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DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES.

VOL. I.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, APRIL 23, 1814.

NO. XVII.

FOR

1

POLITICAL.

ne device omitted to render them odious to a sentiment avowed by even the most timid

the people. The collection of revenue was so federalist, is that, if our rulers do not abandon THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

modified to fall heavier on the north. Our their persecution of the commercial portion of NO. IX.

treaty with England, so favourable to our com- the country, " it will certainly lead to a sepaTHE INTEGRITY OF THE UNITED STATES merce, was suffered to expire-and her offer ration."

to renew it, refused. An immense region was Such are the natural resources and advantaMUST BE PRESERVED.

purchased, adjoining the southern states-ges of the north, so enterprising and persever. We have seen, that in the southern atlan- promising an extensive augmentation of their ing are the habits of our citizens, they would tick states, the physical force of the white political influence, and settling upon the Union rise again from the calamities to which they population is in a great measure neutralized, a heavy debt, which, of course, must eventual- have been exposed, if suffered to pursue their by the existence of slavery. That those states ly be discharged by new burthens on the tax- occupations in peace, and liberated from the can never possess maritime power, because paying section—the north. The navy was chains imposed by our own government. Can they have no class of citizens of whom they neglected_funds, avowedly raised for its sup- we then expect exemption from embarrasscan make sailors. In the north, we find a port, year after year appropriated to other ments? Will not the same disposition, which hardy, industrious yeomanry, inured to toil, uses. Great Britain being the only nation on has ruined our commerce, loaded us with taxtrained to arms, so secure at home that every earth, whose hostility could put an end to our es, plunged us in war, filled every town and citizen might leave his possessions without commerce, she was selected, as the object of city with minions and dependants, still seek alarm, and take the field in case of emergen- a factitious resentment. Instead of fighting, means of annoyance, to humble, impoverish cy. Property so distributed as not to enervate she sent ministers of peace. Under pretence and degrade us? If a total, sudden, miracu. by luxury, or cut off even the labourer from of coercing her to make concessions, a system lous rerolution in the moral world is probable, the hope and prospect of a competence. The of warfare was begun by our own government, such an eyent is probable. If not, we shall means of naval power abounding, and, when on our own commerce, unparalleled in the still, in war and peace, be the victims of southcommerce is permitted, ample motives to en-history of nations between the St. Croix and ern persecutions. The tendency here, will courage sailors, and among our citizens the the Potomack, millions and millions of property be continually to rise the disposition there, best of subjects for such encouragement. have been sacrificed in navigation alone and continually to keep us down.

Physical power naturally creates jealousy in the ruin of commerce, an amount beyond Then why not separate ? Let me retort the Nature and our habits have given the north a possible calculation. To complete the triumph interrogation. WHY SEPARATE ? Washdecided superiority in this respect, and could of vindictive jealousy, war was declared, and ington, and statesmen without number, down to we expect not to feel its consequences ? Bul Great Britain used as an instrument in the Mr Dexter, have clearly demonstrated, that this is no reason why, possessing power, we hands of domestick foes, to accomplish our de- the respective portions of our country are adshould suffer ourselves to be oppressed, im- struction, in the full presumption that negroes mirably adapted for connexion, intercourse, and poverished, weakened, brow-beaten, insulted, and plantations would remain, when our ships a common government. Geographical knowland trodden under foolest we possibly should disappear, and our sailors be driven edge, statistical observation, and experience, might abuse it. The earlyhistory of our repub- 1 from the ocean. It could not but be anticipa-confirm the opinion. Once more examine our lick shows that we are not prone to tyrannize. ted too, that, long before this day, every hated respective strength and resources ; not the We lavished both, our blood and our treasure vestige of a navy would have been annihilated votes in congress; but the comparative supefreely to secure a general independence, by the enemy, and thus the most vexing and riority of our military, naval, and pecuniary which we freely shared with the south. When mortifying evidence of the superiority of our strength. The southern states will never the federal constitution was formed, though maritime resources be obliterated. Is there agree to a separation. Were we ever to withpolitical equality was the order of the day, we any one who doubts that the destruction of our draw, it would be termed rebellion, and we acceded to a gross violation of this great prin- navy was one object of this war ? and that could not maintain our secession, but by deciple, by giving the slave holder political rights, thus a powerful argument would be furnished, feating that power, ealling itself government, from his property, which were not claimed for against ever attempting another ?—Let him which would attempt to control us. If we are ourselves. While the federal administration review the invectives of our southern rulers ever sufficiently united to separate, we must was such as we wished, it was never pretend against a naval establishment-let him remem- be united too to conquer. If we are strong ed that it was directed against southern inter- ber their predictions of the certain consequen- enough to throw off the yoke, we are strong ests. Yet we grew rich and strong. The ces of a war with Great Britain let him re-enough 10 COMMAND in our turn.

