the victories of the Embargo, take place.

Britain and the allies over France. Even our To the Senate, and House of Representatives If they are sincere in their professions, we are, rights and interests, he says, are so promoted

of the U. States. for once at least, agreed with them in opinion.

by his downfal, that he abandons his favourite Taking into view the mutual interest which The only remaining question is, under which measure.

the United States and the foreign nations in dynasty, (for the most hardened wretch living would not wish for the return of the horrors of his downfal, ought we not to wish his com

If, then, so great a good has resulted from amity with them, have in a liberal commercial

intercourse, and the exter sive changes favourthe French revolution) it is most probable that plete defeat and destruction ? Let the French able thereto, which have recently taken place: the tranquillity and security of Europe would people enjoy their ancient rights and their an- taking into view also the important advantages be best maintained ?

cient monarchy, since we know they are inca- which may otherwise result from adapting the

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state of our commercial laws to the circum- | said: “ You see those mountains, those rocks, does not leave his repose but to avenge Pastances now existing :

those wild forests, those cultivated and fertile troclus, overcome Hector, and drag his body I recommend to the consideration of Con- vallies, those beautiful pastures, those foaming round the walls of Troy. Thus the reader gress the expediency of authorising, after a cascades, that majestick river, those clear riv- enjoys, at once, whatever there is grateful in certain day, exportations, specie excepted, ulets, that assemblage of rich and varied per- the imposing intervention of the gods, and from the United States, in vessels of the Unit- spective ?- There is my poem."

whatever there is interesting in the emotions ed States, and in vessels owned and navigated The Hcnriade, too much admired on its first of an ardent and impassioned soul. by the subjects of powers at peace with them; appearance, and now too much decried, wants and a repeal of so much of our laws as pro- the charm of variety. It is easy to discover

FRENCHMEN-FROGS. hibits the importation of articles not the pro- that when VOLTAIRE produced this work, he

I have always supposed Frenchmen were perty of enemies, but produced or manufac- was little acquainted with books. Paris and nicknamed Crapauds (Frogs) because it is notured only within their dominions.

the court, morals, philosophy, and politicks, are torious they are fond of eating them : but this I recommend also, as a more effectual safe- the objects which appear again and again in is a mistake. guard and encouragement to our growing his poem. All nature is found in the great

The name originated, I find, in the old namanufactures, that the additional duties on In- epick poems. The poetry of Homer, Virgil, tional arms of France, whose armorial bearpears altercal peace with Great Britain, be pro- long Poyages, and a great variety of scenery inek bere helbrers de luce, which were adopted longed to the end of two years after that event; Owing to the natural inconstancy of the hu- in more modern times, and continued till the and that, in favour of our monied institutions, man heart, it does not delight to repose long late revolution. the exportation of specie be prohibited through- on the same subjects. A description of the

A difficulty still remains-for what reason out the same period. JAMES MADISON. country and rural occupations must necessarily did the monarch of this accomplished nation March, 3181, 1814.

be succeeded by the tempests of the soul, and ever choose such a disgusting reptile for so It is reported and believed that a detach- the shock of nations. Anxiety and agitation distinguished an honour ment of Gen. Wilkinson's army has been defeat require relief, in ideas more innocent and ed, between Missiquoi bay and the Stone Mills. calm. It is amidst the charms of the terres

Which of the three learned professions is trial paradise, the angel Raphael relates to the the oldest ? Undoubtedly the Priesthood-the The Poem on “ Taste,” concluded in this number,

first of the human race the mighty discords Lawyers second, and last, Physicians. When was writien by a gentleman, at the request of the Phi which prevailed in heaven-the tremendous

men began to practise physick is not known : Bet Kappa society, for their Anniversary ; but before combats of the good and evil angels. It is in

combats of the good and evil angels. It is in the earliest mention of a physician, I believe, the time, when it was to have been delivered, the au- the midst of the description of battles that is by Job. thor was compelled to go abroad for his health. He Herminia is borne away, by her horse, to a returned to this country, but died before the next commencement. champaign surrounded by cottages, where she

“ I THOUGHT 'WAS THE PEOPLE, BUT 'Twas Onur THE lends a willing ear to the rustick pipe. It is

FOLKS."