The expeface of the country displayed to the sickly na- flect on the strong probability, that, before rience we have bad of southern sway appears to bob of the south, flying from the diseases of this, every frigate would in fact have been me to reduce it to a moral certainty that his climate, our enviable prosperity. Our taken- and judge with what expectations they henceforth, the northern section must serve laws, our reviews and official returns of militia were exposed to contend with a hundred sail or govern, and it is full time we view these alshowed our military strength ;-and the little, of the line ! Do they repine at Decatur's situaternatives, as exclusively our destiny, and prehalf-way war, we carried on against France, tion, with his squadron ? Nom within two pare deliberately for our choice. A material disciosed a hateful fact, that the naval force of years, it will be thrown in our teeth, as change in the federal constitution might restore the Union launched forth, spontaneously and proof positive that a navy is nonsense.

the government to its national character, but to almost exclusively, from the bays and rivers of Had I room, it would not now be necessary this the south will never consent, until comthe north !

lo deseribe the pernicious effects which the pelled by fear. We can therefore expect no Soon after this, by intrigue, by imposture, whole series of publick measures bave produ- redress, until we are ready, united, and deterby corruption, and deceitfui promises, a revo- ced, on this section of the country, ever since mined to secure our rights, to whatever point Jution was effected in our national politicks, in Mr. Jefferson felt strong enough in party sup- the necessary measures may extend. which Virginia took the lead. I might now port, to commence his deep-laid system of at- I respect tender nerves, and cannot close pursue the course of the administration, step tack. Distress elicits the powers of the mind : this paper without desiring it may be recolby step, and detect in every prominent meas. even the unlettered peasant is now eloquent, in lected -1 do not say now is the time for deci. ure, the existence and the fruits of that jcal proclaiming the wretched changes, which he sive steps I do not presume to determine ousy, which our power and prosperity had both witnesses and feels. Thousands, exas. when the time will come. Publick suffering, excited ; but I must confine myself to a very perated by our sufferings, and sick of protract- publick exasperation will determine that partia! sketch.

ed oppression, let it be honestly confessed, L'eau qui remplit un vase ne se répand point Those doctrines were decried, which had so

want but the daring spirit of some respectable encore : il faut une goutte de inop. “The wonderfully promoted our advancement in chieftain, to lead them to redress and emanci- water which fills a vase does not yet overflowwealth. The statesmen who had supported pation ; they would hail a separation of the there must be one drop too much." these docuines were calumniated ; wherever states as the harbinger of freedom and pros. But let us never talk of separating-an it was practicabie, dismissed from office, and perity. But a still mors universal sentiment, event not in itself desirable, and one at which

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at

we cannot stop. I only say, when we can ef- | inst. the President of the United States signed their vexatious practices. Pope CLEMENT fect a separation, we can control the Union an act, by which, the “ act laying an embargo | VII wished to give them a permanent estaband reestablish justice.

on all ships and vessels, in the ports and har lishment in Portugal, as they had already in bours of the United States," passed on the 17th Arragon and Castile. But difficulties arose

of December last, is repealed ; likewise all | between the courts of Rome and Lisbon ; the GENERAL REGISTER. such portions of previous acts, as prohibit the minds of the parties became soured, in con

importation of goods, wares, or merchandize, of sequence of which the inquisition suffered, and BOSTON, SATURDAY, APRIL 23, 1814.

the growth, produce, or manufacture of Great failed of being completely organized.

Britain or Ireland, or of any of the colonies or In 1539, there appeared at Lisbon a legate EUROPEAN: By an arrival at New York, dependencies thereof, or of any place or un the Pope, who had come, as he said, to fix accounts are received from Paris to the 2d of try, in the actual possession of Great B the Holy Inquisition on an immoveablo founMarch ; so much later than former advices, and so much of any act or acts, as

sation. He brought to King John III. letters and so imperfect in themselves, it is impossible importation into the United States or the terri- | from Pope Paul III ; and had other letters to acquire a clear view of the successive tories thereof, in neutral ships or vessels, from from Rome, addressed to the principal officers movements and positions of the contending any port or place situated in Great Britain or of the court. His patent

, as legate, was duly armies. The French and allied forces appear Ireland, or in any of the colonies or dependen- signed and sealed ; and he produced the most both to have becn active, and with various cies of Great Britain.

ample powers, authorizing him to create a success. On the 3d of Feb, the Emperour was

Congress, it is presumed, rose on Monday grand inquisitor and all the judges of the Hoat Lesmont, with his army, above 90 miles last. We know of no important measure, ly Office. This, however, was no other than from Paris-on the 9th he left Nogent, 50 adopted at the close of the session, but the an impostor, by the name of Savedra, qualifimiles from Paris, the allies having advanced above, undoing their own work, at their as-ed to counterfeit every species of writing, to detachments to Ferte and Meaux, within about sembling.

forge and apply false seals of any description. 20 miles of the capital. The allies attacked

The British profess that the recent destruc- He had served his apprenticeship at Rome, Nogent on the Ilth and 19th but without suc

tion of vessels, at Saybrook in Connecticut, and had perfected himseif in the art, at Secess, sustaining a loss of 2000 men. On the

was to check attempts to destroy their vessels ville, from which he now came, attended by 16th, Bonaparte's head quarters

by torpedoes-by shewing what would be in two other accomplished cheats. His retinue Guignes. On the 17th he again advanced, and

their power, if such a new species of war was magnificent ; it was composed of more after a severe conflict with Pahlen and Witt

were persisted in. It appears that several un- than a hundred and twenty domesticks. To genstein, repelled them to Nogent, taking, ac

successful torpedo experiments had been made. meet such an enormous expense, he and his cording to his account, 6000 prisoners and

Our journals contain the British official | two accomplices had borrowed immense sums 10,000 muskets. The same day, the French

statement of the repulse of General Wilkin. at Sevilie, in the name of the apostolick chamgeneral Chuteau was repulsed by the Austrian

son and his army, at La Cole Mill blockhouse.ber of Rome ; every thing was concerted with general Bianchi, but was joined by the Empe-| Their whole loss in rank and file amounted to the most dazzling artifice.

but 10 killed and 42 wounded ! rour, in the afternoon, when the fight was re

The king of Portugal was at first astonishnewed, and the Austrians unsuccessful, leav

General Jackson has had another serious ed, that the Pope saould send him a legate, a ing 4,000 killed and six thousand prisoners.

engagement with the Indians, in the south latere, without previously informing him of his Here the French details end ; but on the

west, of whorn report says 557 are killed, and intention. The legate haughtily answered, 26th the Emperor's head quarters were at

that the survivors and the neighbouring tribes that in a case so urgent as the permanent es. Troyes, and his army principally at different

are suing for peace. Our loss 20 killed-70 tablishment of the inquisition, his Holiness

to 100 wounded. posts, in his vicinity, within and near the de.

could submit to no delays ; and that the king partment of Aube. Where the allies were

The British are cruising again in lake Cham- was sufficiently honoured, in that the first then stationed cannot be ascertained, but there plain, where we have no force prepared to courier who brought him the news was is no evidence of a general retreat. On the

meet them. At the last accounts they were gate of the holy father. The king durst not contrary, it seems the allies are pressing close steering towards Vergenncs.

reply. The legate, or that very day appointed

Governour Chittenden has ordered out a upon his right and left, nearer to Paris than

à grand inquisitor, sent every where to collect Troyes both on the north and south, and there

considerable body of the Vermont militia io tithes, and before the court could obtain an. remained, on the first of March. We do not

act in concert with General Wilkinson. swers from Rome, he had caused two hundred anticipate what some apprehend, a total change

Admiral Cochran may now be daily expect persons to be burnt, and collected more than of the scene. How far it was politick to re

ed in the Chesapeake, where there is already iwo hundred thousand crowns. duce the Emperour to desperation, is for

a formidable naval force, stated at 13 sail. The But the marquis de Villanova, a Spanish the allies to determine. They must have ex

impression is, that a more active warfare than nobleman, of whom the legate, when at Seville, pected an effort to the utmost of his power ; was prosecuted by Admiral Warren, will soon had borrowed a considerable sum, on forged he is making it-but no fact yet ascertained commence. An attack on Baltimore is again notes, thought proper to demand payment at warrants a confidence in his eventual success. apprehended.

his hands, in preference to waiting upon the Another arrival at New York, brings Bor

A number of British ships of war are cruis impostor at Lisbon, against whom the obligadeaux papers to the 8th of March. Nothing ing in our bay, between Cape Cod and Port- tion was drawn. The legate was then making further from the armies in the centre-but it land-frequently seen from the intermediate his circuit on the frontiers of Spain. He enis stated that Marshal Suchet had arrived at headlands.

tered it with fifty armed men, seized the marLyons, with his army, from Spain !! that Mu

quis, and conducted him to Madrid. rat, king of Naples, had been unsuccessful in an LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS.

The imposition was soon discovered at Lis

bon ; the council of Madrid condemned the attack upon the Vice Roy of Italy ;-that Lord Wellington was within 9 leagues of Bordeaux

legate Savedra to be whipped and confined with a very large force ;-that the city was in

THE INQUISITION.

for ten years in the galleys, but what is most the greatest confusion, the inhabitants remo

While the dostruction of that horrid tribu. amusing [if such iniquity can be called amusving their property to places of safety ;- that nal, the Inquisition, is a subject of general ex: ] is, that Pope Paul IV. afterwards sancultatior, it may be interesting to such of our rectified all the little irregularities of the pro

tioned the whole conduct of the villain. He junction, to attack the English army. (If so, readers as are unacquainted with the circum- ceedings, by the plenitude of his divine powLyons would be 150 miles out of his way to stance, lo know in what a singular manner, er, and rendered that sacred, which had origi. Bordeaux, from the east end of the Pyrennees, this infamous court was established, which where he must have entered France !) held a considerable part of Europe in terrour ities. Thus the Inquisition became settled at

nated in the most abominable of human atrocAmerican foreign affairs. London papers three hundred years. This account is extract, Lisbon, and the whole kingdom -admired it as have been received to the 1st of March. Ined from Voltaire's Philosophical Dictionary, consequence of the despatches arrived in and as he asserts, is supported by the testimo- a signal proof of providential care. England by the Bramble, the expedition pre- ny of five distinct historians.