Nem. from the scene of bloody combats, that Jupiter LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS. withdraws his attention, to view, with compla- It is said, that a gentleman, who is " not a

cency, the gentle and hospitable manners of candidate for any office," some years ago,

an Ethiopian tribe, solely occupied with the while attending Court at Concord, took a soliON EPICK POETRY. (Continued.) cares of the cultivator and shepherd. In Vir- tary walk through the mud to visit the bridge, Tasso, who, of all the epick poets, has ap

gil, the description of battles is preceded by which was the scene of the skirmish with the proached the nearest to Homer by the man.

a picture of the pastoral life of good king British, in that town; but did not discover that agement of his plan, and the inspiring gran old man of Jersey and Henry IV., in the first cxpatiated pretly largely upon the impression

Evander. Except the interview between the he had visited the wrong bridge, till after he had deur of his characters, did not neglect to flat- | book of the Henriade, nothing of this kind is which the spot made on his mind, and the aster the vanity of his countrymen, not only by found in the whole poem.

tonishing effects of the association of ideas. mentioning the founders of the most illustrious

When he was told of his mistake, he very families of Italy, but by using throughout his

On the Marvellous.

dexterously parried the laugh by relating the poem the machinery of fairy beings, and I am far from thinking, with Marmontel, following anecdote, which his present predicaadopting those chivalrick notions which then that the marvellous is not essential to epick ment may have recalled to his mindprevailed in this country.

poetry. It is that which places, at the disposBesides, his descriptions of the crusades

When new-light Whitfeld used to preach al of the poet all places-all events-men of must have particularly interested the Italians, every description-heaven, earth, and hell

In barn or barn.yard, just as suited, who possessed, in their capital, the supreme That alone

Made young maids cry and old ones screech,

can supply the necessity we And naughty boys look'd on and hooted; head of the church.

feel, for something extraordinary ; that alone, It chanced one day another fellow Milton is not a national poet ; he is the at the will of the poet, can retard, hasten, or

Was holding forth in Whitfield's stead ; poet of the christian world. His pious muse prolong the epick action ; and whatever an

A negro passing heard him bellow, seems to have planted, in the garden of Eden,

And callid to hear what Whitfield said. enthusiastick admirer of Lucan may have said, that celestial tree, whose branches extend over

By Cuffee every word was swallow'!, the Catos, Cæsars, Pompeys, all the heroes of the whole world. The first adoration addres

And every gesture touch'd his heart, ancient and modern history, are no substitutes And straight way on the ground he wallow'd, sed to the Supreme Being; the first transgres- for the intervention of divinity. Without this Fasaying well to act his part. sion of the divine law; the first punishment; relation of protection on one part and obedience Learning al length his sad mistakeprimitive innocence lost; mankind denounced; on the other, there is no other, between heav

Standing up straight, bis wool-head tossing, the grand perspective of future redemption; en and earth, but the laws of gravity and mo

Cuffee sung out,

" Why massy

sake! whatever man enjoys of hope, or experiences

si Den dirt myself for nossing!” tion ; every thing comes within the order of of fear; crimes and virtuos; happiness and mis

common and ordinary events, which soon palls ery, in the present life or hereafter; the uninupon the imagination.

LE REVEUR, No. II. terrupted intercourse between earth and heav

The only inconvenience that can arise from “There is something superior to all opinen-such is the sublime subject of Millon, and the adoption of the marvellous would be, that ions—that is justice. If a philosopher of the what author can be compared to him !

men, being subordinate to celestial powers, present day were to write a good book ; if he A quality not less indispensable in the Epick should appear but instruments and machines. were to do what is still better, to perform a is variety. The reason of this is obvious. The

The poet should therefore guard against ex- good action ; if he displayed noble and eleva. action, which is the source of interest and cu

hibiting the inclinations and passions of his ied sentiments, I, who am a christian, would riosity, being distributed through the poem at heroes, the fruitful source of interest, as abso- applaud him without reserve.

I would go to considerable intervals is not so attractive, as in lutely controled by a supreme power ; for the end of the world in quest of a virtue, in a a tragedy, where it is limited to a short space, and hurries on with rapidity to the close. This minished. When Homer represents Achilles, I might enjoy the happiness of admiriug it.”*

then all interest is destroyed, or strikingly di- votary of Vishnow, or the Grand Lama, that is an inconvenience to be obviated in the Epick provoked by the supercilious Agamemnon, as by an immense variety of objects, scenes, per: putting his hand upon his sword, he represents Roman Catholick, a zealous Roman Catho

What, such sentiment, such liberality in a sonages, which may amuse the attention and

us the Goddess of Wisdom restraining the excite curiosity. It is said that Tasso, travel. hero ; but soon afterwards le restores this

lick ! How inuch we are abused by the prej. ling with one of his friends, and arriving to the feeling, ingenuous soul 10 all its natural irrita

ndices of education ! This shall teach me summit of a lofty mountain, w him the prospect of a vast extent of country, ! tent, deprives the army of his presence, and The implacable Achilles retires to his the folly of imputing to any class of christians

* Chateaubriand.

to

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