As to what remains of the history of this paring for this country was suspended. Mer- « Establishment of the Inquisition in Portugal. opposite they were to the fulse equity and

tribunal's proceedings, it is well known how chante, in London, expected a peace between that government and the United States would the beginning of the fifteenth century bad del-blind reason of all the other tribunals of the

world. Individuals were imprisoned, on the soon be effected at Gottenburgh.

egated preaching friars, who went from town DOMESTICK. The restrictive system, so long the policy and dependence of the admin. hometans, and Jews. They were itinerants, wife her husband ; the accusers and accused to town, in Portugal, burning hereticks, mas simple accusation of the most infamous char.

acters : a son could denounce his father, a istration is at length abandoned ! On the 14th and even kings had sometimes complained of I were never confronted ; and property was con

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FOR THE

BOSTON

SPECTATOR.

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women.

fiscated, to the benefit of the judges. It is overcome, than may probably hereafter be the proportion as education has given to her the thus the inquisition has been conducted to the case. We cannot deny the jealousy which habit and the means of drawing her resources present day; and in one sense, it seems indeed exists among pompous and foolish_men, re- from herself.”

[Edinburgh Review. to be of divine appointment, or how would specting the education of women. There is a mankind ever have patiently submitted to class of pedants, who would be cut short in the

To Correspondents. such a yoke !"

estimation of the world a whole cubit, if it I have been favoured with several communications

were generally known that a young lady of on religious subjects, for the omission of which, I tenIs there not a striking resemblance between eighteen could be taught to decline the tenses der the following apology. Considering the miscellathe character of the great Grecian and English of the middle voice, or acquaint herself with

neous nature of this publication, it does not seem to be moralists, Aristotle and Dr. Johnson ? Aris- the Æolick varieties of that celebrated language. points of christian faith. There are excellent periodi

the proper channel for speculations on the most serious totle was deformed in person—but so strong Then women have, of course, all ignorant cal works in this town and vicinity, specially appropriwas his intellect that he became the delight of men for enemies to their instruction, who beated to such productions. the great. He was of a very positive, dictato- ing bound (as they think,) in point of sex, to rial disposition, so that Lord Bacon observes know more, are not well pleased, in point of u he wished to establish the same dominion fact, to know less. But, among men of sense

ANSWER 10 QUESTION VI. in the Boston over men's minds, as his pupil over nations." and liberal politeness, a woman, who has suc

Spectator. He possessed a remarkable versatility of tal-cessfully cultivated her mind, without dimin- The diameter of the whole ground is ent. In rebuking folly he was harsh and se ishing the gentleness and propriety of her 319.14 rods, and the semidiameter is 159.57 vere-The following instances, related by Plu- manners, is always sure to meet with a respect

rods. tarch, would have made a figure in Boswell's and attention bordering upon enthusiasm. Now as 159.57 is to the semidiameter of a life of Johnson.

There is in either sex a strong and perma- son's portion, so is 1+vifto l, by a theorem Aristotle was addressed by a coxcomb, who nent disposition to appear agreeable to the in geometry ; here putting x for the second interlarded his shallow remarks with a frequent other : and this is the fair answer to those

term in this proportion, its value will be appeal to the Stagirite, “Is not that fine? Is

who are fond of supposing, that an higher de- 74.055 : therefore each son will have 107 acres, not that wonderful ?” Unable to contain himgree of knowledge would make women rather

109 rods, and 46 square feet and ; the centre self any longer, he replied, “ No, Sir, not in the rivals, than the companions of men. Pre

of each son's ground is distant from the centre the least ; but it is wonderful that a man, who supposing such a desire to please, it seems

of the father's ground 85 rods and 84 feet, and has legs, should stay so long to hear thy non

much more probable, that a common pursuit is distant from the centre of any of the other sense.” To another tedious impertinent, who should be a fresh source of interest, than a

sons 148 rods and I feet. closed a long detail with “ Have I not deafen- cause of contention. Indeed, to suppose that ed you, Philosopher, with this long story ?" any mode of education can create a general

QUESTION IIId. Page 81. -"Not at all, friend,” replied Aristotle, “I jealousy and rivalry between the sexes, is so have not listened a moment to what you have

Say a section of the globe, for instance one very ridiculous, that it requires only to be stabeen saying.”

ted in order to be refuted. The same desire quarter were water to the centre, would a of pleasing, secures all that delicacy and re- the centre, or remain suspended somewhere

mass of gold, dropped upon the surface, sink to Some of Mr. Madison's appointments bring serve which are of such inestimable value to

between ? to my mind the following anecdote.

We are quite astonished, in hearing

The gentleman who communicated this King Henry VIII., being one day surround- men converse on such subjects, to find them Quere was of opinion that the gold would reed by a numerous train of nobility and prelates, attributing such beautiful effects to ignorance. main suspended, far short of the centre, but Sir David Lindsay approached him with due It would appear, from the tenor of such objec- he not having given any principle on which he reverence, and began to prefer a humble peti- tions, that ignorance had been the great civil. founded his opinion, I insert a contrary one, tion that he would instal him in an office that izer of the world. Women are delicate and offered by a mariner, with his reply to probwas then vacant. « I have,” said he, “ servit refined, only because they are ignorant ; able objections. your Grace lang, and luik to be rewardit as they manage their household, only because “ I think the gold would go to the centre ; others are ; and now your maister taylor, at they are ignorant ;-they attend to their chil- for though the attraction downwards diminishthe pleasure of God, is departit ; wherefore I dren, only because they know no better. Now,

es constantly, below the surface, owing to the would desire of your Grace to bestow this lit- we must really confess, we have all tle benefite upon me.” The king replied, that lives been so ignorant as not to know the tion, and the attraction backwards increases,

diminution of attracting matter in that direche was amazed at such a request from a man value of ignorance. We have always attribu

owing to the increase of matter attracting who could neither shape nor sew.

« Sir," re- ted the modesty and the refined manners of backwards, as the gold sinks, yet as the wajoined the poet," that maks nae matter ; for women, to their being well taught in moral and ter, around the gold, wherever it may be, will you have given bishopricks and benefices to religious duty,—to the hazardous situation in

religious duty,—to the hazardous situation in be acted upon, in the same manner, their relamany standing here about you, and yet they which they are placed to that perpetual vigi- tive gravities must remain the same ; of can nouther teach nor preach ; and why may lance which it is their duty to exercise over

course the gold will continue to descend to the not I as weel be your taylor, thocht I can nou. thought, word, and action, and to that culti

centre, where the attraction, in every possible ther shape nor sew ; seeing teaching and vation of the mild virtues, which those who direction will be neutralized by an equal, oppreaching are nae less requisite to their voca- cultivate the stern and magnanimous virtues

posite power. tion, than shaping and sewing to ane taylor.” expect at their hands. After all, let it be re

It is certain that a glass bubble may be plamembered, we are not saying there are no ob- leed in rum, and of such a specifick gravity, FEMALE EDUCATION.

-jections to the diffusion of knowledge among that it will sink, at the surface, and remain

the female sex. As it is impossible that every man should have industry or activity sufficient to avail proposition respecting any thing ; but we are suspended in the body of the Auid. But this

is not like water, a uniform fluid. The alcohol himself of the advantages of education, it is saying that, upon the whole, it is the best being one sixth part lighter than water, a disnatural that men who are ignorant themselves, alarm, any proposal for improving

the educa; Great-Britain, who are exempted by circum- down a river, half way between the surface should view, with some degree of jealousy and fewer objections to it, than to any other meth- proportion of it will ascend, if not perfectly od. There are, perhaps, 50,000 females in mixed, or rather, uniformly combined.

It is also certain that some logs will float tion of women. But such men may depend upon it, however the system of female educa.

stances from all necessary labour : but every and bottom : but they are kept down by the tion may be exalted, that there will never be human being must do something with their ex

current,* which is always strongest at the sur. wanting a due proportion of failures ; and that istence ; and the pursuit of knowledge is, up-face ; and they will be found to rise, when after parents, guardians, and preceptors have

on the whole, the most innocent, the most dig. they reach still water. Did any person ever done all in their power to make every body

nified, and the most useful method of filing

see one of the glass bubbles abovementioned wise, there will still be a plentiful supply of up that idleness, of which there is always so

take a position, in clear, simple water, between women who have taken special care to remain

large a portion in nations far advanced in civ. the surface and bottom ? otherwise ; and they may rest assured, if the

ilization. Let any man reflect too, upon the It is likewise true, that a common deep-sea utter extinction of ignorance and folly is the

solitary situation in which women are placed lead will not sink, so as to answer the purpose evil they dread, that their interests will always

the ill treatment to which they are sometimes of sounding, if the line be above 3.10 fathoms. be effectually protected, in spite of every exer

exposed, and which they must endure in si But the friction of the line, in passing through tion to the contrary:

lence, and without the power of complaining,
and he must feel convinced that the happiness stream tend to that part where the current is mt

• Is this correct ! Do not bodies moving in a We must in candour allow, that those women who begin, will have something more to

of a woman will be materially increased, in rapid ?.

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our

for
in

tion and gratitude of his fellow-citizens, will take tour or five men to haul in a lead and will scarcely be credited, the exchange was have deserved well of his country." line of 40 pounds, at 200 fathoms, and it accepted. This virtuous man was chained

[Abbe Maury) continues to come easier, as it is drawn to the

among the crew of galley-slaves, and his feet surface. The contrary would be the case, if continued to be swollen during the remainder the supposed cessation of descent were owing of his life, from the weight of those honourable

POETRY. to an assimilation in the gravity of the lead irons which he had borne.

BELECT ED. and water, as the former descends.

It is evident how much an action like this
A SAILOR." is capable of suggesting to the mind of an

A CALM SEA FOG.
I know the signature to be real—feel much orator ; and that he would be unworthy of his
obliged to my friend, for his suggestions

and profession, if he related it without exciting [As able critick has justly remarked, that in the folinsert his new quere with pleasure, which is tears.

lowing specimen of poetical painting, Mr. Crabbe the following

When this great man came to Paris, found

has displayed a powerful hand.]
QUESTION VIIth.
lings were sold in the street of St. Landry for

“WHEN all you see, through densest fog is seen ; It has been commonly considered, that the twenty sous a piece ; and the charge of these vibrations of a pendulum depend on the dis

innocent creatures was committed, out of When you can hear the fishers near at hand tance from the point of suspension to the cen

charity, as was reportedl, lo unfortunate women, Distinctly speak, yet see not where they stand ; tre of the ball, and tbat the size of the ball from whom they imbibed disease.

Or sometimes them, and not their boat discern, was of no consequence. This is now conced.

These infants, whom government abandon- Or, half concealed, some figure at the stern ; ed not to be correct ; it being maintained that

ed to publick compassion, almost all perish- Boys who on shore to sea the pebble cast, the length of a pendulum is not the distance

ed ; and such as happened to escape so many will hear it strike against the viewless mast ; from the point of suspension to the centre of dangers were introduced clandestinely into While the stern hoatman growls his fierce disdain the ball, but to a point below it, and further opulent families, in order to dispossess the le

At whom he knows not, whom he threats in vain. below it, in proportion to the increased size of 'gitimate heirs. This for more than a century,

'Tie pleasant then to view the nets float past, the ball. What is the reason of this variation ? was a never-failing source of litigation, the

Net after net, till you have seen the last ; I feel prepared to shew that the mode in particulars of which are to be found in the

And as you wait till all beyond you slip, which it is accounted for in Rees's Cyclopedia compilation of our old lawyers. Vincent de is incorrect.

Paul at once provided funds for the mainte- A boat comes gliding from an anchor'd ship,

nance of twelve of these children. His charity Breaking the silence with the dipping oar, S. VINCENT DE PAUL.

was soon extended to the relief of all those And their own tones, as labouring for the shore ;

who were left exposed at the doors of the Those measur'd tones which with the scene agree, « Of all the subjects of panegyrick, which the churches. But that unusual zeal, which al. And give a sadness to serenity.” modern history of religion affords us, the best, in my opinion, is the eulogy of S. Vincent de cooled, the resources entirely failed, and fresh

ways gives life to a new institution, having Paul; a man of great virtue, though possessed

NIGHT MARE. of but little renown ; the best citizen whom

outrages were renewed on humanity. France has had ; the Apostle of humanity, convoked an extraordinary assembly,

Vincent de Paul was not discouraged. He AT length, with Ellen, in a grove,

He who, after having been a shepherd in his

He seemed to walk and speak of love ; caused a number of those wretched infants to childhood, has left in his country establish

She listened with a blush and sigh ; be placed in the church ; and forth with mount. ments of more utility to the unfortunate, than ing the pulpit, he pronounced, with his eyes

His suit was warm, his hopes were high. the finest monuments of his sovereign, Louis bathed in tears, that discourse, which does as

He sought her yielded band to clasp, XIV. much honour to his piety as his eloquence, and

And a cold gauntlet met his grasp : He was, successively, a slave at Tunis, pre

which I faithfully transcribe from the history The phantom's sex was changed and gone, ceptor of the Cardinal de Retz, minister of

of his life, drawn by M. Abelly, Bishop of Upon its head a helmet shone ; village, chaplain-general of the galleys, prin-Rhodes.

Slowly enlarged to giant size, cipal of a college, chief of the missions, and

“ Compassion and charity have assuredly With darkened cheek and threatening eyes, joint-commissioner of ecclesiastical benefices. He instituted, in France, the seminaries of the

induced you, ladies, to adopt these little crea. The grisly visage, stern and hoar, Lazarists, and of the Daughters of Charity, mothers by kindness, since their mothers by tures for your children. You have been their To Ellen still a likeness bore.

[Scoil. who devote themselves to the consolation of

nature have forsaken them. Sce, now, wheththe unfortunate, and who scarcely ever change their condition, although their vows only bind er ye also are willing to abandon them. Cease,

FEMALE FRIENDSHIP. for the present, to be their mothers, that ye them for a year. He endowed hospitals for foundlings, for orphans, for the insane, for gal death are in your hands. I am going to may become their judges. Their life and their HOW sweet the heart's full bliss to pour

To her whose smile must crown the store ! ley-slaves, and for old men. His generous put it to the vote, and to take the suffrages. How sweeter still, to tell of woes compassion reached all kinds of wretchedness, with which the human species is oppressed, know if ye are unwilling to have compassion It is time to pronounce their sentence, and to

To her, whose faithful breast would share and monuments of his beneficence are to be

In every grief, in every care, found throughout all the provinces of the continue to take a charitable care of them, o blessed sigh! There is no sorrow, any longer upon them. They will live, if ye

Whose sigh can lull them to repose ! kingdom. When reading his life, we remark, and they will all die if ye abandon them." that nothing does more honour to religion, than the history of institutions formed in fa- exhortation : and the same day, in the same

Sighs were the only answer to this pathetick' | But from thy breath can sweetness borrow;

Even to the pale and drooping Rower vour of humanity, when humanity is beholden church, and at that very time, the Foundling

That fades in love's neglectful hour, for them to the ministers of the altar. Whilst kings, armed against each other, ravage the with a revenue of forty thousand livres.

Hospital at Paris was founded, and endowed Even with her woes can friendship’s power earth already laid waste by other scourges,

One happier feeling blend : Vincent de Paul, the son of a husbandman of fame in Europe ! This is the man, who, ac,

This is the man, who scarcely possesses any 'Tis from her restless bed to creep Gascony, repaired the publick calamities, and cording to the judgment of his enemies, had

And sink, like wearied babe to sleep, distributed more than twenty millions of livres zeal only, without talents ! His life was inter

On the soft couch her sorrows steep, in Champagne, in Picardy, in Lorraine, in Ar

The bosom of a friend.

M. R. M. tois, where the inhabitants of whole villages

woven with good works, the benefit of which

we still enjoy. were dying through want, and were afterwards left in the fields without burial, until he under be one to be little praised and even little The misfortune of S. Vincent de Paul (if it

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR took to defray the expenses of interment. He known) was, not to be celebrated, when he died, discharged, for some time, an office of zeal and in 1661, by that eloquent Bossuet who immor

JOHN PARK, charity towards the galleys. He saw, one day, talized all his heroes, and who, at the very

BY MUNROE & FRANCIS, a wretched galley-slave, who had been con- time, was composing funeral orations for subdemned to three years' confinement for smug-jects less deserving of his genius. But the

NO. 4 CORNHI!.L. pling, and who appeared inconsolable on ac- | honour of a publick panegyrick is due to his count of his wife and children having been virtues ; and the orator, who shall represent

Price three dollars per annum, half in advance. left in the greatest distress. Vincent de Paul, him in a point of view worthy of the admira

Subscribers may be supplied with the preceding sensibly affected with his situation, offered to

numbers.

[graphic]

DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES.

VOL. J.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, APRIL 30, 1814.

NO. XVIII.

[graphic]

POLITICAL.

disgrace is inevitable. They cannot carry on ment to go liome and get well, when he was

a successful war ; for, though offering induce not sick. What became of General HampFOR THE BOSTON SPECTATON.

ments to soldiers, which the richest empire in ton ? He came from the south with high, SOUTHERN FEDERALISTS.

Europe could not afford for the purpose of promise-blustered awhile in Vermont-could

raising armies, they do not and cannot obtain not get at the scene of action-hurried to the Is speculating on the general course of poli- men faster than they die, desert, or are killed,

men faster than they die, desert, or are killed, south again, post haste, and resigned, not witls

on the frontiers of Canada. Despatches from out a liberal share of censure ; whether just or is found to have assumed a character so dis- the army teem with nothing but mutual crim- not, he left the publick to judge for thema tinc: in the north and south, that it is a com- ination, among the principal officer's, or ridicu- selves. And what has become of General mon practice, adopted by writers, and justified lous attempts to conceal defeat. Government Wilkinson, famed in story, through charges by the course of reasoning on cause and effect,

is becoming poor in cash, and no less so in of embezzlement, prodigality, treason, and to follow geographical distinctions only. The credit. An alarm has spread, lest worthless unofficerlike conduct? The commander in trutb is, that a considerable majority of he paper get into circulation, which compels chief of the American forces has attacked a northern population is federal, and, of coure, banks to proportion their discounts to their mill--been repulsed-entered the remains of at present, a perfect nullity, as to any politi al deposits in specie; and this renders it impossi- bis army at Burlington college, and is said to influence in the affairs of the nation, and fee ble, were the disposition to lend ever so strong, have been recalled from his command ! ! from any responsibility, as to the sufferings for government to obtain the sums they re- Consuls, Triumvirates, and Cesars can furnish we have experienced- a large majority of equire, or there would be nothing left for local nothing like this. southern population is democratick, and goy- business. The loans cannot be carried into There are many deserving young men in ern the United States with uncontrolled sway: effect, and therefore the mighty plans which the list of American officers; but, under such All our publick measures are theirs ; and all have been laid must fail, and soon be wound leaders, what could they accomplish! What : the calamities under which we have long been up. A passive war, then, in which we may must have been their mortification !

sinking, resulting from political causes, are to receive hard blows, but can give none, is all be attributed to their agency. To be contin- our rulers have in prospect, unless they make

THIRD PARTY. ually interlarding our remarks with exceptions, peace. in favour of southern federalists, would be ex- If they make peace, will they gain a single some method of voting on a question, which

WHEREVER human ingenuity can contrive tremely inconvenient to writers, and of no con- point, for which they have pledged themselves, shall neither be Yea nor Nay, then there may sequence to the general result. They are so in this actual disbursement of a hundred mil

. be a third political party, and not before. When decidedly a minority in that section of the lion of dollars ? Let their professed objects the question of an Embargo was before conrepgblick, that their sentiments and their suf- never be forgotten. To make the St. Law-gress, the democrats voted in the affirmativefrages are of no effect.

rence, the Mississippi, the gulf of Mexico, the federalists in the negative. Could a thirdIt cannot be supposed that these gentlemen and the Atlantick the boundaries of the Unican feel themselves parties concerned in the

a concession that

party man possibly have been otherwise than censures, issued from this quarter, on the men shall protect foreigners--10***. I thought for, or against it! All the great measures

I thought have bed equally simple. In a speech, 4 and measures, wl.om they as well as we they were to do inucli more, but I know of unsuccessfully opposing. They must be well nothing else, for which they now pretend to be bring half bis arguments on ole side, and half

man may talk as oddly as he pleases ; he may convinced that, when we speak of southern pol- at war. iticks, we mean those doctrines, which are

on the other, and prove that he has no clear

In a LETTER, X supported by a majority in that country, and defence will they then make to this abused conceptions on either side.

man may censure every body, and exhibit no direct the course of the national administra

they to tion. That, when we speak of the illiberal, their deluded and disappointed partizans ? principle of his own, or prove his total want selfish, malicious, destructive views of the Will they plead an ignorance, for which they Gentlemen, are you in favour of a non-importa

of principle ; but, when the Speaker says, south, we do not include our friends. ought to be scouted from civilized society? or tion act ? he must say Yea, or Nay—Are you

It is but justice to the southern federalists, a baseness of political knavery, which merits in favour of a declaration of war ? 'he must say not only to exculpate them from any blame, the block ? If they could go on with war, I with regard to our oppression, but to acknowl. believe this infatuated country would go with the invasion of Canada ? There is but a Yea

Yea or Nay--Are you for raising an army for edge a nierit exclusively their own. In their them in feeling (I mean enough to keep them correct principles, they think in common with

or Nay. Will you double the taxes ? Will in office) to our iotal perdition ; but their hos- you add new ones? Will you borrow six miltheir brethren of the north-but in doing this, tile means are exhausted ; they are in the last lions of dollars? Will you borrow twentythey have to resist motives to do otherwise, spasms of impotence ; they must make peace,

five millions of dollars ? Such are all the which do not exist here. They are surroun- and happy, happy indeed will be the nation, points to be decided in Congress-and a third ded and overwhelmed by men who pursue a if, after all its miseries and losses, its foreign party is absolutely impossible, until there is different course ; local circumstances, the concerns are left in as good a situation, as very considerations which make the majority when the quarrel was begun.

some act of choice between yes and no. hostile to us, address themselves equally to the minority. They are either so much more vir

Oun rulers were very impatient to sit down

OUR GENERALS. tuous than their opponents, as to rise above

to the “ war banquet.” We find it was only temptation, or they are so much wiser, as to What a figure the biography of our cotem- an artificial, whiskey appetite ; they soon sur. see inat the sacrifice of the rights and pros

porary generals will make, in the history of feited themselves, and will now need a double perity of New England is, in fact, a serious our country! What a disgrace to the annals dose of their tonick to aid their digestion. injury to the whole country. They have giv. of the United States ! A few questions must en us the aid, in Congress, of splendid talents,

spread shame and confusion on the face of From the conduct of our Generals, whenevfirm conduct, and unanswerable argument.

every friend of the administration, though er they can get ten rods over the Canada Jine, They adhere, with honourable perseverance, to

coated with triple brass. What became of which meets the approbation of government the liberal policy of their Washington, whose

General Hull ?' He lost an army-gave up in proportion as it is outrageous, we may well virtues endeared him to the whole republick,

an extensive territory-was at length tried by imagine what would be done, if we had ien and struck out the path of national prosperity

a court martial, and we know no more. What sailof the line on an English coast,and not a vessel and glory.

was the career of General Dearborne ? As 10 oppose us. When we read the incessant sailors say, he “lay off and on” the frontiers of abuse circulated in democratick papers about

Canada, some months, took a watch house - British barbarity--and British devastation, let The administration have now involved

retired with precipitation--was not brought to us in justice reflect on this,-ihat, while we themselves in such a predicament, that, whether they continue war, or make peace, their

a court martial, but ordered by the govern- are attending to our business securely on a coast.

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